Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM)

Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM)

Global Industry Analysts, Date of Publication: Jun 16, 2015, 173 Pages
US$4,500.00
GIA-MCP6328

Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM)

The global market for Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM) is projected to surpass US$10.8 billion by 2020 driven by the growing need for cost-effective deployment of advanced networking solutions to address expanding data, voice and video traffic. Factors such as increased social networking activity, data center virtualization, file sharing, video downloads, cloud computing and online gaming, are generating massive volumes of network traffic. Growing adoption of high speed networks for SAS, Infiniband, Ethernet, PCIe and Fiber Channel is also driving robust need for increased optical connectivity. The scenario is driving investments in technologies that facilitate efficient network transport, improved port utilization, reliable and quick service provisioning, and improved bandwidth. Asia-Pacific represents the largest and the fastest growing market worldwide with a CAGR of 16.5% over the analysis period. Growth in the region is led by fast-paced development in communication infrastructure.

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM) in US$ Million. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2014 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 39 companies including many key and niche players such as -

ADVA Optical Networking SE
Alcatel-Lucent
Ciena Corporation
Cisco
CoAdna Photonics, Inc.

Snapshot Summary of Trends & Drivers

  • Rising Preference for Router Bypass Technology Provides Opportunities for ROADM
  • Growing Need for High Bandwidth Offers Growth Prospects for ROADM
  • Developing Markets: The Focal Point for Future Growth
  • Wider Adoption of 40/100G Networks to Propel Global Demand for ROADM WSS Components
  • Increased Acceptance of Touchless ROADM as a Cost-Effective Technology Drives Growth
  • Higher Costs of ROADM Modules: A Key Challenge to Growth

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

      Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations                       I-1
      Disclaimers                                                       I-2
      Data Interpretation & Reporting Level                             I-2
       Quantitative Techniques & Analytics                              I-3
      Product Definitions and Scope of Study                            I-3


 II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW                                                  II-1
      ROADM, A Packet-Optical Transport System                          II-1
      Contributory Factors for Network Upgrade                          II-1
       Increasing Proliferation of Mobile Technology                    II-1
       Expanding Consumer Cloud Services                                II-1
       The Rise of Machine to Machine Applications                      II-2
      High Capacity & Faster Optical Networks in Telecom - Need of
       the Day                                                          II-2
      Outlook                                                           II-2
      China to Play Pivotal Role in Driving Growth in Global Optical
       Communication Market                                             II-3
      EMEA: A Major Emerging Market for ROADM Equipment                 II-3
      Competitive Landscape                                             II-4
       Metro ROADM                                                      II-4
        Table 1: Leading Players in the Global Metro ROADM Market
        (2013): Percentage Value Breakdown for Alcatel-Lucent,
        Ciena, Cisco, Fujitsu, Huawei, NEC, and Others (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      II-4
       Long-Haul WDM ROADM                                              II-4
        Table 2: Leading Players in the Global Long-Haul WDM ROADM
        Market (2013): Percentage Value Breakdown for
        Alcatel-Lucent, Ciena, Coriant, Huawei, Infinera, and Others
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            II-4
       Wavelength Selective Switches (WSS) Component                    II-5
        Table 3: Leading Players in the Global Wavelength Selective
        Switches (WSS) Component Market (2013): Percentage Value
        Breakdown for CoAdna, Finisar, JDSU, and Others (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      II-5

  2. MARKET TRENDS, ISSUES AND CHALLENGES                               II-6
      Rising Preference for Router Bypass Technology Signals
       Opportunities for ROADM                                          II-6
      Digital ROADM to Take Over Conventional ROADM?                    II-6
      The Need for High Bandwidth Offers Prospects for ROADM            II-6
      ROADM - Reaching for the Cloud?                                   II-6
      Rise of WSS Components in ROADM                                   II-7
      Global Market for ROADM Components to Witness Robust Growth       II-7
      Wider Adoption of 40/100G Networks to Propel Global Demand for
       ROADM WSS Components                                             II-8
      Innovations to Pave the Way Forward                               II-8
       CDC ROADM                                                        II-8
       Advances in ROADM Line Card Designs to Reduce Costs              II-9
      Touchless ROADM - A Cost-Effective Technology                     II-9
      ROADM Implementation - A Key Challenge                            II-10
       Technical Challenges                                             II-10
       Market Challenges                                                II-10

