The Global Market for Graphene to 2025

The Global Market for Graphene to 2025

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Apr 4, 2017, 584 Pages
US$1,250.00
FM3477

The Global Market for Graphene 2017-2027 is a comprehensive analysis of the market and commercial opportunities for these remarkable materials.

The graphene market continues to expand in 2017, with weekly announcements on new multi-million dollar investments, new products (especially in the Asia market) and innovative production processes.

A growing number of products are integrating graphene across a range of markets including consumer electronic devices, wearables, flexible RF devices, supercapacitors, conductive inks, sensors and coatings.

Graphene is a ground-breaking 2D material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behavior with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.

Report contents include:

  • 50 additional pages from previous edition.
  • Global production capacities for 2017.
  • Current graphene products.
  • Stage of commercialization for graphene applications, from basic research to market entry.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for graphene including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, and commercial activities.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and user demand.
  • Over 200 company profiles.
  • Companies profiled in the report include 3D Graphtech Industries, Applied Graphene Materials, Cealtech, Directa Plus , Enanotec, Graphenano S.L., Graphentech, Hanwha Chemical, Metalysis, Talga Resources and many more.

 

The Global Market for Graphene 2017-2027
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1.1 Applications assessment 39
1.1 Market opportunity analysis 40
1.2 Market challenges rating system 42

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2.1 Two-dimensional (2D) materials 44
2.2 Graphene 44
2.2.1 The market in 2016 45
2.2.2 Products 45
2.2.3 Short-term opportunities 46
2.2.4 Medium-term opportunities 47
2.2.5 Remarkable properties 54
2.2.6 Global funding and initiatives 55
2.2.6.1 Europe 55
2.2.6.2 Asia 55
2.2.6.3 United States 56
2.2.7 Products and applications 57
2.2.8 Production 58
2.2.9 Market drivers and trends 60
2.2.9.1 Production exceeds demand 60
2.2.9.2 Market revenues remain small 60
2.2.9.3 Scalability and cost 61
2.2.9.4 Applications hitting the market 62
2.2.9.5 Wait and see? 63
2.2.9.6 Asia and US lead the race 63
2.2.9.7 China commercializing at a fast rate 64
2.2.9.8 Competition from other materials 64
2.2.10 Market and technical challenges 65
2.2.10.1 Inconsistent supply quality 65
2.2.10.2 Functionalization and dispersion 66
2.2.10.3 Cost 66
2.2.10.4 Product integration 66
2.2.10.5 Regulation and standards 66
2.2.10.6 Lack of a band gap 67

3 PROPERTIES OF NANOMATERIALS

3.1 Categorization 69

4 OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE

4.1 History 71
4.2 Forms of graphene 72
4.3 Properties 73
4.4 3D Graphene 75
4.5 Graphene Quantum Dots 75
4.5.1 Synthesis 76
4.5.2 Applications 77
4.5.3 Producers 78

5 CARBON NANOTUBES VERSUS GRAPHENE

5.1 Comparative properties 80
5.2 Cost and production 81
5.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids 82
5.4 Competitive analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene 83

6 OTHER 2-D MATERIALS

6.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene 85
6.1.1 Properties 86
6.1.2 Applications 87
6.2 C2N 88
6.2.1 Properties 89
6.2.2 Applications 89
6.3 Carbon nitride 90
6.3.1 Properties 90
6.3.2 Applications 90
6.4 Germanene 90
6.4.1 Properties 91
6.4.2 Applications 91
6.5 Graphdiyne 92
6.5.1 Properties 93
6.5.2 Applications 93
6.6 Graphane 94
6.6.1 Properties 94
6.6.2 Applications 94
6.7 Hexagonal boron nitride 95
6.7.1 Properties 96
6.7.2 Applications 97
6.7.3 Producers 97
6.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) 97
6.8.1 Properties 98
6.8.2 Applications 98
6.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 101
6.9.1 Properties 101
6.9.2 Applications 102
6.10 Silicene 102
6.10.1 Properties 103
6.10.2 Applications 103
6.11 Stanene/tinene 105
6.11.1 Properties 106
6.11.2 Applications 106
6.12 Tungsten diselenide 107
6.12.1 Properties 107
6.12.2 Applications 108
6.13 Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials 109

