Global Market for Printable, Flexible and Stretchable Sensors and Electronics

The Global Market for Printable, Flexible and Stretchable Sensors and Electronics 2018-2027

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Jan 26, 2018, 350 Pages
US$2,150.00
FM2519

Based on a new generation of advanced materials, printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and electronics will enable new possibilities in a diverse range of industries from healthcare to automotive to buildings These technologies will drive innovation in smart medical technology, automotive, smart manufacturing, Internet of Things (IoT) and consumer electronics.

The recent growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) and wearables has created the need for electronics and sensor systems that are small, lightweight, mechanically flexible and low-power These systems must also be able to conform to the shape of and survive the environment in which they must operate They are typically fabricated on flexible plastic substrates or are printed/woven into fabrics Applications covered in this report include:

Electronic components and displays

- Multilayer printing of circuitry

- Large-area electronic-based sensors for Internet of Things (IoT)

- Organic-semiconductor based circuits

- Highly stretchable large-area sensors

- Large-area flexible electronic devices

- Inkjet-printed stretchable electrodes

- Stretchable, biocompatible and biodegradable substrates

- Wireless sensors and networks

- Structural monitoring


Energy harvesting and storage

- RF, piezo and thermal harvesting

- Flexible PV cells

- Printed PV cells

- Printed flexible energy harvesting devices

- OLED lighting

- Novel interconnects

- Printable batteries and supercapacitors

- Flexible thermoelectric devices



Smart wearables

- Smarter and lighter wearable consumer electronics

- Stretchable/ultra-flexible electronics

- Fitness monitoring

- Biosensors for sports

Automotive

- Integrated dashboards

- Flexible OLEDs


Healthcare and medical

- Health monitoring devices, including intelligent patches and bandages for medical treatments

- Flexible X-ray imaging

- On-body ECG monitoring

- Biosensors and electronics to interface biological tissue

- Artificial skins

- Printed and Flexible Sensors for Vital Signs Monitoring

Development areas covered include

- New organic semiconducting materials for organic electronics

- Conductive inks for 2D and 3D printed devices

- Flexible IGZO backplanes

- Stretchable thermoformed inks

- OTFTs (organic thin-film transistors)

- Solution processed polymer semiconductors for thin-film transistors

- Transparent conducting films (TCF) for touch sensors

- Organic thin film transistors (OTFT)

- Organic photodetectors (OPD)

- Nanomaterials based printed, flexible and stretchable electronics and applications

- Graphene for flexible electronics

- Flexible transparent conductive electrodes for Organic Devices

- Hybrid transparent conductors for deformable displays



Report contents include:

- Current and future printable, flexible and stretchable products

- Advanced materials used in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics and sensors

- Stage of commercialization for applications, from basic research to market entry Markets covered include conductive inks, wearables and IoT, medical & healthcare sensors, electronic clothing & smart apparel, energy harvesting & storage, electronics components and flexible displays

- Market drivers and trends

- Market figures for conductive inks, by materials type and revenues to 2027

- Market figures for inkjetable conductive inks to 2027

- Global market revenues for wearable electronics to 2027

- Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type

- Addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare

- Global market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries to 2027

- Global smart clothing and apparel market revenues to 2027

- Global market for flexible OLED displays to 2027

- Over 250 in-depth company profiles

The Global Market for Printable, Flexible and Stretchable Sensors and Electronics 2017-2027
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    1.1    The evolution of electronics 28
        1.1.1     The wearables revolution. 29
        1.1.2     Flexible, thin, and large-area form factors 30
    1.2    What are flexible and stretchable electronics?. 32
        1.2.1     From rigid to flexible and stretchable 32
        1.2.2     Organic and printed electronics 35
        1.2.3     New conductive materials 35
    1.3    Growth in flexible and stetchable electronics market 39
        1.3.1     Recent growth in printable, flexible and stretchable products 39
        1.3.2     Future growth 39
        1.3.3     Nanotechnology as a market driver. 40
        1.3.4     Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics 41

