Intelligent Radio and White Spaces: Technologies, Markets and Applications

PracTel, Date of Publication: Apr 12, 2013, 141 Pages
US$3,990.00
PT1784

This report addresses novel communications technologies based on cognitive radio (CR) used in combination with White Spaces communications. Various aspects and variations of such technologies and markets are analyzed. This report reflects advances that telecommunications industry has made recently in this area; it continues the Practel project initiated in 2010-2011.

White Spaces (WS) technologies and markets are the recent addition to the growing telecommunications segment, which contributes to efficient use of frequency spectrum. The WS communications attracts the attention of such companies as Microsoft and Google; for example, Microsoft commissioned research that suggests white-space applications may generate $3.9 billion to $7.3 billion in economic value each year.

The report concentrates on the development of White Spaces communications as one of the first technologies to utilize CR. It shows that the combination of spectrum awareness together with the selection of White Spaces frequencies windows creates a new modern multi-applications industry. The report analyzes specifics of White Spaces communications in such environments and reflects such communications benefits and issues. The White Spaces communications applications and market are just evolving; one of such applications – M2M – is detailed in the report.

The report provides a detailed up-to-date analysis of:

-CR development, standardization, benefits and issues
-CR industry and market
-WS technologies development
-WS standardization and regulatory
-WS industry
-Applications of CR and WS in M2M – Weightless Protocol.

The report is written for a wide audience of researches, engineers and managers that are involved in the development and utilization of cognitive radios for commercial markets.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 Introduction  
1.1 General    8
1.2 Scope    8
1.3 Research Methodology    9
1.4 Target Audience    10

2.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios
2.1 General    11
2.2 Purpose    11
2.3 General: Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)    11
2.4 Versatility    13
2.5 Issues    14
2.6 Wireless Innovation Forum Position    15
2.7 Regulations and Organizations    17
2.7.1 FCC    17
2.7.1.1 Equipment Type    17
2.7.1.2 Process    17
2.7.1.3 Clarifications    18
2.7.1.4 Application Guide    20
2.7.2 Object Management Group - OMG    20
2.7.3 ETSI    21
2.8 Decisions    22
2.9 Features    22
2.10 Elements    24
2.11 Applications    25
2.11.1 Commercial    25
2.11.2 SDR and Military    25
2.11.2.1 SCA    26
2.12 SDR/CR: Applications Benefits    28
2.13 Impact    29
2.14 Market    30
2.14.1 Landscape    31
2.14.2 Trends    32
2.14.3 Cost    33
2.14.4 Different Perspective    33
2.14.5 Drivers-Summary    35
2.14.6 Market Forecast    37
2.14.6.1 Model Assumptions    37
2.14.6.2 Estimate    37
2.15 Industry    39
2.15.1 Vendors    39
Aeronix (SDR Components)    39
AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)    40
Alcatel-Lucent (Base Station)    41
Analog Devices (Chipsets)    43
Array Systems Computing (DSP)    44
Cambridge Consultants (Phy, Base Station)    45
Carlson Wireless (Platform)    47
Cisco (802.11a)    48
CRT (CR SW)    48
DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)    49
Digital Receiver Technology (Radio Modules)    50
Etherstack (Software)    51
Green Hills (Software)    52
Harris (SDR)    54
Huawei (Platform)    56
ISR Technologies (Platforms)    57
Infineon-Intel (Platform)    59
Lyrtech - Nutaq (DSP and FPGA development solutions)    60
Mercury Systems (Toolsets)    61
Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)    62
Objective Interface Systems (Software)    63
PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)    64
Rockwell Collins (Radios)    65
Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)    67
Tecore Networks (Infrastructure)    69
Thales (Radio)    70
TI (Chips)    71
Wind River (Software)    74
Xilinx (Chips, SDR Development Kit)    74
xG Technology (Radio)    76
ZTE (Platforms)    77

