Recycling of Platinum, Palladium and Other Platinum Group Metals: A Global Technology, Industry and Market Analysis

Recycling of Platinum, Palladium and Other Platinum Group Metals: A Global Technology, Industry and Market Analysis

iRAP, Date of Publication: Jul 15, 2014, 196 Pages
US$3,950.00
IR4875

The platinum group metals (PGMs), platinum, palladium and rhodium, have significant catalytic properties. Additionally, platinum metals possess natural beauty which makes them a valuable jewelry item in many parts of the world. Future demand for PGMs is expected to be heavily influenced by the automobile industry, while jewelry demand for platinum is expected to see significant growth among the key economies of Asia, such as China. Demand for platinum metals in industrial applications is also expected to rise along with the growing global economy.

Rising PGM prices which have occurred in recent decades have led to an increase in the recycling of these metals, which are used in automobile catalytic converters and electronic components. The recycling of PGMs usually starts with scrap refiners that collect scrap material such as waste catalytic converters and electronic parts that contain PGMs to extract the valuable metals. Other refiners usually buy the recovered PGM material to further upgrade the quality of the recycled material.

The demand for recycled platinum metals is expected to continue to increase in the coming years as new technologies which rely on the catalytic properties of PGMs, such as fuel cells, become more widely used the world over.

Study Goals and Objectives

This report has been prepared to focus on the many new developments that have been taking place in the PGM refining industry. Many of the market application sectors are mature, while others are growing at a good pace. Secondly, there are new applications for PGMs on the horizon, such as new electronic devices and fuel cell technology. These have created the need to make a proper analysis of market and business issues, trends in PGM recycling, and U.S. markets as well as foreign competition.

This report has been prepared to:
  • Provide an overview of the various platinum refinery industries and markets, their recycling processes and applications;
  • Identify the technical and business issues related to the commercial recovery of platinum metals;
  • Understand the market idiosyncrasies among the various platinum metals;
  • Analyze the global economic and technological trend impacting the demand for recycled platinum metals;
  • Determine the current size and future growth of the U.S. markets for platinum metal refining;
  • Identify and profile all U.S. refiners and suppliers of recycled platinum; and
  • Identify the foreign refiners of PGMs.
Contributions of the Study

This study covers the technical and industry overviews, materials, current and emerging production methods, business and industry issues, current and emerging applications, and an extensive market analysis. Current size and future growth of the U.S. markets are estimated for 2013 and 2018.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

This report reviews the platinum metals refining industry, the types of platinum materials, their applications, and current and anticipated demand for specific metals. For each material segment, the report provides an analysis of material and product types in that category, processing technologies, properties, applications, the U.S. markets and foreign competition.

The qualitative and quantitative judgments embodied in this report are a valuable contribution to the current knowledge of platinum metals, their production processes, applications and markets. Moreover, this study has been conducted at a vital stage when new applications hold the potential to revolutionize the application areas.

This is a consequence of the expanding utilization of electronic components - computers, fuel cells etc. - that often require the catalytic properties of platinum group metals. This current study identifies all such applications.

REPORT SUMMARY

The platinum group metals (PGMs) recycling industry has sustained growth in the last decade and is likely to continue this growth into the next decade because of the increasing value of PGMs and an expansion of technologies which depend on their physical properties. Economic growth in China, India Brazil and elsewhere has fostered a global increase in the use of automobiles, electronic devices and jewelry, all of which use recycled platinum metals. Additionally, within the industry, there has been growing innovation over the past decade in the technologies of PGM recycling.

The global market is expected to undergo about 8.2% growth. Worldwide growth has the potential to expand from $6 billion in 2013 to about $9 billion by 2018.

Other Major findings of this report:
  • The Asian region offers the greatest opportunities for growth, a trend that is expected to continue through 2018. Asia is expected to exhibit growth that exceeds some of the world's most vibrant markets in the Americas and Europe by expanding at a rate of approximately 9.2% annually.
  • The Americas recycled platinum metals market, led by the U.S., is expected to grow at a good rate in the coming years, while at the same time being one of the world's key sources of recycled platinum metals. Between the years of 2013 to 2018, demand in the Americas will increase by a rate of some 7.5%.
  • This study also reveals that Europe will likely experience positive growth, estimated at 7.7%. The magnitude of the demand for these recycled precious metals in Europe in the year 2018 is expected to be significantly greater than the current European community market size.
  • Total demand in the emerging market regions of Middle East and Africa, added up to roughly $267.6 million in the Middle East and about $207.3 million in Africa during the year 2013, Additionally, we expect that during the coming five years, these emerging markets will see a strong surge in the demand for recycled platinum metals.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY
FORMAT AND SCOPE
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
WHO SHOULD SUBSCRIBE?
AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

