Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness: Standardization, Trends and Markets

Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness: Standardization, Trends and Markets

PracTel, Date of Publication: Aug 16, 2016, 173 Pages
US$3,600.00
PT4590

 In the U.S. as well as in many other developed countries healthcare can be typically characterized by

  • Continuous increase in the government spending
  • Unstoppable increase in the service cost
  • Deterioration of services 

One technology, which is becoming a powerful tool to improve healthcare is wireless communications. This technology is enhancing patients' monitoring, relieves medical staff from routine procedures, and reduces probability of medical mistakes. Bidirectional wireless communications channels also allow, if it is necessary, to respond based on the received information to correct the patient treatment.

The report emphasizes the importance of wireless communications standardization for medical applications. To show this, authors conducted a detailed analysis of technical and economical characteristics for WBAN (Wireless Body Area Networks) and MWBAN - Medical BANs. Standards and regulatory documents issued by the IEEE, ETSI, ITU, ISO, FCC, FDA and Continua related to the report issues are addressed.

The report also updates the information on transport technologies that are used to support the 11073 and other connectivity standards - Bluetooth and ZigBee - to show their place in improving patients' conditions monitoring and in patients' general care. Technical and economical characteristics of these technologies are analyzed.

The report also provides a detailed analysis of a relatively new wireless technology - Visible Light Communications (VLC), emphasizing its wide open opportunities for medical applications. Particular, it may provide reliable and secure communications in the hospital environment where use of RF signals for communications is not allowed (OR, MRI and similar). VLC technical and economical characteristics are addressed; and VLC medical applications are discussed. The survey of patents (2015-2016) related to VLC is conducted.

Surveys of related industries are also presented.

The report is written for service providers, IT departments of hospitals and other medical organizations, retail operators, vendors, network operators and managers, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding wireless communications medical/wellness applications.

For systems integrators, the report provides an analysis and assessment of competing products currently available as well as an estimation of the overall opportunities in the coming years.

Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness: Standardization, Trends and Markets
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Wireless ICT in Healthcare and Wellness: Standardization, Trends and Markets

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Scope
    • 1.2.1 Choices
  • 1.3 Status
  • 1.4 Requirements
  • 1.5 WBAN - WMBAN
  • 1.6 Bluetooth
  • 1.7 ZigBee
  • 1.8 Visible Light Communications (VLC)
  • 1.9 Demand
  • 1.10 Crisis
  • 1.11 Focus
  • 1.12 Research Methodology
  • 1.13 Target Audience

2.0 WBAN/MWBAN Properties

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Reasons
  • 2.3 Definition
  • 2.4 Structure
  • 2.5 Overview
  • 2.6 WBAN Specifics
  • 2.7 Groups
    • 2.7.1 By Application
    • 2.7.2 By Transmission Medium
    • 2.7.3 By Number of Nodes
    • 2.7.4 By Environment
    • 2.7.5 By Radio Type
    • 2.7.6 By Source
    • 2.7.7 By Response
    • 2.7.8 By Condition
    • 2.7.9 By Spectrum
  • 2.8 FCC - Frequencies Regulations: MBAN and Other

3.0 Standardization: Medical Environment - Wireless Communications

  • 3.1 General
  • 3.2 IEEE 802.15.6: Details
    • 3.2.1 Scope
    • 3.2.2 Status
    • 3.2.3 Structure
    • 3.2.4 Major Characteristics
      • 3.2.4.1 Specifics
      • 3.2.4.2 Overview
      • 3.2.4.3 Use Cases
      • 3.2.4.4 Modifications
        • 3.2.4.4.1 PHYs
          • 3.2.4.4.1.1 Narrow Band PHY
          • 3.2.4.4.1.2 UWB PHY
          • 3.2.4.4.1.3 HBC PHY
        • 3.2.4.4.2 MAC
      • 3.2.4.5 Security
      • 3.2.4.6 Power Savings
    • 3.2.5 Summary
  • 3.3 IEEE 802.15.4j - Medical BAN (MBAN): Details
    • 3.3.1 Scope
    • 3.3.2 Differences
    • 3.3.3 Timeline
    • 3.3.4 Characteristics
    • 3.3.4.1 Spectrum and Channels Plan
    • 3.3.4.2 Major Parameters
    • 3.3.5 Benefits
  • 3.4 ISO/IEEE 11073 - Personal Health Data
    • 3.4.1 Beginning
    • 3.4.2 Family
    • 3.4.3 IEEE 11073 Requirements
  • 3.5 ETSI Healthcare-related Projects
    • 3.5.1 eHEALTH
    • 3.5.2 ETSI TR 101 557 V1.1.1 (2012-02) - MBANS
    • 3.5.2.1 General
    • 3.5.2.2 ETSI - MBANS
    • 3.5.2.3 Market Characteristics
    • 3.5.2.4 Technical Details
    • 3.5.3 ETSI EN 303-203 V2.1.1 (2015-11)
  • 3.6 ISO Work
  • 3.7 FDA Guidance
  • 3.8 ITU
  • 3.9 Continua

