Nanoelectronics Market Report

Global Market for Nanoelectronics

Future Markets, Date of Publication: May 10, 2017, 400 Pages
US$1,650.00
FM1720

The electronics industry will witness significant change and growth in the next decade driven by:

  • Scaling
  • Growth of mobile wireless devices
  • Huge growth in the Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud
  • Ubiquitous electronics.

To meet these market demands, power and functionality needs to improve hugely, while being cost effective, driving demand for nanomaterials that will allow for novel architectures, new types of energy harvesting and sensor integration. As well as allowing for greater power, improved performance and bandwith, decreased size and cost, improved flexibility and better thermal management, the exploitation of nanomaterials allows for new device designs, new package architectures, new network architectures and new manufacturing processes. This will lead to greater device integration and density, and reduced time to market.

Semiconducting inorganic nanowires (NWs), carbon nanotubes, nanofibers, nanofibers, quantum dots, graphene and other 2D materials have been extensively explored in recent years as potential building blocks for nanoscale electronics, optoelectronics and photonics components, coatings and devices.

The report covers nanotechnology and nanomaterials related to the following markets and applications:

  • Flexible, Stretchable and Printable Electronics
  • Conductive Films and Inks
  • Wearable health monitoring
  • Electronic textiles
  • HMI automotive displays
  • Displays
  • Transistors
  • Integrated Circuits
  • Other components
  • Memory Devices
  • Conductive and waterproof electronics coatings
  • Photonics

The Global Market for Nanoelectronics
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Scaling 31
1.2 Growth of mobile wireless devices 31
1.3 Internet of things (IoT) 32
1.4 Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud 33
1.5 Ubiquitous electronics 33
1.6 Growth in automotive interior electronics 34
1.7 Nanomaterials for new device design and architectures 34
1.8 Carbon and 2D nanomaterials 35
1.9 Industrial collaborations 35
1.10 Nanotechnology and smart textile & wearable technology 37
1.11 Growth in the wearable electronics market 41
1.11.1 Recent growth 41
1.11.2 Future growth 41
1.11.3 Nanotechnology as a market driver 41
1.12 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics 42
1.13 From rigid to flexible and stretchable 43

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 

1.1 MARKET OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS 45
2.1 MARKET CHALLENGES RATING SYSTEM 47

3 NANOMATERIALS

3.1 Properties of nanomaterials 50
3.2 Categorization 51

4 NANOMATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS

4.1 SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES 53
4.1.1 Properties 53
4.1.1.1 Single-chirality 54
4.1.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 56
4.2 GRAPHENE 59
4.2.1 Properties 59
4.2.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 60
4.2.2.1 Electronic paper 64
4.2.2.2 Wearable electronics 65
4.2.2.3 Integrated circuits 66
4.2.2.4 Transistors 67
4.2.2.5 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits 68
4.2.2.6 Graphene spintronics 69
4.2.2.7 Memory devices 69
4.3 NANOCELLULOSE 71
4.3.1 Properties 71
4.3.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 72
4.3.3 Nanopaper 73
4.3.4 Flexible electronics 74
4.3.4.1 Paper memory 76
4.3.5 Wearable electronics 77
4.3.6 Flexible energy storage 77
4.3.7 Conductive inks 78
4.4 NANOFIBERS 79
4.4.1 Properties 79
4.4.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 79
4.5 QUANTUM DOTS 80
4.5.1 Properties 80
4.5.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 82
4.5.2.1 Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials 82
4.5.2.2 Cadmium free quantum dots 82
4.6 SILVER NANOWIRES 83
4.6.1 Properties 83
4.6.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 83
4.7 OTHER NANOMATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS 85
4.7.1 Metal oxide nanoparticles 85
4.7.1.1 Properties and applications 85
4.7.2 Graphene quantum dots 87
4.7.2.1 Applications 90
4.7.3 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene 91
4.7.3.1 Properties 92
4.7.3.2 Applications in electronics 93
4.7.4 C2N 94
4.7.4.1 Properties 94
4.7.4.2 Applications in electronics 95
4.7.5 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT) 95
4.7.6 Fullerenes 96
4.7.6.1 Properties 96
4.7.6.2 Applications in electronics 97
4.7.7 Germanene 97
4.7.7.1 Properties 98
4.7.7.2 Applications in electronics 98
4.7.8 Graphdiyne 98
4.7.8.1 Properties 99
4.7.8.2 Applications in electronics 99
4.7.9 Graphane 99
4.7.9.1 Properties 100
4.7.9.2 Applications in electronics 100
4.7.10 Hexagonal boron-nitride 101
4.7.10.1 Properties 101
4.7.10.2 Applications in electronics 102
4.7.11 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) 102
4.7.11.1 Properties 103
4.7.11.2 Applications in electronics 103
4.7.12 Nanodiamonds 105
4.7.12.1 Properties 105
4.7.12.2 Applications in electronics 106
4.7.13 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 106
4.7.13.1 Properties 107
4.7.13.2 Applications in electronics 107
4.7.14 Silicene 108
4.7.14.1 Properties 108
4.7.14.2 Applications in electronics 109
4.7.15 Stanene/tinene 110
4.7.15.1 Properties 110
4.7.15.2 Applications in electronics 111
4.7.16 Tungsten diselenide 111
4.7.16.1 Properties 112
4.7.16.2 Applications in electronics 112