7 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS

7.1 Large area graphene films 111
7.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets 112
7.3 Production methods 113
7.3.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore 115
7.3.2 Alternative starting materials 115
7.3.3 Quality 115
7.4 Synthesis and production by types of graphene 116
7.4.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) 117
7.4.2 Graphene nanoribbons 117
7.4.3 Large-area graphene films 118
7.4.4 Graphene oxide (GO) 119
7.5 Pros and cons of graphene production methods 120
7.5.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 121
7.5.2 Exfoliation method 122
7.5.3 Epitaxial growth method 122
7.5.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation) 123
7.5.5 Micromechanical cleavage method 124
7.5.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide 124
7.5.7 Plasma 124
7.6 Recent synthesis methods 125
7.6.1 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia 125
7.6.2 Graphene Frontiers 125
7.6.3 MIT and the University of Michigan 126
7.6.4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene 126
7.6.5 University of Florida/Donghua University 126
7.6.6 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University 127
7.6.7 Trinity College Dublin 127
7.6.8 Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT) 127
7.6.9 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT 127
7.6.10 NanoXplore 127
7.6.11 Carbon Sciences Inc 127
7.6.12 California Institute of Technology 128
7.6.13 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology 128
7.6.14 Oxford University 128
7.6.15 University of Tokyo 128
7.6.16 Argonne National Laboratory 129
7.6.17 Rutgers University 129
7.6.18 FAU 130
7.6.19 University of Exeter 130
7.6.20 Abalonyx 130
7.6.21 Vortex Fluidic Device (VFD) 130
7.7 Synthesis methods by company 130

8 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE AND ROUTES TO COMMERCIALIZATION

9 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

9.1 Standards 137
9.2 Environmental, health and safety regulation 137
9.2.1 Europe 138
9.2.2 United States 138
9.2.3 Asia 138
9.3 Workplace exposure 139

10 PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

10.1 Fabrication processes 140
10.2 Academia 140
10.3 Regional leaders 141

11 TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

12 GRAPHENE INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2016

12.1 JANUARY 2013 147
12.2 FEBRUARY 2013 147
12.3 APRIL 2013 147
12.4 MAY 2013 148
12.5 JUNE 2013 148
12.6 JULY 2013 149
12.7 AUGUST 2013 149
12.8 SEPTEMBER 2013 149
12.9 OCTOBER 2013 150
12.10 NOVEMBER 2013 150
12.11 DECEMBER 2013 151
12.12 JANUARY 2014 152
12.13 FEBRUARY 2014 153
12.14 MARCH 2014 154
12.15 APRIL 2014 155
12.16 MAY 2014 156
12.17 JUNE 2014 156
12.18 JULY 2014 157
12.19 AUGUST 2014 158
12.20 SEPTEMBER 2014 158
12.21 AUGUST 2014 159
12.22 SEPTEMBER 2014 160
12.23 OCTOBER 2014 160
12.24 NOVEMBER 2014 161
12.25 DECEMBER 2014 162
12.26 JANUARY 2015 163
12.27 FEBRUARY 2015 164
12.28 MARCH 2015 164
12.29 APRIL 2015 165
12.30 MAY 2015 165
12.31 JUNE 2015 166
12.32 JULY 2015 167
12.33 AUGUST 2015 168
12.34 SEPTEMBER 2015 169
12.35 OCTOBER 2015 169
12.36 NOVEMBER 2015 170
12.37 DECEMBER 2015 172
12.38 JANUARY 2016 173
12.39 FEBRUARY 2016 174
12.40 MARCH 2016 175
12.41 APRIL 2016 175
12.42 MAY 2016 179
12.43 JUNE 2016 180
12.44 JULY 2016 181
12.45 AUGUST 2016 181
12.46 SEPTEMBER 2016 182
12.47 OCTOBER 2016 182
12.48 NOVEMBER 2016 184
12.49 DECEMBER 2016 185
12.50 JANUARY 2017 186
12.51 FEBRUARY 2017 186