2    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 

3    PRINTABLE, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE ELECTRONIC MATERIALS AND COMPOSITES

    3.1    CARBON NANOTUBES 45
        3.1.1     Properties 45
        3.1.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 46
            3.1.2.1       Single-walled carbon nanotubes 47
        3.1.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 49
    3.2    CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS (CP) 51
        3.2.1     Properties 51
            3.2.1.1       PDMS. 51
            3.2.1.2       PEDOT: PSS 52
        3.2.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 52
        3.2.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 53
    3.3    GRAPHENE 54
        3.3.1     Properties 54
        3.3.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 56
        3.3.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 57
    3.4    METAL MESH 59
        3.4.1     Properties 59
        3.4.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 61
        3.4.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 62
    3.5    METAL NANOWIRES. 63
        3.5.1     Properties 63
        3.5.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 63
        3.5.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 65
    3.6    NANOCELLULOSE 66
        3.6.1     Properties 66
        3.6.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 68
        3.6.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 69
            3.6.3.1       Nanopaper. 71
            3.6.3.2       Paper memory. 73
    3.7    NANOFIBERS 75
        3.7.1     Properties 75
        3.7.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 75
        3.7.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 75
    3.8    QUANTUM DOTS. 76
        3.8.1     Properties 76
        3.8.2     Properties utilized in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 78
        3.8.3     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 79
    3.9    GRAPHENE AND CARBON QUANTUM DOTS. 79
        3.9.1     Properties 80
        3.9.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 82
    3.10      OTHER 2-D MATERIALS 83
        3.10.1        Black phosphorus/Phosphorene 83
            3.10.1.1     Properties 83
            3.10.1.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 85
        3.10.2        C2N. 85
            3.10.2.1     Properties 86
            3.10.2.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 86
        3.10.3        Germanene 87
            3.10.3.1     Properties 87
            3.10.3.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 88
        3.10.4        Graphdiyne 88
            3.10.4.1     Properties 89
            3.10.4.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 89
        3.10.5        Graphane 90
            3.10.5.1     Properties 90
            3.10.5.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 90
        3.10.6        Boron nitride 91
            3.10.6.1     Properties 92
            3.10.6.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 92
        3.10.7        Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). 92
            3.10.7.1     Properties 93
            3.10.7.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 93
        3.10.8        Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 95
            3.10.8.1     Properties 96
            3.10.8.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 96
        3.10.9        Silicene 96
            3.10.9.1     Properties 97
            3.10.9.2     Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 98
        3.10.10      Stanene/tinene 99
            3.10.10.1       Properties 100
            3.10.10.2       Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 101
        3.10.11      Tungsten diselenide 101
            3.10.11.1       Properties 102
            3.10.11.2       Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 102

4    PRINTABLE, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE CONDUCTIVE INKS 

    4.1    MARKET DRIVERS 103
    4.2    APPLICATIONS 104
        4.2.1     Current products 105
        4.2.2     Advanced materials solutions 105
        4.2.3     RFID. 111
        4.2.4     Smart labels 113
        4.2.5     Smart clothing 114
        4.2.6     Printable sensors 114
        4.2.7     Printed batteries 114
        4.2.8     Printable antennas. 116
        4.2.9     In-mold electronics. 117
        4.2.10        Printed transistors 118
    4.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 120
    4.4    COMPANY PROFILES 122-158 (86 company profiles)

5    WEARABLE ELECTRONICS AND INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)

    5.1    MARKET DRIVERS 159
    5.2    APPLICATIONS 163
        5.2.1     Current state of the art 164
        5.2.2     Advanced materials solutions 166
        5.2.3     Transparent conductive films. 167
            5.2.3.1       Carbon nanotubes (SWNT) 172
            5.2.3.2       Double-walled carbon nanotubes 173
            5.2.3.3       Graphene. 173
            5.2.3.4       Silver nanowires. 175
            5.2.3.5       Nanocellulose 177
            5.2.3.6       Copper nanowires. 181
            5.2.3.7       Nanofibers 181
        5.2.4     Wearable sensors 181
            5.2.4.1       Current stage of the art 181
            5.2.4.2       Advanced materials solutions 184
            5.2.4.3       Wearable gas sensors 189
            5.2.4.4       Wearable strain sensors 191
            5.2.4.5       Wearable tactile sensors 191
            5.2.4.6       Industrial monitoring. 191
            5.2.4.7       Military 192
    5.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 193
        5.3.1     Transparent conductive electrodes 195
    5.4    COMPANY PROFILES 196-222 (61 company profiles)

6    MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE SENSORS AND WEARABLES

    6.1    MARKET DRIVERS 223
    6.2    APPLICATIONS 225
    6.2.1     Current state of the art 226
    6.2.2     Advanced materials solutions 231
    6.2.2.1       Minimally invasive interfaces. 231
    6.2.2.2       Skin sensors 232
    6.2.2.3       Nanomaterials-based devices 232
    6.2.3     Printable, flexible and stretchable health monitors. 233
    6.2.3.1       Patch-type skin sensors 236
    6.2.3.2       Skin temperature monitoring 240
    6.2.3.3       Hydration sensors 241
    6.2.3.4       Wearable sweat sensors 242
    6.2.3.5       UV patches. 244
    6.2.3.6       Smart footwear. 246
    6.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 246
    6.4    COMPANY PROFILES 248-263 (37 company profiles)

