Public Safety Communications – LTE/FirstNet and LMR/P25-TETRA Technological and Marketing Analysis

Public Safety Communications – LTE/FirstNet and LMR/P25-TETRA Technological and Marketing Analysis

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jun 17, 2014, 230 Pages
US$3,950.00
PT2874

This report is about technological and marketing specifics of Public Safety Communications (PSC). Particular, it addresses the following items:

  • Introduction and future development of PSC based on the LTE technology. LTE marketing and technological analysis is performed. The first U.S. nationwide PSC LTE-based network – FirstNet - launch and development are addressed. The industry, which supports LTE networks and, particular, FirstNet implementations is discussed. Technical details of FirstNet are also analyzed.
  • The current status of the P25 technology and markets are discussed. The survey of P25 vendors’ portfolios is presented.
  • The current status of the TETRA technology and markets are discussed. The survey of TETRA vendors’ portfolios is presented.
  • Co-existence of traditional P25 and TETRA technologies and LTE technology in PSC is discussed.

The report objective was also to discuss the PSC future. At the present time, P25 and TETRA radios dominate PSC. Already in 2012, PSC LTE-based systems have been introduced. Benefits of such systems include high speed of transmission and economics of commercially available equipment, among others.

At the same time, LTE systems, currently, cannot fulfil all requirements of PSC users. The report is discussing such limitations; 3GPP standards that are going to address some of these issues will not be ready until 2019-2020. The report emphasizes that in foreseeable future LTE and P25/TETRA technologies will probably co-exist in PSC.

The report is written for a large audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development and implementation of PSC networks. 

This report is important for organizations involved in the PSC development. They need to understand the technological and marketing dynamics of a new generation of PSC networks.

For manufacturers, this report provides valuable information on competition. It also supports these vendors with PSC market assessments.

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Current Situation 12
1.2 Requirements for Public Safety Radio 12
1.3 Scope and Goals 13
1.4 Research Methodology 13
1.5 Target Audience 14

2.0 LTE Technology and Markets and PSC Applications

2.1 3GPP and LTE 15
2.1.1 Releases and PSC 16
2.2 LTE Timetable 18
2.3 Broadband Wireless Communications-Phases 20
2.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration 21
2.4.1 Industry Initiative 22
2.4.2 Intellectual Property 22
2.5 Key Features of LTE 23
2.6 Details 25
2.6.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) 25
2.6.2 UE Categories 26
2.6.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC) 27
2.7 LTE Advanced 28
2.8 SON 29
2.9 Voice Support 30
2.9.1 VoLTE 30
2.10 SAE/EPS (Evolved Packet System) - Details 31
2.10.1 Functional Structure 31
2.10.2 Interfaces 33
2.11 Market 34
2.11.1 Drivers 34
2.11.2 Demand: Wireless Broadband 34
2.11.3 LTE Market Projections 35
2.12 Summary of LTE Benefits 37
2.13 Vendors 38
4M Wireless (acquired by u-blox in 2012) 38
Agilent 39
Altair Semiconductor 40
Alcatel-Lucent-NEC 41
Altera 44
Aricent 44
AceAxis 45
Cisco 46
CommAgility 48
Ericsson 48
Fujitsu 50
Infineon 51
Huawei 52
Lime Microsystems 54
mimoON 55
Motorola Solutions 56
Nokia Siemens Networks 58
NXP 59
picoChip (acquired by Mindspeed in 2012) 61
Qualcomm 62
Samsung 63
Sequans 64
Signalion 65
TI 66
ZTE 67

3.0 FirstNet: Features and Characteristics

3.1 General 68
3.1.1 Beginning - Plan 68
3.1.2 Governing 68
3.2 Differences 69
3.3 RFIs and RFPs 70
3.4 FirstNet – LTE 72
3.4.1 Standards Compliance 72
3.5 FirstNet and LTE Current Limitations: 3GPP Releases 74
3.5.1 LMR –P25 75
3.5.2 FirstNet- Adaptation of Commercial Technology 75
3.5.3 Challenges 76
3.6 Devices 77
Athena 77
CalAmp 79
Elektrobit 79
Elbit 80
Harris 81
In Motion Technology 81
Motorola Solutions 82
Oceus 83
3.7 Interoperability Testing 84
Alcatel-Lucent, NSN, Cisco, Harris 84
Rohde & Schwarz and Elektrobit 86
3.8 Spectrum 86
3.9 England 87

4.0 Project P25

4.1 Standardization Process and Technologies 88
4.1.1 General: P25 Standard 88
4.1.2 Process 88
4.1.3 Beginning 89
4.1.4 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope 90
4.1.5 Status 92
4.1.6 CAP 92
4.2 P25 Development-Phase I 93
4.2.1 General Mission and Objectives 93
4.2.2 Compliance 95
4.2.3 Benefits and Issues 95
4.2.4 Technical Highlights- Interfaces 97
4.2.5 Security 105
4.2.6 Coding 106
4.2.7 P25 Voice Messaging 107
4.2.8 Frequency Bands 107
4.2.9 Spectrum: Problems 107
4.2.10 Major Improvements 111
4.2.11 Services 112
4.2.12 Network Scenario 113
4.2.13 Summary 113
4.3 P25 Phase II 114
4.3.1 Transition 114
4.3.2 Scope 115
4.3.3 Interfaces – Phase II 116
4.3.4 Attributes 117
4.3.5 Data Services Standards 118
4.3.6 Enhancements - Details 118
4.3.7 Time 120
4.4 P25 Radio Market Analysis 121
4.4.1 General 121
4.4.2 Geography 121
4.4.3 Market Drivers 122
4.4.4 Market Forecast 122
4.4.5 P25 Industry 126
Avtec 126
Catalyst 127
Cassidian Communications 128
Codan 129
Daniels (acquired by Codan in 2012) 130
Datron 132
Digital Voice System 134
EF Johnson (Acquired by FP-EF Holding in 2010) 135
Etherstack 136
Harris 138
Kenwood 140
Midland 140
Motorola Solutions 141
Objective Interface Systems 145
PowerTrunk 146
Relm 147
Raytheon JPS 149
Simoco 152
Technisonic Industries 152
Thales 153
Tait Electronics 154
Vertex Standard 156
Westel 158
Wireless Pacific 159

