Carbon nanotubes market
Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, real CNT products are hitting the market, and large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. Li-ion battery additives and supercapacitors are also potential high growth market opportunities.
Carbon nanotubes products
First generation multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT) products include composite additives for automotive parts, sporting goods, boat hulls and water filter membranes. Super-aligned carbon nanotube arrays, films and yarns have found begun to find application in consumer electronics, batteries, sensors, heaters, filters, the chemical industry, and biomedical applications. Recent applications include CNT TEM grids and CNT touch panels. Limited-volume applications are as scanning probe tips, in drug delivery research, thermal management and biosensors (mainly for R& D purposes). Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) products are expected to hit the market over the next 1-2 years. In May 2014, OCSiAl and Zeon Corporation both announced plans to significantly increase SWNT production, and applications such as SWNT super-capacitors and composites are anticipated. Advances in CNT synthesis, purification and chemical modification are enabling integration of CNTs in thin-film electronics and large-area coatings.
Report contents include:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Page 21 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Page 22 2.1 Remarkable properties 2.2 Products and applications 2.3 Production 2.3.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production 2.3.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production 2.4 Global demand for carbon nanotubes 2.4.1 Current products 2.4.2 Future products 2.4.3 Global demand by 2020 2.4.4 Global demand by 2025 2.5 Recent industry developments 2.6 Market drivers and trends 2.6.1 Electronics 2.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries 2.6.3 Cost 2.6.4 Products 2.6.5 Competition from other materials 2.7 Market and technical challenges 2.7.1 Supply quality 2.7.2 Cost 2.7.3 Product integration 2.7.4 Regulation and standards 3 INTRODUCTION Page 43 3.1 Properties of nanomaterials 3.2 Categorization 3.3 Carbon nanotubes 3.3.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT) 3.3.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) 3.3.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) 3.3.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) 3.3.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNH) 3.4 Properties 3.5 Applications of carbon nanotubes 3.5.1 High volume applications 3.5.2 Low volume applications 3.5.3 Novel applications 3.6 Comparison with graphene 3.6.1 Cost and production 3.7 Other 2D Materials 3.7.1 Phosphorene 126.96.36.199 Properties 188.8.131.52 Applications 184.108.40.206 Recent research news 3.7.2 Silicene 220.127.116.11 Properties 18.104.22.168 Applications 22.214.171.124 Recent research news 3.7.3 Molybdenum disulfide 126.96.36.199 Properties 188.8.131.52 Applications 184.108.40.206 Recent research news 3.7.4 Hexagonal boron nitride 220.127.116.11 Properties 18.104.22.168 Applications 22.214.171.124 Recent research news 3.7.5 Germanene 126.96.36.199 Properties 188.8.131.52 Applications 184.108.40.206 Recent research news 3.7.6 Graphdiyne 220.127.116.11 Properties 18.104.22.168 Applications 3.7.7 Graphane 22.214.171.124 Properties 126.96.36.199 Applications 3.7.8 Stanene/tinene 188.8.131.52 Properties 184.108.40.206 Applications 3.7.9 Tungsten diselenide 220.127.116.11 Properties 18.104.22.168 Applications 3.7.10 Rhenium disulphide 22.214.171.124 Properties 126.96.36.199 Applications 4 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS Page 82 4.1 Arc discharge 4.2 Thermal 4.2.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 4.2.2 Flame Synthesis Method 4.2.3 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis 188.8.131.52 CoMoCAT 184.108.40.206 HiPco 4.3 Laser ablation 4.4 PECVD synthesis 4.5 Silane Solution Method 5 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE Page 90 6 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Page 94 6.1 Standards 6.2 Regulation 6.2.1 Europe 6.2.2 United States 6.2.3 Asia 6.3 Workplace exposure 7 CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS Page 97 8 CARBON NANOTUBES APPLICATIONS ROADMAP Page 100 9 CARBON NANOTUBES END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS Page 103 9.1 Production volumes 2010-2025 9.1.1 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes 220.127.116.11 Japan 18.104.22.168 China 9.1.2 Main carbon nanotubes producers 9.1.3 SWNT production 9.1.4 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs 9.1.5 Market penetration in key applications 9.2 Carbon nanotubes industry news 2013-2015 9.3 Carbon nanotubes producers and production capacities 9.4 ELECTRONICS Page 127 9.4.1 TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS 22.214.171.124 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Market size and opportunity 188.8.131.52 Properties and applications 9.4.2 CONDUCTIVE INKS 184.108.40.206 Market drivers and trends 220.127.116.11 Market size and opportunity 18.104.22.168 Properties and applications 9.4.3 INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 22.214.171.124 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Market size and opportunity 188.8.131.52 Properties and applications 9.4.4 MEMORY DEVICES 184.108.40.206 Market drivers and trends 220.127.116.11 Market size and