High-speed Indoor Communications Marketing and Technical Analysis

High-speed Indoor Communications Marketing and Technical Analysis

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jul 12, 2016, 160 Pages

This report is based on the authors’ experience working in the industry that provides high-speed communications equipment to support indoor connectivity; as well as on their analytical work in the conducting technological and marketing studies in telecommunications, which they are providing for more than ten years. 

The analysis of several advanced indoor communications technologies that support multi-Gb/s rate of transmission as well as related markets, applications and survey of industries are presented. Particular, this report concentrates on:

Wireline indoor communications, including:

  • HomePlug AV2 (MIMO)
  • MoCA (2 and 2.5)
  • HomePNA 3.1 – ITU G.hn-MIMO.

Wireless indoor communications, including:

  • IEEE802.11ac
  • IEEE802.11ad
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC).

Such a selection was based on the intention to analyze the most advanced techniques that support multi-Gb/s speeds of transmission together with other latest achievements in indoor wireline/wireless communications. Besides, these techniques are applicable for supporting a wide spectrum of indoor services – from the home entertainment to Home Area Networks to the broadband Internet.

-The report shows that wireline indoor communications are evolving towards ITU G.hn-MIMO as a technology that can efficiently use all three existing indoor wirings – electrical, phone and coax to achieve the speed of transmission more than 1 Gb/s. This standard developers believe that it can become the universal standard for home/small office networking; though shipments PLC and MoCA equipment expect to be ahead at least till 2020-2021. Altogether, wireline technologies experience severe competition from rapidly developing advanced wireless indoor communications.

-802.11ac and 802.11ad are two recently introduced WLAN technologies. They are demonstrating the direction of WLANs development towards multi-Gb/s rates and efficient coverage. The major trend in WLAN silicon is towards using tri-band chips – 2.4 GHz, 5 GHz and 60 GHz bands – all implemented in a single silicon. Such a trend together with the falling electronic prices and convenience of wireless (vs. wireline) connectivity are making 802.11xx winning technologies.

Visible Light Communications (VLC), which is referred by the ITU as the 5G technology opens additional opportunities for indoor communications. Dual-purpose LEDs with lighting/transmission abilities are becoming efficient means of communications with the multi-Gb/s speed of transmission and covering offices and homes and similar structures.

All above mentioned technologies with their benefits and issues are analyzed in this report, which addresses corresponding markets and applications as well.

The report also surveys 802.11ad and VLC related patents (2015-2016).

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in indoor communications development.


1.0 Introduction

1.1 General
1.2 Importance
1.3 Scope
1.4 Structure
1.5 Research Methodology
1.6 Target Audience
2.0 Wireline ICT
2.1 PLC – HomePlug
2.1.1 PowerPlug Alliance Goal Timetable
2.1.2 HomePlug AV2 Advances HomePlug AV2-mimo General Certification Major Improvements Specification Details MIMO Role Industry
Gigafast Ethernet
Lea Networks
Qualcomm Atheros

2.2 HomePNA and ITU G.hn MIMO-based Technologies

2.2.1 HomePNA Alliance (HomeGrid Forum)
2.2.2. Specifications General HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features Fast EoC HomePNA Major Benefits ITU G.hn General G.hn Details Differences Common Features Acceptance HomePNA and G.hn Documents G.hn-mimo – G.9963 Drivers G.9963 Details General Wireline Specifics – G.hn-mimo Scope Performance Industry
Sigma Designs
2.3 MoCA (Multimedia over Coax Alliance)
2.3.1 General
2.3.2 Partnerships
2.3.3 Details MoCA 2.0 MoCA 2.0 Technical Highlights MoCA 2.5
2.3.4 Samples of Vendors
Pace (now part of Arris)