5 TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS

5.1 MARKET DRIVERS 113
5.2 APPLICATIONS 115
5.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics 116
5.2.1.1 Single-walled carbon nanotubes 118
5.2.1.2 Double-walled carbon nanotubes 119
5.2.1.3 Graphene 119
5.2.1.4 Silver nanowires 121
5.2.1.5 Copper nanowires 122
5.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 123
5.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 130-143 (32 company profiles)
5.4.33 MARKET CHALLENGES 143
5.4.33.1 Competing materials 143
5.4.33.2 Cost in comparison to ITO 143
5.4.33.3 Fabricating SWNT devices 144
5.4.33.4 Fabricating graphene devices 144
5.4.33.5 Problems with transfer and growth 144
5.4.33.6 Improving sheet resistance 145
5.4.33.7 High surface roughness of silver nanowires 146
5.4.33.8 Electrical properties 146
5.4.33.9 Difficulties in display panel integration 147

6 DISPLAYS-HDTV & MONITORS

6.1 MARKET DRIVERS 148
6.1.1 Improved performance with less power 150
6.1.2 Lower cost compared to OLED 150
6.2 APPLICATIONS 151
6.2.1 LCDS vs. OLEDs vs. QD-LCDs 151
6.2.2 QD-LCD TVs 153
6.2.3 Integration into LCDs 154
6.2.3.1 On-edge (edge optic) 156
6.2.3.2 On-surface (film) 157
6.2.3.3 On-chip 158
6.2.4 Quantum rods 159
6.2.5 Quantum converters with red phosphors 160
6.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 164
6.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 165-171 (13 company profiles)

7 WEARABLE SENSORS AND ELECTRONIC TEXTILES

7.1 MARKET DRIVERS 173
7.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market 173
7.1.2 ITO replacement for flexible electronics 174
7.1.3 Energy needs of wearable devices 175
7.1.4 Increased power and performance of sensors with reduced cost 175
7.1.5 Growth in the printed sensors market 175
7.1.6 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market 175
7.2 APPLICATIONS 176
7.2.1 Wearable electronics 176
7.2.1.1 Current state of the art 176
7.2.1.2 Nanotechnology solutions 178
7.2.1.3 Conductive inks 187
7.2.2 Wearable sensors 191
7.2.2.1 Current stage of the art 191
7.2.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 194
7.2.2.3 Wearable gas sensors 197
7.2.2.4 Wearable strain sensors 197
7.2.2.5 Wearable tactile sensors 198
7.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 198
7.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 203-213 (28 company profiles)

