“Reconfigurable Radio - White Spaces M2M Communications” Technologies and Markets

“Reconfigurable Radio - White Spaces M2M Communications” Technologies and Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Sep 2, 2014, 176 Pages
US$3,900.00
PT4425

“Reconfigurable Radio - White Spaces M2M Communications” Technologies and Markets


The value in machines having wireless communications has long been understood and a large market is predicted for many years. That this has not transpired yet has been because of the difficulty of meeting all the requirements within the constraints of the available radio spectrum.

These constraints changed significantly with the advent of White Space (WS) availability.

The report concentrates on the development of White Spaces communications as one of the first technologies that utilizes properties of reconfigurable radio. It shows that the combination of spectrum awareness together with the selection of White Spaces frequencies windows create a new modern multi-applications industry. The report analyzes specifics of White Spaces communications in such environments and reflects communications benefits and issues. The White Spaces communications market is just evolving and promises multiple applications; one of such applications – M2M communications – is detailed.

The report goal was to analyze M2M communications based on utilization of White Spaces. To reach this goal:

  • Reconfigurable radio analysis was performed to show roots of spectrum sensing in WS communications. Technologies, standards, markets, industry and applications of reconfigurable radio were addressed.
  • White Spaces communications origin, properties, regulations, standards and industry were analyzed.
  • Development of the evolving industry – M2M/IoT communications – was addressed. For this purposes, specifics of such communications, their standardization, market properties and industry have been presented.
  • WS-supported M2M communications were analyzed; the evolving industry activity, standardizations efforts and specifics have been presented. In particular, the Weightless standard development was addressed.
The report is written for a wide audience of researches, engineers and managers that are involved in the development and utilization of cognitive radios and M2M communications for commercial markets.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction
1.1 General 9
1.2 Scope 9
1.2.1 Major Goal 10
1.3 Research Methodology 11
1.4 Target Audience 11

2.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

2.1 General 12
2.2 Purpose 12
2.3 Definitions (WIF, FCC, ITU) 12
2.3.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position 14
2.4 SDR: Regulations 16
2.4.1 FCC 16
2.4.1.1 Equipment Type 16
2.4.1.2 Process 17
2.4.1.3 Application Guide 18
2.4.1.4 First Approval 18
2.4.2 ITU 19
2.4.3 Ofcom 20
2.5 Standardization Organizations Efforts 20
2.5.1 ITU-R 20
2.5.2 ETSI 20
2.5.2.1 General 20
2.5.2.2 Major Points 21
2.5.3 3GPP 22
2.5.4 IEEE 22
2.5.5 NASA 22
2.6 Considerations 23
2.7 Properties 24
2.7.1 Layers 24
2.7.2 Details 25
2.7.3 Versatility 26
2.7.4 Issues 27
2.8 SDR Implementations 28
2.9 Applications 29
2.9.1 Commercial 29
2.9.2 SDR/CR in Military 30
2.9.2.1 SCA 30
2.9.3 Public Safety Communications (PSC) 32
2.10 SDR/CR: Benefits 33
2.11 Impact 35
2.11.1 Geographical Differences 35
2.12 Market 36
2.12.1 Landscape 36
2.12.1.1 Factors 37
2.12.2 Trends 37
2.12.3 Cost 38
2.12.4 Different Perspective 39
2.12.5 Market Drivers-Summary 41
2.12.6 Market Forecast 42
2.12.6.1 Model Assumptions 42
2.12.6.2 Estimate 43
2.13 Industry 45
Aeronix (SDR Components) 45
AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations) 46
AirSpan (BS) 47
Alcatel-Lucent (Base Stations) 47
Analog Devises (Chipsets) 49
Array Systems Computing (DSP) 50
Cambridge Consultants (PHY, Base Station) 51
Carlson Wireless (Platform) 53
Cisco (802.11a) 54
CRT (CR SW) 54
General Dynamics (Platform) 55
DataSoft (SDR Design, SW) 55
Digital Receiver Technology (Radio Modules) 57
Etherstack (Software) 58
Ericsson 59
Green Hills (Software) 60
Harris (SDR) 62
Huawei (Platform) 63
Intel (Platform) 64
Lockheed Martin 65
Lyrtech - Nutaq (DSP and FPGA development solutions) 65
Motorola Solutions (BS) 67
Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station) 67
Objective Interface Systems (Software) 68
PrismTech (SDR Development Environment) 70
Rockwell Collins (Radios) 71
Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms) 73
Tecore Networks (Infrastructure) 75
Thales (Radio) 76
TI (Chips) 77
Vanu (Base Stations) 78
Wind River (Software) 79
Xilinx (Chips, SDR Development Kit) 80
xG Technology (Radio) 82
ZTE (Platforms) 82

3.0 White Spaces Communications: Regulations

3.1 Definition 85
3.2 Rational 85
3.3 FCC Activity 86
3.3.1 Start 86
3.3.2 Devices 87
3.3.3 Clarifications 88
3.3.3.1 Sensing 90
3.3.3.2 Power 91
3.3.4 Specifics 91
3.3.4.1 Protection 91
3.3.4.2 Frequencies 91
3.3.4.3 TVWS Database (U.S.) 92
3.3.5 Further Work 95
3.4 Japan 95
3.5 Europe: Ofcom and Other 95
3.6 Canada 98
3.7 Ecosystem and Use Cases 98