13 END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS

13.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2027 188
13.2 Graphene producers and production capacities 190

14 ADHESIVES

14.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 195
14.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 195
14.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 197
14.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 200
14.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 200

15 AEROSPACE

15.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 202
15.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 203
15.2.1 Composites 204
15.2.2 Coatings 204
15.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORUNTIY 206
15.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 209
15.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 210

16 AUTOMOTIVE

16.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS 212
16.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 213
16.2.1 Composites 214
16.2.2 Thermally conductive additives 215
16.2.3 Tires 215
16.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 217
16.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 220
16.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 222

17 LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICAL

17.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 225
17.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 226
17.2.1 Cancer therapy 230
17.2.1.1 Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery 230
17.2.1.2 Graphene nanosheets 230
17.2.1.3 Gene delivery 230
17.2.1.4 Photodynamic Therapy 230
17.2.2 Medical implants and devices 231
17.2.3 Wound dressings 231
17.2.4 Biosensors 232
17.2.4.1 FRET biosensors for DNA detection 233
17.2.5 Medical imaging 233
17.2.6 Tissue engineering 234
17.2.7 Dental 234
17.2.8 Electrophysiology 234
17.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 234
17.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 238
17.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 241

18 COATINGS

18.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 243
18.1.1 New functionalities and improved properties 244
18.1.2 Need for more effective protection 245
18.1.3 Sustainability and regulation 246
18.1.4 Cost of corrosion 246
18.1.5 Need for improved hygiene 247
18.1.6 Cost of weather-related damage 247
18.1.7 Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments 248
18.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 248
18.2.1 Anti-corrosion coatings 250
18.2.1.1 Marine 251
18.2.2 Anti-microbial 251
18.2.3 Anti-icing 252
18.2.4 Barrier coatings 253
18.2.5 Heat protection 254
18.2.6 Anti-fouling 255
18.2.7 Wear and abrasion resistance 256
18.2.8 Smart windows 257
18.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 258
18.3.1 Thermal barrier coatings 262
18.3.2 Barrier coatings 262
18.3.3 Anti-microbial coatings 262
18.3.4 De-icing or anti-icing coatings 262
18.3.5 Abrasion and wear resistant coatings 263
18.3.6 Anti-corrosion coatings 263
18.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 266
18.4.1 Dispersion 266
18.4.2 Production, scalability and cost 266
18.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 266

19 COMPOSITES INCLUDING THERMOPLASTICS AND RUBBER

19.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 268
19.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 271
19.2.1 Polymer composites 271
19.2.2 Barrier packaging 274
19.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding 274
19.2.4 Wind turbines 275
19.2.5 Ballistic protection 275
19.2.6 Cement additives 275
19.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 275
19.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 279
19.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 280

20 ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS

20.1 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, WEARABLES, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS. 283
20.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 283
20.1.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 285
20.1.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics 288
20.1.2.2 Electronic paper 290
20.1.2.3 Wearable electronics 290
20.1.2.4 Wearable sensors 294
20.1.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 299
20.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 306
20.1.4.1 Manufacturing 307
20.1.4.2 Competing materials 307
20.1.4.3 Cost in comparison to ITO 307
20.1.4.4 Problems with transfer and growth 307
20.1.4.5 Improving sheet resistance 308
20.1.4.6 Difficulties in display panel integration 309
20.1.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 310
20.2 TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 311
20.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 311
20.2.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 313
20.2.2.1 Integrated circuits 313
20.2.2.2 Transistors 314
20.2.2.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits 315
20.2.2.4 Graphene spintronics 316
20.2.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 317
20.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 320
20.2.4.1 Competition from other materials 320
20.2.4.2 Lack of band gap 320
20.2.4.3 Transfer and integration 321
20.2.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 322
20.3 MEMORY DEVICES 324
20.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 324
20.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 325
20.3.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 327
20.3.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 328
20.3.5 MARKET CHALLENGES 329
20.4 PHOTONICS 329
20.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 330
20.4.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 330
20.4.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene 330
20.4.2.2 Optical modulators 331
20.4.2.3 Photodetectors 332
20.4.2.4 Saturable absorbers 334
20.4.2.5 Plasmonics 334
20.4.2.6 Fiber lasers 334
20.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 335
20.4.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 336
20.4.5 MARKET CHALLENGES 336
20.4.5.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene’s properties 336
20.4.5.2 Problems with transfer 336
20.4.5.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity 337
20.4.5.4 Stability and sensitivity 337

