Land Mobile Radio and Public Safety Communications - Standards, Applications, Markets and Technologies

Land Mobile Radio/Professional Mobile Radio and Progress in Public Safety Communications Development

PracTel, Date of Publication: Sep 15, 2015, 214 Pages
US$3,800.00
PT5870

This updated report reflects changes and additions that occurred recently in the LMR/PMR development; and particular in their applications for public safety communications (PSC) and for specialized commercial applications (railroads, utilities and similar).

The report highlights include:

  • The updated analysis of P25 and TETRA radios phased development. The current status of technologies, markets and standards, and survey of vendors’ profiles are presented.
  • The updated analysis of narrow-band LMR/PMR technologies and markets, including NXDN and MOTOTRBO (as well as dPMR, DMR and other).
  • The growing role of LTE in the PSC development is emphasized. Though, at the present time, LTE is not ready to support some major requirements of first responders’ critical communications, the standards organizations indicate that in 3-5 years major standardization work will be mainly accomplished. Meanwhile, the PSC market will integrate P25/TETRA and LTE environments where traditional networks will be primarily used for voice applications. LTE is selected as the main technology for the FirstNet – the nationwide U.S. PSC network; similar developments are observed all around the globe.
  • The industry is also actively working on production of systems that can support multi-standard radios (for example, TETRA/LTE). 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Current Situation 9
1.2 Requirements for Public Safety Radio 10
1.3 Scope and Goals 11
1.4 Research Methodology 11
1.5 Target Audience 12

2.0 PSC Spectrum

2.1 U.S. 13
2.1.1 FCC - General 13
2.1.2 800 MHz Band 13
2.1.3 700 MHz Band 15
2.1.4 4.9 GHz Band 17
2.2 EU 24
2.3 Global 24

3.0 Project

3.1 Standardization Process and Technologies 26
3.1.1 General: P25 Standard 26
3.1.2 Process 26
3.1.3 Beginning 28
3.1.4 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope 28
3.1.5 Status 30
3.1.6 CAP 30
3.2 P25 Development-Phase I 31
3.2.1 General Mission and Objectives 31
3.2.2 Compliance 33
3.2.3 Benefits and Issues 33
3.2.4 Technical Highlights - Interfaces 35
3.2.5 Security 43
3.2.6 Coding 43
3.2.7 P25 Voice Messaging 44
3.2.8 Frequency Bands 44
3.2.9 Services 44
3.2.10 Network Scenario 45
3.3 P25 Development - Phase II 46
3.3.1 Transition 46
3.3.2 Scope 47
3.3.3 Interfaces – Phase II 47
3.3.4 Attributes 49
3.3.5 Data Services Standards 50
3.3.6 Enhancements - Details 50
3.3.7 Time 51
3.3.8 U.S. – P25 Systems Deployment 52
3.3.9 P25 Standards -2015 53
3.4 P25 Radio: Market Analysis 53
3.4.1 General 53
3.4.2 Geography 54
3.4.3 Market Drivers 54
3.4.4 Market Forecast 54
3.5 P25 Industry 59
Avtec 59
Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian) 60
Codan 61
Digital Voice System 62
Etherstack 63
Harris 65
Kenwood 66
Midland 67
Motorola Solutions 68
Objective Interface Systems 69
PowerTrunk 70
Relm 71
Raytheon JPS 73
Simoco 75
Technisonic Industries 76
Thales 76
Tait Electronics 77
Vertex Standard 79
Westel 80

4.0 TETRA

4.1 General 82
4.1.1 Major Milestones 84
4.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I 84
4.2.1 General 84
4.2.2 Spectrum Regulations 85
4.2.3 TETRA and GSM 85
4.2.4 Main Features 87
4.2.5 Benefits 91
4.2.6 Networking 92
4.2.7 Release I Details 95
4.3 Security 101
4.4 Summary 103
4.5 TETRA: Scope - Release II 103
4.5.1 Drivers 104
4.5.2 Applications 106
4.5.3 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension 106
4.5.4 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec 106
4.5.5 Data Services Development 107
4.5.6 Comparison 110
4.5.7 Standardization Status 111
4.6 Market Analysis 112
4.6.1 General 112
4.6.2 Certification 112
4.6.3 Geography 113
4.6.4 Market Drivers-Industries-Applications 113
4.6.5 Market Forecast 115
4.7 TETRA and P25 117
4.7.1 General 117
4.7.2 Characteristics 118
4.7.3 Modifications 121
4.7.4 TETRA in North America 121
4.8 Vendors 122
Artevea 123
Airbus DS 124
ClearTone 127
DAMM Cellular 128
EtherStack 129
Hytera 130
Motorola Solutions 131
Portalify 133
Rohill 134
Pegasus Network 136
Sepura 136
Selex ES 138
Teltronic 140
Team Simoco 142
Thales 144