  3. PRODUCT OVERVIEW                                                   II-11
      Introduction                                                      II-11
      Definition                                                        II-11
       Key Features                                                     II-12
       Advantages                                                       II-12
      Key ROADM Technologies                                            II-12
       First-Generation                                                 II-12
       Second-Generation                                                II-13
       Third-Generation Reconfigurable OADM                             II-13
       Multi-Degree ROADM                                               II-13
       Enhanced ROADMs: Overcoming Challenges of First- and Second-
        Generation ROADMs                                               II-13
        Advantages of eROADM                                            II-13
         Low Initial Installation Costs                                 II-13
         Substantial Reduction in Capital & Operational Expenditures    II-14
         Seamless Multi-Product Interoperability                        II-14
         Smoother New Service Evolution and Future-Proofing             II-14
         Enabling Truly Agile Network with Unrestricted and Remote
          Wavelength Rerouting                                          II-14
      Wavelength-Selective Switching (WSS) Component: A Key Enabler
       of ROADM                                                         II-14
      WSS-based ROADM Architectures                                     II-14
       Colorless/Color Independent ROADM Architecture                   II-15
       Colorless and Directionless (CD) ROADM Architecture              II-15
       Colorless, Directionless, and Contentionless (CD/C) ROADM
        Architecture                                                    II-15
        Key Enabling Applications of CD/C ROADM Architectures           II-15
         Bandwidth Pre-Positioning                                      II-15
         Bandwidth-on-Demand                                            II-16
         Restoration/ Reoptimization of Optical Layer                   II-16
       Next-Generation Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless, and
        Gridless (CDCG) Architecture                                    II-16
      Operational Benefits of ROADM                                     II-17
       Simplified Planning                                              II-17
       Remote Configuration and Reconfiguration                         II-17
       Automatic Power Balancing                                        II-17
      Role of ROADM in Optimizing Performance of Optical Layer          II-18
      Classic, CDG and CDCG Architectures - A Comparative Analysis      II-18
       CD/C ROADM Cost Analysis                                         II-19
      Technical Challenges in Implementing ROADM within Optical
       Networks                                                         II-19
       High Insertion Loss                                              II-20
       Unwanted Manipulation of Spectral and Power Characteristics
        of WDM Signals and EDFAs                                        II-20
      ROADM: An Ideal Cloud Platform for Maximizing Connectivity
       between Data Centers                                             II-20

  4. PRODUCT INNOVATIONS/INTRODUCTIONS                                  II-22
      Infinera Unveils FlexROADM for DTN-X Optical Networking Platform  II-22
      NeoPhotonics Unveils Modular Multicast Switch Configurations      II-22
      Polatis Launches 192xCC Reconfigurable Optical Switch             II-22
      CoAdna Photonics Launches Twin 1xN WSS Series for Coherent
       Metro Networks                                                   II-22
      JDSU Launches T-BERD/MTS-6000A V2                                 II-22
      Vtesse Unveils 100GbE Optical Network Service                     II-22
      Oclaro Launches New Add/Drop Routing Platform for Next
       Generation Networks                                              II-22
      Proximion Unveils 16-port WISTOM                                  II-23
      JDSU Unveils JDSU OSA-500RS                                       II-23
      CoAdna Unveils CWDM WSS for Enterprise/ Datacenter Application    II-23
      Xtera Unveils OTN Switching Capabilities                          II-23
      ADTRAN Unveils Mini-ROADM                                         II-23