8 MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE WEARABLES

8.1 MARKET DRIVERS 214
8.1.1 Universal to individualized medicine 214
8.1.2 Growth in the wearable monitoring market 214
8.1.3 Need for new materials for continuous health monitoring and adaptability 215
8.2 APPLICATIONS 216
8.2.1 Current state of the art 216
8.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 219
8.2.2.1 Flexible/stretchable health monitors 220
8.2.2.2 Patch-type skin sensors 221
8.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 223
8.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 226- 228 (6 company profiles)

9 SMART CLOTHING AND APPAREL INCLUDING SPORTSWEAR

9.1 MARKET DRIVERS 229
9.1.1 Reduction in size, appearance and cost of sensors 229
9.1.2 Increasing demand for smart fitness clothing 229
9.1.3 Improved medical analysis 230
9.1.4 Smart workwear for improved worker safety 230
9.2 APPLICATIONS 230
9.2.1 Current state of the art 230
9.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 232
9.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 234
9.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 237-240 (8 company profiles)

10 WEARABLE ENERGY STORAGE AND HARVESTING DEVICES

10.1 MARKET DRIVERS 242
10.1.1 Inadequacies of current battery technology for wearables 242
10.1.2 Need for flexible power sources 242
10.1.3 Energy harvesting for “disappearables” 243
10.2 APPLICATIONS 243
10.2.1 Current state of the art 243
10.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 246
10.2.2.1 Flexible and stretchable batteries 246
10.2.2.2 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors 247
10.2.2.3 Solar energy harvesting textiles 249
10.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 251
10.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 256-258 (6 company profiles)

11 CONDUCTIVE INKS

11.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 259
11.2 APPLICATIONS 261
11.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 263
11.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 266
11.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 267-278 (26 company profiles)

12 TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS

12.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 279
12.2 APPLICATIONS 281
12.2.1 Nanowires 283
12.2.2 Carbon nanotubes 285
12.2.3 Graphene 289
12.2.3.1 Integrated circuits 289
12.2.3.2 Transistors 290
12.2.3.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits 291
12.2.3.4 Graphene spintronics 292
12.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 294
12.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 298
12.4.1 Device complexity 298
12.4.2 Competition from other materials 299
12.4.3 Lack of band gap 299
12.4.4 Transfer and integration 300
12.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 301-310 (20 company profiles)

13 MEMORY DEVICES

13.1 MARKET DRIVERS 311
13.2 APPLICATIONS 313
13.2.1 Carbon nanotubes 314
13.2.2 Graphene and other 2D materials 319
13.2.2.1 Properties 319
13.2.2.2 ReRAM memory 319
13.2.2.3 Magnetic nanoparticles 322
13.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 322
13.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 324
13.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 325-329 (10 company profiles)

14 ELECTRONICS COATINGS

14.1 MARKET DRIVERS 331
14.1.1 Demand for multi-functional, active coatings 331
14.1.2 Waterproofing and permeability 333
14.1.3 Improved aesthetics and reduced maintenance 334
14.1.4 Proliferation of touch panels 335
14.1.5 Need for efficient moisture and oxygen protection in flexible and organic electronics 335
14.1.6 Electronics packaging 335
14.1.7 Growth in the optical and optoelectronic devices market 335
14.1.8 Improved performance and cost over traditional AR coatings 336
14.1.9 Growth in the solar energy market 336
14.2 APPLICATIONS 337
14.2.1 Waterproof nanocoatings 339
14.2.1.1 Barrier films 339
14.2.1.2 Hydrophobic coatings 340
14.2.2 Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 341
14.2.3 Anti-reflection nanocoatings 342
14.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 344
14.3.1 Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 344
14.3.2 Anti-reflective nanocoatings 344
14.3.3 Waterproof nanocoatings 345
14.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 348
14.4.1 Durability 348
14.4.2 Dispersion 348
14.4.3 Cost 349
14.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 349-359 (22 company profiles)

