Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials: Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene & 2D Materials

The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials (Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Materials) to 2025: Applications, companies, markets and research

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Oct 2, 2015
US$2,650.00
FM4920

Carbon nanotubes and graphene global market

This is a golden era for carbon research with academics pursuing the perfect analysis tools for these nanomaterials whilst simultaneously evaluating the growing variants of each sub family and how they must be processed to ensure their potential properties are married to the systems they could enhance.

Properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene

CNTs and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Applications in the carbon nanotubes and graphene global market

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine. Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics. Other 2-D nanomaterials are also coming to the fore.

This 736 page report on the carbon nanomaterials market includes:

  • Production volumes, estimated to 2025
  • Application timescales
  • Carbon nanotubes and graphene products
  • Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
  • Assessment of carbon nanotubes and graphene market in sectors including energy, aerospace, automotive, biomedical, coatings, composites, electronics and electronic devices, photonics, sensors, filtration, adhesives, catalysts and textiles
  • Assessment of 2-D nanomaterials such Silicene, Graphdiyne, Molybdenum disulfide, Graphane and Germanane
  • Company profiles of carbon nanotubes and graphene producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details



TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 2.1. CARBON NANOTUBES
    • 2.1.1. Exceptional properties
    • 2.1.2. Products and applications
    • 2.1.3. Threat from the graphene market
    • 2.1.4. Production
      • 2.1.4.1. Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
      • 2.1.4.2. Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
    • 2.1.5. Global demand for carbon nanotubes
      • 2.1.5.1. Current products
      • 2.1.5.2. Future products
    • 2.1.6. Market drivers and trends
      • 2.1.6.1. Electronics
    • 2.1.7. Market and production challenges
      • 2.1.7.1. Safety issues
      • 2.1.7.2. Dispersion
      • 2.1.7.3. Synthesis and supply quality
      • 2.1.7.4. Cost
      • 2.1.7.5. Competition from other materials
  • 2.2. GRAPHENE
    • 2.2.1. Remarkable properties
    • 2.2.2. Global funding
    • 2.2.3. Products and applications
    • 2.2.4. Production
    • 2.2.5. Market drivers and trends
      • 2.2.5.1. Production exceeds demand
      • 2.2.5.2. Market revenues remain small but are growing
      • 2.2.5.3. Scalability and cost
      • 2.2.5.4. Applications hitting the market
      • 2.2.5.5. Wait and see?
      • 2.2.5.6. Asia and US lead the race
      • 2.2.5.7. Competition from other materials
    • 2.2.6. Market and technical challenges
      • 2.2.6.1. Supply quality
      • 2.2.6.2. Cost
      • 2.2.6.3. Product integration
      • 2.2.6.4. Regulation and standards

3. INTRODUCTION

  • 3.1. Properties of nanomaterials
  • 3.2. Categorization
  • 3.3. CARBON NANOTUBES
    • 3.3.1. Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
    • 3.3.2. Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
      • 3.3.2.1. Single-chirality
    • 3.3.3. Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
    • 3.3.4. Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
    • 3.3.5. Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
    • 3.3.6. Fullerenes
    • 3.3.7. Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
    • 3.3.8. Properties
    • 3.3.9. Applications of carbon nanotubes
      • 3.3.9.1. High volume applications
      • 3.3.9.2. Low volume applications
      • 3.3.9.3. Novel applications
  • 3.4. GRAPHENE
    • 3.4.1. 3D Graphene
    • 3.4.2. Graphene Quantum Dots
    • 3.4.3. Properties
  • 3.5. CARBON NANOTUBES VERSUS GRAPHENE
    • 3.5.1. Cost and production
    • 3.5.2. Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
  • 3.6. OTHER 2D MATERIALS
    • 3.6.1. Phosphorene
      • 3.6.1.1. Properties
      • 3.6.1.2. Applications
      • 3.6.1.3. Recent research news
    • 3.6.2. Silicene
      • 3.6.2.1. Properties
      • 3.6.2.2. Applications
      • 3.6.2.3. Recent research news
    • 3.6.3. Molybdenum disulfide
      • 3.6.3.1. Properties
      • 3.6.3.2. Applications
      • 3.6.3.3. Recent research news
    • 3.6.4. Hexagonal boron nitride
      • 3.6.4.1. Properties
      • 3.6.4.2. Applications
      • 3.6.4.3. Recent research news
    • 3.6.5. Germanene
      • 3.6.5.1. Properties
      • 3.6.5.2. Applications
      • 3.6.5.3. Recent research news
    • 3.6.6. Graphdiyne
      • 3.6.6.1. Properties
      • 3.6.6.2. Applications
    • 3.6.7. Graphane
      • 3.6.7.1. Properties
      • 3.6.7.2. Applications
    • 3.6.8. Stanene/tinene
      • 3.6.8.1. Properties
      • 3.6.8.2. Applications
    • 3.6.9. Tungsten diselenide
      • 3.6.9.1. Properties
      • 3.6.9.2. Applications
    • 3.6.10. Rhenium disulphide
      • 3.6.10.1. Properties
      • 3.6.10.2. Applications

4. CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS

  • 4.1. Arc discharge synthesis
  • 4.2. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
  • 4.3. Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
  • 4.4. High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
    • 4.4.1.1. High Pressure CO (HiPco)
    • 4.4.2. CoMoCAT
  • 4.5. Flame synthesis
  • 4.6. Laser ablation synthesis
  • 4.7. Silane solution method
  • 4.8. GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS
    • 4.8.1. Large area graphene films
    • 4.8.2. Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
    • 4.8.3. Production methods
      • 4.8.3.1. Quality
      • 4.8.3.2. Industrial scale production
      • 4.8.3.3. Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
      • 4.8.3.4. Graphene Nanoribbons
      • 4.8.3.5. Large-area graphene films
      • 4.8.3.6. Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
      • 4.8.3.7. Pros and cons of graphene production methods
      • 4.8.3.8. Recent synthesis methods
      • 4.8.3.9. Synthesis methods by company

5. CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE

6. GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE

7. REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

  • 7.1. Standards
  • 7.2. Environmental, health and safety regulation
    • 7.2.1. Europe
    • 7.2.2. United States
    • 7.2.3. Asia
  • 7.3. Workplace exposure

8. PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

  • 8.1. Carbon nanotubes
  • 8.2. Graphene
    • 8.2.1. Fabrication processes
    • 8.2.2. Academia
    • 8.2.3. Regional leaders

9. TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

10. END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS

  • 10.1. Carbon nanotubes production volumes 2010-2025
    • 10.1.1. Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
      • 10.1.1.1. Japan
      • 10.1.1.2. China
    • 10.1.2. Main carbon nanotubes producers
    • 10.1.3. SWNT production
      • 10.1.3.1. OCSiAl
      • 10.1.3.2. FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
      • 10.1.3.3. Zeon Corporation
    • 10.1.4. Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
  • 10.2. Graphene production volumes 2010-2025
  • 10.3. Carbon nanotubes industry news 2013-2015
  • 10.4. Graphene industry news 2013-2015
  • 10.5. Carbon nanotubes producers and production capacities
  • 10.6. Graphene producers and production capacities
  • 10.7. ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS
    • 10.7.1. TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS
      • 10.7.1.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.7.1.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.7.1.3. Properties and applications
      • 10.7.1.4. CHALLENGES
      • 10.7.1.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 10.7.2. CONDUCTIVE INKS
      • 10.7.2.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.7.2.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.7.2.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.7.2.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 10.7.3. TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
      • 10.7.3.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.7.3.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.7.3.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.7.3.4. CHALLENGES
      • 10.7.3.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 10.7.4. MEMORY DEVICES
      • 10.7.4.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.7.4.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.7.4.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.7.4.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 10.7.5. PHOTONICS
      • 10.7.5.1. Optical modulators
      • 10.7.5.2. Photodetectors
      • 10.7.5.3. Plasmonics
      • 10.7.5.4. Challenges
  • 10.8. POLYMER COMPOSITES
    • 10.8.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.8.1.1. Improved performance
      • 10.8.1.2. Multi-functionality
      • 10.8.1.3. Growth in wind energy market
    • 10.8.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.8.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.8.3.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.8.3.2. Graphene
    • 10.8.4. CHALLENGES
      • 10.8.4.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.8.4.2. Graphene
    • 10.8.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.8.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.8.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.9. AEROSPACE
    • 10.9.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.9.1.1. Safety
      • 10.9.1.2. Reduced fuel consumption and costs
      • 10.9.1.3. Increased durability
      • 10.9.1.4. Multi-functionality
      • 10.9.1.5. Need for new de-icing solutions
      • 10.9.1.6. Weight reduction
    • 10.9.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.9.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.9.3.1. Composites
      • 10.9.3.2. Coatings
      • 10.9.3.3. Sensors
    • 10.9.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.9.4.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.9.4.2. Graphene
  • 10.10. AUTOMOTIVE
    • 10.10.1. MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
      • 10.10.1.1. Environmental
      • 10.10.1.2. Safety
      • 10.10.1.3. Lightweighting
      • 10.10.1.4. Cost
    • 10.10.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.10.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.10.3.1. Composites
      • 10.10.3.2. Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
      • 10.10.3.3. Coatings
    • 10.10.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.10.4.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.10.4.2. Graphene
  • 10.11. BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE
    • 10.11.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.11.1.1. Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
      • 10.11.1.2. Shortcomings of chemotherapies
      • 10.11.1.3. Biocompatibility of medical implants
      • 10.11.1.4. Anti-biotic resistance
      • 10.11.1.5. Growth in advanced woundcare market
    • 10.11.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.11.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.11.3.1. Cancer therapy
      • 10.11.3.2. Medical implants and devices
      • 10.11.3.3. Wound dressings
      • 10.11.3.4. Biosensors
      • 10.11.3.5. Medical imaging
      • 10.11.3.6. Tissue engineering
      • 10.11.3.7. Dental
    • 10.11.4. CHALLENGES
    • 10.11.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.11.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.11.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.12. COATINGS
    • 10.12.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.12.1.1. Sustainability and regulation
      • 10.12.1.2. Cost of corrosion
      • 10.12.1.3. Improved hygiene
      • 10.12.1.4. Cost of weather-related damage
    • 10.12.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.12.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.12.3.1. Anti-static coatings
      • 10.12.3.2. Anti-corrosion coatings
      • 10.12.3.3. Anti-microbial
      • 10.12.3.4. Anti-icing