  5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY                                           II-24
      SoftBank Deploys Coriant 7100 Nano Solution                       II-24
      Verizon Deploys 100G Network in Asia-Pacific                      II-24
      Verizon Selects Ciena and Cisco for Metro Network Upgrade         II-24
      UFINET Enhances Fiber Network with Padtec DWDM Systems            II-24
      Finisar Takes Over LightSmyth                                     II-24
      Comtek Takes Over Trademarks and Intellectual Property Rights
       of Sorrento                                                      II-24
      CLOUDITALIA Partners with CORIANT for 100G Network Expansion      II-24
      KVH Selects Cyan for Upgradation of Backhaul Network              II-25
      ZTE Achieves Record in Single Carrier 400G Ultra-Long
       Transmission                                                     II-25
      Televorgu Installs ADVA 100G Core in Major Trans-European Network II-25
      HUAWEI and CHINA TELECOM Complete China's First SDN Test          II-25
      Bezeq Installs 100 Gbps Optical Network                           II-25
      TeliaSonera Selects Ciena’s 5400 Reconfigurable Switching System  II-25
      Service Electric Selects Infinera DTN                             II-25
      Huawei Partners with Telefonica to Test SDN-based IP and
       Optical Layer Interworking                                       II-25
      Finisar Establishes Manufacturing Facility in China               II-26
      Cyan Inks Agreement with Nistica to Develop Next-Generation
       Linecards                                                        II-26
      Netia Tests Coriant ROADMs for Deployment of 400G Network         II-26
      Tellabs Inks Resale Agreement with SeleSoft                       II-26
      Equinix Partners with BTI to Interconnect Singapore Data Centers  II-26
      Transmode Inks Agreement with Hutchison                           II-26
      FiberLight Expands Fiber Network into Texas DASH Market           II-26
      Vtesse Expands ROADM Network to Connect Telehouse London Data
       Centers                                                          II-27
      Coriant Offers Optical Solutions to Telefonica Vivo               II-27
      Ciena Enhances Broadband for Cablevision Argentina                II-27
      Kabel Deutschland Selects ADVA Optical Networking for
       Nationwide Fiber-Optic Network                                   II-27
      Arvig Communications Chooses Cyan SDN and Packet-Optical
       Transport Platforms                                              II-27
      SpringNet Upgrades Fiber-Optic Network                            II-27
      Fujikura Takes Over Nistica                                       II-27
      VOO Upgrades Core Optical Network                                 II-27

  6. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS                                     II-28
      ADVA Optical Networking SE (Germany)                              II-28
      Alcatel-Lucent (France)                                           II-28
      Ciena Corporation (US)                                            II-28
      Cisco (US)                                                        II-29
      CoAdna Photonics, Inc. (US)                                       II-29
      Coriant (US)                                                      II-29
      Ericsson (Sweden)                                                 II-30
      ECI Telecom Ltd. (Israel)                                         II-30
      Finisar Corporation (US)                                          II-30
      Fujitsu Limited (Japan)                                           II-31
      Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. (China)                             II-31
      Infinera Corporation (US)                                         II-31
      JDS Uniphase Corporation (US)                                     II-32
      NEC Corporation (Japan)                                           II-32
      Nistica (US)                                                      II-33
      NTT Electronics Corporation (Japan)                               II-33
      Oclaro, Inc. (US)                                                 II-34
      Optoplex Corporation (US)                                         II-34
      PacketLight Networks Ltd (Israel)                                 II-35

  7. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE                                          II-36
      Table 4: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers) by
      Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in
      US$ Million for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-36

      Table 5: World Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
      Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers) by Geographic Region/ Country -
      US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan),
      Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
      with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2007 through
      2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                         II-37

      Table 6: World 14-Year Perspective for ROADM (Reconfigurable
      Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers) by Geographic Region/Country -
      Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Revenues for US, Canada, Japan,
      Europe, Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest
      of World Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-38


