High-speed Fiber Optics Communications: Specifics, Technologies, Applications and Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Dec 25, 2012, 115 Pages
US$3,900.00
PT4520

The amount of backbone Internet bandwidth maintained by the major Internet carriers has been expanding at 75% to 125% per year, driven by the explosion of broadband Internet users and growing use of bandwidth-hungry applications such as HD video. As a result, public and private networks are experiencing unprecedented end-user demand for bandwidth, resulting in a need to cost-effectively scale the capacity of communications networks.

This report reflects dramatic changes in high-speed data transmission for bandwidth-hungry applications (in LAN, metro and long-haul environments). Though the report concentrates on Ethernet-based networks, it shows that the whole telecommunications industry is also actively working to adopt higher speeds of transmission. 40 Gb/s networks already have a history of success; and 100 Gb/s rates are introduced by major service providers. New standards support these developments. Meanwhile, industry analysts already are talking about 400 Gb/s and even 1 Tb/s interfaces.

The report continues the Practel project, which researches and analyzes the development of multi-gigabit per second (Gb/s) optical networks. In particular, this report addresses technological and marketing aspects of ultra-high speed communications: 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s. Such rates are becoming a necessity for data centers and computing networks; as well as for long haul applications including terrestrial submarine extensions.

The report provides up-to-date information on these networks status; it reflects intensive efforts of standard organizations (IEEE, ITU, OIF and other) in developing standards for these types of communications. The IEEE 802.3ba, ITU G.709 (OTU3 and OTU4) and other standards created a basis for the technology advances in the discussed area.

Currently, 40 GE - 40 Gb/s transmission has already made significant contributions to the telecommunications market. The market is still too far from maturity, but it is supported by a developed base of manufacturers. 100 GE – 100 Gb/s networking is also introduced with expectation that the sizable market will evolve in 2012-2013; several service providers are offering services that utilize this technology.

The report details the process of standardization for ultra-high rates communications and advances in technologies; it is also analyzing respective markets, including service providers’ revenue estimate. In addition, the report provides the results of vendors’ survey; and information on technologies trials and service offerings.


Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed. Evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report is important to a wide population of researches, technical and sales staff involved in the developing of ultra-high speed transmission technologies and markets. It is recommended for both users and vendors that are working in the related areas.
Other categories of groups of interest may include R&D, sales and management.

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction 
1.1 General    8
1.2 Goal    9
1.3 Research Methodology    10
1.4 Target Audience    10

2.0 Standardization Process: 40G and 100G 
2.1 Drivers    11
2.2 Activity    11
2.2.1 IEEE    12
2.2.1.1 802.3ba    12
2.2.1.1.1 Time Schedule and Scope    12
2.2.1.1.2 Further Efforts    13
2.2.1.1.3 Goals    13
2.2.1.1.4 Details    14
2.2.1.1.5 Interfaces    14
2.2.1.1.6 Sublayers – Architecture    15
2.2.1.1.7 OTN Support    17
2.2.1.2 IEEE 802.3bg    17
2.2.1.3 IEEE 802.3bj    18
2.2.1.4  Next Generation 40Gb/s and 100Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group    19
2.2.1.5 IEEE 802.3bm    19
2.2.2 ITU-T    20
2.2.2.1 Approval    23
2.2.2.2 Cooperation    24
2.2.3 OIF    24
2.2.4 Additions    27
2.2.5 Interest Group    27
2.2.6 X40 MSA    27
2.2.7 SSR-40 Working Group    28
2.2.8 10x10 MSA    29
2.2.9 Multi-Source Agreement for 40Gb/s and 100Gb/s Optical Transceivers    29
2.2.10 MSA – Coherent Fiber-optic Receiver    30
2.3 Details:  Technologies    30
2.3.1 40 Gb/s Transmission    30
2.3.1.1 Status    30
2.3.1.2 Modulation: Preliminary    30
2.3.1.3 40 Gb/s Transmission Specifics    31
2.3.2 100 Gb/s Transmission    32
2.3.2.1 Details    34
2.3.2.2 DP QPSK    35
2.3.2.3 100 Gb/s Transmission Specifics    36
2.3.3 Coherent Receiver    38
2.3.3.1 Receivers Types    38
2.3.3.2 Specifics    39
2.4 Benefits of Standardization and Advanced Technologies    39
2.5 Beyond 100 Gb/s Communications    40

