Fiber Optics Communications: Passive Broadband Access - Technologies and Markets

Fiber Optics Communications: Passive Broadband Access - Technologies and Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Nov 21, 2012

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed. Evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report is important to a wide population of researches, technical and sales staff involved in the developing of the fiber optics broadband access services and products. It is recommended for both service providers and vendors that are working with related technologies. The report also helps to understand issues associated with relationship between PON and other technologies.


This report addresses specifics of technologies for Access Fiber Optical Networks. It also analyzes related markets, the industry and major applications for this type of access technologies.

Particular, the report concentrates on recent advances in Passive Optical Networks, such as

  • 10GE-PON - 10 Gb/s technology - developed by the IEEE
  • 10G-PON - 10 Gb/s technology - standardized by ITU
  • xPON - near future PON
  • RFoG - RF over Glass technology - standardized by Society of Cable and Telecommunications Engineers.
  • The standardization process is analyzed in details.

The choice of selected topics was prompted by the analysis of major trends in fiber optics broadband access technologies and users' demand:

A key trend in the access portion of the fiber optics networks is the extension of fiber deeper into the network to provide increased video capacity, voice and ultra-broadband data services to business and residential customers. RFoG is one of such technologies, which brings fiber to customer's premises.
Coexistence. 10 Gb/s PONs are being developed as an extension of 1 Gb/s technology. Though future PONs (40 Gb/s and up) will not be necessary tied to the existing networks, the analyzed in the report period of time restricted by coexistence of older and newer technologies; the market development and price-efficiency make this one of the major factors for technologies to succeed.

One more trend was emphasized in the report: ICs microminiaturization and advanced packaging allow creating a compact and cost-efficient platform that may support various broadband access technologies, including GE-PON, G-PON, 10GE-PON and 10G-PON; as well as RFoG.
The report aim is to reach to a wide audience of technical, management and sales staff involved in the development of telecommunications and related industries.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 PON Appearance
1.3 PON: Ethernet Family
1.5 W-PON
1.6 RFoG
1.7 POL
1.8 Scope
1.9 Research Methodology
1.10 Target Audience

2.0 PON: From Concept to Standardization
2.1 PON Development
2.1.1 PON Benefits
2.1.2 The PON Proposition
2.1.3 Principles
2.1.4 PON Classification
2.1.5 PON Elements: Details Optical Line Termination (OLT) OLT Core Shell Cross-connect Shell Service Shell Optical Network Unit (ONU) Optical Distribution Network (ODN)
2.2 PON Standardization
2.2.1 A/B-PON - G.983.x
2.2.2 G-PON - G.984.x Passive Optical LAN
2.2.3 GE-PON - IEEE 802.3ah
2.2.4 10GE-PON - IEEE 802.3av Goal IEEE - Standardization Status Standard's Scope and Objectives 10GE-PON Technology Specifics Inheritance ONU Types Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation Drivers and Target Applications Major Applications
2.2.5 10G-PON - NG-PON - G.987.x - Technology Evolution ITU Efforts Scope Status History Migration Support Physical Layer Evolution
2.2.6 Comparison
2.2.7 P1904.1
2.2.8 Near - Future - NG-PON2
2.2.9 IEEE P802.3bk and IEEE P802.3bn: Additions to GE-PON
2.2.10 Summary
2.2.11 Other
2.3 PON Market
2.3.1 PON Commercialized
2.3.2 Factor
2.3.3 Services
2.3.4 Market Estimate Equipment Sale Vendors Revenue
2.4 Vendors - PON
Alcatel-Lucent (NG-PON, G-PON)
Ad-Net (GE-PON, PLC Splitters)
Alphion (G-PON)
Broadcom (GE-PON and G-PON IC)
Cortina (10GE-PON, E-PON)
Calix (G-PON)
Corecess (GE- and W- and G-PON)
Dasan Networks (G-PON, GE-PON)
Ericsson (40G-W-PON, G-PON)
Enablence (GE-PON, G-PON, W-PON)
Gennum - Acquired by Semtech in 2012 (10GE-PON)
GigaLight (10GE-PON, E-PON, G-PON, W-PON)
Hisense (10GE-PON)
Hitachi (GE-PON, 10GE-PON, DePON, MW-PON)
Huawei (10G-PON, G-PON)
K-Micro (10GE-PON)
Motorola Solutions (10G-PON, G-PON, XG-PON)
Marvell (GE-PON; 10GE-PON, G-PON)
Mitsubishi Electric (GE-PON)
NeoPhotonics (NG-PON, G-PON, GE-PON)
Qualcomm Atheros (E-PON)
Raisecom (GE-PON)
Source Photonics (GE-PON, 10GE-PON)
Sun Telecom (GE-PON)
Sumitomo Electric Networks (GE-PON)
Tainet (GE-PON)
UTStarcom (GE-PON)
Wuhan Xunten (GE-PON)
Zhone (G-PON)

3.0 RFoG Technology Development
3.1 Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) Technology
3.2 RFoG Solution
3.2.1 General
3.2.2 Standardization Process Details ANSI/SCTE 174 2010 Industry Needs Target
3.3 Similarities and Differences
3.4 RFoG Major Benefits and Issues
3.5 Future Extensions - RF-PON
3.6 Projects Samples
3.7 Market Estimate
3.7.1 Need
3.7.2 Forecast
3.8 RFoG Vendors
Aurora Networks
Titan Photonics

4.0 Conclusions

Figure 1 PON Reference Model
Figure 2 PON Details
Figure 3 PON Architecture Illustration
Figure 4 OLT Functional Block Diagram
Figure 5 ONU Functional Block Diagram
Figure 6 POL - G-PON Extension
Figure 7 GE-PON - 10GE-PON Scenario
Figure 8 10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation
Figure 9 Process
Figure 10 Timeline
Figure 11 Evolution Illustration
Figure 12 Road Map
Figure 13 Penetration Dependence
Figure 14 TAM: PPON Equipment Sale - Global ($B)
Figure 15 OIB Technology Geography - Major Regions
Figure 16 U.S. Providers
Figure 17 TAM: U.S. PON - based Service Providers Revenue ($B)
Figure 18 HFC Frequencies Assignment Illustration
Figure 19 RFoG Reference Architecture
Figure 20 ONU-R Illustration
Figure 21 HFC and RFoG Illustration
Figure 22 RFoG and GE-PON Frequencies Allocation
Figure 23 Illustration: PON Overlay
Figure 24 Comparative Characteristics
Figure 25 TAM: U.S. RFoG Equipment Sales ($B)
Figure 26 TAM: U.S. RFoG Service Providers Revenue ($B)

Table 1 Interfaces
Table 2 G.987 Family
Table 3 10 G-PON Classes
Table 4 Comparison
Table 5 PONs Characteristics Comparison
Table 6 PON Standardization
Table 7 PON Service Scenarios
Table 8 Optical Budget
Table 9 Downstream Transmission
Table 10 Frequency Plans

Date of Publication:
Nov 21, 2012
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