title

Long Range WSN – Technologies, Markets and Applications

PracTel, Date of Publication: Nov 21, 2013, 127 Pages
US$3,600.00
PT9860

This report addresses the development of a long range WSN that may utilize the following types of radio technologies:

  • DASH7
  • UWB.

The report concentrates on:

  • Analysis of DASH7 technology status
  • Overview of the DASH7 standardization process
  • Layered structure of DASH7 protocol
  • DASH7 industry analysis
  • UWB standardization process
  • Current status of the UWB industry
  • Marketing characteristics of the UWB industry
  • Analysis of WSN specifics, particular long range networks
  • WSN industry and market
  • WSN applications
  • Specifics of long range WSNs based on DASH7 or UWB radios.


The military applications of DASH7 were prevailing till recently; commercialization of this technology had started only a few years ago.

UWB technology is in a stage of temporary downturn (the report provides reasons for this). The report analyzes standardization, technology specifics and marketing statistics.

Both DASH7 and UWB radios are perfect candidates to build long range (up to several kilometers between neighborhood nodes) WSNs. Such structures can support the speed of transmission up to a couple Mb/s and may present valuable solutions for many military and commercial applications.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report will be useful for technical and marketing staff that is involved in the development and utilization of wireless technologies for the WSNs. It can also help vendors to identify competition.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 Introduction    8
1.1 General    8
1.1.1 WSN    8
1.1.2 DASH7    9
1.1.3 UWB    9
1.2 Scope    9
1.3 Structure    10
1.4 Research Methodology    10
1.5 Target Audience    10

2.0 WSN: Specifics and Applications    11
2.1 Wireless Smart Sensor Structure    11
2.1.1 General    11
2.1.2 Structure    11
2.2 Classification    12
2.2.1 Military and Commercial    12
2.2.2 Recording    13
2.2.3 Technologies    14
2.2.4 Other    15
2.3 Details    15
2.3.1 WSN Node    16
2.3.2 Requirements    17
2.4 Networking    19
2.4.1 WSN-WSS: Examples    20
2.5 WSS Functioning – Military Applications Example    21
2.6 Parameters    22
2.6.1 Range    23
2.7 WSN at Work    23
2.7.1 Illustration: Military    24
2.7.1.1 Fusion    24
2.7.1.2 Future Combat Systems    25
2.7.1.2.1 Subgroups    26
2.7.1.2.1.1 Tactical Subgroup    26
2.7.1.2.1.2 Urban/MOUT Advanced Sensor Systems    27
2.7.2 Smart Grid - HAN – Example (Commercial Application)    27
2.7.2.1 U-SNAP Alliance    28
2.8 Standardization; WSS    28
2.8.1 IEEE1451: General    28
2.8.2 IEEE1451: Family    29
2.8.3 IEEE1451: Generic Features and Benefits    30
2.8.4 IETF and IP/WSN    31
2.8.4.1 Major Projects    31
2.8.4.1.1 6LoWPAN WG    32
2.8.4.1.2 6LoWPAN Development    32
2.8.4.1.3 Details    33
2.8.4.1.4 Industry Support    34
2.8.4.1.5 NanoStack    35
2.8.4.1.6 ROLL WG    36
2.9 Major Applications - Classification    37
2.9.1 General: Examples    37
2.9.2 Details    38
2.9.2.1 Industrial Inventory Control    38
2.9.2.2 Home Sensing (including HAN), Control and Media Delivery    38
2.9.2.3 Logistics    38
2.9.2.4 Industrial Process Control and Maintenance    39
2.9.2.5 Safety / Health Monitoring    39
2.9.2.6 Personnel Security    39
2.9.2.7 Communications    39
2.9.2.8 Military    39
2.9.2.9 Industrial Sensing    39
2.9.2.10 Infrastructure Security    39
2.9.2.11 Smart Electrical Grid    40
2.10 Challenges    40
2.11 Market Characteristics    41
2.11.1 General    41
2.10.2 Estimate    42
2.12 Trends    44
2.13 WSN/WSS Equipment Vendors    45
BAE Systems    45
BBN (Raytheon BBN)    47
Dust Networks (now part of Linear Technologies)    48
Elta    48
Exensor    49
Honeywell    51
Intel    51
Freescale    52
Harris    53
IWT    56
L3    58
Lockheed Martin    61
McQ    62
MeshDynamics    63
Memsic    65
Millennial Net    67
Newtrax    67
Nelco    69
NorthropGrumman    70
Qual-Tron    70
Rheinmetall    72
Selex Galileo    72
Sensys    73
Sensinode    75
Thales    75
Trident    76
Wavetronix    79