7    ELECTRONIC CLOTHING AND APPAREL

    7.1    MARKET DRIVERS 264
    7.2    APPLICATIONS 266
        7.2.1     Current state of the art 268
        7.2.2     Advanced materials solutions 270
        7.2.3     Conductive yarns 278
        7.2.4     Conductive coatings. 279
        7.2.5     Smart helmets 281
    7.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 282
    7.4    COMPANY PROFILES 285-298 (34 company profiles)

8    ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION

    8.1    MARKET DRIVERS 300
    8.2    APPLICATIONS 301
        8.2.1     Current state of the art 301
        8.2.2     Advanced materials solutions 304
            8.2.2.1       Flexible and stretchable batteries 305
            8.2.2.2       Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors. 306
            8.2.2.3       Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries 309
            8.2.2.4       Flexible OLED lighting 309
            8.2.2.5       Quantum dot lighting 311
            8.2.2.6       Solar energy harvesting textiles 312
            8.2.2.7       Stretchable piezoelectric energy harvesting 316
            8.2.2.8       Stretchable triboelectric energy harvesting. 316
    8.3    GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 317
    8.4    COMPANY PROFILES 319-326 (18 company profiles)

9    DISPLAYS AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 
9.1 MARKET DRIVERS 327 9.2 APPLICATIONS 328 9.2.1 Automotive 329 9.2.1.1 Autonomous driving. 330 9.2.2 Printable, flexible and stretchable circuit boards and interconnects 330 9.2.3 Printable, flexible and stretchable transistors. 331 9.2.4 Flexible displays 332 9.2.4.1 e-Paper 333 9.2.4.2 Flexible LCDs 333 9.2.4.3 Flexible OLEDs (FOLED). 335 9.2.4.4 Flexible AMOLED 336 9.2.4.5 Flexible electrophoretic displays. 339 9.2.5 Smart windows. 339 9.2.6 Flexible drones. 340 9.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE 340 9.4 COMPANY PROFILES 341-348 (18 company profiles) LIST OF TABLES Table 1: Evolution of wearable devices, 2011-2017 29 Table 2: Advanced materials for printable, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages 36 Table 3: Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE). 37 Table 4: Markets for wearable devices and applications. 39 Table 5: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials 45 Table 6: Companies developing carbon nanotubes for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 50 Table 7: Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications 52 Table 8: Properties of graphene 55 Table 9: Companies developing graphene for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 58 Table 10: Advantages and disadvantages of fabrication techniques to produce metal mesh structures 60 Table 11: Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications 61 Table 12: Companies developing metal mesh for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 62 Table 13: Companies developing silver nanowires for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 65 Table 14: Nanocellulose properties. 67 Table 15: Properties and applications of nanocellulose 67 Table 16: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 68 Table 17: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films. 72 Table 18: Companies developing nanocellulose for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 74 Table 19: Companies developing quantum dots for applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics. 79 Table 20: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4 80 Table 21: Properties of graphene quantum dots 81 Table 22: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2 84 Table 23: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable conductive inks. 103 Table 24: Printable electronics products 105 Table 25: Comparative properties of conductive inks. 105 Table 26: Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof. 106 Table 27: Opportunities for advanced materials in printed electronics 112 Table 28: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 115 Table 29: Price comparison of thin-film transistor (TFT) electronics technology. 119 Table 30: Main markets for conductive inks, applications and revenues. 120 Table 31: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types. 122 Table 32: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable sensors for wearables and IoT 159 Table 33: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development 164 Table 34: Comparison of ITO replacements 168 Table 35: Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable sensors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 169 Table 36: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors 187 Table 37: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $. 194 Table 38: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables 223 Table 39: Wearable medical device products and stage of development 227 Table 40: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 233 Table 41: Applications in patch-type skin sensors, by materials type and benefits thereof 239 Table 42: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable electronic clothing and apparel. 264 Table 43: Types of smart textiles 267 Table 44: Examples of smart textile products 267 Table 45: Currently available technologies for smart textiles 268 Table 46: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development. 269 Table 47: Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 271 Table 48: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications. 274 Table 49: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel. 280 Table 50: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 283 Table 51: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable electronic energy storage and converison. 300 Table 52: Wearable energy and energy harvesting devices and stage of development 303 Table 53: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof. 305 Table 54: Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 308 Table 55: Applications in energy harvesting textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 314 Table 56: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 317 Table 57: Market drivers for printable, flexible and stretchable displays and electronic components. 