15 PHOTONICS

15.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 360
15.2 APPLICATIONS 360
15.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene 361
15.2.2 Optical modulators 362
15.2.3 Photodetectors 363
15.2.4 Saturable absorbers 365
15.2.5 Plasmonics 365
15.2.6 Fiber lasers 365
15.2.6.1 Graphene and 2D materials 366
15.2.6.2 Quantum dots 366
15.2.7 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 366
15.3 MARKET CHALLENGES 367
15.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene’s properties 367
15.3.2 Problems with transfer 368
15.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity 368
15.3.4 Stability and sensitivity 368
15.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 369-373 (11 company profiles)

16 REFERENCES


TABLES

Table 1: Semiconductor Components of IoT Devices 32
Table 2: Nanoelectronics in next generation information processing 34
Table 3: Nanoelectronics industrial collaborations and target markets 36
Table 4: Types of smart textiles 37
Table 5: Smart textile products 38
Table 6: Evolution of wearable devices, 2011-2016 39
Table 7: Categorization of nanomaterials 51
Table 8: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes. 55
Table 9: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials 55
Table 10: Electronics sub-markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes 57
Table 11: Properties of graphene 59
Table 12: Electronics sub-markets, benefits and applications of graphene 61
Table 13: Comparison of ITO replacements 64
Table 14: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors 67
Table 15: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper) 72
Table 16: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films 73
Table 17: Applications of nanowires in electronics 84
Table 18: Electronics markets and applications nanowires 85
Table 19: Metal oxide nanoparticles in electronics-properties and applications 85
Table 20: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs 88
Table 21: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2. 93
Table 22: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes in electronics 97
Table 23: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the transparent conductive films market. 113
Table 24: Market drivers for use of SWNTs in transparent conductive films 113
Table 25: Comparison of ITO replacements 115
Table 26: Properties of SWNTs and graphene relevant to flexible electronics 118
Table 27: Comparative cost of TCF materials 118
Table 28: Market size for nanotechnology in conductive films 123
Table 29: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in conductive films 129
Table 30: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in transparent conductive films market. 147
Table 31: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the displays market 148
Table 32: Impact of market drivers for quantum dots in the LCD TVs/Displays market 150
Table 33: Advantages and disadvantages of LCDs, OLEDs and QDs 151
Table 34: Approaches for integrating QDs into displays 155
Table 35: Commercially available quantum dot display products 163
Table 36: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the wearable sensors and electronics textiles market. 173
Table 37: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development 177
Table 38: Applications in wearable electronics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 179
Table 39: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 188
Table 40: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors 196
Table 41: Global market for wearables, 2014-2021, units and US$ 198
Table 42: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in wearable sensors and electronic textiles. 201
Table 43: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the medical and healthcare wearables market. 214
Table 44: Wearable medical device products and stage of development 217
Table 45: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 220
Table 46: Applications in patch-type skin sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 223
Table 47: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare. 223
Table 48: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in medical wearables 224
Table 49: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the smart clothing and apparel market. 229
Table 50: Currently available technologies for smart textiles 231
Table 51: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development 231
Table 52: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials. 233
Table 53: Global market for smart clothing and apparel, 2014-2021, units and revenues (US$). 234
Table 54: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in smart clothing 237
Table 55: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the wearable energy storage (printed and flexible battery) market. 241
Table 56: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the wearable energy harvesting market. 241
Table 57: Wearable energy and energy harvesting devices and stage of development 245
Table 58: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 246
Table 59: Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 249
Table 60: Applications in energy harvesting textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 251
Table 61: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 251
Table 62: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the wearable energy storage and harvesting market 256
Table 63: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the conductive inks market 259
Table 64: Market drivers for use of nanotechnology in conductive inks 259
Table 65: Comparative properties of conductive inks 260
Table 66: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 262
Table 67: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics 265
Table 68: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in conductive inks 266
Table 69: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market. 267
Table 70: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market. 279
Table 71: Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 279
Table 72: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 281
Table 73: Types of nanowires in semiconductor devices 283
Table 74: Applications of semiconductor nanowires 284
Table 75: Applications and benefits of SWNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 287
Table 76: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors 291
Table 77: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 292
Table 78: Market size for nanotechnology in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 295
Table 79: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components. 297
Table 80: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market 301
Table 81: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the memory devices market 311
Table 82: Market drivers for use of nanotechnology in memory devices 311
Table 83: Applications in memory devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 313
Table 84: Market size for nanotechnology in memory devices 322
Table 85: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in memory devices 324
Table 86: Applications and commercialization challenges for nanotechnology in the memory devices market. 324
Table 87: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market. 325
Table 88: Market assessment for the nanotechnology in the electronics coatings market 331
Table 89: Properties of nanocoatings 332
Table 90: Nanocoatings applied in the consumer electronics industry 338
Table 91: Anti-reflective nanocoatings-Markets and applications 343
Table 92: Market opportunity for anti-reflection nanocoatings 345
Table 93: Market opportunity assessment for nanotechnology in electronics coatings 346
Table 94: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the electronics coatings market. 349
Table 95: Market drivers for use of nanotechnology in photonics 360
Table 96: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 360
Table 97: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators 362
Table 98: Market size for nanotechnology in photonics 366
Table 99: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 367
Table 100: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology in the photonics market 368