21 ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION

21.1 BATTERIES 339
21.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 339
21.1.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 341
21.1.2.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 341
21.1.2.2 Lithium-air batteries 342
21.1.2.3 Lithium–sulfur batteries (Li–S) 342
21.1.2.4 Sodium-ion batteries 343
21.1.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 343
21.1.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 347
21.1.5 MARKET CHALLENGES 350
21.2 SUPERCAPACITORS 351
21.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 351
21.2.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 352
21.2.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 355
21.2.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 357
21.2.5 MARKET CHALLENGES 358
21.2.5.1 Low energy storage capacity of graphene 358
21.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS 359
21.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 359
21.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 360
21.3.2.1 ITO replacement 361
21.3.2.2 Graphene–silicon (Gr–Si) Schottky junction solar cells 361
21.3.2.3 Halide perovskites/graphene hybrids 362
21.3.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 362
21.3.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 365
21.3.5 MARKET CHALLENGES 366
21.4 FUEL CELLS 367
21.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 367
21.4.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 369
21.4.2.1 Electrocatalyst supports 370
21.4.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 370
21.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 372
21.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 373
21.5 LED LIGHTING AND UVC 373
21.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 374
21.5.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 374
21.5.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 375
21.5.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 375
21.6 OIL AND GAS 375
21.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 376
21.6.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 377
21.6.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management 377
21.6.2.2 Coatings 378
21.6.2.3 Drilling fluids 380
21.6.2.4 Sorbent materials 380
21.6.2.5 Catalysts 381
21.6.2.6 Separation 381
21.6.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 382
21.6.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 383
21.6.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 384

22 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION

22.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 385
22.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 386
22.2.1 Water filtration 388
22.2.2 Gas separation 389
22.2.3 Photocatalytic absorbents 389
22.2.4 Air filtration 389
22.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 390
22.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 392
22.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 393

23 LUBRICANTS

23.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 395
23.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 396
23.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 396
23.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 397
23.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 398

24 SENSORS

24.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 399
24.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 400
24.2.1 Infrared (IR) sensors 402
24.2.2 Electrochemical and gas sensors 403
24.2.2.1 Graphene foam 404
24.2.3 Pressure sensors 404
24.2.4 Biosensors 404
24.2.5 Optical sensors 407
24.2.6 Humidity sensors 407
24.2.7 Strain sensors 407
24.2.8 Acoustic sensors 407
24.2.9 Wireless sensors 407
24.2.10 Surface enhanced Raman scattering 407
24.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 408
24.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 410
24.4.1 Selectivity 410
24.4.2 Scaling and manufacturing 411
24.4.3 Sensor recovery 411
24.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 411

25 SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL

25.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 414
25.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS 417
25.2.1 Conductive coatings 418
25.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 419
25.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 423

26 CONDUCTIVE INKS

26.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 424
26.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 425
26.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 427
26.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 432

27 3D PRINTING

27.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 434
27.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS 434
27.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 436
27.4 CHALLENGES 437
27.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 437

28 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS 439-512 (115 profiles)

