Light-Emitting Diodes, LEDs for Lighting Applications

Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for Lighting Applications

BCC, Date of Publication: Nov 3, 2014, 120 Pages


 

US$6,650.00

GB-SMC018E

Global shipments of high-brightness LEDs were worth an estimated $38.2 billion in 2013. The market is projected to reach nearly $46.4 billion in 2014 and $105.5 billion in 2019, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.9% between 2014 and 2019.

This study encompasses technologies and materials for fabricating colored and white LEDs. the report assesses each technology and then focuses on where it is used. The five major industries using HB-LEDs are analyzed to evaluate their current market statuses and to develop future projections. Forecasts of unit shipments and their values are made for 2013, 2014 and 2019. Various technical issues are discussed. In addition, a thorough economic analysis is presented.

This study analyzes the high-brightness LED industry on a global basis, including manufacturing capability and consumption by various regional markets. It examines global government funding and support, industry involvement, standards, and other pertinent factors related to the success of solid-state lighting. We also review the various materials and material systems that create different colored LEDs and their potential technologies for the future.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global markets for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for lighting applications.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
  • Information on the various types of LEDs and their value for various consumer and industrial applications.
  • Examination of global government funding and support, industry involvement, standards, and other pertinent factors related to the success of solid-state lighting.
  • Comparisons between LEDs and traditional light bulb products based on factors such as power needed, operating lifetimes, and the pros and cons of the materials which constitute each type.
  • Discussion on the different material structures used to fabricate LEDs as well as their fabrication methods.
  • Comprehensive profiles of major players in the LED industry.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
DISCLAIMER

Chapter 2: SUMMARY

Table Summary : GLOBAL VALUES OF LED LIGHTING SHIPMENTS AND MARKET SHARES, BY INDUSTRY, 2013
Figure Summary : VALUE OF GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS BY INDUSTRY, 2013

Chapter 3: OVERVIEW OF THE CURRENT SOLID-STATE LIGHTING ENVIRONMENT

GLOBAL ENERGY USE FOR LIGHTING
CURRENT LIGHTING SYSTEMS
THE IMPORTANCE OF LED LIGHTING
APPLICATIONS OF SOLID-STATE LIGHTING

Chapter 4: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

GLOBAL MANUFACTURING TRENDS
REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF LED MANUFACTURING
REGIONAL CONSUMPTION OF LEDS
MARKET SHARES
Table 4 : LEADING COMPANIES IN THE LED SOLID-STATE LIGHTING INDUSTRY

Chapter 5: LED TECHNOLOGY

BASIC LED TECHNOLOGY
SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES
HOW LEDS WORK
COMMON LED TYPES AND PACKAGES
COLOR QUALITY
Table 8 : BASIC STRUCTURE OF A LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE
HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LEDS
BACKGROUND

MAKING WHITE LIGHT WITH LEDS
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND ENHANCEMENTS IN LED TECHNOLOGY
QUANTUM DOT LEDS
CARBON NANOTUBE LEDS
RARE EARTH DOPED METAL OXIDE NANOPHOSPHOR LEDS
CHIPS-ON-BOARD (COB) LEDS

HIGH-VOLTAGE (HV) LEDS
OTHER DEVELOPMENTS
LED FABRICATION
TRADITIONAL INDICATOR LED
HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LED
SUBSTRATE CONSIDERATIONS

FABRICATION PROCESSES
Metal Organic CVD
Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Vapor Phase Epitaxy
Liquid Phase Epitaxy

LED MANUFACTURERS' FABRICATION METHODS
ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES
LED LIGHTING PATENT ANALYSIS
SCOPE OF PATENT ACTIVITY
PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
PATENTS BY COMPANY

Chapter 6: POLITICAL, LEGAL AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

PHASE OUT OF INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULBS
UNITED STATES
OTHER COUNTRIES
R&D AND COMMERCIALIZATION SUPPORT
UNITED STATES
EUROPEAN UNION
ASIA-PACIFIC NATIONS
LED STANDARDS
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE/AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD LIGHTING GROUP
INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON ILLUMINATION
ILLUMINATING ENGINEERING SOCIETY
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES INC.