FIGURES

Figure 1: Evolution of electronics 39
Figure 2: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors 43
Figure 3: Polyera Wove Band 44
Figure 4: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube 53
Figure 5: Graphene layer structure schematic 60
Figure 6: Flexible graphene touch screen 61
Figure 7: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode 63
Figure 8: Foldable graphene E-paper 65
Figure 9: Graphene IC in wafer tester 66
Figure 10: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array 67
Figure 11: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right) 68
Figure 12: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate 69
Figure 13: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM) 70
Figure 14: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt 71
Figure 15: Cellulose nanofiber films 72
Figure 16: Foldable nanopaper 73
Figure 17: Foldable nanopaper antenna 74
Figure 18: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF 75
Figure 19: NFC computer chip 75
Figure 20: NFC translucent diffuser schematic 76
Figure 21: Paper memory (ReRAM) 77
Figure 22: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper 78
Figure 23: Quantum dot 80
Figure 24: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band. 81
Figure 25: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4) 89
Figure 26: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots 90
Figure 27: Graphene quantum dots 91
Figure 28: Black phosphorus structure 92
Figure 29: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. 94
Figure 30: Double-walled carbon 96
Figure 31: Fullerene schematic 96
Figure 32: Schematic of germanene 97
Figure 33: Graphdiyne structure 99
Figure 34: Schematic of Graphane crystal 100
Figure 35: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride 101
Figure 36: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide 102
Figure 37: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor 103
Figure 38: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge 105
Figure 39: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide 107
Figure 40: Silicene structure 108
Figure 41: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate 109
Figure 42: Silicene transistor 110
Figure 43: Crystal structure for stanene 110
Figure 44: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111) 111
Figure 45: Schematic of tungsten diselenide 112
Figure 46: Graphene-enabled bendable smartphone 116
Figure 47: 3D printed carbon nanotube sensor 117
Figure 48: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte 120
Figure 49: Flexible mobile phones with graphene transparent conductive film 121
Figure 50: Bending durability of Ag nanowires 122
Figure 51: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018 124
Figure 52: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm) 125
Figure 53: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2012-2020, millions $. 126
Figure 54: Global transparent conductive film market forecast for nanomaterials, 2015-2027 (million $). 127
Figure 55: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, % 128
Figure 56: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, % 128
Figure 57: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2027, % 129
Figure 58: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates. 145
Figure 59: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene. 146
Figure 60: Samsung QD-LCD TVs, UHD range 149
Figure 61: Samsung QLED TV range 149
Figure 62: Quantum dot LED backlighting schematic 154
Figure 63: Methods for integrating QDs into LCD System. (a) On-chip (b) On-edge. (c) On-surface. 156
Figure 64: On-edge configuration 157
Figure 65: QD-film integration into a standard LCD display 157
Figure 66: QD display market by type 2016., % 158
Figure 67: QD display market by type 2027., % 159
Figure 68: LCD using Quantum rods (right) versus a standard LCD 160
Figure 69: Quantum phosphor schematic in LED TV backlight 161
Figure 70: Samsung CF791 QD monitor 161
Figure 71: Acer Z271UV Quantum Dot monitor 162
Figure 72: QD-TV unit sales, 2015-2027 164
Figure 73: QD Monitor Unit sales, 2015-2027 165
Figure 74: Covestro wearables 178
Figure 75: Panasonic CTN stretchable Resin Film 179
Figure 76: Bending durability of Ag nanowires 184