4.0 WBAN Applications, Industry and Market

  • 4.1 Applications
    • 4.1.1 Healthcare
    • 4.1.2 Wellness
    • 4.1.3 First Responders and Military
  • 4.2 Market Considerations
  • 4.3 Industry
    • AirStrip Technologies
    • ANT
    • FitLinxx
    • GE
    • Intelesens
    • Intel
    • Medtronic
    • Motorola
    • Microcemi
    • Nokia
    • Siemens
    • Sotera Wireless
    • Toumaz
    • Vivago
    • VitaMove
  • 4.4 Current and Future Trends - WBAN

5.0 Transport WICT: Healthcare

  • 5.1 IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth-BT)
    • 5.1.1 BT Protocol Stack
    • 5.1.2 Profiles
    • 5.1.3 Power Consumption - ULP/BLE
    • 5.1.4 Health Device Profile
    • 5.1.4.1 IEEE 11073 and BT
    • 5.1.5 Highlights
    • 5.1.5.1 The Standard:
    • 5.1.5.2 The Technology:
    • 5.1.5.3 Evolution
    • 5.1.6 Market Estimate
    • 5.1.7 BT Industry-HDP
      • Bluegiga (Silicon Labs Company)
      • Cambridge Consultants
      • Laird Technologies
      • Nonin
      • Omron
      • Nordic Semiconductor
      • Stollmann
  • 5.2 ZigBee
    • 5.2.1 General
    • 5.2.2 Technology
    • 5.2.2.1 Major Features
    • 5.2.3 Device Types
    • 5.2.4 Protocol Stack
    • 5.2.4.1 Security
    • 5.2.5 Battery Life
    • 5.2.6 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations
    • 5.2.7 Applications Specifics
      • 5.2.7.1 Personal, Home and Hospital Care (PHHC) Profile -ZigBee Healthcare
        • 5.2.7.1.1 Objectives
        • 5.2.7.1.2 Details
        • 5.2.7.1.3 Use Cases
    • 5.2.8 Market
      • 5.2.8.1 Segments
      • 5.2.8.2 Forecast
    • 5.2.9 Industry
      • Amber (RF Systems)
      • Atmel (Chipsets) -acquired by Microchip in 2016
      • CEL (modules)
      • Digi (Radio)
      • GreenPeak (WSN)-acquired by Qorvo in 2016
      • Freescale (Chips, Health Care) - acquired by NXP in 2016
      • Philips Applied Technologies (Healthcare)
      • Proventix
      • Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules)
      • Synapse (Module, Protocols)
      • TI (Chipsets)
  • 5.3 Visible Light Communications
    • 5.3.1 General
    • 5.3.2 Medical Applications
    • 5.3.3 VLC - Innovation
    • 5.3.4 LED Specifics
      • 5.3.4.1 Properties
      • 5.3.4.2 Spectrum
    • 5.3.5 Types
    • 5.3.6 LED Modulation
    • 5.3.6.1 Limitations
    • 5.3.7 LED - Dual Functionality
    • 5.3.8 Developments - History
    • 5.3.9 Technical/Economic Characteristics
    • 5.3.10 Communications Aspects: VLC
      • 5.3.10.1 Place
      • 5.3.10.2 Drivers
      • 5.3.10.3 Industry Activity
      • 5.3.10.4 VLC Standards Development
        • 5.3.10.4.1 IEEE 802.15.7 Standard
          • 5.3.10.4.1.1 Considerations
          • 5.3.10.4.1.2 Project
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.1 Coexistence
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.2 Scope
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.3 Base
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.4 Use Cases
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5 Physical Layer
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.1 Tasks
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.2 Responsibilities
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.3 Types
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.4 Error Protection
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.5 Rates
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.7 PHY Services
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.5.8 Regulations
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6 MAC Layer
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6.1 Functionalities
              • 5.3.10.4.1.2.6.2 Channel Access
            • 5.3.10.4.1.2.7 Security
        • 5.3.10.4.2 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) Standards
          • 5.3.10.4.2.1 JEITA CP-1221
          • 5.3.10.4.2.2 JEITA CP-1222
          • 5.3.10.4.2.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
        • 5.3.10.4.3 Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)
        • 5.3.10.4.4 ARIB T50
        • 5.3.10.4.5 ECMA 397-2010
    • 5.3.11 VLC Channel-Details
      • 5.3.11.1 General
      • 5.3.11.2 Functionality
      • 5.3.11.3 Transmitter
      • 5.3.11.4 Receiver
        • 5.3.11.4.1 Image Sensors
        • 5.3.11.4.2 LED as Receiver
      • 5.3.11.5 Major Characteristics
        • 5.3.11.5.1 General
        • 5.3.11.5.2 Modulation
        • 5.3.11.5.3 Characteristics Summary
      • 5.3.11.6 Emerging Areas
      • 5.3.11.7 Limitations
    • 5.3.12 Applications: Summary
      • 5.3.12.1 Indoor VLC Channel: Medical Environment
    • 5.3.13 Industry
      • Axrtek
      • ByteLight (acquired by Acuity Brands in 2015)
      • Casio
      • Firefly Wireless Networks
      • LVX
      • Luciom
      • Nakagawa Laboratories
      • NEC
      • Oledcomm
      • Outstanding Technology
      • PureLi-Fi
      • Siemens
      • Supreme Architecture
      • Tamura
    • 5.3.14 Market