5.0 NXDN and MOTOTRBO

5.1 NXDN 146
5.1.1 General 146
5.1.2 NXDN Forum and Technology 146
5.1.3 Two Companies 148
5.1.4 Benefits 152
5.1.5 NEXEDGE 152
5.1.6 IDAS 158
5.1.7 Industry 162
Aeroflex 162
CML Microcircuits 163
Digital Voice Systems, Inc. 164
Ritron 165
Motorola Solutions (Twisted Pair) 166
Zetron 166
5.1.8 NXDN: Applications and Market 167
5.2 MotoTRBO 169
5.2.1 General 169
5.2.2 Major Features 170
5.2.3 Basis-TDMA 173
5.2.4 Sales 174
5.2.5 Products 174
5.2.6 MOTOTRBO Services 177
5.2.7 Applications 178

6.0 Professional Digital Trunking (PDT) Radio

6.1 General 179
6.2 Development 179
6.3 Purpose 180
6.4 Benefits 180
6.5 Deployments 181
6.6 Future Plans 181

7.0 PSC and LTE 183

7.1 Beginning 183
7.2 LTE Bands 183
7.3 Opportunities and Requirements 184
7.4 FirstNet 185
7.5 Progress 186
7.5.1 U.S. 186
7.5.2 Europe 187
7.5.3 Global 188
7.6 Major Benefits 188
7.7 Industry and Service Providers 189
AT&T 189
Alcatel-Lucent 190
Airbus DS 190
CalAmp 191
Cisco 191
General Dynamics 192
Harris 193
Motorola Solutions/Ericsson 194
NIST 195
NEC 196
Verizon Wireless 196
7.8 Timeline 196

8.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: P25 Service Availability Matrix 199
Attachment II: P25 Standards 200
Attachment III: Countries with P25 Systems Deployments 201
Attachment IV: FCC Ruling- 4.9 MHz Radio 202
Attachment V: Europe: PSC Networks 204
Attachment VI: Short List - TETRA Standards 205
Attachment VII: dPMR 207
VII.1 dPMR Association 207
VII.2 Functional Levels 207
VII.2.1 dPMR 446 207
VII.2.2 dPMR Mode I 208
VII.2.3 dPMR Mode II 208
VII.2.4 dPMR Mode III 208
VII.3 Standards 209
VII.4 Major Vendors 209
Fylde 209
Attachment VIII: DMR 211
VIII.1 General 211
VIII.2 Tiers 211
VIII.3 Standards 211
VIII.4 Major Vendors 212
Hytera 212
Kenwood 213
Simoco 213
Tait 214


List of Figures

Figure 1: FCC PSC Spectrum Allocation 13
Figure 2: 800 MHz Post-Reconfiguration Band Plan 14
Figure 3: 700 MHz Band 16
Figure 4: Process 27
Figure 5: Generic-P25 Radio System Structure 33
Figure 6: P25 System – Major Interfaces 36
Figure 7: ISSI-P25 System-to-System 40
Figure 8: ISSI-Roaming 40
Figure 9: Example-Network Scenario 46
Figure 10: Phase II Modulations 46
Figure 11: Family 48
Figure 12: CAI Details 49
Figure 13: Capacity 50
Figure 14: Vocoders 51
Figure 15: TAM: P25 Equipment Sales-Global ($B) 57
Figure 16: P25 Radio Major Applications 57
Figure 17: TETRA Release I - Functionalities 87
Figure 18: TETRA Interworking Illustration 93
Figure 19: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces 94
Figure 20: Network Scenarios 95
Figure 21: TETRA Release I: Illustration 97
Figure 22: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation 101
Figure 23: TETRA RII Application Developments 107
Figure 24: Directions 108
Figure 25: TAPS 109
Figure 26: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics 109
Figure 27: Spectral Efficiency 110
Figure 28: Rates and Range 111
Figure 29: Illustration - TETRA TEDS Characteristics 111
Figure 30: Illustration of TETRA Market Geography (2014) 113
Figure 31: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2014) 114
Figure 32: TAM: TETRA Equipment Global Sales ($B) 116
Figure 33: TAM: TETRA BS & Associated Equipment Global Sales ($B) 117
Figure 34: Phased Approach – TETRA and P25 118
Figure 35: Vendors Segmentation 123
Figure 36: NXDN Transmission: Illustration 148
Figure 37: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (UHF) 150
Figure 38: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (VHF) 150
Figure 39: NXDN – dPMR - DMR 151
Figure 40: Estimate: NXDN Equipment Sales - Global ($B) 169
Figure 41: PSC – 700 MHz Band 187
Figure 42: Converged Network 193

List of Tables

Table 1: Emergency Services 19
Table 2: Requirements 20
Table 3: Power Limits 22
Table 4: P25 Advantages and Issues 34
Table 5: CAI Characteristics 37
Table 6: P25 Services 45
Table 7: 6.25 kHz FCC Narrow-Banding Rules 48
Table 8: Phase II Documents 52
Table 9: Components 57
Table 10: TETRA Established 85
Table 11: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics 103
Table 12: TETRA Needs 105
Table 13: Applications (Release II) 106
Table 14: Evolution of TETRA Applications 115
Table 15: NXDN Development – Milestones 147
Table 16: NXDN Characteristics 148



Date of Publication:
Sep 15, 2015
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
214 Pages
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