 

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY REGION THROUGH 2018
SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY REGION THROUGH 2018

 

3. INDUSTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

INDUSTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
PLATINUM METALS: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
MAJOR APPLICATIONS OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
JEWELRY
AUTOMOBILES
TABLE 1: KEY APPLICATIONS OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
THE PLATINUM GROUP METALS MARKET
TABLE 2: PLATINUM GROUP METALS PRODUCTION BY THE WORLD'S MAJOR PRODUCING COUNTRIES
TABLE 3: MARKET PRICES OF PLATINUM METALS IN 2012 AND PART OF 2013
PGM PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
TABLE 4: PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
TABLE 5: ADDITIONAL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
PGM MINERALOGY
NATURAL ALLOYS OF PLATINUM METALS
GLOBAL PLATINUM GROUP METALS PRODUCTION
UNITED STATES
SOUTH AFRICA
RUSSIA
CANADA
THE METALS RECYCLING INDUSTRY
QUALITY OF METAL RECYCLING
COMMON METAL RECYCLING PROCESSES
LOADING AND UNLOADING
BREAKING AND SEPARATING
CUTTING
MELTING AND BAKING IN FURNACES AND OVENS
APPLYING CHEMICAL PROCESSES TO RECYCLE METALS
RECYCLING OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
TABLE 6: PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLE RATES
RECYCLING OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS(CONTINUED)

 

4. INDUSTRY TRENDS IMPACTING DEMAND

INDUSTRY TRENDS IMPACTING THE DEMAND FOR PLATINIUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING
INCREASING FOCUS ON AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION CONTROL
TABLE 7: PROJECTED NUMBER OF AUTOMOBILES OPERATED BY REGION
GROWING USE OF PGMS IN ELECTRICAL DEVICE
TABLE 8: WORLD MLCC PRODUCTION TRENDS
TABLE 9: PRODUCTION GROWTH TRENDS IN ELECTRICAL DEVICES BY REGION
INCREASING USE OF FUEL CELLS
TABLE 10: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SHIPMENT TRENDS
INDUSTRIAL GROWTH IN CHINA AND INDIA
TABLE 11: GROWTH TRENDS FOR THE WORLD'S DYNAMIC ECONOMIES
FUTURE MARKET CHALLENGES

 

5. WORLD PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING MARKET

WORLD PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING MARKET
PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY REGION
EUROPEAN REGION PGMS RECYCLING
TABLE 12: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 13: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
ASIAN AND OCEANIAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 14: ASIAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 15: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 16: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 17: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 18: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 19: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 20: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 21: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY TYPE OF METAL
WORLDWIDE USE OF PGMS IN RECYCLING BY TYPE OF METAL
TABLE 22: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY METAL TYPE THROUGH 2018
WORLDWIDE DOLLAR VOLUME OF PGMS RECYCLING BY TYPE
TABLE 23: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY METAL TYPE THROUGH 2018
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY APPLICATION SOURCES
TABLE 24: GLOBAL MARKETS FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING BY KEY APPLICATION SOURCES 2018

 

6. PLATINUM METALS RECYCLING

PLATINUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 25: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY REGION THROUGH 2018
TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM METALS AUTOMOBILE CATALYST RECYCLING THROUGH 2018
TABLE 27: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM METALS ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS RECYCLING THROUGH 2018
TABLE 28: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PLATINUM METALS JEWELRY RECYCLING THROUGH 2018
RECYCLED PLATINUM METALS MARKET BY REGION OF THE WORLD
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METAL
TABLE 29: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METAL BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METAL
TABLE 30: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
ASIAN AND OCEANIAN MARKETS FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS
TABLE 31: ASIAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 32: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 33: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS
TABLE 34: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 35: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS
TABLE 36: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 37: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS
TABLE 38: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PLATINUM METALS BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018

 

7. PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING

PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 39: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METAL RECYCLING BY REGION THROUGH 2018
TABLE 40: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RECYCLING PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING FROM AUTOMOBILE CATALYST THROUGH 2018
TABLE 41: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING FROM ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS THROUGH 2018
TABLE 42: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RECYCLING PALLADIUM METALS FROM JEWELRY THROUGH 2018
RECYCLED PALLADIUM METALS MARKET BY REGION OF THE WORLD
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RECYCLING PALLADIUM METALS
TABLE 43: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METAL RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 44: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METAL RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018
ASIAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 45: ASIAN DEMAND FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 46: OCEANIAN DEMAND FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 47: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 48: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 49: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 50: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 51: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 52: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR PALLADIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018

 

8. RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING

RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 53: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY REGION THROUGH 2018
TABLE 54: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RECYCLING AUTOMOBILE CATALYST RHODIUM METALS THROUGH 2018
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 55: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING (CONTINUED)
TABLE 56: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
ASIAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 57: ASIAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 58: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 59: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 60: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 61: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 62: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 63: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 64: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RHODIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018

 

9. RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING

RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 65: GLOBAL MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY REGION THROUGH 2018
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 66: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 67: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018
ASIAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 68: ASIAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METAL RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018
TABLE 69: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 70: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 71: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018
TABLE 72: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 73: NORTHERN AFRICAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 74: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 75: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR RUTHENIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018

 

10. IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING

IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 76: GLOBAL MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY REGION, THROUGH 2018
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 77: WESTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 78: EASTERN EUROPEAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
ASIAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 79: ASIAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 80: OCEANIAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 81: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
THE AMERICAS MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 82: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 83: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
AFRICAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 84: NORTH AFRICAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
TABLE 85: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018
MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METALS RECYCLING
TABLE 86: MIDDLE EASTERN MARKET FOR IRIDIUM METAL RECYCLING BY COUNTRY THROUGH 2018

 

11. WORLD PGM RECYCLING INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

WORLD PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
TABLE 87: LEADING PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLERS
TABLE 88: DISTRIBUTION OF PGM RECYCLING COMPANIES BY REGION

 

12. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NEW DEVELOPMENTS
PLATINUM GROUP METALS BULK ANALYSIS IN AUTOMOBILE CATALYST RECYCLING MATERIAL BY LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY
PRECIOUS METALS PROCESS CATALYSTS - MATERIAL FLOWS AND RECYCLING
LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY APPLICATION TO CONTROL OF THE PROCESS OF PRECIOUS METAL RECOVERY AND RECYCLING
RECOVERY OF HIGH PURITY PRECIOUS METALS FROM PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS
REMOVAL OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS FROM THE USED AUTO CATALYTIC CONVERTER
A NOVEL ELECTROBIOTECHNOLOGY FOR THE RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS METALS FROM SPENT AUTOMOTIVE CATALYSTS
MICROWAVE-ASSISTED PLATINUM RECYCLING
RECOVERY OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS FROM RECYCLED AUTOMOTIVE CATALYTIC CONVERTERS BY CARBO-CHLORINATION
PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECYCLING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
U.S. PATENT TRENDS
TABLE 89: U.S. PATENT GENERATION TRENDS BY YEAR, 2002-2012
TABLE 90: U.S. PATENTS BY ASSIGNEE, 2002-2012
TABLE 91: U.S. PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2002-2012
SAMPLE OF U.S. PATENT ABSTRACTS
METHODS FOR RECOVERING METALS FROM AUTOMOBILE SCRAP AND ELECTRONIC WASTE
METHOD FOR RECOVERING PLATINUM FROM PLATINUMCONTAINING COATINGS ON GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENTS
PROCESS FOR RECOVERING PLATINUM GROUP METALS, RHENIUM AND GOLD
PRECIOUS METAL RECOVERY FROM ORGANICS-PRECIOUS METAL COMPOSITIONS WITH SUPERCRITICAL WATER REACTANT
RECOVER AND RECYCLE RHODIUM FROM SPENT PARTIAL OXIDATION CATALYSTS
PROCESS FOR RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS METALS
PROCESS FOR RECYCLING FUEL CELL COMPONENTS CONTAINING PRECIOUS METALS
METHODS FOR CLEANING PROCESS KITS AND CHAMBERS, AND FOR RUTHENIUM RECOVERY
RECOVERY OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS
METHOD FOR RECOVERING CATALYTIC METALS
METHOD FOR RECOVERING CATALYTIC METALS USING A POROUS METAL FILTER
METHOD OF RECYCLING USEFUL METAL
U.S. REGISTERED PATENTS
TABLE 92: SAMPLE OF U.S. PLATINIUM GROUP METAL RECYCLING PATENTS, 2002-2012

 

13. COMPANY PROFILES

COMPANY PROFILES
123 PRECIOUS METAL REFINING, LLC
A-1 SPECIALIZED SERVICES & SUPPLIES, INC.
ABINGTON RELDAN METALS, LLC
WESTMINSTER REFINING LTD
WISCONSIN PRECIOUS METALS REFINING SERVICES
ZIMPLATS

 

Date of Publication:
Jul 15, 2014
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
196 Pages
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