Chapter 7: OVERVIEW OF THE LED LIGHTING MARKET

Chapter 8: THE AUTOMOTIVE LED MARKET

MARKET SCOPE
LAMP USAGE IN AUTOS
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LED APPLICATIONS
MAJOR USES OF LEDS
EXTERIOR LIGHTING
INTERIOR LIGHTING
MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF LEDS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY
REDUCED MAINTENANCE COSTS
INCREASED VEHICLE OPERATING SAFETY
SATURATED COLORS, WITHOUT FILTERS
REDUCED POWER CONSUMPTION
ENVIRONMENTAL ADVANTAGES
DESIGN FLEXIBILITY
LED AUTOMOTIVE LAMPS
OPTICAL AND THERMAL DESIGN
FLEXIBLE PACKAGING
Table 35 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF AUTOMOTIVE LEDS
MARKET ASSESSMENT
BACKGROUND
MARKET DRIVERS
MARKET FORECAST

Chapter 9: DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING 

MARKET SCOPE
COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES
LED APPLICATIONS IN BACKLIGHTING
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LED BACKLIGHTING
BETTER DISPLAY PERFORMANCE
LOWER POWER CONSUMPTION
IMPROVED COLOR PERFORMANCE
FASTER TURN-ON TIMES
THINNER FORM FACTOR
LONGER LIFESPAN
MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
Table 43 : SUMMARY OF LED BACKLIGHTING ADVANTAGES
CURRENT LED BACKLIGHTING LAMPS
MARKET ASSESSMENT
DISPLAY GROWTH TREND

Chapter 10: THE MOBILE LED MARKET

MARKET SCOPE
COMPETING LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES
SELF-EMITTING DISPLAYS
XENON FLASH TECHNOLOGY
CURRENT MOBILE DEVICE LEDS
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MOBILE LED MARKET
Table 51 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF MOBILE DEVICE LEDS
ADVANTAGES OF LEDS IN THE MOBILE MARKET
EASE OF USE
THINNER DEVICES
REDUCED POWER CONSUMPTION AND LONGER LIFETIMES
Table 52 : ADVANTAGES OF LEDS IN THE MOBILE MARKET
MARKET ASSESSMENT

Chapter 11: SIGNALS AND SIGNAGE LED MARKETS

MARKET SCOPE
LED ACTIVITY IN SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE
CURRENT LED SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE LAMPS
TRAFFIC SIGNAL MODULES
CHANNEL LIGHTING SYSTEMS
POWER STRIP LIGHTS
CONTOUR LIGHTS
Table 59 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATION OF SIGNAL AND SIGNAGE LEDS
ADVANTAGES OF LEDS FOR SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE APPLICATIONS
SIGNALING APPLICATIONS
SIGNAGE APPLICATIONS
MARKET ASSESSMENT
Chapter 12: THE GENERAL ILLUMINATION MARKET 10 $831
MARKET SCOPE
LED ACTIVITY IN GENERAL LIGHTING
COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES
CURRENT LED PRODUCTS FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION
ADVANTAGES OF LEDS IN GENERAL ILLUMINATION
MARKET ASSESSMENT

Chapter 13: CORPORATE PROFILES

AMERICAN BRIGHT OPTOELECTRONICS CORP.
AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES
BERGQUIST CO.
CITIZEN ELECTRONICS CO. LTD.
CREE INC.
DIALIGHT CORP.
D-LED ILLUMINATION TECHNOLOGIES
DOWA ELECTRONICS MATERIALS CO. LTD.
EPISTAR CORP.
FORGE EUROPA LTD.
GE LIGHTING SOLUTIONS
INTERNATIONAL LIGHT TECHNOLOGIES
LAMINA CERAMICS INC.
LEDTRONICS
NANOCRYSTALS TECHNOLOGY LTD.
NANOSYS INC.
NICHIA CORP.
OPTOTECH CORP.
OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS
PERKIN ELMER
PHILIPS LUMILEDS LIGHTING COMPANY
PHILIPS COLOR KINETICS
QD VISION INC.
SAMSUNG LED CO. LTD.
SEOUL SEMICONDUCTOR CO. LTD.
SIGNCOMPLEX
SEIKO-EPSON CORP.
STANLEY ELECTRIC
SUNLED CORP. USA
TOYODA-GOSEI
TT OPTEK TECHNOLOGY
UNI-LIGHT LED LTD.
VA OPTO
VEECO INSTRUMENTS