 III. MARKET

  1. THE UNITED STATES                                                  III-1
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-1
        Product Launches                                                III-1
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-2
        Key Players                                                     III-3
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-8
        Table 7: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with
        Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-8

        Table 8: US Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-9

  2. CANADA                                                             III-10
       Market Analysis                                                  III-10
        Table 9: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-10

        Table 10: Canadian Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-11

  3. JAPAN                                                              III-12
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-12
        Outlook                                                         III-12
        Expanding IP Traffic Spurs Need for Advanced Networking Options III-12
        Corporate Development                                           III-12
        Key Players                                                     III-12
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-14
        Table 11: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer)
        Market with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014
        through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-14

        Table 12: Japanese Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-15

  4. EUROPE                                                             III-16
       Market Analysis                                                  III-16
        Table 13: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) by
        Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, and
        Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-16

        Table 14: European Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) by Geographic Region - France,
        Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, and Rest of Europe Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million
        for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding
        Graph/Chart)                                                    III-17

        Table 15: European 14-Year Perspective for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) by Geographic
        Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Revenues for France,
        Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, and Rest of Europe Markets for
        Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-18

  4a. FRANCE                                                            III-19
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-19
        Alcatel-Lucent - A Key Player                                   III-19
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-19
        Table 16: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-19

        Table 17: French Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-20

  4b. GERMANY                                                           III-21
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-21
        Corporate Development                                           III-21
        Adva Optical Networking Se - A Key Player                       III-21
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-22
        Table 18: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-22

        Table 19: German Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-23

  4c. ITALY                                                             III-24
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-24
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-24
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-25
        Table 20: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-25

        Table 21: Italian Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-26

  4d. UNITED KINGDOM                                                    III-27
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-27
        Product Launch                                                  III-27
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-27
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-28
        Table 22: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-28

        Table 23: UK Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-29

  4e. SPAIN                                                             III-30
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-30
        Corporate Development                                           III-30
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-31
        Table 24: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-31

        Table 25: Spanish Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-32

  4f. REST OF EUROPE                                                    III-33
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-33
        Product Launch                                                  III-33
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-33
        Ericsson (Sweden) - A Key Player                                III-34
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-35
        Table 26: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
        Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for
        Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-35

        Table 27: Rest of Europe Historic Review for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with
        Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-36

  5. ASIA-PACIFIC                                                       III-37
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-37
        Corporate Development                                           III-37
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-38
        Table 28: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
        Multiplexer) by Geographic Region - China, and Rest of
        Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-38

        Table 29: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) by Geographic
        Region - China, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million
        for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding
        Graph/Chart)                                                    III-39

        Table 30: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) by Geographic
        Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Revenues for China,
        and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-40

  5a. CHINA                                                             III-41
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-41
        Optical Network Equipment Market                                III-41
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-41
        Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. - A key player                    III-42
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-42
        Table 31: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market
        with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2014 through
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-42

        Table 32: Chinese Historic Review for ROADM (Reconfigurable
        Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in
        US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-43

  5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC                                              III-44
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-44
        India: Gearing up for Optical Network Boom                      III-44
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-44
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-45
        Table 33: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
        Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for
        Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-45

        Table 34: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with
        Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-46

  6. LATIN AMERICA                                                      III-47
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-47
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-47
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-48
        Table 35: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
        Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for
        Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-48

        Table 36: Latin American Historic Review for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with
        Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-49

  7. REST OF WORLD                                                      III-50
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-50
        Corporate Development                                           III-50
        Key Regional Players                                            III-50
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-51
        Table 37: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for ROADM (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop
        Multiplexer) Market with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for
        Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-51

        Table 38: Rest of World Historic Review for ROADM
        (Reconfigurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer) Market with
        Annual Revenues in US$ Million for Years 2007 through 2013
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-52


 IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

     Total Companies Profiled: 39 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 40)

     The United States (23)
     Canada (2)
     Japan (3)
     Europe (6)
     - France (1)
     - Germany (1)
     - The United Kingdom (1)
     - Rest of Europe (3)
     Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (5)
     Latin America (1)
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