Advances in Microwave Radio Communications: Assessments Technologies and Markets

Advances in Microwave Radio Communications: Assessments Technologies and Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jan 30, 2013, 248 Pages
US$3,900.00
PT5874

The goal was to analyze advanced trends in the developing of high-frequencies communications systems. The goal was achieved through addressing a wide range of technologies and related markets. Particular, this report concentrates on:

  • SONET/SDH microwave radio: 2 GHz-40 GHz
  • Packet microwave radio: 2 GHz-40 GHz
  • 60 GHz radio
  • E-Band microwave radio
  • 4.9 GHz  Public Safety radio
  • Wireless Fiber Systems: THz.

The common denominator for all these technologies is utilization of the microwave spectrum.  The analysis of Wireless Fiber Systems helps to further understand the abilities of a microwave path with protection; and the analysis of 4.9 GHz Public Safety radio specifics provides an example of microwave radio important application.

The report emphasizes specifics of each technological group, their applications, benefits and disadvantages; it also analyzes related markets and industries.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed. Evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report is written for a wide variety of technical, managerial and sales staff of IT departments working to support corporation communications networks. Equipment vendors can find in the report the survey of competing products. For networks designers, this report explains microwave radio applications, benefits and issues.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0    Introduction  
1.1 History    11
1.2 Why Microwave?    12
1.3 SONET/SDH    12
1.4 mm-Wave Radio    13
1.5 Microwave Packet Radio    13
1.6 Wireless Fiber Systems    14
1.7 4.9 GHz Public Safety Radio    14
1.8 Scope and Goals    14
1.9 Research Methodology    15
1.10 Target Audience    15

2.0 Standards
2.1 ITU Standards    16
2.2 Examples    17
2.2.1 Backbone Standards    17
2.2.2 Access Standards    17
2.2.3 Equipment Protection    17
2.3 ETSI Standards    18
2.4 Microwave Radio vs. Leased Line    18

3.0 Applications
3.1 Mobile Networks Backhaul    20
3.2 Last-Mile Access    20
3.3 Private Networks    20
3.4 Disaster Recovery    20
3.5 The Digital Divide    21
3.6 Developing Nations    21
3.7 Utilities Networks    21
3.8 Emergency Radio    21

4.0 Spectrum
4.1 Designations    22
4.2 Unlicensed Radio    23

5.0 SONET/SDH Microwave Radio  
5.1 General    25
5.2 Format    25
5.3 Structure    26
5.4 Diversity    27
5.5 SONET/SDH Radio Market    28
5.5.1 Market Projections    28
5.5.1.1 Model Assumptions    28
5.5.1.2 Forecast    28
5.6 Security    32
5.6.1 General    32
5.6.2 Types of Attacks    33
5.6.2.1 Passive Attacks    33
5.6.2.2 Active Attacks    34
5.7 SONET/SDH Microwave Radio Industry    34
ABB    34
Agilis    36
Airlinx    36
Alcatel-Lucent    38
Aviat Networks    39
Ceragon    40
Ericsson    42
Exalt    43
Fujitsu    44
Microwave Data Systems (GE MDS)    47
Microwave Networks    48
NEC    50
SAF    51
Nokia Siemens Networks    52
SIAE (SIAE MICROELETTRONICA LTD)    54
Thales    55
Westica    56
ZTE    57

6.0 Microwave Packet Radio
6.1 Requirements and Applications    59
6.1.1 Mobile Technologies – Microwave Packet Radio Market Drivers    60
6.2 Hybrid    62
6.3 Benefits of Microwave Packet Radio    62
6.4 Market    63
6.4.1 Estimate    63
6.4.2 Geography    64
6.5 Industry    65
Alcatel-Lucent    65
Aviat    67
Cambridge Broadband    68
Ceragon    70
Comba    72
DragonWave    73
Ericsson    75
Exalt    75
Huawei    77
NEC    78
Nokia Siemens Networks    79
Positron    80
Trango Systems    82

