The Hard Disk Drive (HDD) and Solid State Drive (SSD) Industries:  Market Analysis And Processing Trends

The Hard Disk Drive (HDD) and Solid State Drive (SSD) Industry: Market Analysis And Processing Trends

Information Network, Date of Publication: Mar 11, 2015


 

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TIN8500

Hard-disk drives have been the default storage component in desktop and laptop PCs for decades. As a result, the term "hard drive" is now the common descriptor for all storage hardware. Although modern hard-disk drives are far more advanced and higher-performing than their counterparts from yesteryear, on many levels their basic underlying technology remains unchanged. All hard-disk drives consist of quickly rotating magnetic platters paired with read/write heads that travel over the platters’ surfaces to retrieve or record data.

On many levels, solid-state drives are similar to hard drives. They usually connect to a system by way of the SATA interface (though PCI Express-based drives are also available for ultrahigh-performance applications), and they store files just as any other drive does. SSDs, however, eschew the magnetic platters and read/write heads of hard-disk drives in favor of nonvolatile NAND flash memory, so no mechanical parts or magnetic bits are involved

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1 The Disk Drive Market Infrastructure

Chapter 2 The Hard Disk Drive Industry

2.1 Hard Disk Drive Trends 2-1
2.2 Hard Disk Form Factors 2-10
2.3 Hard Disk Drive Market Analysis 2-14
2.3.1 Desktop PCs 2-23
2.3.2 Portable PCs 2-23
2.3.3 Enterprise 2-26
2.3.4 Consumer Electronics 2-26
2.4 Competitive Structure 2-34
2.4.1 HDD Market Share 2-34

Chapter 3 The Solid State Drive Industry

3.1 Solid-State Drives (SSD) Trends 3-1
3.2 Solid-State Drives Market Analysis 3-2
3.2.1 Client SSD Trends and Forecast 3-8
3.2.2 Enterprise SSD Trends and Forecast 3-15
3.2.3 Hybrid Hard Drives (HHD) Forecast 3-20
3.3 3D NAND Forecast 3-23
3.3.1 Comparison of 3D-NAND Structures 3-25
3.4 SSD Capacity Forecast 3-29

Chapter 4 Recording Heads

4.1 Thin Film Read/Write Heads 4-1
4.1.1 Thin Film (TF) Heads 4-2
4.1.2 Magnetoresistive (MR/AMR) Heads 4-2
4.1.3 Giant Magnetoresistive (GMR) Heads 4-4
4.1.4 Colossal Magnetoresistive (CMR) Heads 4-7
4.1.5 Current-Perpendicular-To-Place (CPP) Heads 4-8
4.1.6 Ballistic Magnetoresistance (BMR) Heads 4-8
4.2 Trends 4-10
4.3 Recording Head Market Forecast 4-18

Chapter 5 Processing Trends And Markets

5.1 Head Processing 5-1
5.1.1 Head Fabrication – CMP, Deposition, Lithography 5-6
5.1.1.1 CMP Challenges 5-11
o Ceria Slurry For Glass Disk Market 5-17
o Oxide Slurry For Metal Disk Market 5-22
o Oxide Slurry For Thin Film Head Market 5-25
5.1.1.2 Lithography Challenges 5-28
5.2 Patterned Magnetic Media 5-31
5.2.1 Conventional Media 5-32
5.2.2 Patterned Media 5-34
5.3 Market Analysis Of Discrete Track Media 5-44
5.3.1 The Perpendicular Recording Movement 5-44
5.3.2 Cost of Ownership (CoO) Analysis 5-59
5.4 NAND Processing 5-65
5.4.1 2D NAND Processing 5-67
5.4.2 3D NAND Processing 5-73
5.4.2.1 Etch Challenges and Market Forecast 5-80
5.4.2.2 Deposition Challenges and Market Forecast 5-81
5.5 3D ReRAM Challenges 5-82

Chapter 3 The Media Market

3.1 Industry Trends 3-1
3.2 Media Profiles 3-5
3.3 Media Market Supplier Shares 3-7

Chapter 4 The Substrate Market

4.1 Platter Substrate Materials 4-1
4.1.1 Aluminum Disks 4-4
4.1.2 Glass Disks 4-6
4.2 Substrate Market 4-11
4.3 Substrate Suppliers 4-16
4.4 Glass Substrate Supplier Shares 4-21

