5G Technologies, Applications and Market Assessment Report

Transition to 5G Era - Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment

PracTel, Date of Publication: May 19, 2015, 185 Pages
US$3,900.00
PT8460

This report addresses issues related to WICT transition to the 5G era. Though, currently, 4G networking penetrated only not more than 5%-7% of the market on a global scale, the industry is already actively looking for changes and additions necessary to enter the next WICT generation - 5G.

The report provides details on:

  • Major 5G requirements
  • Major characteristics of 5G systems
  • Industry activity
  • Time frame for 5G
  • Associated issues
  • Use cases.

The report shows that 5G communications will be using advances of 4G networking. The main goal of 5G - ubiquitous connectivity between people, machines, and devices based on smart utilization of limited amount of the spectrum - started to materialize already in our time. In connection with this process, the report details four forward-looking technologies. They are:

  • Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR)
  • Massive MIMO
  • 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC).

All these technologies have a common denominator:

  • Their commercialization is still limited
  • They will allow either economical use of the spectrum, or shift to spectrum windows that were not previously utilized
  • They all are considered by the industry as 5G technologies.

-It is expected that CR/SDR technologies will prevail in mobile communications, making mobile networking much more efficient and economical. Self-adjusted to surrounding spectrum conditions, CR/SDR-based BSs will support multi-standards communications between users equipped with SDR-based mobile units. Major CR/SDR issues, such as excessive power consumption, bulkiness and high cost are expected to be resolved or softened in the 5G era.

The report analyzes the status of the CR/SDR development, technological and marketing features and vendors' profiles.

-Massive MIMO is a cornerstone technology in reaching the 5G target: thousand fold capacity increase in Base Stations by 2020. The massive MIMO concept is based on equipping base stations with hundreds or thousands of antenna elements, which, unlike conventional cellular technology, are operated in a coherent fashion. This can provide unprecedented array gains and a spatial resolution that allows for multi-user MIMO communication to tens or hundreds of user equipment per cell, while maintaining robustness to inter-user interference.

Transition to 5G Era - Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment

The report addresses the current status of the MIMO technology, their types and benefits.

-60 GHz WI-Fi (802.11d) - One of the directions to extend useable spectrum in the 5G era for mobile and other types of communications will be utilization of huge mmWAVE spectrum, which until now was practically closed to commercial communications. 802.11ad is one of the first international standards that utilize 7- 9 GHz of mmWAVE spectrum. Though still immature, the 802.11ad industry shows all signs of success. The report analyzes this technology, its specifics, applications and markets. It shows that this technology development supports 5G requirements that based on densification and shrinkage of cells.

-VLC is being in development for several years, but is still immature. 5G planners are considering this technology belonging to the 5G era - it opens unutilized previously for communications visible light frequencies bringing unlimited capabilities of so-called attocell BSs and multi-gigabit-per-second transmission. VLC is also combined with lighting and that makes it very cost-attractive. The report details this technology standardization, applications, specific features, industry and market.

The report is written for WICT planners, developers and a wide audience of technical and managerial staff of communications equipment vendors and users.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Planning Wireless Technologies: Generations
  • 1.3 Goal
  • 1.4 Structure
  • 1.5 Research Methodology
  • 1.6 Target Audience

2.0 Contributors

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU)
    • 2.2.1 Leaders: 5G Activity
  • 2.3 Activity Survey
    • 2.3.1 METIS 2020
    • 2.3.2 EU Other 5G Projects
    • 2.3.3 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Ltd
    • 2.3.4 5G-PPP (5G Public Private Partnership)
    • 2.3.5 4G Americas
    • 2.3.6 GSMA

3.0 Current View: 5G Technologies

  • 3.1 Look into the Future
  • 3.2 Promising Directions
    • 3.2.1 Requirements
    • 3.2.2 Common Views
    • 3.2.3 Future - Starts Today
    • 3.3 Issues
  • 3.4 Use Cases
    • 3.4.1 General -Characteristics
    • 3.4.2 Mobile Broadband
    • 3.4.3 Automotive
    • 3.4.4 Smart Society

4.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

  • 4.1 5G and CR/SDR
  • 4.2 General
  • 4.3 Purpose
  • 4.4 Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)
  • 4.5 Versatility
  • 4.6 Issues
  • 4.7 Organizations and Regulations
    • 4.7.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position
    • 4.7.2 FCC
    • 4.7.3 Object Management Group - OMG
    • 4.7.4 ETSI
  • 4.8 Decisions
  • 4.9 Features
  • 4.10 Elements
  • 4.11 Applications
    • 4.11.1 Commercial
    • 4.11.2 SDR and Military
  • 4.12 STRS
  • 4.13 SDR/CR: Applications Benefits
  • 4.14 Impact
  • 4.15 Differences
  • 4.16 Market
    • 4.16.1 Landscape
    • 4.16.2 Components
    • 4.16.3 Trends
    • 4.16.4 Cost
    • 4.16.5 Different Perspective
    • 4.16.6 Drivers
    • 4.16.7 Market Forecast
  • 4.17 Industry
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • Alcatel-Lucent (Base Station)
    • Analog Devices (Chipsets)
    • Array Systems Computing (DSP)
    • Cambridge Consultants (Phy, Base Station)
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • Cisco (802.11a)
    • CRT (CR SW)
    • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel-Infineon (Platform)
    • Mercury Systems (Toolsets)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)
    • Nutaq
    • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Wind River (Software)
    • xG Technology (Radio)
    • ZTE (Platforms)