29 GRAPHENE PRODUCT AND APPLICATION DEVELOPERS 513-562 (81 profiles)

30 REFERENCES


TABLES

Table 1: Consumer products incorporating graphene 45
Table 2: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for graphene in key applications 48
Table 39: Market opportunity assessment matrix for graphene applications 49
Table 3: Graphene target markets-Applications potential addressable market size 57
Table 4: Main graphene producers by country and annual production capacities 59
Table 6: Graphene types and cost per kg 62
Table 7: Categorization of nanomaterials 69
Table 8: Properties of graphene 74
Table 9: Graphene quantum dot producers 78
Table 10: Comparative properties of carbon materials 80
Table 11: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes 82
Table 12: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2027 83
Table 13: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2. 87
Table 14: Markets and applications of phosphorene 87
Table 15: Markets and applications of C2N 89
Table 16: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride 91
Table 17: Markets and applications of graphdiyne 93
Table 18: Markets and applications of graphane 95
Table 19: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride 97
Table 20: Markets and applications of MoS2 99
Table 21: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 102
Table 22: Markets and applications of silicene 103
Table 23: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene 106
Table 24: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide 108
Table 25: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials 109
Table 26: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market 111
Table 27: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market 112
Table 28: Main production methods for graphene 113
Table 29: Graphene synthesis methods, by company 130
Table 30: Graphene market structure 133
Table 31: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014 141
Table 32: Leading graphene patentees 142
Table 33: Industrial graphene patents in 2014 143
Table 34: Global production of graphene, 2010-2027 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015 188
Table 35: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets 190
Table 14: Market drivers for use of graphene in adhesives 195
Table 36: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives 196
Table 37: Applications and benefits of graphene in adhesives 197
Table 38: Market size for graphene in adhesives 197
Table 39: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in adhesives 198
Table 40: Market challenges rating for graphene in the adhesives market 200
Table 41: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry 200
Table 19: Market drivers for use of graphene in aerospace 202
Table 42: Applications and benefits of graphene in aerospace 205
Table 43: Market size for graphene in aerospace 206
Table 44: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in aerospace 207
Table 45: Market challenges rating for graphene in the aerospace market 210
Table 46: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry 210
Table 24: Market drivers for use of graphene in the automotive sector 212
Table 47: Applications and benefits of graphene in the automotive industry 216
Table 48: Market size for graphene in the automotive industry 217
Table 49: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the automotive industry 218
Table 50: Applications and commercialization challenges in the automotive sector 221
Table 51: Market challenges rating for graphene in the automotive sector 221
Table 52: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive sector 222
Table 29: Market drivers for use of graphene in the life sciences and medical market 225
Table 53: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare 227
Table 54: Applications and benefits of graphene in life sciences and medical 227
Table 55: Market size for graphene in biomedical and healthcare 235
Table 56: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets 236
Table 57: Potential addressable market for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets 237
Table 58: Market challenges in graphene in biomedicine and healthcare 239
Table 59: Market challenges rating for graphene in the biomedical and healthcare market 240
Table 60: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry 241
Table 61: Properties of nanocoatings 243
Table 62: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings 249
Table 63: Markets for nanocoatings 259
Table 65: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the coatings market 263
Table 66: Market challenges rating for graphene in the coatings market 266
Table 67: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry 266
Table 37: Market drivers for use of graphene in composites 268
Table 68: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites 271
Table 69: Applications and benefits of graphene in composites 272
Table 70: Market size for SWNTs in composites 275
Table 71: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the composites market 276
Table 72: Market challenges rating for graphene in the composites market 280
Table 73: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry 280
Table 43: Market drivers for use of SWNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films 283
Table 76: Applications and benefits of graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films 285
Table 75: Comparison of ITO replacements 287
Table 77: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development 291
Table 78: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors 297
Table 79: Market size for graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films 299
Table 46: Global market for wearables, 2014-2021, units and US$ 304
Table 81: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays 304
Table 82: Market challenges rating for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market 309
Table 83: Graphene product and application developers in transparent conductive films 310
Table 50: Market drivers for use of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 311
Table 84: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors 314
Table 85: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 316