LIST OF FIGURES

1.1 Hard Disk Drive Infrastructure 1-2
2.1 Hard Disk Drive Roadmap 2-2
2.2 Decrease In Average Price Of Storage 2-3
2.3 Heads Per Drive 2-5
2.4 Increase In Areal Density 2-7
2.5 HDD Market Forecast By Form Factor 2-17
2.6 HDD Market Percentages By Form Factor 2-19
2.7 1.8 inch HDD Market Forecast 2-20
2.8 Platter Forecast 2-21
2.9 Ratio of Platter to HDDs 2-22
2.10 Forecast of Desktop Computers 2-24
2.11 Forecast of Portable Computers 2-25
3.1 Revenues For HDD and NAND 3-6
3.2 Change In Memory Cost For HDD and NAND 3-7
3.3 Growth Of SSD For Consumer Applications 3-14
3.4 Growth Of SSD For Enterprise Applications 3-19
3.5 Forecast Of SSDS HDDS And Hybrid SSDS 3-21
3.6 Western Digital’s Thin Hybrid SSD 3-22
3.7 Process Steps For Samsung’s 3D NAND 3-26
3.8 Technology Challenges for Planar NAND Manufacturing 3-27
4.1 Detailed Structure Diagram Of A GMR Head Assembly 4-4
4.2 (A) CIP Recording Head Structure (B) CPP Head Structure 4-9
4.3 Evolution Of Slider/Air Bearing Surface 4-12
4.4 Evolution Of HDD Recording Head Formats 4-14
4.5 Market Forecast Of Recording Head Consumption 4-18
4.6 Heads Per Drive Forecast 4-19
4.7 Market Share Of Head Suppliers 4-20
5.1 Thin Film Head Structure 5-2
5.2 Critical Features In Thin Film Head Structure 5-3
5.3 Spin Valve Head Structure 5-4
5.4 Cross-Sectional View TFH Stacks 5-7
5.5 Cross-Sectional View Of A TFH Design 5-9
5.6 CMP Slurry System For TFH Wafer Polishing 5-15
5.7 Total Slurry Consumption For HDD Forecast 5-27
5.8 Critical Lithography Trends In Thin Film Heads 5-29
5.9 Conventional Multigrain Media 5-33
5.10 Patterned Media 5-35
5.11a Fabrication Of Patterned Media 5-37
5.11b Fabrication Of Patterned Media 5-38
5.12 Nanoimprint Lithography Fabrication Of DTR Media 5-42
5.13 Magnetic Materials For DTR 5-46
5.14 Example Of A Thin Film Stack For DTR 5-47
5.15 Nanoimprint Lithography Process 5-48
5.16 DTR Film Deposition Alternatives 5-53
5.17 Ion Beam Etching Processes 5-55
5.18 Planarization By Etchback 5-58
5.19 Industry Wafer Capacity Additions 5-66
5.20 Building Blocks Of NAND Memory 5-70
5.21 Capped Cell Structured Memory 5-71
5.22 3D NAND Cell String 5-74
5.23 3D NAND Staircase Vias 5-75
5.24 Different 3D NAND Architectures 5-77
5.25 Steps In Making A Vertical String (BICS) 5-78
5.26 Steps In Making A Vertical String (TCAT) 5-79
5.27 Emerging Non-Volatile Memory Comparison 5-83
6.1 HDD Media Structure 6-2
6.2 Market Shares Of Media Suppliers 6-8
6.3 Market Shares Of Independent Media Suppliers 6-9
7.1 HDD Platter Demand 7-13
7.2 HDD Shipment Forecast By Media Type 7-14
7.3 HDD Shipments By Media Type As Percentage Of Total 7-15
7.4 Glass Substrate Market Shares 7-22

LIST OF TABLES

2.1 HDD Shipments by Form Factor 2-16
2.2 HDD Shipments by Application 2-27
2.3 Consumer Electronics HDD Shipments by Application 2-31
2.4 HDD Supplier Market Shares –Total Market 2-35
3.1 Advantages of SSD over HDD 3-1
3.2 Storage Memory Growth 3-4
3.3 Interface forecast for Client SSD 3-11
3.4 Comparison Between Consumer And Enterprise SSD 3-13
3.5 NAND Capitalization Scenario For HDD Replacement 3-30
5.1 Slurry and Abrasive Suppliers And Products 6-19
5.2 Worldwide Ceria Slurry For Glass Media Market 6-21
5.3 Worldwide Oxide Slurry For Metal Market 6-24
5.4 Worldwide Oxide Slurry For Thin Film Heads 6-26
5.5 Cost Of Ownership Assumptions 6-60
5.6 Cost Of Ownership Analysis 6-62
5.7 Cost Of Ownership Analysis 6-64
7.1 Worldwide Glass Disk Capacity 7-2

 

Mar 11, 2015
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