Chapter 14: SELECTED PATENT ABSTRACTS

NANO-STRUCTURED LIGHT EMITTING DEVICES
SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES FOR PROVIDING THERMAL PROTECTION TO AN LED MODULE
MULTIPLE DIE LED AND LENS OPTICAL SYSTEM
HIGH POWER LED LAMP
LEDS INCLUDE TRANSPARENT OXIDE LAYERS
LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE PACKAGE STRUCTURE
LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE MODULE, BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME
LED WITH SUBSTRATE MODIFICATIONS FOR ENHANCED LIGHT EXTRACTION
LASER PATTERNING OF LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES
COMPACT OPTICAL ENGINE FOR SMALL PERSONAL PROJECTORS USING LED ILLUMINATION
WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS USES UV LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES
MAKING LEDS WITH IMPROVED LIGHT EXTRACTION BY ROUGHENING
VEHICLE LIGHTING METHODS AND APPARATUS

List of Tables

Summary Table : GLOBAL VALUES OF LED LIGHTING SHIPMENTS AND MARKET SHARES, BY INDUSTRY, 2013
Table 1 : EFFICACIES OF CURRENT LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Table 2 : OVERALL BENEFITS OF SOLID-STATE LIGHTING
Table 3 : GENERAL APPLICATIONS OF SOLID-STATE LEDS
Table 4 : LEADING COMPANIES IN THE LED SOLID-STATE LIGHTING INDUSTRY
Table 5 : ESTIMATED GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF LEDS FOR SOLID-STATE LIGHTING APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2019
Table 6 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SOLID-STATE LEDS BY REGION, 2013-2019
Table 7 : MAJOR LED MAKERS BY GLOBAL MARKET SHARE, 2013
Table 8 : BASIC STRUCTURE OF A LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE
Table 9 : BASIC LED TYPES AND PACKAGES
Table 10 : KEY MATERIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING COLOR IN LEDS
Table 11 : COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL AND HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LEDS
Table 12 : COMPARISON OF WHITE LIGHT LED TECHNOLOGIES
Table 13 : DESCRIPTION OF A TYPICAL INDICATOR LAMP
Table 14 : DESCRIPTION OF A HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LED
Table 15 : CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO POPULAR HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LED SUBSTRATES
Table 16 : KEY TECHNICAL ADVANTAGES OF MOCVD
Table 17 : KEY TECHNICAL FEATURES OF MBE
Table 18 : LED MANUFACTURERS' PREFERRED FABRICATION PROCESSES*
Table 19 : U.S. LED LIGHTING PATENTS ISSUED BETWEEN JUNE 2012 AND SEPTEMBER 2014
Table 20 : U.S. LED LIGHTING PATENTS ISSUED BY COMPANY, JUNE 2012 TO SEPTEMBER 2014
Table 21 : CURRENT LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE PROJECTS
Table 22 : ANSI LED STANDARDS
Table 23 : INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON ILLUMINATION LED STANDARDS
Table 24 : ILLUMINATING ENGINEERING SOCIETY LED STANDARDS
Table 25 : NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION LED STANDARDS
Table 26 : UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES LED STANDARDS
Table 27 : GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR HIGH-BRIGHTNESS LEDS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2019
Table 28 : GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2019
Table 29 : MAJOR LED APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOBILES
Table 30 : NUMBER OF LEDS REQUIRED PER LAMP BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY
Table 31 : BENEFITS OF USING LEDS IN AUTO INTERIOR LIGHTING
Table 32 : AUTOMOTIVE LED TECHNICAL AND SAFETY FEATURES
Table 33 : LED SAFETY ADVANTAGES FOR AUTOS
Table 34 : ESTIMATED COST AND WEIGHT SAVINGS PER SIGNAL LAMP FROM USE OF A SMALLER ALTERNATOR
Table 35 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF AUTOMOTIVE LEDS
Table 36 : GLOBAL TRENDS IN MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2019
Table 37 : PROJECTED GROWTH IN THE GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET FOR LED LIGHTING, THROUGH 2019
Table 38 : TRENDS IN THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF HB-LED PACKAGES IN VEHICLES AND THEIR AVERAGE COST, 2013-2019
Table 39 : FORECAST OF GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 40 : SHIPMENTS OF INDIVIDUAL LEDS USED IN AUTOMOTIVE PACKAGES, THROUGH 2019
Table 41 : GLOBAL USE OF LED SUBSTRATE MATERIALS FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, 2013-2019
Table 42 : LED DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING APPLICATIONS
Table 43 : SUMMARY OF LED BACKLIGHTING ADVANTAGES
Table 44 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF DISPLAY BACKLIGHT LEDS
Table 45 : GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF LCD MONITORS, THROUGH 2019
Table 46 : LED MARKET PENETRATION OF LCD MONITOR BACKLIGHTING, THROUGH 2019
Table 47 : TOTAL VALUE OF GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF LED BACKLIGHTS, THROUGH 2019
Table 48 : INDIVIDUAL LEDS USED IN LCD DISPLAY BACKLIGHTS, THROUGH 2019
Table 49 : GLOBAL USE OF LED SUBSTRATE MATERIALS FOR DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING, 2013-2019
Table 50 : REPRESENTATIVE MOBILE PRODUCT APPLICATIONS FOR HB-LEDS
Table 51 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF MOBILE DEVICE LEDS
Table 52 : ADVANTAGES OF LEDS IN THE MOBILE MARKET
Table 53 : GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR MOBILE AND HANDHELD DEVICES, THROUGH 2019
Table 54 : AVERAGE NUMBER OF LEDS IN DISPLAYS FOR MOBILE DEVICES AND AVERAGE COSTS, 2013-2019
Table 55 : GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR LED UNITS USED IN MOBILE DEVICES, THROUGH 2019
Table 56 : GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF INDIVIDUAL LEDS USED IN MOBILE DEVICES, THROUGH 2019
Table 57 : GLOBAL USE OF LED SUBSTRATE MATERIALS FOR MOBILE DISPLAYS, 2013-2019
Table 58 : TYPICAL APPLICATIONS FOR HB-LEDS IN SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE
Table 59 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATION OF SIGNAL AND SIGNAGE LEDS
Table 60 : PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH OF LEDS IN SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE INDUSTRIES, THROUGH 2019
Table 61 : AVERAGE NUMBER OF LEDS IN SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE PRODUCTS AND AVERAGE COST, THROUGH 2019
Table 62 : GLOBAL FORECAST FOR INDIVIDUAL LEDS USED IN SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 63 : GLOBAL USE OF LED SUBSTRATE MATERIALS FOR SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE APPLICATIONS, 2013-2019
Table 64 : SCOPE OF THE GENERAL ILLUMINATION MARKET
Table 65 : HIGHLIGHTS IN DEVELOPING LEDS FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION
Table 66 : SAMPLE CONFIGURATIONS OF GENERAL ILLUMINATION LEDS
Table 67 : GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF CONVENTIONAL LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING, THROUGH 2019
Table 68 : GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR LEDS IN GENERAL ILLUMINATION APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 69 : AVERAGE NUMBER OF LEDS IN ILLUMINATION PRODUCTS AND AVERAGE COST, 2013-2019
Table 70 : GLOBAL LED PACKAGE SHIPMENTS FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 71 : GLOBAL FORECAST OF INDIVIDUAL LEDS USED IN GENERAL ILLUMINATION APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 72 : GLOBAL USE OF LED SUBSTRATE MATERIALS FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION APPLICATIONS, 2013-2019