Table 86: Market size for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 318
Table 87: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 318
Table 88: Market challenges rating for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market 321
Table 89: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits 322
Table 56: Market drivers for use of graphene in memory devices 324
Table 91: Market size for graphene in memory devices 327
Table 92: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices 328
Table 93: Applications and commercialization challenges for graphene in the memory devices market 329
Table 62: Market drivers for use of graphene in photonics 330
Table 94: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators 331
Table 95: Applications and benefits of graphene in photonics 335
Table 96: Market size for graphene in photonics 335
Table 97: Graphene product and application developers in photonics 336
Table 98: Market challenges rating for graphene in the photonics market 337
Table 66: Market drivers for use of graphene in batteries 339
Table 101: Market size for graphene in batteries 344
Table 102: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 345
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in the battery industry 347
Table 103: Market challenges rating for graphene in the batteries market 351
Table 71: Market drivers for use of graphene in supercapacitors 351
Table 104: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries 353
Table 105: Applications and benefits of graphene in supercapacitors 354
Table 106: Market size for graphene in supercapacitors 355
Table 107: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in supercapacitors 356
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in supercapacitors 357
Table 108: Market challenges rating for graphene in the supercapacitors market 358
Table 77: Market drivers for use of graphene in photovoltaics 359
Table 109: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics 362
Table 110: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics 363
Table 111: Potential addressable market for photovoltaics 363
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in photovoltaics 365
Table 112: Market challenges for graphene in solar 366
Table 113: Market challenges rating for graphene in the solar market 367
Table 83: Market drivers for use of SWNTs in fuel cells and hydrogen storage 367
Table 114: Applications and benefits of graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage 370
Table 115: Market size for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage 371
Table 116: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage 371
Table 117: Market challenges rating for graphene in the fuel cells market 372
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in fuel cells 373
Table 83: Market drivers for use of graphene in LED lighting and UVC 374
Table 86: Market size for graphene in LED lighting and UVC 375
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in the LED and UVC lighting market. 375
Table 83: Market drivers for graphene in oil and gas 376
Table 118: Application markets, competing materials, graphene advantages and current market size in oil and gas 383
Table 119: Market challenges rating for graphene in the oil and gas market 383
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in the oil and gas market 384
Table 89: Market drivers for use of graphene in filtration 385
Table 121: Applications and benefits of graphene in filtration and separation 387
Table 122: Market size for graphene in filtration 390
Table 123: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market. 392
Table 124: Market challenges rating for graphene in the filtration and separation market 393
Table 125: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry 393
Table 95: Market drivers for use of graphene in lubricants 395
Table 126: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants 396
Table 127: Market size for graphene in lubricants 396
Table 128: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants 397
Table 129: Market challenges rating for graphene in the lubricants market 398
Table 130: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry 398
Table 100: Market drivers for use of graphene in sensors 399
Table 131: Applications and benefits of graphene in sensors 401
Table 132: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors 402
Table 133: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor 406
Table 134: Market size for graphene in sensors 408
Table 135: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market. 409
Table 136: Market challenges rating for graphene in the sensors market 411
Table 137: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry 411
Table 106: Types of smart textiles 414
Table 107: Smart textile products 414
Table 108: Market drivers for use of graphene in smart textiles and apparel 415
Table 138: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials 417
Table 139: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel 419
Table 140: Global market for smart clothing and apparel, 2014-2021, units and revenues (US$). 420
Table 142: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in smart textiles and apparel 422
Table 143: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry 423
Table 114: Market drivers for use of graphene in conductive inks 424
Table 144: Comparative properties of conductive inks 425
Table 145: Opportunities for graphene and 2D materials in printed electronics 428
Table 146: Potential addressable market for graphene in conductive inks 429
Table 117: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in conductive inks 432
Table 147: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks 432
Table 120: Market drivers for use of graphene in 3D printing 434
Table 148: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing 435
Table 122: Market size for graphene in 3D printing 436
Table 123: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in 3D printing 436
Table 150: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D printing market 437
Table 151: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry 437
Table 152: Graphene producers and types produced 439
Table 153: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets 513