327 Table 58: Applications in flexible and stretchable circuit boards, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 331 Table 59: Price comparison of thin-film transistor (TFT) electronics technology. 332 FIGURES Figure 1: Evolution of electronics 29 Figure 2: Wove Band. 32 Figure 3: Wearable graphene medical sensor 34 Figure 4: Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics 35 Figure 5: Mimo Baby Monitor 42 Figure 6: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors. 43 Figure 7: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube 48 Figure 8: Stretchable SWNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics 48 Figure 9: Graphene layer structure schematic 56 Figure 10: Flexible graphene touch screen 57 Figure 11: Foldable graphene E-paper. 57 Figure 12: Large-area metal mesh touch panel. 60 Figure 13: Flexible silver nanowire wearable mesh. 65 Figure 14: Cellulose nanofiber films 69 Figure 15: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper. 70 Figure 16: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF. 71 Figure 17: Foldable nanopaper 72 Figure 18: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 73 Figure 19: Paper memory (ReRAM) 74 Figure 20: Quantum dot 77 Figure 21: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band. 77 Figure 22: Black phosphorus structure. 83 Figure 23: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal 86 Figure 24: Schematic of germanene 87 Figure 25: Graphdiyne structure 89 Figure 26: Schematic of Graphane crystal. 90 Figure 27: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride. 91 Figure 28: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide. 93 Figure 29: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor 94 Figure 30: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge. 95 Figure 31: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide 96 Figure 32: Silicene structure. 97 Figure 33: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate 98 Figure 34: Silicene transistor 99 Figure 35: Crystal structure for stanene 100 Figure 36: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111) 100 Figure 37: Schematic of tungsten diselenide 101 Figure 38: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 111 Figure 39: Flexible RFID tag. 112 Figure 40: Enfucell Printed Battery 116 Figure 41: Graphene printed antenna 117 Figure 42: Printed antennas for aircraft. 117 Figure 43: Stretchable material for formed an in-molded electronics 118 Figure 44: Wearable patch with a skin-compatible, pressure-sensitive adhesive 118 Figure 45: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs 119 Figure 46: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types. 121 Figure 47: Covestro wearables 166 Figure 48: Royole flexible display 167 Figure 49: Panasonic CNT stretchable Resin Film 169 Figure 50: Bending durability of Ag nanowires. 177 Figure 51: NFC computer chip. 179 Figure 52: NFC translucent diffuser schematic 179 Figure 53: Softceptor sensor. 182 Figure 54: BeBop Media Arm Controller 183 Figure 55: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor 183 Figure 56: C2Sense flexible sensor. 184 Figure 57: nanofiber conductive shirt original design(top) and current design (bottom). 185 Figure 58: Garment-based printable electrodes. 186 Figure 59: Wearable gas sensor 190 Figure 60: BeBop Sensors Marcel Modular Data Gloves. 191 Figure 61: BeBop Sensors Smart Helmet Sensor System 192 Figure 62: Torso and Extremities Protection (TEP) system 193 Figure 63: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $ 194 Figure 64: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2027, millions $. 196 Figure 65: BITalino systems 204 Figure 66: Connected human body 227 Figure 67: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor 227 Figure 68: Prototype ECG sensor patch 231 Figure 69: Graphene-based E-skin patch 233 Figure 70: Wearable bio-fluid monitoring system for monitoring of hydration 236 Figure 71: Smart mouth guard. 236 Figure 72: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs 238 Figure 73: Graphene medical patch. 239 Figure 74: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer. 241 Figure 75: Mimo baby monitor. 241 Figure 76: Nanowire skin hydration patch 242 Figure 77: Wearable sweat sensor 243 Figure 78: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor 244 Figure 79: My UV Patch 245 Figure 80: Overview layers of L'Oreal skin patch 246 Figure 81: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $. 247 Figure 82: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $. 248 Figure 83: Omniphobic-coated fabric 271 Figure 84: Conductive yarns. 279 Figure 85: Work out shirt incorporating ECG sensors, flexible lights and heating elements 281 Figure 86: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2027 revenue forecast (million $) 283 Figure 87 Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016 284 Figure 88: Energy harvesting textile 301 Figure 89: StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit. 302 Figure 90: LG Chem Heaxagonal battery 303 Figure 91: Printed 1.5V battery 305 Figure 92: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries 307 Figure 93: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor 308 Figure 94: LG OLED flexible lighting panel. 310 Figure 95: Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight 311 Figure 96: Flexible & stretchable LEDs based on quantum dots 312 Figure 97: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper 313 Figure 98: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2015, by market. 319 Figure 99: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2027, by market. 319 Figure 100: LG Display LG Display 77-inch flexible transparent OLED display 328 Figure 101: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs. 332 Figure 102: Flexible LCD. 334 Figure 103: "Full ActiveTM Flex" 335 Figure 104: FOLED schematic. 336 Figure 105: Foldable display. 337 Figure 106: Stretchable AMOLED. 338 Figure 107: LGD 12.3'' FHD Automotive OLED 338 Figure 108: LECTUM® display 339 Figure 109: Global market for flexible OLED displays, 2015-2027 (billion $) 341
Date of Publication:
Jan 26, 2018
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
350 Pages