3.0 DASH7 Technology and Applications    81
3.1 DASH7 and WSN    81
3.2 General    81
3.2.1 Specifics    81
3.3 DASH7 Alliance    82
3.3.1 Specification    82
3.3.1.1Physical Layer -  PHY    83
3.3.1.2 Data Layer    83
3.3.1.3 Network Layer    84
3.3.1.4 Upper Layers    84
3.3.1.5 General Characteristics    84
3.3.1.6 433 MHz Transmission Specifics    85
3.4 ISO/IEC 18000-7:2009 Information technology - Radio frequency identification for item management - Part 7: Parameters for active air interface communications at 433 MHz    85
3.5 Applications and Industry    86
Agaidi    86
Evigia    88
GuardRFID    89
Haystack    89
Hi-G-Tek    90
Identec Solutions    91
Savi    91
TI    92
WiHart Systems    93

4.0 Ultra Wideband (UWB) Technology and Market    95
4.1 Downturn    95
4.2 General: History    95
4.3 Benefits    96
4.4 Definition (FCC)    97
4.5 Rates    97
4.6 Spectrum Allocation    97
4.7 Regulations    99
4.8 Major Features    100
4.9 Standards    100
4.9.1 Multiband OFDM    101
4.9.2 DS-UWB    103
4.9.3 Groups    105
4.9.4 ECMA    105
4.9.5 WiNET    106
4.9.6 EC-ETSI    106
4.9.7 IEEE 802.15.4a - 2007    107
4.10 Characteristics and Requirements: WSN-UWB    110
4.11 Market Estimate    111
4.11.1 General    111
4.11.2 Geographical Segmentation    112
4.11.3 Forecast    112
4.12 Industry    114
Alereon (chipsets)    114
Camero (radar, equipment for first responders)    116
Multispectral (Zebra)-Sensors    118
Pulse~ Link (chipsets)    120
RealTek (IC)    121
Sensiotec (Health Care)    123
Time Domain (chipsets-fusion of communications & radar)    123
Ubisense (RFID-tracking)    125

5.0 Conclusions    127

Figure 1: Two Groups    13
Figure 2: WSS Classification by Recording    14
Figure 3: WSS Technologies    15
Figure 4: WSN Node    16
Figure 5: SS Decision Process    17
Figure 6: TAM U.S. Commercial WSN Segment ($B)    42
Figure 7: TAM: U.S. Commercial WSN Segment Nodes Deployed (Mil. Unitts)    43
Figure 8: WSN Market Geographical Segmentation (Commercial Segment)    44
Figure 9: WSN – Number of Nodes    45
Figure 10: Transmission Ranges    85
Figure 11: Illustration - UWB Spectrum    98
Figure 12: DS-UWB Spectrum Characteristics    104
Figure 13: Spectrum Regulations-UWB    104
Figure 14: TAM: Global UWB IC Revenue ($B)    113
Figure 15: TAM: Global UWB IC (Unit Bil.)    113


Table 1: WSS Node Components-Price    43
Table 2: Mode 1 and Mode 2    83
Table 3: DASH7 - PHY    83
Table 4: MB-OFDM UWB Frequencies Designation    102
Table 5: Comparison: DS-UWB and MB-OFDM    105
Table 6: Standard Bands    109
Table 7: UWB Characteristics    110


Date of Publication:
Nov 21, 2013
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
127 Pages
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