3.0 Wireless ICT

3.1 802.11ac
3.1.1 Approval
3.1.2 Advanced Wi-Fi Standard
3.1.3 Major Features: Summary
3.1.4 Benefits
3.1.5 Usage Models
3.1.6 Waves
3.1.7 Market Projections
3.1.8 Industry
Aruba – HP
Meru (now Fortinet)
Redpine Signals
3.1.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard Comparison
3.2 60 GHz WLAN
3.2.1 Benefits and Issues
3.2.2 WiGig Alliance Specification: 60 GHz Wi-Fi WiGig Protocol Adaption Layer Specifications The WiGig Bus Extension and WiGig Serial Extension Specification The WiGig Display Extension Specification Union
3.2.3 IEEE 802.11ad – 60 GHz Wi-Fi Status Coexistence Scope Channelization PHY MAC Specifics Use Cases Industry
Blu Wireless
3.2.4 Market Market Drivers Estimate
3.2.5 P802.11ay – Further Developments
3.3 Visible Light Communications (VLC)
3.3.1 VLC – Innovation
3.3.2 LED Specifics Properties Spectrum
3.3.3 Types
3.3.4 LED Modulation Limitations
3.3.5 LED – Dual Functionality
3.3.6 Developments - History
3.3.7 Technical/Economic Characteristics
3.3.8 Communications Aspects: VLC Place Drivers Industry Activity VLC Standards Development The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard Considerations Project JEITA (Japan Electronics and IT Industries Association) Standards JEITA CP-1221 JEITA CP-1222 JEITA CP-1223 (2013) Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC) General Experimental Systems- VLCC Projects ARIB T50 ECMA 397-2010 Li-Fi Consortium
3.3.9 VLC Channel-Details General Communications Channel Transmitter Receiver Image Sensors LED as Receiver Major Characteristics General Modulation VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary Emerging Areas Limitations
3.3.10 Applications: Summary Indoor VLC Channel
3.3.11 Industry
ByteLight (acquired by Acuity Brands in 2015)
Firefly Wireless Networks
Nakagawa Laboratories
Outstanding Technology
Supreme Architecture
3.3.12 Market

4.0 Comparison

5.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: 802.11ad – related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Attachment II: VLC – related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Figure 1: HomePlug AV2 Features
Figure 2: MIMO HomePlug AV2 Channels
Figure 3: PLC-MIMO (2x2)
Figure 4: G.hn- MIMO -Details
Figure 5: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media-wireline communications)
Figure 6: MoCA Roadmap
Figure 7: Channel Assignment-802.11ac
Figure 8: Projections-802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Mil. Units)
Figure 9: Projections- 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B)
Figure 10: Estimate: Global Shipping – 802.11ac MU-MIMO Consumers AP ($B)
Figure 11: 802.11ad MAC Structure
Figure 12: TAM: Global Sales of 802.1ad Chipsets (Bil. Units)
Figure 13: TAM: Global Sales of 802.11ad Chipsets ($B)
Figure 14: Estimate: Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales – Global (Bil. Units)
Figure 15: Estimate: Wi-Fi Tri-band Chipsets Global Sales ($B)
Figure 16: 802.11ay – Proposed Timeline
Figure 17: LED Structure
Figure 18: Spectrum (450-750 nm – visible)
Figure 19: LED Properties Illustration
Figure 20: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market ($B)
Figure 21: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market (Bil. Units)
Figure 22: Estimate: Global Lighting LED Market ($B)
Figure 23: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
Figure 24: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
Figure 25: Illustration-VLC Channel
Figure 26: VLC Applications
Figure 27: TAM: VLC Technology ($B)
Table 1: HomePlug Major Milestones
Table 2: ITU G.hn and HomePNA Standards
Table 3: G.hn Standards and Technologies
Table 4: HomePNA and G.hn Characteristics
Table 5: Comparative Characteristics
Table 6: G.hn-mimo - Frequency-Rate Characteristics
Table 7: Comparative Characteristics: MoCA Technologies
Table 8: Properties – 802.11ac
Table 9: Specifics-802.11ac
Table 10: Rates/Spatial Streams – 802.11ac
Table 11: Usage Models – 802.11ac
Table 12: 802.11ac WAVEs
Table 13: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac
Table 14: 802.11ad Major Features
Table 15: PHY Characteristics – 802.11ad
Table 16: Use Cases – 802.11ad
Table 17: Wavelengths (nm)
Table 18: Laser vs. LED
Table 19: Use Cases - VLC
Table 20: Devices and Characteristics - VLC
Table 21: Frequency Plan – 802.15.7
Table 22: VLC Properties
Table 23: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
Table 24: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
Table 25: Characteristics Comparison

Date of Publication:
Jul 12, 2016
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
160 Pages