3.0 White Spaces Communications Development
3.1 Definition    79
3.2 Factors    79
3.3 FCC Activity    80
3.3.1 Start    80
3.3.2 Devices    81
3.3.3 Clarifications    82
3.3.3.1 Sensing    83
3.3.3.2 Power    84
3.3.4 Specifics    84
3.3.4.1 Protection    84
3.3.4.2 Frequencies    85
3.3.4.3 TVWS Database (U.S., Japan)    86
3.4 Europe: Ofcom and Other    87
3.5 Ecosystem and Use Cases    90
3.6 Industry Activity    91
3.6.1 Microsoft    91
3.6.2 Utility    92
3.6.3 Airspan Trials    92
3.6.4 Neul Trials    93

4.0 White Spaces and Related Standards
4.1 WS Alliance    94
4.1.1 WIF WS Activity    94
4.2 IEEE Standards    95
4.2.1 IEEE 802.16h-2010    96
4.2.1.1 Uncoordinated coexistence mechanism    97
4.2.1.2 Coordinated coexistence mechanism    98
4.2.2 IEEE 802.11af    98
4.2.2.1 General: Expectations – Wi-Fi on Steroids    98
4.2.2.2 Differences    100
4.2.2.3 Benefits    100
4.2.2.4 Specifics    100
4.2.2.5 Prototyping    101
4.2.2.6 Summary    102
4.2.3 IEEE 1900.4 (DySpan)    102
4.2.3.1 IEEE 1900.4a - 2011    103
4.2.3.2 IEEE P1900.4.1    103
4.2.4 IEEE 802.22 – 2011    103
4.2.4.1 General    104
4.2.4.2 Progress: WG 802.22 and FCC    104
4.2.4.3 Overview    105
4.2.4.4 Physical Layer – Major Characteristics    106
4.2.4.4.1 Frames    107
4.2.4.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC    107
4.2.4.6 IEEE 802.22.1    109
4.2.4.7 IEEE 802.22.2    109
4.2.4.8 IEEE 802.22a and 802.22b    109
4.2.4.9 802.22 and Smart Grid Application    110
4.2.4.10 Summary    111
4.2.5 IEEE 802.19    112
4.2.5.1 IEEE 802.19.1    113
4.2.6 IEEE 802.15.4m    114
4.3 CogNeA and ECMA Activity    114
4.3.1 CogNeA    114
4.3.1.1 Development    115
4.3.2 ECMA-392-2011    116
4.4 IETF    117
4.5 Market    117
4.6 Industry    119
Carlson Wireless    119
KTS Wireless    121
Metric Systems    122
Neul    122
Spectrum Bridge    123

5.0 M2M Communications and WS
5.1 General    127
5.1.1 Industry    127
Kore Telematics    127
5.2 Standardization    129
5.2.1 IEEE    129
5.2.2 ETSI    129
5.2.3 ITU    130
5.3 Role of TVWS    130
5.3.1 Current: M2M Specifics    131
5.3.1.1 Challenges    132
5.3.2 Solution    132
5.3.3 Cambridge TVWS Consortium - Cambridge Trial    133
5.3.4 Weightless    134
5.3.4.1 Requirements    134
5.3.4.2 Neul    135
5.3.4.2.1 Weightless Chip    135
5.3.4.3 Highlights    136
5.3.4.3.1 Network Structure    136
5.3.4.3.2 Performance Summary    138
5.3.4.4 Applications    139
5.3.4.5 Market Considerations    140

6.0 Conclusions

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: SDR and OSI Reference Model    13
Figure 2: TAM: Global SDR Sales ($B)    38
Figure 3: SDR Market Segments (Military vs. Commercial)    38
Figure 4: SDR Market Geography (2013)    39
Figure 5: TVWS Channels    84
Figure 6: UK - Spectrum    90
Figure 7: Architecture    116
Figure 8: TVWS Market    120
Figure 9: ETSI Activity    132
Figure 10: Weightless Networking: Simplified    139

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Tiers    16
Table 2: Features    17
Table 3: ETSI Documents    21
Table 4: SDR Market Drivers    36
Table 5: TV Channels    87
Table 6: IEEE Standards    98
Table 7: Use Cases    112
Table 8: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22    114


Date of Publication:
Apr 12, 2013
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
141 Pages
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