5.0 MIMO and 5G

  • 5.1 History
  • 5.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
    • 5.2.1 Major Techniques
  • 5.3 Types of MIMO
  • 5.4 5G - MIMO Specifics
    • 5.4.1 MMIMO - Massive MIMO
  • 5.5 MIMO Benefits

6.0 Exploring mmWAVE - 802.11ad

  • 6.1 5G and 802.11ad
    • 6.1.1 5G Spectrum Extension
    • 6.1.2 5G - Densification
  • 6.2 Goal
  • 6.3 General
  • 6.4 60 GHz Band Spectrum Specifics
    • 6.4.1 Frequencies Allocation
    • 6.4.2 Oxygen Absorption
  • 6.5 Antenna
  • 6.6 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz
  • 6.7 Combined Effect
  • 6.8 Progress in the Chip Technology
    • 6.8.1 Challenges and Efforts
    • 6.8.2 Modulation
    • 6.8.3 Specifics
  • 6.9 Summary
  • 6.10 Prospectus: 60 GHz Wi-Fi
    • 6.10.1 Benefits and Issues
    • 6.10.2 WiGig Alliance
    • 6.10.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • 6.11 Industry
    • Beam Networks
    • Blu Wireless
    • Intel
    • Nitero
    • Peraso
    • Samsung
    • Tensorcom
    • Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)
  • 6.12 Market Considerations
    • 6.12.1 Market Drivers
    • 6.12.2 Usage Models
    • 6.12.3 Preliminary Market Estimate

7.0 Visible Light Communications - 5G Technology

  • 7.1 General
    • 7.1.1 Drivers
    • 7.1.2 Industry Activity
  • 7.2 VLC Standards Development
    • 7.2.1 The IEEE 802.15.7
    • 7.2.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
    • 7.2.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
    • 7.2.4 Li-Fi Consortium
  • 7.3 Details
    • 7.3.1 Communications Channel
    • 7.3.2 Transmitter
    • 7.3.3 Receiver
    • 7.3.4 Major Characteristics
    • 7.3.5 Major Challenges
  • 7.4 Companies and Organizations
    • ECMA
    • ByteLight
    • Casio
    • LVX
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Omega Project
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Renesas
    • Siemens
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL
    • Tamura
  • 7.5 Major Applications
    • 7.5.1 ITS
    • 7.5.2 Optical Wireless LAN
    • 7.5.3 Healthcare
    • 7.5.4 Localization
    • 7.5.5 City Wide Wireless Network
    • 7.5.6 Summary
  • 7.6 5G View
    • 7.6.1 Cell Structures
  • 7.7 Market

8.0 Conclusions

Figure 1: Mobile Generations

Figure 2: Time - Mobile Generations

Figure 3: ITU-R Schedule for IMT-2020

Figure 4: 3GPP - Tentative Timeline - 5G Standardization

Figure 5: Current View

Figure 6: Spectrum

Figure 7: Technologies Directions

Figure 8: Use Cases-General

Figure 9: Use Cases - Rate of Transmission and Latency

Figure 10: SDR and OSI Reference Model

Figure 11: SDR - Structure

Figure 12: TAM: Global SDR Sales ($B)

Figure 13: SDR Market Geography (2015)

Figure 14: Major Antenna Configurations

Figure 15: MIMO Concept (2x2)

Figure 16: Illustration - Beamforming

Figure 17: MU-MIMO - Downlink

Figure 18: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO

Figure 19: MMIMO

Figure 20: Exploring IMT Spectrum

Figure 21: 60 GHz Channels

Figure 22: 60 GHz Frequencies Plan

Figure 23: Spectrum Details

Figure 24: Signal Attenuation in 60 GHz Band

Figure 25: Absorption Details

Figure 26: Bands Features Comparison

Figure 27: Planes

Figure 28: Usage Cases

Figure 29: 802.11ad MAC

Figure 30: Summary

Figure 31: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)

Figure 32: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Global Sales ($B)

Figure 33: VLC - Comparison

Figure 34: Illustration-VLC Channel

Figure 35: VLC Market Categories

Figure 36: TAM: Global - VLC Technology ($B)

Table 1: Major Characteristics

Table 2: 5G Use Case Families

Table 3: Tiers

Table 4: CR Features

Table 5: ETSI Documents

Table 6: SDR Market Drivers

Table 7: SDR Market Segments (Military vs. Commercial)

Table 8: MIMO - 3GPP Releases

Table 9: MIMO Benefits

Table 10: 60 GHz Radio Standardization

Table 11: Directivity

Table 12: 60 GHz Links Characteristics

Table 13: 802.11ad Major Features

Table 14: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Cases

Table 15: Use Cases

Table 16: Devices and Characteristics

Table 17: Frequency Plan

Table 18: VLC Properties

Table 19: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison

Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place

Date of Publication:
May 19, 2015
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
185 Pages
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