5.0 TETRA

5.1 General 161
5.1.1 Major Milestones 162
5.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I 163
5.2.1 General 163
5.2.2 Spectrum Regulations 164
5.2.3 TETRA and GSM 164
5.2.4 Main Features 166
5.2.5 Benefits 170
5.2.6 Networking 171
5.2.7 Release I Details 174
5.3 P25 and TETRA 179
5.3.1 General 179
5.3.2 Characteristics 181
5.3.3 Modifications 183
5.3.4 TETRA in North America 184
5.4 Security 185
5.5 Summary 186
5.6 TETRA Release II 187
5.6.1 Drivers 188
5.6.2 Applications 190
5.6.3 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension 190
5.6.4 Adaptive Multiple Rate (AMR) Voice Codec 190
5.6.5 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec 191
5.6.6 Data Services Development 191
5.6.7 Comparison 195
5.6.8 Standardization Status 197
5.7 Market Analysis 198
5.7.1 General 198
5.7.2 Certification 198
5.7.3 Geography 198
5.7.4 Market Drivers-Industries-Applications 199
5.7.5 Market Forecast 201
5.7.6 Industry 203
Axell (acquired by Cobham in 2013) 204
Artevea 205
Cassidian 206
ClearTone 208
DAMM Cellular 209
EtherStack 210
Groupco 211
Hytera 212
Motorola Solutions 213
Pegasus Network 215
Portalify 215
Rohill 216
Sepura 218
Selex ES 220
Teltronic 221
Team Simoco 223
Thales 225

6.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: 3GPP Releases 228
Appendix II: References 230

Table of Figures:

Figure 1: Evolution Path 19
Figure 2: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband 20
Figure 3: LTE – IP 25
Figure 4: LTE – Reference Architecture 28
Figure 5: EPC and Interfaces – Generic View 32
Figure 6: Projection: Global Broadband Mobile Subscribers Base (Bil.) 35
Figure 7: LTE Market-Subscribers’ Base (Bil) 36
Figure 8: TAM: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B) 37
Figure 9: Illustration-FirstNet Connection 72
Figure 10: Layers 73
Figure 11: Core Network 73
Figure 12: FirstNet – Frequency Bands 86
Figure 13: APCO Project 25 Interface Committee 89
Figure 14: Generic-P25 System Structure 95
Figure 15: P25 System – Major Interfaces 98
Figure 16: ISSI-P25 System-to-System 102
Figure 17: ISSI-Roaming 103
Figure 18: State and Local PSC Spectrum 108
Figure 19: Revised Frequency Plan 110
Figure 20: Revised Spectrum (Upper 700 MHz sub-band) 110
Figure 21: 700 MHz Auction (Illustration) 111
Figure 22: Example-Network Scenario 113
Figure 23: Phase II Modulation 115
Figure 24: Family 116
Figure 25: CAI Details 117
Figure 26: Capacity 118
Figure 27: Vocoders 119
Figure 28: TAM: PSC P25 Equipment Sales (U.S. and Canada, $B) 124
Figure 29: P25 Market Applications Segments 125
Figure 30: TETRA Release I - Functionalities 166
Figure 31: TETRA Interworking Illustration 172
Figure 32: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces 173
Figure 33: Network Scenarios 173
Figure 34: TETRA Release I Interfaces 175
Figure 35: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation 179
Figure 36: Phased Approach – TETRA and P25 180
Figure 37: TETRA RII Application Developments 192
Figure 38: Directions 192
Figure 39: TAPS 193
Figure 40: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics 194
Figure 41: Spectral Efficiency 195
Figure 42: Rates and Range 196
Figure 43: Illustration - TETRA TEDS Characteristics 196
Figure 44: Illustration of TETRA Market Geography (2014) 199
Figure 45: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2013) 200
Figure 46: TAM: TETRA Equipment Global Sales ($B) 202
Figure 47: TAM: TETRA BS & Associated Equipment Global Sales ($B) 203
Figure 48: Vendors Segmentation 204


Tables:

Table 1: 3GPP Releases 17
Table 2: Release 12: PSC-related Items 19
Table 3: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration 24
Table 4: LTE Frequency Bands 25
Table 5: Users Equipment Categories 28
Table 6: P25 Advantages and Issues 97
Table 7: CAI Characteristics 100
Table 8: PSR Bands 109
Table 9: P25 Services 114
Table 10: Phase II Documents 122
Table 11: Proportion 126
Table 12: TETRA Established 165
Table 13: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics 188
Table 14: TETRA Needs 190
Table 15: Applications (Release II) 191
Table 16: Evolution of TETRA Applications 202


Date of Publication:
Jun 17, 2014
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
230 Pages
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