Building the Global Hydrogen Economy: Technologies and Opportunities

Building the Global Hydrogen Economy: Technologies and Opportunities

BCC, Date of Publication: Nov 18, 2015, 135 Pages
US$6,650.00
GB-EGY055C

Building the Global Hydrogen Economy: Technologies and Opportunities

The report covers the global market for technologies used in the production, storage and distribution of hydrogen; its conversion to other forms of energy or direct consumption as a fuel; and miscellaneous other types of hydrogen-related technology, such as hydrogen sensors.

The study format includes:

  • Executive summary.
  • Key enabling technologies for the hydrogen economy, as well as their commercial or developmental status.
  • Developments that will influence commercial prospects and demand for hydrogen technologies.
  • Hydrogen technology market projections through 2015.
  • Key patents.
  • Government programs and policies in support of the hydrogen economy.
  • Technology vendor profiles.

Global investments in building the hydrogen economy cost more than $3.4 billion in 2014, and they are expected to approach $4.8 billion in 2015 and $21.8 billion by 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 35.5% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global Hydrogen economy with regard to technology and opportunities.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Comprehensive descriptions of key enabling technologies used in the production, storage, and distribution of hydrogen, its conversion to other forms of energy or direct consumption as a fuel, and miscellaneous other types of hydrogen-related technology such as hydrogen sensors.
  • A look at challenges that must be overcome to reach commercialization potential.
  • Evaluations of government programs and policies in support of the hydrogen economy.
  • Coverage of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.
  • Relevant patent analysis.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY BACKGROUND
  • GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • DISCLAIMER

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: SHARE TRENDS FOR HYDROGEN PLANTS AND EQUIPMENT, 2014 AND 2020 (% TOTAL INVESTMENTS)

OVERVIEW

  • HYDROGEN ECONOMY
  • DEFINITIONS
    • HYDROGEN CHARACTERISTICS
    • GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION
      • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION SHARE, 2014 (%)
      • TABLE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS)
      • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION TRENDS, 2014-2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • RATIONALE FOR A HYDROGEN ECONOMY
      • Economic
      • Environmental
      • Energy Security
      • Economic Development
      • Other Socio-Economic Impacts
    • TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
      • DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
    • MARKET SUMMARY
      • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY SHARES, 2014-2020 (%)

GOVERNMENT-SUPPORTED HYDROGEN INITIATIVES

  • U.S.
    • FEDERAL INITIATIVES
      • Department of Energy
        • FIGURE 4: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL FUNDING, FISCAL YEARS, 2004-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 5: HYDROGEN BUDGET OF U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY, FISCAL YEAR 2014 (% OF HYDROGEN BUDGET)
      • Other U.S. Government Programs and Initiatives
    • STATE INITIATIVES
      • California
      • New York
      • Other States
    • REGIONAL INITIATIVES
      • Clean Energy States Alliance
  • EUROPEAN UNION
    • EUROPEAN UNION PROGRAMS
      • European Union Framework Program
        • FIGURE 6: EUROPEAN UNION FUEL CELL AND HYDROGEN JOINT UNDERTAKING OPERATION BUDGET, 2008-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
        • FIGURE 7: JOINT UNDERTAKING HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS BY AREA, 2008-2013 (% OF TOTAL HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS)
      • Carbon Dioxide Emission Restrictions
    • EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES
      • Germany
      • France
      • Italy
      • Denmark
  • JAPAN
  • CHINA
  • INDIA
  • OTHER COUNTRIES
    • AUSTRALIA
    • CANADA
    • ICELAND
    • SOUTH KOREA
    • RUSSIA
  • INTERGOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMS
    • U.S.-E.U. COLLABORATION
    • INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY
    • INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY HYDROGEN COORDINATION GROUP

HYDROGEN PRODUCTION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • THERMAL PROCESSES
      • TABLE 3: THERMAL PROCESSES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
      • Steam Reforming of Natural Gas
      • Partial Oxidation
      • Autothermal Reforming
      • Coal Gasification
        • FutureGen
      • Carbon Black and Hydrogen Process
      • Biomass Gasification
      • Gasification with Oxygen
        • HydroMax Process
        • Startech Process
        • Pyrolysis
        • National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Eprida Process
      • Reforming of Renewable Liquid Fuels
        • ECD Ovonics
        • HTC Purenergy
        • Innovatek
      • High-Temperature Water Splitting
        • Sulfur-Iodide Cycle
    • ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES
      • TABLE 4: ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
      • Conventional Electrolysis
      • High-Temperature Electrolysis
        • Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells
        • Energy Sources
          • Nuclear Reactors
          • Solar Concentrators
        • Technological Challenges
      • Other Electrolytic Technologies for Hydrogen Production
        • Hybrid Thermochemical and Electrolytic Processes
          • Hybrid Sulfur Process
          • SRI Process
    • PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES
      • TABLE 5: PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
      • Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
      • Photobiological Water Splitting
    • OTHER TYPES OF PROCESS
      • Dark Fermentation
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 8: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 6: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED, 2008-AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 9: MAJOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR EQUIPMENT USED TO GENERATE HYDROGEN FOR DIRECT ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN PLANTS
    • TABLE 8: PROJECTED EXPENDITURES ON CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROGEN GENERATORS ASSOCIATED WITH LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN POWER PLANTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • DECENTRALIZED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • External Fuel Cell Reformers
      • TABLE 9: GLOBAL FUEL CELL REFORMER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Stations

HYDROGEN STORAGE

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 10: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TARGETS FOR ON-BOARD HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS, 2020
    • TABLE 11: HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
  • DIRECT STORAGE OF HYDROGEN
    • Gaseous Storage
      • Current Gaseous Hydrogen Storage Technology
      • Geologic Bulk Storage Systems
    • Liquid Storage
      • BMW Dual Fuel Thermo-Tank
      • Future Developments
  • HYDROCARBONS
    • Technologies
      • Onboard Reforming of Hydrocarbons
        • Approaches to Onboard Reforming
          • External Reforming
          • Internal Reforming
        • Advantages and Disadvantages of On-Board Reforming
        • Commercial Status of Onboard Reforming
          • IdaTech
          • Innovatek
    • Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
      • Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cell Types
        • Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
        • Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
      • Commercial Status of Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
  • AMMONIA STORAGE
    • Ammonia-Borane Storage
    • Ammonia-Sea Salt Storage
  • METAL HYDRIDES
    • General Principles
    • Metal Hydride Types
    • Advantages and Disadvantages for Hydrogen Storage
    • Commercial Status
  • ZEOLITES
    • General Principles
    • Zeolite Types
      • ZK-5
      • CD-Exchanged Rho Zeolite
      • Magnesium-Optimized Zeolites for Hydrogen Storage
      • Other Zeolites
  • OTHER NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS
    • Carbon Nanotubes and Buckyballs
    • Metal-Organic Frameworks
  • OTHER STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • Phosphonium Borate
    • Polymers
      • Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity
      • Conformal Polymeric Foams
    • Ethylene
    • Hollow Glass Microspheres
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 10: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 1, 2015 (% PATENTS ISSUED)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 12: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
      • FIGURE 11: ANNUAL U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED TRENDS, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 12: MAJOR HYDROGEN STORAGE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • SUMMARY
      • TABLE 13: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGY* MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • PRESSURIZED STORAGE CYLINDERS
      • TABLE 14: GLOBAL PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS USED TO STORE HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS
      • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS USED IN MOBILE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020* ($ MILLIONS)

BULK HYDROGEN DISTRIBUTION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TANK TRUCKS, RAILCARS AND BARGES
    • TUBE TRAILERS
    • PIPELINES
      • New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
      • Mixed Hydrogen and Natural Gas Pipelines
        • Commingled Hydrogen and Natural Gas
        • Alternating Hydrogen and Natural Gas
    • Other Technical Issues
      • Effect of Hydrogen Exposure on Pipeline Materials
      • Hydrogen Permeation and Leaks
      • Compression Technology
        • Single-Screw Hydrogen Compressor
        • Hydride Based Hydrogen Compressor
          • Advanced Centrifugal Compressor
          • Electrochemical Compressor
          • Advanced Materials for Compressors
    • Alternatives to Transmission of Gaseous Hydrogen
  • HYDROGEN STATIONS
    • Hydrogen Filling Stations
      • Mobile Hydrogen Refuelers
    • Hydrogen Home Stations
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 13: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • PATENTS BY ASSIGNEE
      • FIGURE 14: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED BY ASSIGNEE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TRANSMISSION
    • FIGURE 15: HYDROGEN FUEL SOURCES FOR EXISTING AND PLANNED HYDROGEN FILLING STATIONS, 2014 (PERCENTAGE OF EXISTING AND CURRENTLY PLANNED HYDROGEN STATIONS)
    • Liquid Hydrogen Tankers
      • TABLE 17: GLOBAL LIQUID HYDROGEN TANKER TRUCK MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Tube Trailers
      • TABLE 18: GLOBAL COMPRESSED HYDROGEN TUBE TRAILER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Pipelines
  • HYDROGEN STATIONS
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Filling Stations
      • TABLE 20: GLOBAL INVESTMENTS IN NEW HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Home Stations
      • TABLE 21: GLOBAL HYDROGEN HOME STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 16 FUEL CELL PRINCIPLES
  • MAIN TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 22 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
    • Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
    • Alkaline Fuel Cells
    • Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
    • Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 17: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 23: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
      • FIGURE 18: ANNUAL U.S. FUEL CELL ISSUED PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 19: MAJOR FUEL CELL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALES BY APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALE TRENDS BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: GLOBAL FUEL CELL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 (% TOTAL SALES)

DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION

  • SUMMARY
  • TECHNOLOGIES
    • INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
      • Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines
        • BMW Dual-Fuel Technology
        • Ford and Mazda Technology
      • Hybrid Hydrogen-Electric Propulsion Systems
      • Hydrogen-Boosted Gasoline Engines
    • TURBINES
  • PATENTS
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • HYDROGEN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
  • HYDROGEN TURBINES
    • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LARGE HYDROGEN TURBINES USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)

OTHER HYDROGEN-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES

  • HYDROGEN SENSORS
    • TECHNOLOGIES
      • MEMS Hydrogen Sensors
      • Hydrogen Nanosensors
        • Nanoscale Palladium Thin-Film Sensors
        • Carbon Nanotube-Based Hydrogen Sensors
        • Titania Nanotube-Based Hydrogen Sensors
        • Nanowire-Based Hydrogen Sensors
  • PATENTS
    • FIGURE 22: U.S. HYDROGEN SENSOR PATENT HOLDERS, DECEMBER 2009 - AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL PATENTS)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 27: GLOBAL HYDROGEN SENSOR MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)

COMPANY PROFILES

  • ACTA SPA
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
  • ALCHEMIX CORP
  • AMMINEX A/S
  • AVALENCE LLC
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • CERAMATEC
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP
  • DUPONT
  • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ERGENICS
  • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
  • FOSTER WHEELER CORP.
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY INC.
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • H2GEN INNOVATIONS INC.
  • H2SCAN
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • HCE LLC
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • HY9 CORP.
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • INERGY AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS
  • INNOVATEK INC.
  • LINDE AG
  • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
  • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING INC.
  • MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS RESEARCH INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH INC.
  • MERITOR INC.
  • MO-SCI CORP.
  • NANOMIX INC.
  • PLUG POWER LLC
  • PROTON ONSITE
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE INC.
  • SECAT INC.
  • SOTACARBO S.P.A.
  • TECHNIP SA
  • UHDE GMBH
  • WELDSHIP CORP.
  • XEBEC INC.
  • ZTEK COR

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 3: THERMAL PROCESSES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 4: ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
    • TABLE 5: PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
    • TABLE 6: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED, 2008--AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR EQUIPMENT USED TO GENERATE HYDROGEN FOR DIRECT ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 8: PROJECTED EXPENDITURES ON CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROGEN GENERATORS ASSOCIATED WITH LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN POWER PLANTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL FUEL CELL REFORMER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 10: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TARGETS FOR ON-BOARD HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS, 2020
    • TABLE 11: HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 12: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • TABLE 13: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGY* MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 14: GLOBAL PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS USED TO STORE HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS USED IN MOBILE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020* ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 17: GLOBAL LIQUID HYDROGEN TANKER TRUCK MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 18: GLOBAL COMPRESSED HYDROGEN TUBE TRAILER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 20: GLOBAL INVESTMENTS IN NEW HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 21: GLOBAL HYDROGEN HOME STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 23: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALES BY APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LARGE HYDROGEN TURBINES USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 27: GLOBAL HYDROGEN SENSOR MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 127

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: SHARE TRENDS FOR HYDROGEN PLANTS AND EQUIPMENT, 2014 AND 2020 (% TOTAL INVESTMENTS)
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION SHARE, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION TRENDS, 2014-2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY SHARES, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 4: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL FUNDING, FISCAL YEARS, 2004-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: HYDROGEN BUDGET OF U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY, FISCAL YEAR 2014 (% OF HYDROGEN BUDGET)
    • FIGURE 6: EUROPEAN UNION FUEL CELL AND HYDROGEN JOINT UNDERTAKING OPERATION BUDGET, 2008-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 7: JOINT UNDERTAKING HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS BY AREA, 2008-2013 (% OF TOTAL HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS)
    • FIGURE 8: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 9: MAJOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 10: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 1, 2015 (% PATENTS ISSUED)
    • FIGURE 11: ANNUAL U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED TRENDS, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 12: MAJOR HYDROGEN STORAGE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 13: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 14: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED BY ASSIGNEE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 15: HYDROGEN FUEL SOURCES FOR EXISTING AND PLANNED HYDROGEN FILLING STATIONS, 2014 (PERCENTAGE OF EXISTING AND CURRENTLY PLANNED HYDROGEN STATIONS)
    • FIGURE 16: FUEL CELL PRINCIPLES
    • FIGURE 17: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 18: ANNUAL U.S. FUEL CELL ISSUED PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 19: MAJOR FUEL CELL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALE TRENDS BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: GLOBAL FUEL CELL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 (% TOTAL SALES)
    • FIGURE 22: U.S. HYDROGEN SENSOR PATENT HOLDERS, DECEMBER 2009 - AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL PATENTS)
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Date of Publication:
Nov 18, 2015
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