FIGURES

Figure 1: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015 47
Figure 2: Demand for graphene, by market, 2027 48
Figure 3: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD to 2015 56
Figure 4: Global market for graphene 2010-2027 in tons/year 60
Figure 5: Global consumption of graphene 2016, by region 64
Figure 6: Graphene layer structure schematic 71
Figure 7: Graphite and graphene 72
Figure 8: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene. 73
Figure 9: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4) 76
Figure 10: Graphene quantum dots 78
Figure 11: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite 79
Figure 12: Black phosphorus structure 86
Figure 13: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal 89
Figure 14: Schematic of germanene 91
Figure 15: Graphdiyne structure 93
Figure 16: Schematic of Graphane crystal 94
Figure 17: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride 96
Figure 18: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide 98
Figure 19: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor 99
Figure 20: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge 100
Figure 21: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide 101
Figure 22: Silicene structure 102
Figure 23: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate 103
Figure 24: Silicene transistor 105
Figure 25: Crystal structure for stanene 105
Figure 26: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111) 106
Figure 27: Schematic of tungsten diselenide 107
Figure 28: Graphene synthesis methods 114
Figure 29: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF 115
Figure 30: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium 118
Figure 31: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene 120
Figure 32: Roll-to-roll graphene production process 125
Figure 33: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process 126
Figure 34: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene 129
Figure 35: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer 133
Figure 36: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014 142
Figure 37: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene 146
Figure 38: Global market for graphene 2010-2027 in tons/year 189
Figure 39: Graphene Adhesives 196
Figure 40: Potential addressable market for graphene in adhesives 199
Figure 41: Potential addressable market for graphene in aerospace 208
Figure 42: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in aerospace 209
Figure 43: Graphene-based automotive components 214
Figure 44: Antistatic graphene tire 215
Figure 45: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector 218
Figure 46: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector 220
Figure 47: Graphene-based E-skin patch 226
Figure 48: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel 232
Figure 49: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis 233
Figure 50: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in the biomedical and healthcare market 238
Figure 51: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT 249
Figure 52: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating 254
Figure 53: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate 257
Figure 54: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market 258
Figure 55: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market 264
Figure 56: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market 265
Figure 57: Potential addressable market for graphene in composites 277
Figure 58: Potential addressable market for graphene in the composites market 279
Figure 59: Flexible graphene touch screen 285
Figure 60: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode 287
Figure 61: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte 289
Figure 62: Flexible mobile phones with graphene transparent conductive film 290
Figure 63: Foldable graphene E-paper 290
Figure 64: Covestro wearables 292
Figure 65: Softceptor sensor 295
Figure 66: BeBop Media Arm Controller 296
Figure 67: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor 296
Figure 68: Wearable gas sensor 298
Figure 69: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018 301
Figure 70: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm) 301
Figure 71: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $) 302
Figure 72: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, % 302
Figure 73: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, % 303
Figure 74: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2027, % 303
Figure 75: Global market revenues for smart wearable devices 2014-2021, in US$ 304
Figure 76: Potential addressable market for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays 305
Figure 77: Potential addressable market for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market 306
Figure 78: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates 308
Figure 79: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene 309
Figure 80: Graphene IC in wafer tester 313
Figure 81: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array 314
Figure 82: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right) 315
Figure 83: Potential addressable market for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits 319
Figure 84: Potential addressable market for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market 320
Figure 85: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate 325
Figure 86: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM) 326
Figure 87: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt 327
Figure 88: Hybrid graphene phototransistors 333
Figure 89: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors 333
Figure 90: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive 334
Figure 91: H600 concept car 343
Figure 92: Anion concept car 344
Figure 93: Potential addressable market for graphene in the thin film, flexible and printed batteries market 347
Figure 94: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor 353
Figure 95: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger 355
Figure 96: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode 361
Figure 97: Potential addressable market for graphene in photovoltaics 365
Figure 98: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors 378
Figure 100: Directa Plus Grafysorber 381
Figure 101: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water 382
Figure 102: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts 389
Figure 103: Graphene anti-smog mask 390
Figure 104: GFET sensors 403
Figure 105: First generation point of care diagnostics 405
Figure 106: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic 406
Figure 107: Potential addressable market for graphene in the sensors market 410
Figure 108: Global market revenues for smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$ 420
Figure 109: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate 421
Figure 110: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate 422
Figure 111: Graphene printed antenna 426
Figure 112: BGT Materials graphene ink product 427
Figure 113: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products 428
Figure 114: Potential addressable market for graphene in the conductive ink market 431
Figure 115: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament 435

Additional Information:
Including updates for one year with secure access to online folder
Date of Publication:
Apr 4, 2017
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
584 Pages