Figure 77: NFC computer chip 185
Figure 78: NFC translucent diffuser schematic 186
Figure 79: Graphene printed antenna 189
Figure 80: BGT Materials graphene ink product 191
Figure 81: Softceptor sensor 192
Figure 82: BeBop Media Arm Controller 193
Figure 83: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor 193
Figure 84: <hitoe> nanofiber conductive shirt original design(top) and current design (bottom). 194
Figure 85: Garment-based printable electrodes 195
Figure 86: Wearable gas sensor 197
Figure 87: Global market revenues for smart wearable devices 2014-2021, in US$ 199
Figure 88: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart wearable devices 2014-2027 in US$, conservative estimate. 200
Figure 89: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart wearable devices 2014-2027 in US$, optimistic estimate. 200
Figure 90: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer 215
Figure 91: Graphene-based E-skin patch 216
Figure 92: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor 217
Figure 93: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs. 222
Figure 94: Graphene medical patch 222
Figure 95: Addressable market for nanotech-enabled medical wearables 225
Figure 96: Global market revenues for smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$ 235
Figure 97: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2027, in US$, conservative estimate 236
Figure 98: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2027, in US$, optimistic estimate. 237
Figure 99: Energy harvesting textile 243
Figure 100: StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit 244
Figure 101: LG Chem Heaxagonal battery 245
Figure 102: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries 248
Figure 103: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor 248
Figure 104: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper 250
Figure 105: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2015, by market 253
Figure 106: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2027, by market 254
Figure 107: Potential addressable market for nanotech-enabled thin film, flexible or printed batteries. 255
Figure 108: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics 264
Figure 109: Emerging logic devices 283
Figure 110: Emerging logic devices 286
Figure 111: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs 286
Figure 112: Graphene IC in wafer tester 289
Figure 113: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array 290
Figure 114: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right) 292
Figure 115: Potential addressable market for nanotechnology in transistors and integrated circuits. 296
Figure 116: Potential addressable market for nanotechnology in transistors and integrated circuits. 298
Figure 117: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip 315
Figure 118: Stretchable SWCNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics 316
Figure 119: Schematic of NRAM cell 318
Figure 120: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt. 320
Figure 121: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate 321
Figure 122: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM) 321
Figure 123: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank 334
Figure 124: Demo solar panels coated with nanocoatings 337
Figure 125: Schematic of barrier nanoparticles deposited on flexible substrates 340
Figure 126: Schematic of anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 341
Figure 127: Toray anti-fingerprint film (left) and an existing lipophilic film (right) 342
Figure 128: Schematic of AR coating utilizing nanoporous coating 343
Figure 129: Schematic of KhepriCoat®. Image credit: DSM 344
Figure 130: Nanocoating submerged in water 346
Figure 131: Potential addressable market for nanocoatings in electronics 347
Figure 132: Revenues for nanocoatings in electronics, 2010-2027, US$, conservative and optimistic estimates. 348
Figure 133: Hybrid graphene phototransistors 364
Figure 134: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors 364
Figure 135: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive. 365
Figure 136: Schematic of QD laser device 366


Date of Publication:
May 10, 2017
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
400 Pages