7.0 mm-Wave Radio 
7.1 General    84
7.2 Factors: 60 GHz Radio    84
7.2.1 Regulatory Climate: FCC, ETSI, ITU    85
7.3 E-band    86
7.4 Goals    87
7.4.1 Progress in the Chip Technology for mm-Wave Radio    87
7.5 60 GHz Radio Technology and Market    88
7.5.1 General    88
7.5.2 Spectrum Specifics    89
7.5.3 Oxygen Absorption    91
7.5.4 Antenna    92
7.5.5 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz    93
7.5.6 Combined Effect    94
7.5.7 Modulation    95
7.6 Specifics    95
7.6.1 Indoor Behavior    95
7.6.2 Wi-Fi and 60 GHz Radio    96
7.7 Progress    97
7.8 60 GHz Fixed Wireless-Last Mile    97
7.8.1 General    97
7.8.2 Details-Characteristics    98
7.8.3 Place    99
7.8.4 Addressable Market    99
7.8.4.1 General    99
7.8.4.2 Drivers    100
7.8.4.3 Forecast    100
7.8.5 Industry    101
BridgeWave    101
Comotech    103
LightPointe    104
Solectek    105
Sub10 Systems    106
Vubiq    107
7.9 60 GHz Radio-IEEE 802.15.3c and Competition    109
7.9.1 General    109
7.9.2 Demand    110
7.9.3 Specifics    110
7.9.4 Benefits for WPAN    111
7.9.5 Applications    112
7.9.6 Challenges    113
7.9.7 Standardization and Development: WirelessHD, IEEE 802.15.3c and Other    114
7.9.7.1 WirelessHD: General    114
7.9.7.2 Details: WirelessHD Technology    115
7.9.7.2.1 Completion    116
7.9.7.2.2 Summary    117
7.9.8 IEEE 802.15.3c    118
7.9.8.1 Scope    118
7.9.8.2 Current Status    120
7.9.8.3 Benefits    120
7.9.8.4 Details    121
7.9.9 IEEE Very High Throughput Group- IEEE 802.11ad/WiGig    122
7.9.9.1 General    122
7.9.9.2 Scope    123
7.9.10 Market    124
7.9.10.1 General: Applications    124
7.9.10.2 Market Development: Specifics    124
7.9.10.3 Forecast    125
7.9.11 Players and Projects    126
Cables to Go    126
Gefen    127
IBM    127
IMEC    129
LG    129
NEC    130
Phiar-Motorola    131
Panasonic    132
SiBeam (Silicon Image)    132
Vubiq    137
7.9.12 60 GHz WPAN: Example    138
7.10 E-band Radio: Technology and Market    139
7.10.1 General: FCC and ITU    139
7.10.2 Benefits    140
7.10.3 Regulations    141
7.10.4 Frequency Plan    142
7.10.5 Additional Characteristics    143
7.10.6 Major Applications    143
7.10.7 Market Prospective    144
7.10.7.1 Last Mile    144
7.10.7.2 Estimate    145
7.10.8 Vendors    146
ADC – TE Connectivity    146
Athena    147
Bridgewave    148
Ceragon    149
ComoTech    150
Dragonwave    151
E-band Communications    152
ElvaLink    155
G4 Networks    156
Fujitsu    157
LightPointe    159
Loea Corporation    160
Nokia Siemens    161
Sub10 Systems    161
Solectek    162

8.0 Public Safety – 4.9 GHz Radio
8.1 General    163
8.2  Spectrum Allocation    163
8.3 4.9 GHz Public Safety Radio Applications    163
8.4 FCC Process    166
8.5 International    168
8.6 Eligibility    168
8.7 Conditions    169
8.8 Frequencies Allocations    169
8.8.1 Public Safety Bands    170
8.9 Users    171
8.10 Benefits of the 4.9 GHz Band    171
8.11 4.9 GHz Radio Standards and Related Technologies    172
8.11.1 FCC    172
8.11.2 Mesh Networks    173
8.11.2.1 Specifics    173
8.11.2.2 IEEE 802.11s    174
8.11.3 OFDM    176
8.11.4 Multi-radio Platforms    178
8.11.5 WiMax    178
8.12 4.9 GHz Radio Market    179
8.12.1 General    179
8.12.2 Forecast    180
8.13 4.9 GHz Radio Industry    181
Airaya    181
Alvarion    182
Aperto    183
Azuretec    184
Belair (acquired by Ericsson in 2012)    185
Carlson Wireless    187
Cisco    188
Exalt    189
Firetide    191
Fluidmesh Networks    192
Hautespot Networks    193
MeshDynamics    194
Motorola Solutions    195
Proxim Wireless    196
Redline    197
RadWin    198
SkyPilot - Trilliant    200
Solectek    201
Strix    202
Teletronics    203
Trango Systems    204
Tranzeo    205
Tropos (acquired by ABB in 2012)    206