      • 10.12.3.5. Barrier coatings
      • 10.12.3.6. Heat protection
      • 10.12.3.7. Anti-fouling
      • 10.12.3.8. Wear-resistance
      • 10.12.3.9. Smart windows
    • 10.12.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.12.4.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.12.4.2. Graphene
  • 10.13. FILTRATION AND SEPARATION
    • 10.13.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.13.1.1. Need for improved membrane technology
      • 10.13.1.2. Water shortage and population growth
      • 10.13.1.3. Contamination
      • 10.13.1.4. Cost
    • 10.13.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.13.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICTIONS
      • 10.13.3.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.13.3.2. Graphene
    • 10.13.4. CHALLENGES
      • 10.13.4.1. Uniform pore size and distribution
      • 10.13.4.2. Reducing pore size for improved desalination
      • 10.13.4.3. Difficulties of CNT growth
      • 10.13.4.4. Cost
    • 10.13.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.13.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.13.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.14. ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION
    • 10.14.1. BATTERIES
      • 10.14.1.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.14.1.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.14.1.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.14.1.4. CHALLENGES
    • 10.14.2. SUPERCAPACITORS
      • 10.14.2.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.14.2.2. Problems with activated carbon
      • 10.14.2.3. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.14.2.4. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.14.2.5. Challenges
    • 10.14.3. PHOTOVOLTAICS
      • 10.14.3.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.14.3.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.14.3.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 10.14.4. FUEL CELLS
      • 10.14.4.1. MARKET DRIVERS
      • 10.14.4.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.14.4.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.14.4.4. Challenges
    • 10.14.5. LED LIGHTING AND UVC
      • 10.14.5.1. Market drivers and trends
      • 10.14.5.2. Market size
      • 10.14.5.3. Properties and applications
    • 10.14.6. OIL AND GAS
      • 10.14.6.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.14.6.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
      • 10.14.6.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 10.14.7. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.14.7.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.14.7.2. Graphene
  • 10.15. SENSORS
    • 10.15.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.15.1.1. Increased power and performance with reduced cost
      • 10.15.1.2. Enhanced sensitivity
      • 10.15.1.3. Replacing silver electrodes
      • 10.15.1.4. Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
      • 10.15.1.5. Improved thermal stability
      • 10.15.1.6. Environmental conditions
    • 10.15.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.15.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 10.15.3.1. Infrared (IR) sensors
      • 10.15.3.2. Electrochemical and gas sensors
      • 10.15.3.3. Pressure sensors
      • 10.15.3.4. Biosensors
      • 10.15.3.5. Optical sensors
      • 10.15.3.6. Humidity sensors
      • 10.15.3.7. Acoustic sensors
      • 10.15.3.8. Wireless sensors
    • 10.15.4. Challenges
    • 10.15.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.15.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.15.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.16. 3D PRINTING
    • 10.16.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.16.1.1. Improved materials at lower cost
    • 10.16.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.16.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 10.16.4. CHALLENGES
    • 10.16.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.16.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.16.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.17. ADHESIVES
    • 10.17.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.17.1.1. Thermal management in electronics
      • 10.17.1.2. Environmental sustainability
      • 10.17.1.3. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 10.17.2. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.17.3. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.17.3.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.17.3.2. Graphene
  • 10.18. LUBRICANTS
    • 10.18.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.18.1.1. Cost effective alternatives
      • 10.18.1.2. Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
      • 10.18.1.3. Environmental concerns
    • 10.18.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 10.18.3. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.18.4. CHALLENGES
    • 10.18.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
      • 10.18.5.1. Carbon nanotubes
      • 10.18.5.2. Graphene
  • 10.19. TEXTILES
    • 10.19.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 10.19.1.1. Growth in the wearable electronics market
    • 10.19.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS
      • 10.19.2.1. Wearable electronics
      • 10.19.2.2. Superhydrophobic coatings
      • 10.19.2.3. Conductive coatings
      • 10.19.2.4. Flame retardant textiles
    • 10.19.3. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 10.19.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

11. CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS (184 company profiles)

12. GRAPHENE PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 607 (152 company profiles)

LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES

Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
Table 1: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 2: Carbon nanotubes target markets-Applications, stage of commercialization and potential addressable market size
Table 3: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers
Table 4: SWNT producers production capacities 2014
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005- 2014
Table 5: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Figure 3: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Figure 4: Global government funding for graphene
Table 6: Graphene target markets-Applications, stage of commercialization and potential addressable market size
Table 7: Graphene production plants worldwide, by country, and production capacity
Table 8: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Figure 5: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Table 6: Graphene types and cost per kg
Table 7: Categorization of nanomaterials
Figure 6: Conceptual diagram of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) (A) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) (B) showing typical dimensions of length, width, and separation distance between graphene layers in MWNTs
Figure 7: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Table 8: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Figure 8: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
Figure 9: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 10: Fullerene schematic
Figure 11: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Table 9: Properties of carbon nanotubes
Figure 12: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 13: Graphite and graphene
Figure 14: Graphene and its descendants
Table 10: Properties of graphene
Table 11: Comparative properties of carbon materials
Table 12: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
Figure 15: Phosphorene structure
Table 13: Recent phosphorene research news
Figure 16: Silicene structure
Table 14: Recent silicene research news
Figure 17: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 18: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 19: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Table 15: Recent Molybdenum disulfide research news
Figure 20: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Table 16: Recent hexagonal boron nitride research news
Figure 21: Schematic of germanane
Table 17: Recent germanane research news
Figure 22: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 23: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 24: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 25: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 26: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
Table 18: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
Figure 27: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
Table 19: SWNT synthesis methods
Figure 28: Arc discharge process for CNTs
Figure 29: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 30: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 31: CoMoCATR process
Figure 32: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 33: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Table 20: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 21: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 22: Main production methods for graphene
Figure 34: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 35: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Table 23: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
Table 24: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 25: Graphene market structure
Figure 36: CNT patents filed 2000-2014
Figure 37: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014
Table 26: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Figure 38: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Table 27: Leading graphene patentees
Table 28: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
Figure 39: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 40: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Table 29: Market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for carbon nanotubes and graphene in key applications
Table 30: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Figure 41: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in transparent conductive films and displays
Figure 42: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries
Figure 43: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer reinforcement
Table 31: Current carbon nanotubes prices
Table 32: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Figure 44: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 33: Annual production capacity of main carbon nanotubes producers
Table 34: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
Table 35: Carbon nanotubes in the electronics and photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 36: Graphene in the electronics and photonics marketapplications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 37: Comparison of ITO replacements
Figure 45: A large transparent conductive graphene film
Figure 46: CNT transparent conductive film formed on glass and schematic diagram of its structure
Figure 47: Graphene electrochromic devices
Figure 48: Flexible transistor sheet
Figure 49: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Table 38: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
Table 39: Graphene product and application developers in transparent conductive films
Table 40: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Figure 50: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products (Image credit: Vorbeck Materials)
Figure 51: Nanotube inks
Figure 52: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 53: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Table 41: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 42: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
Figure 54: Schematic cross-section of a graphene base transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 55: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 56: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Table 43: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Table 44: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Figure 57: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 58: SEM image of the deposited film (or fabric) of crossed nanotubes that can be either touching or slightly separated depending on their position
Figure 59: Schematic of NRAM
Figure 60: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 61: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 62: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt
Table 45: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
Table 46: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
Table 47: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
Figure 63: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Table 48: Dispersion of graphene in polymers
Table 49: Carbon nanotubes in the polymer composites marketapplications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 50: Graphene in the polymer composites marketapplications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 51: Addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials composites
Table 52: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites
Table 53: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 54: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 55: Carbon nanotubes in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 56: Graphene in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 57: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 58: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 59: Carbon nanotubes in the automotive marketapplications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 60: Graphene in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 61: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 62: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 63: Carbon nanotubes in the biomedical and healthcare markets-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 64: Graphene in the biomedical and healthcare marketsapplications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 65: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 66: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
Figure 64: Schematic representation of functionalized fullerene (A) and carbon nanotube (B) for drug delivery in cancer therapy
Table 67: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 68: Graphene product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Figure 65: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
Table 69: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 70: Graphene in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Figure 66: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Table 71: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Figure 67: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) "graphene paint" coating
Table 72: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 73: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 74: Carbon nanotubes in the filtration market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 75: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies
Figure 68: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts
Table 76: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 77: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 78: Carbon nanotubes in the energy market-Applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 79: Graphene in the energy market-Applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Figure 69: Nano Lithium X Battery
Figure 70: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor
Figure 71: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Table 80: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
Figure 72: Nanotube frame module
Figure 73: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode
Table 81: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 82: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 83: Carbon nanotubes in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 84: Graphene in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 85: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Figure 74: GFET sensors
Figure 75: First generation point of care diagnostics
Figure 76: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic
Table 86: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor
Table 87: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 88: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
Figure 77: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
Table 89: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 90: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 91: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 92: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
Table 93: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 94: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 95: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 96: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 97: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 98: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Figure 78: Schematic illustration of the SWCNT-based electronic devices as a wearable array platform
Table 99: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
Date of Publication:
Oct 2, 2015
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