3.0 Industry  
Alcatel-Lucent (Network Elements)    42
Altera (ICs)    44
Adva (Platform)    44
Applied Micro (ICs)    45
Avago (Modules)    46
Brocade (100 Gb/s NE)    47
Broadcom (ICs)    48
Centellax (Modules)    49
Cisco (NEs)    50
Ciena (Switching and WDM Platforms)    53
ClariPhy (Chips)    55
Covega – Thorlabs Quantum Electronics (Modulators)    56
CyOptics (Optical Chips)    57
Cortina (Processors)    57
ECI (Platforms)    58
Ekinops (DWDM)    60
Ericsson (WDM)    61
Extreme Networks (Ethernet Switches)    62
Enablence (Receivers)    63
GigOptix (ICs)    64
Glimmerglass (Systems)    64
Gtran (ICs)    66
Huawei (DWDM)    67
Finisar (Modules)    69
Furukawa (Lasers)    70
Fujikura (Modules)    71
Fujitsu (ROADM)    72
Inphi (ICs)    74
Infinera (NEs)    76
JDSU (Modules and ICs)    77
Juniper (Router)    78
Kotura (Chips)    78
Mellanox (modules)    79
MultiPHY (ICs)    80
MRV (WDM)    81
Narda (modulators components)    82
NEC (DWDM)    83
NeoPhotonics (Modules)    84
NetLogic (Modules)    85
Nokia Siemens Networks (DWDM)    86
Oclaro (ICs)    86
Oki Semiconductor – Lapis Semiconductor (ICs)    87
Onpath (Optical Switch)    88
Opnext (Platform)    89
Picometrix (Optical Receivers)    92
Reflex Photonics (Modules)    93
Sembarc (Modules)    94
Semtech (ICs)    95
SEDU (Modules)    96
Sorrento Networks (DWDM)    97
Triquint (ICs)    98
Tellabs (Platform)    98
U2t Photonics (ICs)    100
Vello Systems (Systems)    101
Versawave (modulators)    102
Xilinx (ICs)    103
Xtera (WDM)    104

4.0 Service Providers  
AT&T    106
C&W    106
Global Crossing (acquired by Level 3 in 2011)    107
Level 3    107
Lightower Fiber    108
NTT    108
Qwest (CenturyLink)    109
Sprint    109
SSE Telecoms    110
SurfNet    110
Telstra    111
Telefonica    111
TeliaSonera    112
Verizon    112
XO    113

5.0. Market  
5.1 Market Characteristics    114
5.2 Market Forecast    115
5.2.1 Model Assumptions    115
5.2.2 Analysis    115

6.0 Conclusions   

Figure 1: OTN Frame Structure    20
Figure 2: 40 Gb/s Network Scenario    30
Figure 3: Illustration    32
Figure 4:  Challenges    33
Figure 5: G.709 Network Scenario    36
Figure 6: 100 Gb/s Transmission Standardization    38
Figure 7: Major Optical Networking Segments (2011-2012)    112
Figure 8: Estimate – Global Sales of 40 Gb/s Equipment    114
Figure 9: Estimate – Global Sales of 100 Gb/s Equipment    115
Figure 10: PM: Service Providers Revenue – 40 Gb/s Services – Global ($B)    115
Figure 11: PM: Service Providers Revenue – 100 Gb/s Services – Global ($M)    116

Table 1: IEEE 802.3ba Copper Interfaces    14
Table 2: IEEE802.3ba Optical Interfaces    15
Table 3: Further Efforts    22
Table 4: OIF Activity    25
Table 5: 100 Gb/s – ITU and IEEE    31
Table 6: 100 Gb/s Design Requirements    32
Table 7: OTU Formats    36
Table 8: 40 Gb/s Equipment Distribution (initial market)    114

 

 

Date of Publication:
Dec 25, 2012
File Format:
PDF
Number of Pages:
115 Pages
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