Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Jul 19, 2016, 1235 Pages
US$3,925.00
FM5275

We are facing unprecedented global challenges such as the depletion of natural resources and climate change, pollution, scarcity of clean water, providing food and energy to a growing world population and poverty. These problems are directly linked to current technologies for producing energy and manufacturing products.

The exploitation of nanotechnology and nanomaterials is the key development that can significantly address these global problems by changing both the products and the means of their production and addressing pressing market needs in security, communications and electronics.

The Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report, at over 1200 pages long, is the most comprehensive assessment of the opportunities afforded by these remarkable technologies and materials.

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Market drivers and trends.. 85
1.2 Market size and opportunity. 90
1.3 Market and technical challenges 95

2 INTRODUCTION

2.1 Properties of nanomaterials 100
2.2 Categorization 102

3 NANOMATERIALS REGULATIONS

3.1 Europe .. 107
3.1.1 REACH .. 107
3.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation 107
3.1.3 National nanomaterials registers. 108
3.1.4 Cosmetics regulation.. 109
3.1.5 Food safety.. 111
3.2 United States 113
3.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) 113
3.3 Asia. 114
3.3.1 Japan.. 114
3.3.2 South Korea.. 114
3.3.3 Taiwan. 115
3.3.4 Australia.. 115
4 GLOBAL FUNDING AND POLICY 117
4.1 United States 118
4.1.1 National Nanotechnology Initiative. 118
4.2 Japan.. 118
4.2.1 Science and technology basic plans. 119
4.2.1.1 Strategic Innovation Promotion Program. 119
4.2.1.2 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan (FY2016-2020). 121
4.2.2 Government bodies 122
4.2.2.1 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) 122
4.2.2.2 Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).. 122
4.2.3 Research centres and platforms. 123
4.2.3.1 Tsukuba Innovatoon Arena For Nanotechnlogy (TIA – NANO) 123
4.2.3.2 National Institute of Materials Science (NIMS).. 123
4.2.3.3 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) 125
4.3 China 126
4.3.1 Graphene funding and development.. 126
4.3.2 Future graphene strategy 129
4.3.3 13th Five-Year Plan.. 131
4.4 South Korea.. 132
4.4.1 Nanotechnology funding in South Korea. 132
4.4.2 Graphene funding.. 133
4.5 Taiwan. 134
4.6 Germany. 139
4.7 European Union. 144

5 PATENTING

6 THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOMATERIALS

6.1 ALUMINIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 148
6.1.1 Market prospects.. 148
6.1.2 Market snapshot 149
6.1.3 Properties 150
6.1.4 Applications. 151
6.1.5 Demand by market. 153
6.1.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 154
6.1.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 155
6.1.8 Global consumption, by region.. 158
6.1.9 Prices. 159
6.1.10 Producers.. 159
6.2 ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE NANOPARTICLES. 166
6.2.1 Market prospects.. 166
6.2.2 Market snapshot 166
6.2.3 Properties 167
6.2.4 Applications. 168
6.2.5 Demand by market. 169
6.2.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 170
6.2.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 171
6.2.8 Global consumption, by region.. 174
6.2.9 Prices. 175
6.2.10 Producers.. 175
6.3 BISMUTH OXIDE NANOPARTICLES.. 179
6.3.1 Market prospects.. 179
6.3.2 Market snapshot 179
6.3.3 Properties 180
6.3.4 Applications. 181
6.3.5 Demand by market. 183
6.3.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 184
6.3.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 184
6.3.8 Global consumption, by region.. 186
6.3.9 Prices. 187
6.3.10 Producers.. 188
6.4 CARBON NANOTUBES.. 191
6.4.1 Market prospects.. 191
6.4.2 Market snapshot 191
6.4.3 Properties 193
6.4.4 Applications. 195
6.4.5 Demand by market. 197
6.4.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 199
6.4.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 201
6.4.8 Global consumption, by region.. 204
6.4.9 Prices. 205
6.4.10 Producers.. 207
6.5 CERIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 220
6.5.1 Market prospects.. 220
6.5.2 Market snapshot 220
6.5.3 Properties 221
6.5.4 Applications. 222
6.5.5 Demand by market. 224
6.5.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 226
6.5.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 227
6.5.8 Global consumption, by region.. 228
6.5.9 Prices. 229
6.5.10 Producers.. 230
6.6 COBALT OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 233
6.6.1 Market prospects.. 233
6.6.2 Market snapshot 233
6.6.3 Properties 234
6.6.4 Applications. 235
6.6.5 Demand by market. 237
6.6.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 238
6.6.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 238
6.6.8 Global consumption, by region.. 240
6.6.9 Prices. 241
6.6.10 Producers.. 241
6.7 COPPER OXIDE NANOPARTICLES.. 243
6.7.1 Market prospects.. 243
6.7.2 Market summary 243
6.7.3 Properties 244
6.7.4 Applications. 245
6.7.5 Demand by market. 248
6.7.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 249
6.7.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 250
6.7.8 Global consumption, by region.. 252
6.7.9 Prices. 252
6.7.10 Producers.. 253
6.8 DENDRIMERS.. 256
6.8.1 Market prospects.. 256
6.8.2 Market summary 256
6.8.3 Properties 258
6.8.3.1 Types 258
6.8.4 Applications. 261
6.8.5 Demand by market. 263
6.8.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 264
6.8.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 265
6.8.8 Global consumption, by region.. 267
6.8.9 Prices. 268
6.8.10 Producers.. 269
6.9 FULLERENES. 272
6.9.1 Market prospects.. 272
6.9.2 Market summary 272
6.9.3 Properties 273
6.9.4 Applications. 274
6.9.5 Demand by market. 275
6.9.6 Technology readiness level (TRL). 276
6.9.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025. 277
6.9.8 Global consumption, by region.. 279
6.9.9 Prices. 279
6.9.10 Producers.. 280
6.10 GOLD NANOPARTICLES 284
6.10.1 Market prospects. 284
6.10.2 Market summary.. 284
6.10.3 Properties.. 286
6.10.4 Applications 286
6.10.5 Demand by market 288
6.10.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 289
6.10.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 290
6.10.8 Global consumption, by region. 292
6.10.9 Prices 293
6.10.10 Producers.. 294
6.11 GRAPHENE. 299
6.11.1 Market prospects. 299
6.11.2 Market summary.. 299
6.11.3 Properties.. 300
6.11.4 Applications 303
6.11.5 Demand by market 305
6.11.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 307
6.11.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 308
6.11.8 Global consumption, by region. 311
6.11.9 Prices 312
6.11.10 Producers.. 314
6.12 IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES.. 326
6.12.1 Market prospects. 326
6.12.2 Market summary.. 326
6.12.3 Properties.. 327
6.12.4 Applications 328
6.12.5 Demand by market 331
6.12.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 332
6.12.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 334
6.12.8 Global consumption, by region. 335
6.12.9 Prices 336
6.12.10 Producers.. 337
6.13 MAGNESIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES. 341
6.13.1 Market prospects. 341
6.13.2 Market summary.. 342
6.13.3 Properties.. 343
6.13.4 Applications 343
6.13.5 Demand by market 344
6.13.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 344
6.13.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 345
6.13.8 Global consumption, by region. 347
6.13.9 Prices 348
6.13.10 Producers.. 349
6.14 MANGANESE OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 352
6.14.1 Market prospects. 352
6.14.2 Market summary.. 352
6.14.3 Properties.. 353
6.14.4 Applications 353
6.14.5 Demand by market 354
6.14.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 355
6.14.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 356
6.14.8 Global consumption, by region. 358
6.14.9 Prices 358
6.14.10 Producers.. 359
6.15 NANOCELLULOSE 361
6.15.1 Market prospects. 361
6.15.2 Market summary.. 361
6.15.3 Properties.. 363
6.15.4 Applications 368
6.15.5 Demand by market 374
6.15.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 375
6.15.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 378
6.15.8 Global consumption, by region. 380
6.15.9 Prices 381
6.15.10 Producers.. 381
6.15.10.1 Cellulose nanofibers.. 381
6.15.10.2 Cellulose nanocrystals. 382
6.16 NANOCLAYS.. 387
6.16.1 Market summary.. 387
6.16.2 Market prospects. 387
6.16.3 Properties.. 388
6.16.4 Applications 392
6.16.5 Demand by market 395
6.16.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 396
6.16.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 398
6.16.8 Global consumption, by region. 399
6.16.9 Prices 401
6.16.10 Producers.. 401
6.17 NANODIAMONDS 411
6.17.1 Properties.. 413
6.17.2 Applications 414
6.17.3 Demand by market 415
6.17.4 Technology readiness level (TRL) 416
6.17.5 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 417
6.17.6 Global consumption, by region. 419
6.17.7 Prices 420
6.17.8 Producers.. 420
6.18 NANOFIBERS.. 422
6.18.1 Properties.. 423
6.18.2 Applications 424
6.18.3 Demand by market 427
6.18.4 Technology readiness level (TRL) 429
6.18.5 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 430
6.18.6 Global consumption, by region. 432
6.18.7 Prices 432
6.18.8 Producers.. 432
6.19 NANOSILVER.. 434
6.19.1 Market prospects. 434
6.19.2 Market summary.. 435
6.19.3 Properties.. 437
6.19.4 Applications 438
6.19.5 Demand by market 441
6.19.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 443
6.19.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 456
6.19.8 Global consumption, by region. 458
6.19.9 Prices 458
6.19.10 Producers.. 459
6.20 NANOWIRES 462
6.20.1 Properties.. 463
6.20.2 Applications 464
6.20.3 Demand by market 466
6.20.4 Technology readiness level (TRL) 468
6.20.5 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 469
6.20.6 Global consumption, by region. 471
6.20.7 Prices 471
6.20.8 Producers.. 472
6.21 NICKEL NANOPARTICLES. 475
6.21.1 Market prospects. 475
6.21.2 Market summary.. 475
6.21.3 Properties.. 476
6.21.4 Applications 477
6.21.5 Demand by market 478
6.21.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 478
6.21.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 479
6.21.8 Global consumption, by region. 482
6.21.9 Prices 483
6.21.10 Producers.. 484
6.22 QUANTUM DOTS.. 487
6.22.1 Properties.. 489
6.22.2 Applications 492
6.22.3 Demand by market 494
6.22.4 Technology readiness level (TRL) 496
6.22.5 Global consumption, 2010-2025 498
6.22.6 Global consumption, by region. 500
6.22.7 Prices 500
6.22.8 Producers.. 501
6.23 SILICON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 505
6.23.1 Market prospects. 505
6.23.2 Market summary.. 505
6.23.3 Properties.. 507
6.23.4 Applications 508
6.23.5 Demand by market 509
6.23.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 511
6.23.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 512
6.23.8 Global consumption, by region. 514
6.23.9 Prices 515
6.23.10 Producers.. 516
6.24 TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES. 531
6.24.1 Market prospects. 531
6.24.2 Market summary.. 531
6.24.3 Properties.. 533
6.24.3.1 Photocatalytic. 534
6.24.3.2 UV-filter.. 535
6.24.4 Applications 536
6.24.5 Demand by market 536
6.24.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 538
6.24.7 Global consumption, 2010-2025 539
6.24.8 Global consumption, by region. 540
6.24.9 Producers.. 541
6.25 ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES.. 546
6.25.1 Market prospects. 546
6.25.2 Market summary.. 547
6.25.3 Properties.. 548
6.25.4 Applications 550
6.25.5 Demand by market 552
6.25.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 553
6.25.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 554
6.25.8 Global consumption, by region. 556
6.25.9 Producers.. 557
6.26 ZIRCONIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES 564
6.26.1 Market prospects. 564
6.26.2 Market summary.. 564
6.26.3 Properties.. 566
6.26.4 Applications 566
6.26.5 Demand by market 569
6.26.6 Technology readiness level (TRL) 570
6.26.7 Global consumption in tons, 2010-2025 571
6.26.8 Global consumption, by region. 573
6.26.9 Prices 574
6.26.10 Producers.. 575
6.27 OTHER NANOPARTICLES.. 581
6.27.1 NANOPRECIPITATED CALCIUM CARBONATE.. 581
6.27.1.1 Properties. 581
6.27.1.2 Applications.. 581
6.27.1.3 Producers. 585
6.27.2 CALCIUM PHOSPHATE NANOPARTICLES.. 585
6.27.2.1 Properties. 585
6.27.2.2 Applications.. 585
6.27.2.3 Producers. 586
6.27.3 GRAPHENE AND CARBON QUANTUM DOTS.. 586
6.27.3.1 Properties. 587
6.27.3.2 Applications.. 590
6.27.3.3 Producers. 590
6.27.4 HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES. 591
6.27.4.1 Properties. 591
6.27.4.2 Applications.. 591
6.27.4.3 Producers. 593
6.27.5 PALLADIUM NANOPARTICLES.. 593
6.27.5.1 Properties. 593
6.27.5.2 Applications.. 593
6.27.5.3 Producers. 594
6.27.6 YTTRIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES.. 595
6.27.6.1 Properties. 595
6.27.6.2 Applications.. 595
6.27.6.3 Producers. 596
6.27.7 CARBON ONIONS.. 596
6.27.7.1 Properties. 596
6.27.7.2 Applications.. 599
6.27.7.3 Producers. 600
6.28 OTHER 2D MATERIALS 600
6.28.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene. 601
6.28.1.1 Properties. 602
6.28.1.2 Applications.. 604
6.28.2 C2N. 606
6.28.2.1 Properties. 607
6.28.2.2 Applications.. 607
6.28.3 Carbon nitride 608
6.28.3.1 Properties. 609
6.28.3.2 Applications.. 609
6.28.4 Germanene. 609
6.28.4.1 Properties. 610
6.28.4.2 Applications.. 611
6.28.5 Graphdiyne. 612
6.28.5.1 Properties. 613
6.28.5.2 Applications.. 614
6.28.6 Graphane. 615
6.28.6.1 Properties. 616
6.28.6.2 Applications.. 616
6.28.7 Hexagonal boron nitride. 618
6.28.7.1 Properties. 619
6.28.7.2 Applications.. 620
6.28.7.3 Producers. 621
6.28.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2).. 621
6.28.8.1 Properties. 622
6.28.8.2 Applications.. 622
6.28.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 626
6.28.9.1 Properties. 627
6.28.9.2 Applications.. 628
6.28.10 Silicene 628
6.28.10.1 Properties. 629
6.28.10.2 Applications.. 631
6.28.11 Stanene/tinene. 633
6.28.11.1 Properties. 634
6.28.11.2 Applications.. 635
6.28.12 Tungsten diselenide 635
6.28.12.1 Properties. 636
6.28.12.2 Applications.. 637

7 MARKETS FOR NANOMATERIALS

7.1 ADHESIVES.. 638
7.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 638
7.1.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics 638
7.1.1.2 Environmental sustainability. 638
7.1.2 APPLICATIONS.. 639
7.1.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 643
7.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 644
7.1.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 644
7.2 AEROSPACE AND AVIATION. 646
7.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 646
7.2.2 Safety 646
7.2.3 Reduced fuel consumption and costs 647
7.2.4 Increased durability 647
7.2.5 Multi-functionality 648
7.2.6 Need for new de-icing solutions.. 648
7.2.7 Weight reduction.. 649
7.2.8 Need for improved lightning protection materials.. 649
7.2.9 APPLICATIONS.. 650
7.2.9.1 Composites.. 650
7.2.9.2 Coatings 651
7.2.9.3 Sensors 654
7.2.10 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 655
7.2.11 MARKET CHALLENGES. 656
7.2.12 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 657
7.3 AUTOMOTIVE. 662
7.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 662
7.3.1.1 Environmental 662
7.3.1.2 Automotive protection 662
7.3.1.3 Safety.. 662
7.3.1.4 Lightweighting.. 663
7.3.1.5 Cost.. 664
7.3.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components.. 665
7.3.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications 665
7.3.2 APPLICATIONS.. 666
7.3.2.1 Composites.. 667
7.3.2.2 Paints and coatings.. 668
7.3.2.3 Tyres. 669
7.3.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 670
7.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 671
7.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 672
7.4 BATTERIES. 677
7.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 677
7.4.1.1 Growth in electric vehicles market.. 678
7.4.1.2 Continued growth in cellular phones market 678
7.4.1.3 Reduce dependence on lithium.. 679
7.4.1.4 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology 679
7.4.1.5 Reduced costs for widespread application.. 680
7.4.1.6 Power sources for flexible electronics.. 680
7.4.2 APPLICATIONS.. 681
7.4.2.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 681
7.4.2.2 Lithium-air batteries 684
7.4.2.3 Sodium-ion batteries. 685
7.4.2.4 Sodium-ion (SIB) batteries.. 686
7.4.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 687
7.4.3.1 Current market size. 687
7.4.3.2 Growth prospects 688
7.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 689
7.4.4.1 Capacity.. 689
7.4.4.2 Cost.. 689
7.4.4.3 Short cycle life 689
7.4.4.4 Scalability. 689
7.4.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 690
7.5 BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE.. 700
7.5.1 BIOSENSORS.. 701
7.5.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 701
7.5.1.2 APPLICATIONS. 702
7.5.1.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 703
7.5.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 704
7.5.1.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 704
7.5.2 DRUG FORMULATION AND DELIVERY.. 706
7.5.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 706
7.5.2.2 APPLICATIONS. 708
7.5.2.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 716
7.5.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 717
7.5.2.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 718
7.5.3 IMAGING AND DIAGNOSTICS. 729
7.5.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 730
7.5.3.2 APPLICATIONS. 730
7.5.3.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 733
7.5.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 734
7.5.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 735
7.5.4 MEDICAL COATINGS AND FILMS 745
7.5.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 745
7.5.4.2 APPLICATIONS. 749
7.5.4.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 758
7.5.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 760
7.5.4.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 761
7.5.5 MEDICAL IMPLANTS AND DEVICES 769
7.5.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 769
7.5.5.2 APPLICATIONS. 771
7.5.5.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 778
7.5.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 779
7.5.5.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 779
7.5.6 THERAPEUTICS.. 783
7.5.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 783
7.5.6.2 APPLICATIONS. 785
7.5.6.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 787
7.5.6.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 788
7.5.6.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 788
7.5.7 TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE 792
7.5.7.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 793
7.5.7.2 APPLICATIONS. 793
7.5.7.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 794
7.5.7.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 795
7.5.7.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 796
7.5.8 WOUND CARE.. 797
7.5.8.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 797
7.5.8.2 APPLICATIONS. 800
7.5.8.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 805
7.5.8.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 806
7.5.8.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 806
7.5.9 DENTAL. 807
7.5.9.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 807
7.5.9.2 APPLICATIONS. 808
7.5.9.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY 809
7.5.10 MARKET CHALLENGES. 810
7.5.10.1 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 811
7.6 CATALYSTS.. 818
7.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 818
7.6.1.1 Clean energy. 818
7.6.2 APPLICATIONS.. 818
7.6.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 821
7.6.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 822
7.6.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 822
7.7 COMPOSITES. 823
7.7.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 823
7.7.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites 823
7.7.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials.. 823
7.7.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites 824
7.7.1.4 Multi-functionality.. 825
7.7.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market 826
7.7.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials. 826
7.7.2 APPLICATIONS.. 827
7.7.2.1 Polymer composites 827
7.7.2.2 Heat management 829
7.7.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding 830
7.7.2.4 Rubber and elastomers 830
7.7.2.5 Flame retardants. 831
7.7.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 832
7.7.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 833
7.7.4.1 Incorporation in polymers.. 834
7.7.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 835
7.8 CONSTRUCTION, BUILDING PROTECTION AND ARCHITECTURAL EXTERIOR COATINGS 839
7.8.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 839
7.8.1.1 Regulatory 839
7.8.1.2 Problems with conventional coatings 840
7.8.1.3 Long-term maintenance with reduced cleaning cycles.. 840
7.8.1.4 Need for improved insulation.. 840
7.8.1.5 Increased durabiluty and cleanability of exterior and interior surfaces 841
7.8.2 APPLICATIONS.. 841
7.8.2.1 INSULATION AND HEATING.. 841
7.8.2.2 EXTERIOR COATINGS.. 843
7.8.2.3 SMART WINDOWS. 848
7.8.2.4 UV-SHIELDING WINDOWS. 852
7.8.2.5 AIR CONDITIONING.. 853
7.8.2.6 VOC MITIGATION AND FILTRATION. 854
7.8.2.7 CEMENT AND CONCRETE 855
7.8.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 860
7.8.3.1 Concrete and cement 860
7.8.3.2 Exterior coatings.. 861
7.8.3.3 Smart windows.. 861
7.8.3.4 Insulation.. 862
7.8.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 863
7.8.4.1 Agglomeration.. 863
7.8.4.2 Cost.. 863
7.9 COSMETICS AND SUNSCREENS 864
7.9.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 865
7.9.1.1 Demand for high quality products with enhanced properties 865
7.9.1.2 Demand for high sun protection 866
7.9.1.3 Increasing demand for non-chemical sun filters. 867
7.9.1.4 Regulatory approval. 868
7.9.1.5 Improved delivery of active ingredients.. 868
7.9.1.6 Growth in anti-aging product market 869
7.9.2 APPLICATIONS.. 870
7.9.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY. 882
7.9.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 885
7.9.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 887
7.10 ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS. 893
7.10.1 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS. 893
7.10.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 893
7.10.1.2 APPLICATONS. 898
7.10.1.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY.. 902
7.10.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 909
7.10.1.5 Fabricating SWNT devices. 910
7.10.1.6 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 915
7.10.2 CONDUCTIVE INKS 919
7.10.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 919
7.10.2.2 Growth in the 3D printing market. 921
7.10.2.3 Growth in the printed sensors market 922
7.10.2.4 APPLICATIONS 923
7.10.2.5 MARKET OPPORTUNITY.. 923
7.10.2.6 MARKET CHALLENGES 927
7.10.2.7 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 927
7.10.3 TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS 929
7.10.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 929
7.10.3.2 APPLICATIONS 934
7.10.3.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY.. 935
7.10.3.4 CHALLENGES.. 937
7.10.4 MARKET CHALLENGES. 940
7.10.4.1 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 940
7.10.5 MEMORY DEVICES 943
7.10.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 943
7.10.5.2 APPLICATIONS 945
7.10.5.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITY.. 948
7.10.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES 950
7.10.5.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 950
7.10.6 ELECTRONICS COATINGS.. 951
7.10.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 951
7.10.6.2 APPLICATIONS 955
7.10.6.3 MARKET CHALLENGES 957
7.10.6.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 957
7.10.7 PHOTONICS.. 961
7.10.7.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS. 961
7.10.7.2 APPLICATIONS 962
7.10.7.3 MARKET CHALLENGES 973
7.10.7.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.. 975
7.11 FILTRATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION 976
7.11.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.. 976
7.11.1.1 Need for improved membrane technology.. 976
7.11.1.2 Water shortage and population growth. 976
7.11.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies 977
7.11.1.4 Cost and efficiency.. 978
7.11.1.5 Growth in the air filter market. 978
7.11.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters. 979
7.11.1.7 Phosphate removal.. 979
7.11.2 APPLICATIONS. 980
7.11.2.1 Desalination and water filtraton.. 982
7.11.2.2 Airborne filters 987
7.11.2.3 Gas separation. 991
7.11.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY.. 991
7.11.4 CHALLENGES 992
7.11.4.1 Uniform pore size and distribution 993
7.11.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 994
7.12 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 1000
7.12.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1000
7.12.1.1 Sustainability, improved varieties and increased productivity 1000
7.12.1.2 Need for environmentally sustainable and active food packaging 1001
7.12.1.3 Need for improved food storage 1001
7.12.1.4 Reducing costs and improving hygiene in food processing 1002
7.12.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1002
7.12.2.1 Food packaging.. 1003
7.12.2.2 Coatings. 1006
7.12.2.3 Sensors. 1009
7.12.2.4 Additives in food additives and supplements.. 1010
7.12.2.5 Agricultural production 1011
7.12.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1012
7.12.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1014
7.12.4.1 Scaling 1014
7.12.4.2 Risk assessment.. 1014
7.12.4.3 Consumers 1014
7.12.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1015
7.13 FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE.. 1019
7.13.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1019
7.13.1.1 Need for alternative energy sources 1019
7.13.1.2 Demand from transportation and potable and stationary power sectors 1020
7.13.1.3 Growth in fuel-cell electric vehicle market. 1020
7.13.1.4 Temperature problems with current fuel cell technology 1021
7.13.1.5 Reducing corrosion problems.. 1021
7.13.1.6 Limitations of platinum. 1021
7.13.1.7 Reducing cost and increasing reliability of current fuel cell technology 1021
7.13.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1022
7.13.2.1 Fuel cells. 1023
7.13.2.2 Hydrogen storage 1025
7.13.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1026
7.13.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1027
7.13.4.1 Aggregation 1027
7.13.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1028
7.14 HOUSEHOLD CARE AND SANITARY. 1029
7.14.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1029
7.14.1.1 Need for new anti-microbial solutions 1029
7.14.1.2 Reducing the use of chemical agents 1030
7.14.1.3 Food safety on surfaces 1030
7.14.1.4 Reducing cleaning cycles. 1031
7.14.1.5 Reducing infoor pollutants and improving air quality. 1031
7.14.1.6 Increase in the demand for mar-free decorative surfaces 1032
7.14.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1033
7.14.2.1 Anti-bacterial coatings 1033
7.14.2.2 Self-cleaning & easy clean coatings.. 1034
7.14.2.3 Photocatalytic coatings.. 1034
7.14.2.4 Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings.. 1036
7.14.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1038
7.14.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1039
7.14.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1040
7.15 LIGHTING AND UVC 1047
7.15.1 MARKET DRIVERS. 1047
7.15.1.1 Need to develop low-cost lighting 1047
7.15.1.2 Environmental regulation 1048
7.15.1.3 Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs.. 1049
7.15.1.4 Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies. 1050
7.15.1.5 Improving flexibility. 1050
7.15.1.6 Improving performance and costs 1050
7.15.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1051
7.15.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1052
7.15.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1053
7.15.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1054
7.16 LUBRICANTS. 1056
7.16.1 MARKET DRIVERS. 1056
7.16.1.1 Cost effective alternatives. 1056
7.16.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency 1056
7.16.1.3 Environmental concerns. 1057
7.16.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1057
7.16.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1058
7.16.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1059
7.16.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1059
7.17 MARINE.. 1061
7.17.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1061
7.17.1.1 Need to reduce biofouling 1061
7.17.1.2 Reducing fuel consumption and costs.. 1062
7.17.1.3 Reducing pollution and environmental protection.. 1062
7.17.1.4 Durability 1063
7.17.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1063
7.17.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1065
7.17.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1066
7.17.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1067
7.18 OIL & GAS EXPLORATION. 1070
7.18.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1071
7.18.1.1 Cost.. 1071
7.18.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments. 1072
7.18.1.3 Environmental and regulatory 1072
7.18.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS. 1072
7.18.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management 1073
7.18.2.2 Coatings. 1074
7.18.2.3 Drilling fluids. 1082
7.18.2.4 Sensing and reservoir management 1084
7.18.2.5 Sorbent materials. 1086
7.18.2.6 Catalysts 1087
7.18.2.7 Separation 1087
7.18.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1090
7.18.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1091
7.18.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1091
7.19 PACKAGING 1097
7.19.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1097
7.19.1.1 Rise in demand for environmentally sustainable packaging 1097
7.19.1.2 High demand for packaging films resistant to oxygen and moisture to increase shelf life 1098
7.19.1.3 Growth in active packaging 1099
7.19.1.4 Anti-microbial packaging biofilm market is growing. 1099
7.19.1.5 Need for improved barrier packaging 1100
7.19.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1101
7.19.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1104
7.19.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1106
7.19.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1107
7.20 SECURITY AND DEFENCE.. 1111
7.20.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1111
7.20.1.1 Growth in counterfeiting and need for improved security 1111
7.20.1.2 Combating counterfeiting in 3D Printing.. 1112
7.20.1.3 Protecting military equipment. 1113
7.20.1.4 Threat detection and prevention. 1113
7.20.1.5 Demands of extreme environments. 1114
7.20.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1114
7.20.2.1 Military textiles 1114
7.20.2.2 Military equipment. 1115
7.20.2.3 Anti-counterfeiting.. 1118
7.20.2.4 Sensors and detection.. 1120
7.20.2.5 Ballistic protection 1122
7.20.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1123
7.20.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1124
7.20.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1124
7.21 SENSORS 1130
7.21.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1130
7.21.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost. 1130
7.21.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity.. 1131
7.21.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes 1131
7.21.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market 1132
7.21.1.5 Improved thermal stability. 1133
7.21.1.6 Environmental conditions.. 1133
7.21.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS. 1133
7.21.2.1 Gas sensors 1136
7.21.2.2 Strain sensors 1140
7.21.2.3 Biosensors.. 1141
7.21.2.4 Food sensors. 1143
7.21.2.5 Image sensors. 1144
7.21.2.6 Infrared (IR) sensors.. 1145
7.21.2.7 Optical sensors.. 1146
7.21.2.8 Pressure sensors.. 1146
7.21.2.9 Humidity sensors 1148
7.21.2.10 Acoustic sensors. 1149
7.21.2.11 Wireless sensors 1150
7.21.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1150
7.21.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1152
7.21.4.1 Selectivity.. 1152
7.21.4.2 Scaling and manufacturing. 1153
7.21.4.3 Sensor recovery. 1153
7.21.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1154
7.22 SOLAR. 1158
7.22.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1158
7.22.1.1 Need for new materials and novel devices 1158
7.22.1.2 Need to improve solar cell efficiency. 1159
7.22.1.3 Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoptions 1159
7.22.1.4 Varying environmental conditions require new coating technology 1161
7.22.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1162
7.22.2.1 Solar cells.. 1163
7.22.2.2 Solar water splitting. 1167
7.22.2.3 Solar coatings. 1168
7.22.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1169
7.22.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1172
7.22.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1173
7.23 SUPERCAPACITORS. 1180
7.23.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1180
7.23.1.1 Reducing costs.. 1180
7.23.1.2 Demand from portable electronics.. 1180
7.23.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology. 1181
7.23.1.4 Problems with activated carbon.. 1181
7.23.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1181
7.23.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1185
7.23.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1186
7.23.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1187
7.24 TEXTILES & APPAREL 1190
7.24.1 MARKET DRIIVERS AND TRENDS 1191
7.24.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market.. 1191
7.24.1.2 Growth in the market for anti-microbial textiles 1191
7.24.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1196
7.24.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1203
7.24.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1204
7.24.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1204
7.25 THERMOELECTRICS.. 1207
7.25.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1207
7.25.1.1 Need for clean energy. 1207
7.25.1.2 Lack of efficiency of conducting polymers. 1207
7.25.1.3 Limitations of current materials 1207
7.25.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1208
7.25.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1209
7.25.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1210
7.25.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1211
7.26 TOOLS & MANUFACTURING 1212
7.26.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1212
7.26.1.1 Improved machinng tools.. 1212
7.26.1.2 Cost of abrasion damage.. 1212
7.26.1.3 Regulatory and safety requirements 1213
7.26.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1213
7.26.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1216
7.26.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1218
7.26.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1219
7.27 3D PRINTING 1222
7.27.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 1223
7.27.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost.. 1223
7.27.2 APPLICATIONS.. 1224
7.27.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY 1226
7.27.4 MARKET CHALLENGES.. 1227
7.27.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS. 1227
7.28 OTHER MARKETS 1230
7.28.1 WIRE AND CABLE. 1230
7.28.1.1 Market drivers and trends.. 1230
7.28.1.2 Applications 1230
7.28.1.3 Application and product developers 1230
7.28.2 CONSUMER AND SPORTINGS GOODS 1231
7.28.2.1 Applications 1231
7.28.2.2 Application and product developers 1232
7.28.3 WIND ENERGY.. 1232
7.28.3.1 Market drivers and trends.. 1232

TABLES

Table 1: The Global market for nanomaterials in 2015 in tons, market characteristics and growth prospects.. 83
Table 2: Properties of nanomaterials.. 85
Table 3: Market summary for nanomaterials production-Global production 2015 and prospects to 2025.. 91
Table 4: Market summary for nanocoatings-Global production 2015 and prospects to 2025. 92
Table 5: Categorization of nanomaterials 103
Table 6: National nanomaterials regustries in Europe.. 108
Table 7: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia. 115
Table 8: Nanomaterials scorecard for aluminium oxide nanoparticles. 147
Table 9: Market summary for aluminium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 148
Table 10: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles 150
Table 11: Global consumption of aluminium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 154
Table 12: Prices of aluminium oxide nanoparticles 158
Table 13: Aluminium oxide nanoparticles producers 158
Table 14: Nanomaterials scorecard for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles. 165
Table 15: Market summary for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 165
Table 16: Markets, benefits and applications of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles 167
Table 17: Global consumption of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 170
Table 18: Prices of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles 174
Table 19: Antimonty tin oxide nanoparticles producers. 175
Table 20: Nanomaterials scorecard for bismuth oxide nanoparticles 178
Table 21: Market summary for bismuth oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 178
Table 22: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles 180
Table 23: Global consumption of bismuth oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 184
Table 24: Prices of bismuth oxide nanoparticles.. 186
Table 25: Bismuth oxide nanoparticles producers.. 187
Table 26: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes. 190
Table 27: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 190
Table 28: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials 193
Table 29: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes 194
Table 30: Global consumption of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 200
Table 31: Prices of carbon nanotubes 205
Table 32: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers 207
Table 33: SWNT producers production capacities 2015.. 208
Table 34: Other carbon nanotubes producers. 209
Table 35: Nanomaterials scorecard for cerium oxide nanoparticles.. 219
Table 36: Market summary for cerium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 219
Table 37: Markets, benefits and applications of cerium oxide nanoparticles 221
Table 38: Global consumption of cerium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 226
Table 39: Prices of cerium oxide nanoparticles. 228
Table 40: Cerium oxide nanoparticles producers 229
Table 41: Nanomaterials scorecard for cobalt oxide nanoparticles.. 232
Table 42: Market summary for cobalt oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 232
Table 43: Markets, benefits and applications of cobalt oxide nanoparticles. 234
Table 44: Global consumption of cobalt oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 237
Table 45: Prices of coblat oxide nanoparticles. 240
Table 46: Cobalt oxide nanoparticles producers 240
Table 47: Nanomaterials scorecard for copper oxide nanoparticles. 242
Table 48: Market summary for copper oxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 242
Table 49: Markets, benefits and applications of copper oxide nanoparticles. 244
Table 50: Global consumption of copper oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 249
Table 51: Example prices of copper oxide nanoparticles. 251
Table 52: Copper oxide nanoparticles producers.. 252
Table 53: Nanomaterials scorecard for dendrimers 255
Table 54: Market summary for dendrimer -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 255
Table 55: Types of dendrimer 258
Table 56: Markets, benefits and applications of dendrimers 260
Table 57: Dendrimer products. 262
Table 58: Global consumption of dendrimers, 2010-2025.. 265
Table 59: Example prices of dendrimers 267
Table 60: Dendrimers producers. 268
Table 61: Nanomaterials scorecard for fullerenes 271
Table 62: Market summary for fullerenes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 271
Table 63: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes 273
Table 64: Global consumption of fullerenes, 2010-2025.. 276
Table 65: Example prices of fullerenes 278
Table 66: Fullerene producers.. 280
Table 67: Nanomaterials scorecard for gold nanoparticles. 283
Table 68: Market summary for gold nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 283
Table 69: Markets, benefits and applications of gold nanoparticles. 286
Table 70: Global consumption of gold nanoparticles, 2010-2025 289
Table 71: Example prices of gold nanoparticles.. 292
Table 72: Gold nanoparticle producers 294
Table 73: Nanomaterials scorecard for graphene.. 298
Table 74: Market summary for graphene-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 298
Table 75: Properties of graphene.. 300
Table 76: Markets, benefits and applications of graphene. 303
Table 77: Consumer products incorporating graphene. 303
Table 78: Global consumption of graphene, 2010-2025 309
Table 79: Graphene types and cost per kg 312
Table 80: Graphene producers.. 313
Table 81: Nanomaterials scorecard for iron oxide nanoparticles. 325
Table 82: Market summary for iron oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 325
Table 83: Markets, benefits and applications of iron oxide nanoparticles. 328
Table 84: Global consumption of iron oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025 333
Table 85: Example prices of iron oxide nanoparticles.. 335
Table 86: Iron oxide nanoparticles producers 336
Table 87: Nanomaterials scorecard for magnesium oxide nanoparticles 340
Table 88: Market summary for magnesium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.. 341
Table 89: Markets, benefits and applications of magnesium oxide nanoparticles. 342
Table 90: Global consumption of magnesium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 344
Table 91: Example prices of magnesium oxide nanoparticles 347
Table 92: Magnesium oxide nanoparticles producers. 348
Table 93: Nanomaterials scorecard for manganese oxide nanoparticles.. 351
Table 94: Market summary for manganese oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 351
Table 95: Markets, benefits and applications of manganese oxide nanoparticles. 353
Table 96: Global consumption of manganese oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 355
Table 97: Example prices of manganese oxide nanoparticles.. 357
Table 98: Manganese oxide nanoparticles producers 358
Table 99: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanocellulose. 360
Table 100: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 360
Table 101: Nanocellulose properties 365
Table 102: Properties and applications of nanocellulose.. 365
Table 103: Markets, benefits and applications of nanocellulose.. 367
Table 104: Global consumption of nanocellulose, 2010-2025. 377
Table 105: Example prices of nanocellulose.. 380
Table 106: Production capacities of CNF producers per annum in tons, current and planned. 381
Table 107: Production capacities of CNC producers per annum in tons, current and planned. 381
Table 108: Nanocellulose producers 382
Table 109: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanoclays.. 386
Table 110: Market summary for nanoclays -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 386
Table 111: Markets, benefits and applications of nanoclays.. 391
Table 112: Global consumption of nanoclays, 2010-2025. 397
Table 113: Example prices of nanoclays.. 400
Table 114: Main nanoclays producers, products and target markets.. 401
Table 115: Nanoclay producers. 402
Table 116: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanodiamonds.. 410
Table 117: Market summary for nanodiamonds-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 410
Table 118: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds.. 413
Table 119: Global consumption of nanodiamonds, 2010-2025. 416
Table 120: Example prices of nanodiamonds 419
Table 121: Nanodiamonds producers 419
Table 122: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanodiamonds.. 421
Table 123: Market summary for nanodiamonds-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 422
Table 124: Markets, benefits and applications of nanofibers.. 425
Table 125: Global consumption of nanofibers 2010-2025.. 429
Table 126: Example prices of nanofibers.. 431
Table 127: Nanofibers producers 431
Table 128: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanosilver 433
Table 129: Market summary for nanosilver-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 434
Table 130: Markets, benefits and applications of nanosilver.. 438
Table 131: Global consumption of nanosilver 2010-2025.. 455
Table 132: Example prices of nanosilver 457
Table 133: Nanosilver producers. 458
Table 134: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanowires.. 461
Table 135: Market summary for nanowires-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 461
Table 136: Markets, benefits and applications of nanowires.. 464
Table 137: Global consumption of nanowires 2010-2025.. 467
Table 138: Example prices of nanowires 470
Table 139: Nanowires producers 470
Table 140: Nanomaterials scorecard for nickel nanoparticles 473
Table 141: Market summary for nickel nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.. 474
Table 142: Markets, benefits and applications of nickel nanoparticles 476
Table 143: Global consumption of nickel nanoparticles 2010-2025 478
Table 144: Example prices of nickel nanoparticles 482
Table 145: Nickel nanoparticles producers. 483
Table 146: Nanomaterials scorecard for quantum dots. 486
Table 147: Market summary for quantum dots-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 486
Table 148: Markets, benefits and applications of quantum dots. 492
Table 149: Production of quantum dots 493
Table 150: Total QD revenues 2013-2025 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 497
Table 151: Example prices of quantum dots.. 499
Table 152: Quantum dot producers 500
Table 153: Nanomaterials scorecard for silicon oxide nanoparticles. 504
Table 154: Market summary for silicon oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications.. 504
Table 155: Markets, benefits and applications of silicon oxide nanoparticles. 507
Table 156: Global consumption of silicon oxide nanoparticles 2010-2025. 511
Table 157: Example prices of silicon oxide nanoparticles.. 514
Table 158: Silicon oxide nanoparticles producers.. 515
Table 159: Market summary for titanium dioxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 531
Table 160: Markets, benefits and applications of titanium dioxide nanoparticles. 535
Table 161: Total titanium dioxide nanoparticles revenues 2013-2025 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 538
Table 162: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles producers. 542
Table 163: Nanomaterials scorecard for zinc oxide nanoparticles.. 546
Table 164: Market summary for zinc oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 546
Table 165: Markets, benefits and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles. 549
Table 166: Global consumption of zinc oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 554
Table 167: Main Zinc oxide nanoparticles-Suppliers, products, primary particle size. 557
Table 168: Zinc oxide nanoparticles producers 558
Table 169: Nanomaterials scorecard for zirconium oxide nanoparticles. 563
Table 170: Market summary for zirconium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 564
Table 171: Markets, benefits and applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles. 565
Table 172: Global consumption of zirconium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 571
Table 173: Prices of zirconium oxide nanoparticles 574
Table 174: Zirconium oxide nanoparticles producers.. 575
Table 175: Markets, benefits and applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles. 581
Table 176: Markets, benefits and applications of calcium phosphate nanoparticles. 584
Table 177: Calcium phosphate nanoparticles producers. 585
Table 178: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4.. 586
Table 179: Properties of graphene quantum dots.. 587
Table 180: Graphene and carbon quantum dot s producers 589
Table 181: Markets, benefits and applications of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. 590
Table 182: Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles producers.. 592
Table 183: Markets, benefits and applications of palladium nanoparticles. 593
Table 184: Palladium nanoparticles producers 593
Table 185: Markets, benefits and applications of yttrium oxide nanoparticles. 595
Table 186: Yttrium oxide nanoparticles producers. 595
Table 187: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2. 602
Table 188: Markets and applications of phosphorene 603
Table 189: Markets and applications of C2N. 607
Table 190: Markets and applications of germanene 610
Table 191: Markets and applications of graphdiyne 613
Table 192: Markets and applications of graphane 616
Table 193: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride.. 619
Table 194: Markets and applications of MoS2 622
Table 195: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2). 627
Table 196: Markets and applications of silicene.. 630
Table 197: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene 634
Table 198: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide.. 636
Table 199: Nanomaterials properties relevant to application in adhesives. 638
Table 200: Applications in adhesives, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 639
Table 201: Nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 642
Table 202: Nanomaterials application and product developers in adhesives. 643
Table 203: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 649
Table 204: Applications in aerospace coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 651
Table 205: Applications in aerospace sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 653
Table 206: Nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 655
Table 207: Applications and commercilization challenges in the aerospace market. 655
Table 208: Nanomaterials application and product developers in the aerospace industry. 656
Table 209: Applications in automotive composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 666
Table 210: Applications in automotive coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 668
Table 211: Applications in automotive tyres, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 668
Table 212: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 670
Table 213: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market. 671
Table 214: Nanomaterials application and product developers in the automotive industry. 672
Table 215: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 681
Table 216: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 684
Table 217: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 685
Table 218: Applications in Li-S batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 685
Table 219: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 687
Table 220: Nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries and supercapacitors. 689
Table 221: Applications in medical biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 701
Table 222: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical biosensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 702
Table 223: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in medical biosensors 703
Table 224: Applications in drug formulation and delivery, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 708
Table 225: Nanotechnology drug products 712
Table 226: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the drug formulation and delivery market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 715
Table 227: Nanotechnology application developers in drug formulation and delivery. 717
Table 228: Applications in medical imaging and diagnostics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 729
Table 229: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the imaging and diagnostics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 732
Table 230: Nanotechnology application developers in medical imaging and diagnositcs 734
Table 231: Nanocoatings applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications 748
Table 232: Types of advanced coatings applied in medical devices and implants. 751
Table 233: Nanomaterials utilized in medical implants 751
Table 234: Nanomaterials utilized in anti-microbial coatings-benefits and applications. 753
Table 235: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical coatings and films market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 759
Table 236: Nanotechnology application developers in medical coatings and films. 760
Table 237: Applications in medical implants and devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 775
Table 238: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in medical implants and devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 777
Table 239: Nanotechnology application developers in medical implants and devices. 778
Table 240: Applications in therapeutics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 784
Table 241: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the therapeutics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 786
Table 242: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in therapeutics 788
Table 243: Applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 792
Table 244: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the tissue engineering and regenerative medicine market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 793
Table 245: Nanotechnology application developers in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine 795
Table 246: Medical products incorporating nanosilver.. 801
Table 247: Applications in wound care, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 802
Table 248: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the wound care market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 804
Table 249: Nanotechnology application developers in wound care 805
Table 250: Applications in dental, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 807
Table 251: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in dental market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 808
Table 252: Nanomaterials application and product developers in dentistry. 810
Table 253: Applications in catalysts, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 818
Table 254: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the catalyts market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 820
Table 255: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in composites 821
Table 256: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites. 826
Table 257: Applications in polymer composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 827
Table 258: Applications in heat management composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 828
Table 259: Applications in heat management composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 829
Table 260: Applications in rubber composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 829
Table 261: Applications in flame retardants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 830
Table 262: Potential addressable market size for nanomaterials composites in tons. 831
Table 263: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 831
Table 264: Nanomaterials application and product developers in composites. 833
Table 265: Applications in insulation and heating, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 840
Table 266: Nanomaterials application developers in insulation and heating. 841
Table 267: Applications in exterior coatings by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 843
Table 268: Nanomaterials application and product developers in exterior coatings. 844
Table 269: Applications in smart windows by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 848
Table 270: Nanomaterials application and product developers in smart windows. 850
Table 271: Applications in UV-shielding windows by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 851
Table 272: Nanomaterials application and product developers inUV-shielding windows. 851
Table 273: Applications in air condictioning by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 852
Table 274: Nanomaterials application and product developers in air conditioning. 852
Table 275: Applications in VOC mitigation and filtration by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 853
Table 276: Nanomaterials application and product developers in VOC mitigation and filtration windows.. 853
Table 277: Applications in air condictioning by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 855
Table 278: Nanomaterials application and product developers in cement and concrete. 858
Table 279: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the construction, building protection and exterior coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 861
Table 280: Applications in cosmetics and sunscreens, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 869
Table 281: Main titanium dioxide nanoparticles suppliers, products, primary particle size. 875
Table 282: Main zinc oxide nanoparticle suppliers, products, primary particle size. 875
Table 283: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products and formulations incorporating nanoemulsions 877
Table 284: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating liposomes. 877
Table 285: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating niosomes. 878
Table 286: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) 878
Table 287: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanostructured lipid carriers.. 879
Table 288: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanocapsules & nanospheres. 880
Table 289: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating fullerenes. 880
Table 290: Global market segmentation for cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanomaterials, by region, 2015 882
Table 291: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the cosmetics and sun care market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 883
Table 292: Nanomaterials application and product developers in cosmetics and sunscreens market 886
Table 293: Comparison of ITO replacements. 894
Table 294: Applications in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 899
Table 295: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 908
Table 296: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays.. 914
Table 297: Comparative properties of conductive inks.. 919
Table 298: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 922
Table 299: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics.. 924
Table 300: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 925
Table 301: Nanomaterials application and product developers in conductive inks. 926
Table 302: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials. 932
Table 303: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 933
Table 304: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 936
Table 305: Nanomaterials application and product developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components 939
Table 306: Applications in memory devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 947
Table 307: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 948
Table 308: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials product and application developers in memory devices. 949
Table 309: Applications in electronics coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 954
Table 310: Nanomaterials application and product developers in electronics coatings. 957
Table 311: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators. 966
Table 312: Graphene product and application developers in photonics. 974
. Table 313: CNF membranes 980
Table 314: Types of filtration.. 981
Table 315: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 983
Table 316: Applications in airborne filters, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 988
Table 317: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 990
Table 318: Nanomaterials in the filtration and separation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 991
Table 319: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in filtration and environmental remediation 993
Table 320: Applications in food packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1004
Table 321: Applications in food coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1006
Table 322: Applications in food and agriculture sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1009
Table 323: Applications in food additives and supplements, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 1009
Table 324: Applications in agricultutral production, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1010
Table 325: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the food and agriculture market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 1012
Table 326: Nanomaterials application and product developers in food and agriculture. 1014
Table 327: Applications in fuel cells, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1022
Table 328: Applications hydrogen storage, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1024
Table 329: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 1026
Table 330: Nanomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage. 1027
Table 331: Applications in anti-bacterial coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1032
Table 332: Applications in self-cleaning and easy-clean coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 1033
Table 333: Applications in self-cleaning coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1035
Table 334: Applications in anti-fingerpring nanocoatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1036
Table 335: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the household care and sanitary market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact. 1038
Table 336: Nanomaterials application and product developers in household care and sanitary. 1039
Table 337: Applications in lighting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1050
Table 338: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1052
Table 339: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in lighting. 1053
Table 340: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1056
Table 341: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1058
Table 342: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in lubricants. 1059
Table 343: Nanocoatings applied in the marine industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized and benefits. 1063
Table 344: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the marine market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1065
Table 345: Nanomaterials application developers in the marine industry. 1066
Table 346: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1076
Table 347: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 1083
Table 348: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1089
Table 349: Applications and commercilization challenges in oil & gas exploration. 1090
Table 350: Nanomaterials application developers in oil & gas exploration. 1090
Table 351: Anti-corrosion nanocoatings product and application developers. 1093
Table 352: Applications in packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1100
Table 353: Nanomaterials in the packaging market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 1104
Table 354: Nanomaterials application developers in packaging. 1106
Table 355: Applications in military textile and equipment, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1115
Table 356: Applications in anti-counterfeiting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1118
Table 357: Applications in ballistic protection, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1121
Table 358: Nanomaterials in the security and defence market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 1123
Table 359: Nanomaterials application developers in security and defence. 1124
Table 360: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors. 1133
Table 361: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1136
Table 362: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1139
Table 363: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1140
Table 364: Applications in food sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1142
Table 365: Applications in image sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1143
Table 366: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1144
Table 367: Applications in optical sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1145
Table 368: Applications in pressure sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1145
Table 369: Applications in humidity sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1147
Table 370: Applications in acoustic sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1148
Table 371: Applications in wireless sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1149
Table 372: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1150
Table 373: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in sensors. 1153
Table 374: Applications in solar, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1162
Table 375: Applications in solar water splitting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1167
Table 376: Applications in solar coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1168
Table 377: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1171
Table 378: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in solar. 1172
Table 379: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. 1182
Table 380: Applications in supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1183
Table 381: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1184
Table 382: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors. 1187
Table 383: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials. 1196
Table 384: Applications in textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1198
Table 385: Graphene and 2D materials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.. 1202
Table 386: Nanotechnolgy and nanomaterials application and product developers in textiles. 1203
Table 387: Applications in thermoelectrics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1207
Table 388: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the thermoelectrics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1209
Table 389: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in thermoelectrics. 1210
Table 390: Applications in tools & manufacturing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1213
Table 391: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the tools and manufacturing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1216
Table 392: Nanomaterials application developers in tools & manufacturing. 1218
Table 393: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing 1223
Table 394: Applications in 3D printing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1224
Table 395: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D priniting market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact 1225
Table 396: Nanomaterials application and product developers in 3D printing. 1226
Table 397: Nanomaterials application and product developers in cabling. 1229
Table 398: Nanomaterials application and product developers in sporting goods. 1231
Table 399: Nanomaterials application and product developers in wind energy. 1235

FIGURES

Figure 1: Graphene-enabled bendable smartphone. 128
Figure 2: Graphene coated solar panels in China. 130
Figure 3: Share fo nanotech related patent applications since 1972 145
Figure 4: Demand for aluminium oxide nanoparticles, by market.. 153
Figure 5: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles. 154
Figure 6: Global consumption of aluminium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 156
Figure 7: Global consumption of Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by region. 157
Figure 8: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, by market.. 169
Figure 9: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles. 170
Figure 10: Global consumption of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 172
Figure 11: Global consumption of Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by region. 173
Figure 12: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles, by market.. 182
Figure 13: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles. 183
Figure 14: Global consumption of bismuth oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 185
Figure 15: Global consumption of Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by region. 186
Figure 16: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market 197
Figure 17: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes.. 200
Figure 18: Global consumption of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025.. 202
Figure 19: Global consumption of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region 203
Figure 20: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014 209
Figure 21: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles, by market. 224
Figure 22: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for cerium oxide nanoparticles. 225
Figure 23: Global consumption of cerium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 227
Figure 24: Global consumption of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by re-gion. 228
Figure 25: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles, by market. 236
Figure 26: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles. 237
Figure 27: Global consumption of cobalt oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 239
Figure 28: Global consumption of Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles 2015, by region. 239
Figure 29: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by market. 247
Figure 30: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for copper oxide nanoparticles. 249
Figure 31: Global consumption of copper oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 250
Figure 32: Global consumption of copper oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 251
Figure 33: Dendrimer structure. 257
Figure 34: Dendrimer schematic for application in biomedicine.. 259
Figure 35: Demand for dendrimers by market 263
Figure 36: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for dendrimers. 264
Figure 37: Global consumption of dendrimers 2010-2025.. 266
Figure 38: Global consumption of dendrimers 2015, by region.. 267
Figure 39: Demand for fullerenes, by market.. 275
Figure 40: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for fullerenes. 276
Figure 41: Global consumption of fullerenes, 2010-2025. 277
Figure 42: Global consumption of fullerenes 2015, by region.. 278
Figure 43: Demand for gold nanoparticles, by market 288
Figure 44: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for gold nanoparticles 289
Figure 45: Global consumption of gold nanoparticles, 2010-2025.. 291
Figure 46: Global consumption of gold nanoparticles 2015, by region 292
Figure 47: Graphene layer structure schematic.. 302
Figure 48: Demand for graphene, by market 306
Figure 49: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene 307
Figure 50: Global consumption of graphene, 2010-2025 310
Figure 51: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region. 311
Figure 52: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles, by market 331
Figure 53: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for iron oxide nanoparticles 332
Figure 54: Global consumption of iron oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025.. 334
Figure 55: Global consumption of iron oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 335
Figure 56: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles, by market. 343
Figure 57: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for magnesium oxide nanoparticles. 344
Figure 58: Global consumption of magnesium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 346
Figure 59: Global consumption of magnesium oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 347
Figure 60: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles, by market. 353
Figure 61: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for manganese oxide nanoparticles. 355
Figure 62: Global consumption of manganese oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 356
Figure 63: Global consumption of manganese oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 357
Figure 64: Hierarchical Structure of Wood Biomass. 363
Figure 65: Types of nanocellulose.. 365
Figure 66: Demand for nanocellulose, by market 374
Figure 67: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanocellulose.. 375
Figure 68: Global consumption of nanocellulose, 2010-2025.. 379
Figure 69: Global consumption of nanocellulose 2015, by region 379
Figure 70: Nanoclays structure. The dimensions of a clay platelet are typically 200-1000 nm in lateral dimension and 1 nm thick.. 388
Figure 71: TEM of montmorillonite.. 389
Figure 72: TEM of halloysite nanotubes. 390
Figure 73: Demand for nanoclays, by market 394
Figure 74: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanoclays.. 396
Figure 75: Global consumption of nanoclays, 2010-2025.. 397
Figure 76: Global consumption of nanoclays 2015, by region 399
Figure 77: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market 414
Figure 78: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds 416
Figure 79: Global consumption of nanodiamonds, 2010-2025.. 418
Figure 80: Global consumption of nanodiamonds 2015, by region 418
Figure 81: Demand for nanofibers, by market 427
Figure 82: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanofibers.. 428
Figure 83: Global consumption of nanofibers, 2010-2025.. 430
Figure 84: Global consumption of nanofibers 2015, by region 431
Figure 85: Demand for nanosilver, by market 441
Figure 86: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanosilver 454
Figure 87: Global consumption of nanosilver, 2010-2025 456
Figure 88: Global consumption of nanosilver 2015, by region. 457
Figure 89: Demand for nanowires, by market 466
Figure 90: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanowires 467
Figure 91: Global consumption of nanowires 2010-2025 469
Figure 92: Global consumption of nanowires 2015, by region 470
Figure 93: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by market. 477
Figure 94: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nickel nanoparticles 478
Figure 95: Global consumption of nickel nanoparticles 2010-2025. 480
Figure 96: Global consumption of nickel nanoparticles 2015, by region. 481
Figure 97: Quantum dot.. 489
Figure 98: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conven-tional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tuna-ble to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band 490
Figure 99: Samsung QD-LCD TVs. 492
Figure 100: Demand for quantum dots, by market 495
Figure 101: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for quantum dots 496
Figure 102: Total QD revenues 2013-2025 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 498
Figure 103: Global consumption of quantum dots 2015, by region.Source: Future Markets, Inc. 499
Figure 104: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles, by market 509
Figure 105: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for silicon oxide nanoparticles. 510
Figure 106: Global consumption of silicon oxide nanoparticles 2010-2025. 512
Figure 107: Global consumption of silicon oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 513
Figure 108: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by market.. 536
Figure 109: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles. 537
Figure 110: Total titanium dioxide nanoparticles revenues 2013-2025 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates. 539
Figure 111: Global consumption of titanium dioxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 540
Figure 112: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles, by market. 552
Figure 113: Global consumption of zinc oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025 555
Figure 114: Global consumption of zinc oxide nanoparticles 2015, by region. 556
Figure 115: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by market 569
Figure 116: Global consumption of zirconium oxide nanoparticles, 2010-2025. 572
Figure 117: Global consumption of zirconium oxide nanoparticles 2015, by re-gion. 573
Figure 118: TEM image of carbon onion 597
Figure 119: Black phosphorus structure.. 601
Figure 120: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal 605
Figure 121: Schematic of germanene. 609
Figure 122: Graphdiyne structure.. 612
Figure 123: Schematic of Graphane crystal 615
Figure 124: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride 618
Figure 125: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide. 621
Figure 126: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor. 622
Figure 127: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge 625
Figure 128: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide 626
Figure 129: Silicene structure. 628
Figure 130: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.. 629
Figure 131: Silicene transistor. 632
Figure 132: Crystal structure for stanene 633
Figure 133: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111). 634
Figure 134: Schematic of tungsten diselenide.. 635
Figure 135: GE nanocoated surface in comparison to existing surfaces.. 653
Figure 136: Schematic of HeatCoat™ Anti-Icing Technology. 660
Figure 137: Nanomaterials-based automotive components 664
Figure 138: The Tesla S’s touchscreen interface. 665
Figure 139: Metal strip coated with thermochromic nanoparticles. 848
Figure 140: Electrochromic material incorporating tin-doped indium oxide nanocrystals. 848
Figure 141: Global market segmentation for cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanomaterials, by market sub-sector, 2015. 882
Figure 142: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018 902
Figure 143: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm). 903
Figure 144: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $). 904
Figure 145: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, % 905
Figure 146: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, % 906
Figure 147: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$).. 907
Figure 148: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates 911
Figure 149: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene 913
Figure 150: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics. 923
Figure 151: Transistor architecture trend chart.. 930
Figure 152: CMOS Technology Roadmap 931
Figure 153: Emerging logic devices.. 935
Figure 154: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate.. 944
Figure 155: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt. 946
Figure 156: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank.. 952
Figure 157: Hybrid graphene phototransistors 968
Figure 158: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors. 969
Figure 159: Schematic of QD laser device 972
Figure 160: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors. 1073
Figure 161: An uncoated copper condenser tube (top left) is shown next to a similar tube coated with graphene. (top right) 1079
Figure 162: Directa Plus Grafysorber.. 1085
Figure 163: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water.. 1088
Figure 164: Nanocomposite oxygen barrier schematic 1100
Figure 165: Security tag developed by Nanotech Security.. 1118
Figure 166: Tracense detection system for explosive detection. The company claim the sensor is up to 1,000 times as sensitive as army detector dogs 1120


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Jul 19, 2016
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