List of Figures

Summary Figure : VALUE OF GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS BY INDUSTRY, 2013
Figure 1 : GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF LEDS BY REGION, 2013-2019
Figure 2 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LEDS BY REGION, 2013-2019
Figure 3 : LED GLOBAL MARKET SHARES, 2013
Figure 4 : LED MANUFACTURERS' PREFERRED LED FABRICATION METHODS
Figure 5 : U.S. LED LIGHTING PATENTS ISSUED BETWEEN JUNE 2012 AND SEPTEMBER 2014
Figure 6 : U.S. LED-RELATED PATENTS ISSUED ANNUALLY, 2006-2013
Figure 7 : LEADING COMPANY SHARES OF U.S. LED LIGHTING PATENTS ISSUED BETWEEN JUNE 2012 AND SEPTEMBER 2014
Figure 8 : VALUE OF GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS BY INDUSTRY, 2013-2019
Figure 9 : GLOBAL LED UNIT SHIPMENTS BY INDUSTRY, 2013-2019
Figure 10 : GLOBAL VALUE OF LED SHIPMENTS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY, 2013-2019
Figure 11 : GLOBAL VALUE OF LED SHIPMENTS FOR DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING, 2013-2019
Figure 12 : VALUE OF GLOBAL LED SHIPMENTS FOR THE MOBILE DEVICE MARKET, 2013-2019
Figure 13 : VALUE OF LED SHIPMENTS FOR SIGNALING AND SIGNAGE LEDS, 2013-2019
Figure 14 : VALUE OF GLOBAL LED PACKAGE SHIPMENTS FOR THE GENERAL ILLUMINATION MARKET, 2013-2019

Nov 3, 2014
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