Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics

The Global Market for Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Apr 24, 2018, 335 Pages
US$1,885.00
FM7751

Electronics and power sources electronics which are not only flexible but also conformable and deformable offer the advantages of conventional devices while ideally maintaining excellent electrical properties under strain. They can stretched like a rubber band and twisted like a rope without any significant reduction in performance. Their development is key to the realization of wearables as they can deform along with soft interfaces such as:

  • textiles
  • skin
  • tissue
  • moving components in devices and robots

Applications include:

  • Stretchable conductors
  • Gas sensor textiles
  • Soft robotics
  • Wearables in sport and healthcare
  • Transparent electrodes on textile substrates
  • Sensory skins
  • Medical on-body skin patches
  • Artificial muscles
  • Battery and supercapacitor textiles
  • Sensors for diabetes monitoring and therapy
  • Comfort electronics in apparel and clothing
  • Formable plastics
  • Stretchable conductive elastomers.


Report contents include:

  • Future applications in Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics
  • Trends in Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics
  • Applications of Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics
  • Organic and polymeric materials for Flexible and Stretchable Electronics analysis.
  • Components analysis.
  • Over 150 company profiles.
  • Market revenue forecasts to 2028.

Global Market for Stretchable and Conformable Materials and Electronics
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 The evolution of electronics 29

1.1.1 The wearables revolution. 30

1.1.2 Flexible, thin, and large-area form factors 31

1.2 What are stretchable/deformable electronics?. 33

1.2.1 From rigid to flexible and stretchable 33

1.2.2 Organic and printed electronics 35

1.2.3 New conductive materials 36

1.3 Growth in stetchable/conformable electronics market 40

1.3.1 Recent growth in stretchable/conformable products 40

1.3.2 Future growth 40

1.3.3 Nanomaterials in stretchable electronics 42

1.3.4 Challenges in developing stretchable materials and electronics. 43

1.4 Products 44

1.5 Global revenues for stretchable/conformable materials and electronics 2018-2028 by market 45

1.5.1 Textiles and apparel. 47

1.5.2 Skin sensors 50

1.5.3 Wearables 50

1.5.4 Batteries and energy harvesting. 52

1.5.5 Medical and healthcare wearables 55

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3 INTRODUCTION

3.1 What are stretchable/conformable electronics?. 58

3.2 Approaches for developing stretchable electronics 58

3.3 Fabricating stretchable electronics 60

3.4 Main applications of stretchable/conformable electronics? 62

4 MATERIALS UTILIZED IN STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS

4.1 CARBON NANOTUBES 63

4.1.1 Properties 63

4.1.2 Properties utilized in stretchable electronics 65

4.1.2.1 Single-walled carbon nanotubes 66

4.1.3 Applications in stretchable electronics 67

4.2 CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS (CP) 70

4.2.1 Properties 70

4.2.1.1 PDMS. 71

4.2.1.2 PEDOT: PSS 71

4.2.2 Properties utilized in stretchable electronics 72

4.2.3 Applications in stretchable electronics 74

4.3 GRAPHENE 75

4.3.1 Properties 75

4.3.2 Properties utilized in stretchable electronics 76

4.3.3 Applications in stretchable electronics 77

4.4 METAL MESH 80

4.4.1 Properties 80

4.4.2 Properties utilized in stretchable electronics 81

4.4.3 Applications in stretchable electronics 82

4.5 SILVER FLAKE 83

4.5.1 Silver (Ag) nanoparticle ink. 84

4.5.1.1 Conductivity 85

4.5.2 Silver nanowires. 86

4.6 COPPER INK 88

4.6.1 Silver-coated copper 89

4.6.2 Copper (Cu) nanoparticle ink 89

4.7 NANOCELLULOSE 89

4.7.1 Properties utilized in stretchable electronics 90

4.7.2 Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable electronics 91

4.7.2.1 Nanopaper. 92

4.7.2.2 Paper memory. 95

4.8 OTHER MATERIALS 96

4.8.1 Liquid metals. 96

4.8.2 Other 2-D materials 96

5 TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL FOR STRETCHABLE/CONFORMABLE ELECTRONICS

6 STRETCHABLE CONDUCTIVE INKS

6.1 MARKET DRIVERS 102

6.2 CONDUCTIVE INK TYPES. 103

6.3 PRINTING METHODS 105

6.3.1 Nanoparticle ink 109

6.4 Sintering. 109

6.5 Conductive Filaments 110

6.6 Conductive films, foils and grids 110

6.7 Inkjet printing In flexible electronics 111

6.8 Stretchable conductive inks. 111

6.9 APPLICATIONS 111

6.9.1 Properties. 112

6.9.2 Current products 112

6.9.3 Advanced materials solutions 113

6.9.3.1 Graphene stretchable conductive inks 117

6.9.3.2 Carbon nanotubes. 118

6.9.4 Stretchable conductive inks in electronic textiles 119

6.9.5 Stretchable conductive inks in printable sensors. 119

6.9.6 In-mold stetchable conductive inks 120

6.9.6.1 Applications 120

6.9.6.2 Commercially available products 121

6.10 COMPANY PROFILES. 124

7 STRETCHABLE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS (TCF)

7.1 MARKET DRIVERS 169

7.2 APPLICATIONS 173

7.2.1 Flexible and stretchable TCFs 174

7.2.2 Advanced materials solutions 176

7.2.3 Types of stretchable TCFs 179

7.2.4 Stretchable carbon nanotube TCFs 180

7.2.4.1 Double-walled carbon nanotubes 181

7.2.5 Graphene 181

7.2.6 Stretchable wearable touchpad 183

7.3 COMPANY PROFILES 184

8 STRETCHABLE SENSORS

8.1 Current state of the art 212

8.2 Advanced materials solutions 214

8.2.1 Conductive nanofibers 215

8.2.2 Graphene 217

8.2.3 Electroactive polymers (EAPs). 219

8.3 Stretchable conductive elastomers 220

8.4 Wearable gas sensors. 221

8.5 Stretchable strain sensors 222

8.6 Wearable tactile sensors 222

8.7 Nanomaterials-based devices 223

8.8 Stretchable medical sensors and health monitors 226

8.8.1 Electronic skin for medical wearables. 233

8.8.2 Patch-type skin sensors. 234

8.8.3 Skin temperature monitoring 237

8.8.4 Hydration sensors 238

8.8.5 Wearable sweat sensors 239

8.8.6 UV patches 241

8.8.7 Smart footwear. 243

8.8.8 Neural prosthesis 243

8.8.9 Aritificial skin 244

8.9 COMPANY PROFILES 244

9 STRETCHABLE ELECTRONIC TEXTILES

9.1 MARKET DRIVERS 264

9.2 APPLICATIONS 267

9.2.1 Current state of the art for electronics textiles 268

9.2.2 Stretchable electronics in textiles 270

9.2.3 Stretchable and washable 273

9.2.4 Stretchable heaters for wearable thermotherapy 273

9.2.5 Powering stretchable E-textiles 274

9.2.6 Conductive stretchable fibers and yarns 275

9.2.7 Solar energy harvesting textiles 276

9.3 COMPANY PROFILES 277

10 STRETCHABLE BATTERIES AND ENERGY HARVESTING

10.1 MARKET DRIVERS 291

10.2 APPLICATIONS. 293

10.2.1 Current state of the art. 293

10.2.1.1 Fiber/wire stretchable batteries 293

10.2.1.2 Kirigami stretchable batteries 294

10.2.1.3 Origami stretchable batteries. 294

10.2.1.4 Bridge-island battery design 294

10.2.1.5 Embedded in stretchable fabrics. 294

10.2.2 Advanced materials solutions. 296

10.3 Flexible and stretchable batteries. 296

10.4 Stretchable supercapacitors. 299

10.5 Fiber-shaped Lithium-Ion batteries 301

10.6 Stretchable energy harvesting. 302

10.6.1 Stretchable capacitive energy harvesting 303

10.6.2 Stretchable piezoelectric energy harvesting. 304

10.6.3 Stretchable triboelectric energy harvesting 305

10.7 COMPANY PROFILES. 305

11 STRETCHABLE DISPLAYS

11.1 MARKET DRIVERS 313

11.2 APPLICATIONS. 314

11.2.1 Flexible displays 315

11.2.1.1 Flexible LCDs 316

11.2.1.2 Flexible OLEDs (FOLED). 318

11.2.1.3 Stretchable AMOLED 319

11.2.1.4 Stretchable electrophoretic displays. 321

11.3 COMPANY PROFILES. 322

12 STRETCHABLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

12.1 APPLICATIONS. 323

12.2 COMPANY PROFILES. 325

13 STRETCHABLE TRANSISTORS

13.1 MARKET DRIVERS 325

13.2 APPLICATIONS. 326

13.2.1 Stretchable thin film transistors 326

13.2.2 Stretchable high-performance circuits 328

13.2.3 Stretchable LED lighting 328

13.3 COMPANY PROFILES. 329

TABLES

Table 1: Evolution of wearable devices, 2011-2017 28

Table 2: Advanced materials for printable, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages 34

Table 3: Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE). 36

Table 4: Markets for stretchable electronics. 38

Table 5: Challenges in developing stretchable electronics 40

Table 6: Stretchable electronics products 41

Table 7: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 45

Table 8: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $ 48

Table 9: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 49

Table 10: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials 61

Table 11: Types of flexible and stretchable conductive polymers, properties and applications 70

Table 12: Properties of graphene. 72

Table 13: Advantages and disadvantages of fabrication techniques to produce metal mesh structures 77

Table 14: Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications 78

Table 15: Properties of flexible electronics‐cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper). 87

Table 16: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films. 90

Table 17: Other 2-D materials in stretchable electronics. 93

Table 18: Market drivers for stretchable conductive inks 99

Table 19: Typical conductive ink formulation. 101

Table 20: Characteristics of analog printing processes for conductive inks. 103

Table 21: Characteristics of digital printing processes for conductive inks. 104

Table 22: Commercially available stretchable conductive inks 109

Table 23: Comparative properties of conductive inks. 110

Table 24: Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof. 111

Table 25: Market drivers for stretchable TCFs. 166

Table 26: Transparent conductive switches-PEDOT 172

Table 27: Applications in printable, flexible and stretchable sensors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 173

Table 28: Types of stretchable TCFs 176

Table 29: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors 215

Table 30: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 221

Table 31: Wearable medical device products and stage of development 226

Table 32: Applications in patch-type skin sensors, by materials type and benefits thereof 233

Table 33: Market drivers for stretchable electronic textiles. 261

Table 34: Examples of smart textile products 264

Table 35: Currently available technologies for smart textiles 265

Table 36: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development. 266

Table 37: Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 267

Table 38: Market drivers for stretchable electronic energy storage 288

Table 39: Wearable energy and energy harvesting devices and stage of development 292

Table 40: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof. 295

Table 41: Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof 298

Table 42: Market drivers for stretchable displays 310

Table 43: Applications in flexible and stretchable circuit boards, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof 320

Table 44: Market drivers for stretchable transistors. 323

Table 45: Price comparison of thin-film transistor (TFT) electronics technology. 324

FIGURES

Figure 1: Evolution of electronics 27

Figure 2: Wove Band. 30

Figure 3: Wearable graphene medical sensor 32

Figure 4: Applications timeline for organic and printed electronics 33

Figure 5: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors. 40

Figure 6: Global revenues for stretchable/conformable materials and electronics 2017-2027 44

Figure 7: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2027 revenue forecast (million $) 45

Figure 8 Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016 46

Figure 9: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $. 48

Figure 10: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2015, by market 51

Figure 11: Demand for thin film, flexible and printed batteries 2027, by market 52

Figure 12: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $ 53

Figure 13: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube. 64

Figure 14: Stretchable SWNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics 64

Figure 15: Stretchable carbon aerogel incorporating carbon nanotubes. 67

Figure 16: Flexible graphene touch screen 74

Figure 17: Foldable graphene E-paper. 75

Figure 18: Large-area metal mesh touch panel. 77

Figure 19: Silver nanocomposite ink after sintering and resin bonding of discrete electronic components. 82

Figure 20: Flexible silver nanowire wearable mesh. 85

Figure 21: Copper based inks on flexible substrate 85

Figure 22: Cellulose nanofiber films 88

Figure 23: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper. 88

Figure 24: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF. 89

Figure 25: Foldable nanopaper 91

Figure 26: Foldable nanopaper antenna. 92

Figure 27: Paper memory (ReRAM) 92

Figure 28: Technology readiness level for stretchable/deformable electronics applications. 96

Figure 29: BGT Materials graphene ink product. 115

Figure 30: Stretchable material for formed an in-molded electronics 117

Figure 31: Wearable patch with a skin-compatible, pressure-sensitive adhesive 118

Figure 32: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types. 120

Figure 33: Panasonic CNT stretchable Resin Film 173

Figure 34: Stretchable touchpad 181

Figure 35: BITalino systems 190

Figure 36: Softceptor sensor. 210

Figure 37: BeBop Media Arm Controller 211

Figure 38: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor 211

Figure 39: C2Sense flexible sensor. 212

Figure 40: <hitoe> nanofiber conductive shirt original design(top) and current design (bottom). 213

Figure 41: Garment-based printable electrodes. 214

Figure 42: Wearable gas sensor 219

Figure 43: BeBop Sensors Marcel Modular Data Gloves. 220

Figure 44: Graphene-based E-skin patch 221

Figure 45: Wearable bio-fluid monitoring system for monitoring of hydration 224

Figure 46: Smart mouth guard. 224

Figure 47: Connected human body 225

Figure 48: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor 226

Figure 49: Prototype ECG sensor patch 230

Figure 50: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs 232

Figure 51: Graphene medical patch. 233

Figure 52: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer. 235

Figure 53: Mimo baby monitor. 235

Figure 54: Nanowire skin hydration patch 236

Figure 55: Wearable sweat sensor 237

Figure 56: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor 238

Figure 57: My UV Patch 239

Figure 58: Overview layers of L’Oreal skin patch 240

Figure 59: Conductive yarns. 272

Figure 60: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper 273

Figure 61: Energy harvesting textile 290

Figure 62: LG Chem Heaxagonal battery 292

Figure 63: Printed 1.5V battery 294

Figure 64: Enfucell Printed Battery 295

Figure 65: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries 297

Figure 66: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor 298

Figure 67: StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit. 300

Figure 68: LG Display LG Display 77-inch flexible transparent OLED display. 311

Figure 69: Carbon nanotubes flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries incorporated into flexible, rechargeable yarn batteries 313

Figure 70: Flexible LCD 314

Figure 71: “Full ActiveTM Flex” 314

Figure 72: FOLED schematic 316

Figure 73: Foldable display 317

Figure 74: Stretchable AMOLED 317

Figure 75: LGD 12.3” FHD Automotive OLED. 318

Figure 76: LECTUM® display 319

Figure 77: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs 324

Date of Publication:
Apr 24, 2018
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
335 Pages