4.0 White Spaces Communications: Standardization and Industry

4.1 WS Alliance 101
4.1.1 Wi-FAR 101
4.1.2 WSAConnect 102
4.2 WIF – WS 102
4.3 WS-related IEEE Standards 103
4.3.1 IEEE 802.11af - 2013 104
4.3.1.1 General: Expectations – Wi-Fi on Steroids 104
4.3.1.2 Differences 105
4.3.1.3 Benefits 105
4.3.1.4 Specifics 106
4.3.1.4.1 Building Blocks 107
4.3.1.4.2 PHY 108
4.3.1.5 Prototyping 108
4.3.1.6 Summary 108
4.3.2 IEEE SCC 41 – DySpan SC 108
4.3.2.1 IEEE 1900.4 109
4.3.2.2 IEEE 1900.4a - 2011 109
4.3.2.3 IEEE 1900.4.1 110
4.3.3 IEEE 802.22 – 2011 110
4.3.3.1 General 111
4.3.3.2 WG 802.22 and FCC 111
4.3.3.3 Overview 112
4.3.3.4 Physical Layer – Major Characteristics 113
4.3.3.4.1 Frames 114
4.3.3.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC 114
4.3.3.6 IEEE 802.22.1 116
4.3.3.7 IEEE 802.22.2 116
4.3.3.8 IEEE 802.22a-2014 116
4.3.3.9 P802.22b 117
4.3.3.10 Summary-IEEE802.22 117
4.3.4 IEEE 802.19 119
4.3.4.1 IEEE 802.19.1-2014 119
4.3.5 IEEE 802.15.4m-2014 121
4.4 CogNeA and ECMA Activity 121
4.4.1 CogNeA 121
4.4.1.1 Development 121
4.4.2 ECMA-392-2011 122
4.5 IETF-PAWS 123
4.6 ETSI 124
4.7 Industry 124
Adaptrum 124
Aviacomm 125
Carlson Wireless 126
KTS Wireless 127
Metric Systems 128
Neul 128
Redline Communications 130
Sinecom 131
Spectrum Bridge 132
TI/Azcom 135
4.8 Market 136
4.9 Trials and Projects 138
4.9.1 London Trial 138
4.9.2 Additional Information 138
4.9.3 Microsoft Wi-Fi-NC and Other 138
4.9.4 Utility 139
4.9.5 Airspan Trials 140
4.9.6 Neul Trials 141

5.0 M2M Communications and WS

5.1 Special Needs 142
5.1.1 Spectrum 143
5.1.2 Summary 144
5.2 Standardization 145
5.2.1 IEEE 146
5.2.2 ETSI 146
5.2.3 ITU 148
5.2.4 oneM2M 149
5.2.5 ISO/IES 149
5.3 Market 150
5.3.1 Data 150
5.3.2 Estimate 150
5.4 Industry-Innovations 152
Arqiva/Sensus 152
Kore Telematics 153
M2M Spectrum Networks 154
On-Ramp 155
SigFox/Telit 156
Telensa/Plextek 157

5.5 Role of TVWS 158
5.5.1 Progress 158

5.5.2 Challenges 159
5.5.3 Solution 160
5.5.4 Cambridge TVWS Consortium - Cambridge Trial 161
5.5.5 Development of Weightless Technology 162
5.5.5.1 Standard 162
5.5.5.2 Details 163
5.5.5.3 Specifics 163
5.5.5.4 Neul 164
5.5.5.4.1 Weightless Chip 164
5.5.5.4.2 Technology Features 166
5.5.5.5 Network Structure 167
5.5.5.5.1 Plan 169
5.5.5.5.2 Performance Summary 169
5.5.5.6 Specific Details 170
5.5.5.6.1 Range of Applications 171
5.5.5.7 NextG-Com: Industry 173
5.5.5.8 Market Considerations 175

6.0 Conclusions 176

Figure 1: Conceptual View 14
Figure 2: Reconfigurable BS 21
Figure 3: SDR: Reference Architecture 22
Figure 4: SDR and OSI Reference Model 25
Figure 5: PSC Specifics 32
Figure 6: TAM: Global SDR-based Equipment Sales ($B) 43
Figure 7: SDR Market Segments 44
Figure 8: SDR Market Geography (2014) 44
Figure 9: TVWS Channels 87
Figure 10: UK TVWS- Spectrum 96
Figure 11: Architecture: 802.19.1 120
Figure 12: TVWS Market 136
Figure 13: IoT Environment 142
Figure 14: ETSI Activity 147
Figure 15: Use Cases 148
Figure 16: M2M Applications 150
Figure 17: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month) 151
Figure 18: TAM: M2M Communications Revenue ($B) 152
Figure 19: Weightless Networking: Simplified 168


Table 1: SDR Tiers 15
Table 2: CR Features 16
Table 3: U.S. – PSC Users 32
Table 4: SDR Market Drivers 41
Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC 88
Table 6: TV Channels and Fixed TVBDs 92
Table 7: Database Status (2014) 94
Table 8: IEEE WS-related Standards 104
Table 9: Use Cases 117
Table 10: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22 118
Table 11: Key M2M Elements 146
Table 12: Iceni Characteristics 166

 

Date of Publication:
Sep 2, 2014
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
176 Pages
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