9.0 Wireless Fiber Communications (WFC): Technology
9.1 General    208
9.2 Major Characteristics    209
9.3 Protection    211
9.4 Applications    212
9.4 Requirements    213
9.5 WFC Benefits and Limitations: Summary    213
9.6 Design Issues    215
9.7 Customers    217
9.8 WFC Market    219
9.8.1 General    219
9.8.2 Market Drivers    219
9.8.3 Competition    221
9.8.3.1 Fiber Optics Systems    221
9.8.3.2 Microwave    222
9.8.3.3 PONs    223
9.8.4 Forecast    223
9.8.4.1 General    223
9.8.4.2 Model Assumptions    223
9.8.4.3 Structure    223
9.8.4.4 Market Estimate    224
9.9 Industry    226
CableFree    226
Canon USA    227
CBL    228
Dailianxu Engineering Company    231
Dominion Laserbeam-SkyFiber    232
fSONA    233
GeoDesy    236
LightPointe    238
LSA    240
Optel    241
Plaintree    243
RedLine    245

10.0 Conclusions 
References    248
 

Figure 1:  Spectrum Assignment    22
Figure 2: SONET Frame (OC-1)    26
Figure 3:  Simplified - SSMR Structure    27
Figure 4: TAM: SSMR Global Sales ($B)    29
Figure 5: TAM: SSMR and Associated Equipment Global Sales (Unit 000)    29
Figure 6:  SSMR Market Granularity – Rate of Transmission    30
Figure 7: SSMR Market Granularity – Frequency Bands    31
Figure 8: Geographical Segmentation of SONET/SDH Radio Market    31
Figure 9: Segmentation by Method of Protection: SONET/SDH Radio Market    32
Figure 10: Passive Attack    33
Figure 11: Backhaul - Microwave    60
Figure 12: TAM: Microwave Packet Radio Global Sales ($B)    64
Figure 13: Microwave Packet Radio Market Geography (2012)    65
Figure 14: Unlicensed Bands    86
Figure 15: ITU-R – Channelization    86
Figure 16: 60 GHz Connections    89
Figure 17: 60 GHz: Frequency Allocations    90
Figure 18: 60 GHz: Spectrum Details    90
Figure 19: mm-Wave Energy Attenuation in 60 GHz Band    91
Figure 20: 60 GHz: Absorption Details    92
Figure 21: Frequency Bands Features Comparison    93
Figure 22: TAM: 60 GHz Radio Global Sales – Outdoors Fixed ($M)    101
Figure 23: TAM: 60 GHz Radio Global Sales Outdoors Fixed (Units)    101
Figure 24: 60 GHz “Open” Spectrum    109
Figure 25: IEEE Group Structure: 802.15    119
Figure 26:  Configuration    121
Figure 27: TAM: U.S. WPAN 60 GHz Radio Sales ($M)    126
Figure 28: 60 GHz WPAN Example    139
Figure 29: Frequency Allocation    143
Figure 30: TAM - US-E-band Radio-Last Mile Access ($M)    146
Figure 31:  Addressable Market-US-E-band Radio-Last Mile Access (Units 000)    146
Figure 32: Mesh Network Diagram    174
Figure 33: TAM: U.S. Mobile and Hand-held 4.9 GHz Radio Sales ($B)    180
Figure 34: 4.9 GHz Network Infrastructure Dynamics    181
Figure 35: Simplified WFC Device Diagram    209
Figure 36:  WFC Market Segments    221
Figure 37:  TAM: U.S. WFS Sales ($M)    224
Figure 38: TAM: U.S. WFS Sales (Unit 000)    225
Figure 39:  WFS Market Geography    226


Table 1: Microwave Frequencies Bands    22
Table 2: ISM – ITU Designation    23
Table 3: SONET/SDH Rates    25
Table 4: Licensed and Unlicensed SONET/SDH Radio Proportion    32
Table 5: Differentiation by Path Length: SONET/SDH Radio    32
Table 6: Antenna Directivity    93
Table 7: 60 GHz Links Characteristics    94
Table 8: Characteristics Details    110
Table 9: Attenuation    112
Table 10: Properties    112
Table 11: Required Speed    113
Table 12: Modulation Characteristics    122
Table 13: FCC Regulations    141
Table 14:  Emergency Services    164
Table 15: Requirements    165
Table 16:  Power Limits    168
Table 17: Frequencies Allocations: 4.9 GHz Band    170


Date of Publication:
Jan 30, 2013
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
248 Pages
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