opportunity 18.104.22.168 Properties and applications 22.214.171.124 Product and application developers 9.5 POLYMER COMPOSITES 9.5.1 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Improved performance 188.8.131.52 Multi-functionality 9.5.2 Market size and opportunity 9.5.3 Properties and applications 184.108.40.206 Barrier packaging 220.127.116.11 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding 18.104.22.168 Wind turbines 22.214.171.124 Construction 126.96.36.199 Sporting goods 188.8.131.52 Ballistic protection 9.5.4 Product and application developers 9.6 AEROSPACE Page 168 9.6.1 Market drivers and trends 184.108.40.206 Safety 220.127.116.11 Reduced fuel consumption and costs 18.104.22.168 Increased durability 22.214.171.124 Multi-functionality 126.96.36.199 Need for new de-icing solutions 9.6.2 Market size and opportunity 9.6.3 Properties and applications 188.8.131.52 Composites 184.108.40.206 Coatings 220.127.116.11 Sensors 9.6.4 Product and application developers 9.7 AUTOMOTIVE Page 179 9.7.1 Market drivers and trends 18.104.22.168 Environmental 22.214.171.124 Safety 126.96.36.199 Lightweighting 188.8.131.52 Cost 9.7.2 Market size and opportunity 9.7.3 Properties and applications 184.108.40.206 Composites 220.127.116.11 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles 18.104.22.168 Coatings 9.7.4 Products and product developers 9.8 BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE Page 188 9.8.1 Market drivers and trends 22.214.171.124 Improved drug deliver 126.96.36.199 Biocompatibility 188.8.131.52 Anti-biotic resistance 184.108.40.206 Growth in advanced woundcare market 9.8.2 Market size and opportunity 9.8.3 Properties and applications 220.127.116.11 Cancer therapy 18.104.22.168 Anti-microbial agents 22.214.171.124 Gene therapy 126.96.36.199 Medical implants 188.8.131.52 Medical devices 184.108.40.206 Biosensors 220.127.116.11 Medical imaging 18.104.22.168 Dental 22.214.171.124 Tissue engineering 9.8.4 Product and application developers 9.9 COATINGS Page 203 9.9.1 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Sustainability and regulation 188.8.131.52 Cost of corrosion 184.108.40.206 Improved hygiene 220.127.116.11 Cost of weather-related damage 9.9.2 Market size and opportunity 9.9.3 Properties and applications 18.104.22.168 Anti-corrosion coatings 22.214.171.124 EMI Shielding 126.96.36.199 Anti-microbial 188.8.131.52 Anti-icing 184.108.40.206 Barrier coatings 220.127.116.11 Heat protection 18.104.22.168 Smart windows 22.214.171.124 Anti-fouling marine 9.9.4 Products and application developers 9.10 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION Page 215 9.10.1 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Water shortage and population growth 188.8.131.52 Contamination 184.108.40.206 Cost 220.127.116.11 Need for improved membrane technology 9.10.2 Market size and opportunity 9.10.3 Properties and applications 18.104.22.168 Water filtration 22.214.171.124 Gas separation 9.10.4 Product and application developers 9.11 ENERGY Page 221 9.11.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 126.96.36.199 Market drivers and trends 188.8.131.52 Market size and opportunity 184.108.40.206 Properties and applications 9.11.2 Supercapacitors 220.127.116.11 Market drivers and trends 18.104.22.168 Market size and opportunity 22.214.171.124 Properties and applications 9.11.3 Photovoltaics 126.96.36.199 Market drivers and trends 188.8.131.52 Market size and opportunity 184.108.40.206 Properties and applications 9.11.4 Fuel cells 220.127.116.11 Market drivers and trends 18.104.22.168 Market size and opportunity 22.214.171.124 Properties and applications 9.11.5 Thermoelectrics 126.96.36.199 Market drivers and trends 188.8.131.52 Market size and opportunity 184.108.40.206 Properties and applications 9.11.6 Oil and gas 220.127.116.11 Market drivers and trends 18.104.22.168 Market size and opportunity 22.214.171.124 Properties and applications 9.11.7 Product and application developers 9.12 SENSORS Page 247 9.12.1 Market drivers and trends 126.96.36.199 Increased power and performance with reduced cost 188.8.131.52 Enhanced sensitivity 184.108.40.206 Replacing silver electrodes 220.127.116.11 Growth of home diagnostics and point of care market 18.104.22.168 Improved thermal stability 22.214.171.124 Environmental conditions 9.12.2 Market size and opportunity 9.12.3 Properties and applications 126.96.36.199 Gas and chemicals sensors 188.8.131.52 Pressure sensors 184.108.40.206 Biosensors 9.12.4 Product and application developers 9.13 3D PRINTING Page 255 9.13.1 Market trends and drivers 220.127.116.11 Improved materials at lower cost 9.13.2 Market size and opportunity 9.13.3 Properties and applications 9.13.4 Challenges 9.13.5 Products and product developers 9.14 ADHESIVES Page 259 9.14.1 Market drivers and trends 18.104.22.168 Thermal management in electronics 22.214.171.124 Environmental sustainability 126.96.36.199 Properties and applications 9.14.2 Market size and opportunity 9.14.3 Products and product developers 9.15 LUBRICANTS Page 262 9.15.1 Market drivers and trends 188.8.131.52 Cost effective alternatives 184.108.40.206 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency 220.127.116.11 Environmental concerns 9.15.2 Properties and applications 9.15.3 Market size and opportunity 9.15.4 Products and product developers 9.16 TEXTILES Page 265 9.16.1 Market drivers and trends 9.16.2 Properties and Applications 9.16.3 Market size and opportunity 9.16.4 Products and product developers 10 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS (200 profiles including products and markets) Page 270 TABLES AND FIGURES Table 1: Carbon nanotubes target markets-Applications, stage of commercialization and potential addressable market size. Table 2: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014. Figure 1: Global market for carbon nanotubes 2010-2025 in tons/year. Table 3: Carbon nanotubes production plants worldwide, by country, and production capacity. Figure 2: Regional demand for CNT-based transparent conductive films. Figure 3: Regional demand for CNT-based LIB additives Figure 4: Regional demand for CNT-based LIB additives. Table 4: Market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for carbon nanotubes in key markets. Table 5: Categorization of nanomaterials. Figure 5: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. Figure 6: Conceptual diagram of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) (A) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). Figure 7: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model. Figure 8: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns. Table 6: Properties of carbon nanotubes. Figure 8: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite. Table 7: Comparative properties of carbon materials. Table 8: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes. Figure 9: Phosphorene structure. Table 9: Recent phosphorene research news. Figure 10: Silicene structure. Table 10: Recent silicene research news. Figure 10: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide. Figure 11: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor. Figure 12: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge. Table 11: Recent Molybdenum disulfide research news. Figure 13: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride. Table 12: Recent hexagonal boron nitride research news. Figure 14: Schematic of germanane. Table 13: Recent germanane research news. Figure 15: Graphdiyne structure. Figure 16: Schematic of Graphane crystal. Figure 17: Crystal structure for stanene. Figure 18: Schematic of tungsten diselenide. Figure 19: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide. Table 14: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials. Figure 20: CVD process for CNTs. Figure 21: Flame synthesis method. Figure 22: CoMoCAT® process. Figure 23: HiPco process. Figure 24: Laser ablation synthesis. Figure 25: PECVD synthesis. Figure 26: Silane solution method. Table 15: Carbon nanotubes market structure. Table 16: Carbon nanotubes applications roadmap-Stage of commercialization, from basic concept to mass production. Table 17: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014. Figure 27: Global production of carbon nanotubes 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014. Table 18: Carbon nanotubes prices Table 19: Market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for carbon nanotubes in key applications. Table 20: Annual production capacity of main carbon nanotubes producers. Table 21: Carbon nanotubes in the electronics and photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 22: Comparison of ITO replacements. Figure 28: CNT transparent conductive film formed on glass and schematic diagram of its structure. Table 23: Comparative properties of conductive inks Figure 28: Nanotube inks. Figure 29: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs. Figure 30: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip. Figure 31: Schematic of NRAM cell. Table 24: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the electronics industry. Table 25: Carbon nanotubes in the polymer composites market- applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 26: Addressable market size for carbon nanotubes composites. Table 27: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry. Table 28: Carbon nanotubes in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 29: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry. Table 30: Carbon nanotubes in the automotive market- applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 31: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry. Table 32: Carbon nanotubes in the biomedical and healthcare markets-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 33: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry. Table 34: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 35: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry. Table 36: Carbon nanotubes in the filtration market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Table 37: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry. Table 38: Carbon nanotubes in the energy market-Applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Figure 32: Nano Lithium X Battery. Table 39: Properties of carbon nanomaterials in high-performance supercapacitors. Figure 33: Nanotube solar module. Table 40: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry. Table 41: Carbon nanotubes in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size. Figure 33: First generation point of care diagnostics. Table 42: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry. Figure 34: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament. Table 43: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry. Table 44: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry. Table 45: Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants. Table 46: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry. Table 47: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry.