Smart Grid Cognitive ICT Technologies, Standards and Markets

Smart Grid Cognitive ICT Technologies, Standards, Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jan 4, 2016, 138 Pages
US$2,000.00
PT2854

Smart Grid Cognitive ICT Technologies, Standards and Markets

This report addresses trends in the development advanced Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) for the Smart Grid (SG). In particular, it is concentrating on wireless cognitive ICT (WCICT) that have been recently standardized with SG applications in mind and which allow to significantly improve SG functionalities.

The report surveys activities of major industry organizations in the area of the SG ICT development. It also addresses technological and marketing analysis of SG ICT, including Smart Meters. The detailed analysis of the SG ICT industry profiles leading manufacturers.

Three technologies and their respective markets, applications, benefits and limitations are detailed. They are:

• IEEE802.15.4g
• IEEE802.11af, and
• IEEE802.22.

The last two technologies belong to a class of cognitive technologies based on utilization TVWS (TV White Spaces). In connection with this, the report addresses advances that cognitive spectrum utilization is bringing to SG users.

The report also provides a survey of patents related to the discussed technologies.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the ICT development for SG and will help them to better understand benefits of cognitive systems when they apply to the SG.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

1.1 General 8
1.2 Issues: Existing Infrastructure 8
1.3 Smart Grid Definition 10
1.4 Vision 12
1.5 Users 13
1.6 Tasks and Benefits 13
1.7 Global Efforts 14
1.7.1 U.S. 14
1.7.2 Major Developments: Statistics 16
1.8 England 18
1.9 Italy 19
1.10 China 20
1.11 Statistics 21
1.12 Scope 22
1.13 Research Methodology 23
1.14 Target Audience 23

2.0 SG ICT Industry Activities: Survey

2.1 Efforts 24
2.2 Structure 25
2.2.1 Layers 26
2.3 Requirements: SG Networking 27
2.3.1 View 28
2.4 Industry and User Groups 28
2.4.1 ETSI 28
2.4.1.1 Open SG Protocols (OSGP) 30
2.4.2 IEEE 31
2.4.3 ITU 31
2.4.4 Smart Networks Council (SNC) 32
2.4.5 U-SNAP Alliance 32
2.4.5.1 Specification and HAN 33
2.4.5.2 Further Development 34
2.4.6 ESMIG 34
2.4.7 Demand Response and Smart Grid Coalition (DRSG) 35
2.4.8 EPRI (Electrical Power Research Institute) 35
2.4.9 ZigBee and Wi-Fi Alliances 38
2.4.10 NIST 39
2.4.11 Open Smart Grid Users Group (OSGUG) 41
2.4.12 OpenADR 41
2.4.13 Comments 42

3.0 SG ICT Objectives

3.1 Functions and Infrastructure 44
3.2 Stage 45
3.3 Major Aspects 46
3.4 Choices 47
3.5 Summary: Drivers and Issues 47

4.0 Smart Meters 

4.1 Goal 49
4.2 Details 49
4.3 Functions 51
4.4 Components 51
4.4.1 Communications 52
4.5 Security 52

5.0 Market and Industry

5.1 Market Drivers 55
5.2 Reality 55
5.3 Market Projections: Smart Meters 56
5.3.1 Global Picture 56
5.3.2 U.S. 58
5.4 Smart Grid ICT- Market Estimate 59
5.4.1 Directions 61
5.5 Industry 62
5.5.1 Characteristics 62
5.5.2 Portfolios and Specifics 63
Alcatel-Lucent 63
Aclara (Software and Systems, BPL) 65
Aeris (Wireless Network Provider: AMI/AMR) 66
Advanced Communications Networks (SG ICT Equipment) 67
Analog Devices (RF Transceivers) 68
AT&T/SmartSynch (Network Services) 68
BPL Global (Software Platform) 69
Carlson Wireless (Radio Platforms) 70
Current Group (Systems, Sensors) 71
Cisco (IP-based Infrastructure, hardware) 73
GE (Hardware and Software-Smart Meters) 74
GridPoint (Platform) 75
Grid Net (Network Management Software) 75
Itron (Intelligent Metering) 77
Elster (AMI, AMR) 78
Oracle (Software) 79
Landis+Gyr (Metering Devices) 80
Sensus Metering Systems (Data Collection and Metering) 81
Silver Spring Networks (Networking) 82
Siemens (Software) 84
Spinwave (Building Control, HAN) 84
Tantalus (Networking and Devices) 86
Tendril (System) 87
TransData (Wireless AMI/AMR Meter) 88
Trilliant (Intelligent Metering) 89

6.0 SG ICT: Standardization – Towards Cognitive Radio

6.1 Overview 91
6.2 IEEE-802.15.4g-Smart Utility Networks 91
6.2.1 General 91
6.2.2 Purpose 92
6.2.3 Need 92
6.2.4 Value 93
6.2.5 Overview - PHY 93
6.2.6 Regions 94
6.2.7 Frequencies Allocations 94
6.2.8 Details 94
6.2.8.1 Requirements and Major Characteristics 94
6.2.8.2 Considerations 95
6.2.8.3 Network Specifics 96
6.2.8.4 PHY/MAC Modifications 97
6.2.9 Market 98
6.2.10 Wi-SUN 100
6.2.10.1 Specification 101
6.2.11 Summary 101
6.2.12 Examples: Manufacturers 102
Accent 102
Analog Devices 102
Elster 103
Semtech 104
TI 104

6.3 Spectrum-adaptive Technologies and SG Standards

6.3.1 Rational 105
6.3.2 Roots 107
6.3.3 FCC Activity 108
6.3.3.1 Decision 108
6.3.3.2 Devices 108
6.3.3.3 Clarifications 110
6.3.3.4 Sensing 112
6.3.4 SG ICT Cognitive Structures 113
6.3.5 IEEE 802.11af 115
6.3.5.1 White Spaces and SG ICT 115
6.3.5.2 General: Expectations – Wi-Fi on Steroids 115
6.3.5.3 Differences 116
6.3.5.4 Benefits 117
6.3.5.5 Principles 117
6.3.5.6 Building Blocks 118
6.3.5.7 PHY 119
6.3.5.8 Prototyping and Trials - 2015 120
6.3.5.9 Summary 120
6.3.6 IEEE 802.22 121
6.3.6.1 General 121
6.3.6.2 WG 802.22 and FCC 121
6.3.6.3 Overview 122
6.3.6.4 Physical Layer – Major Characteristics 124
6.3.6.4.1 Frames 125
6.3.6.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC 125
6.3.6.6 Summary-IEEE802.22 127
6.3.6.7 802.22 and Smart Grid 128
6.3.6.8 Usage Models 129
6.3.6.9 Benefits 129
6.3.7 IEEE 802.24 130

7.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: IEEE802.15.4g Characteristics 133
Appendix II: Regulations - TVWS 135
Appendix III Patents Survey 136
IEEE802.15.4g 136
IEEE802.11af 136
IEEE802.22 138



Figure 1: Smart Grid Structure 9
Figure 2: U.S. SG – NIST Conceptual Model 15
Figure 3: U.S. – Smart Meters Installed (Mil) 16
Figure 4: Major Organizations 23
Figure 5: Smart Grid and ICT 24
Figure 6: Smart Grid – Layered Structure 25
Figure 7: Layered Hierarchy – SG/ICT Standards 27
Figure 8: Illustration 42
Figure 9: SG - ICT Infrastructure 43
Figure 10: Smart Grid Connectivity 45
Figure 11: Global: Smart Meters Market Revenue Projections ($B) 56
Figure 12: Projections of SM Demand – Global (Mil.) 57
Figure 13: Smart Meters Penetration – U.S. (2013) 58
Figure 14: Projections: SG Technologies Revenue – Global ($B) 59
Figure 15: TAM: Global Smart Grid ICT ($B) 60
Figure 16: SUN Place 91
Figure 17: TAM: Global SG Networking ($B) 98
Figure 18: TAM: Global SG SUN (IEEE802.15.4g) ($B) 99
Figure 19: Spectrum Usage Measurements (from NSF Spectrum Occupancy Measurements Project Summary, 2005) 106
Figure 20: TVWS Channels: U.S. 108
Figure 21: Cognitive-based Smart Grid 112
Figure 22: CR HAN 113
Figure 23: CR NAN 113
Figure 24: Comparison - WRANs 123
Figure 25: IEEE 802.22 Network 128


Table 1: Differences 11
Table 2: Statistics (2012) 21
Table 3: SG Related Standards: Examples 40
Table 4: SG ICT Market Components 60
Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC 109
Table 6: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22 126


Date of Publication:
Jan 4, 2016
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
138 Pages
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