6.0 Conclusions

Attachment I: IEEE 802.15.4a-2007

Attachment II: VLC - related Patents Survey (2015-2016)

  • Figure 1: WBAN Illustration
  • Figure 2: Intelligent Sensor
  • Figure 3: Characteristics Comparison
  • Figure 4: IEEE 802.15.6: Process
  • Figure 5: IEEE 802.15.6 Areas of Applicability
  • Figure 6: 802.15.6 - PHY and MAC
  • Figure 7: Network Topology - BANs
  • Figure 8: ISO/IEEE 11073 Protocol Family
  • Figure 9: Estimate: Patient Wireless Monitoring Devices - Europe ($M)
  • Figure 10: Estimate: U.S. Healthcare Expenditures ($T)
  • Figure 11: Estimate: U.S. WBAN Equipment Sales - Medical Applications ($B)
  • Figure 12: Estimate - U.S. First Responders WBAN Equipment Sales ($B)
  • Figure 13: Estimate: Global - Medical Devices Connectivity Market ($B)
  • Figure 14: Bluetooth Protocol Stack
  • Figure 15: BT ULP Layers
  • Figure 16: BT HDP Building Blocks
  • Figure 17: Estimate: Global Sales of BT Modules (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 18: Estimate: Global Seles of BT Modules ($B)
  • Figure 19: BT Market Geographical Segmentation
  • Figure 20: Estimate- BT- HDP Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 21: Estimate: BT- HDP Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 22: Estimate: BLE-enable Devices Shipping - Global (Mil. Units)
  • Figure 23: ZigBee Channels
  • Figure 24: ZigBee Protocol Stack
  • Figure 25: ZigBee Applications
  • Figure 26: Estimate: ZigBee Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 27: Estimate: ZigBee Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 28: Estimate: ZigBee PHHC Modules Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 29: Estimate: ZigBee PHHC Modules Global Sales (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 30: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2016)
  • Figure 31: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2020)
  • Figure 32: LED Structure
  • Figure 33: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)
  • Figure 34: LED Properties Illustration
  • Figure 35: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market ($B)
  • Figure 36: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 37: Estimate: Global Lighting LED Market ($B)
  • Figure 38: Cost and Brightness - Light Sources
  • Figure 39: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
  • Figure 40: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 41: VLC Applications
  • Figure 42: TAM: VLC Technology ($B)
  • Table 1: ZigBee and 802.15.6 Radios
  • Table 2: Sensors Classification
  • Table 3: MedRadio Frequencies
  • Table 4: Allowable Power Density
  • Table 5: NB PHY Characteristics
  • Table 6: HBC PHY
  • Table 7: Summary - 802.15.6 Major Features
  • Table 8: Modulation Parameters: 802.15.4j
  • Table 9: Transports: IEEE 1073
  • Table 10: WBAN Healthcare Applications
  • Table 11: Bluetooth Profiles & Protocols
  • Table 12: ZigBee Public Profiles - Examples
  • Table 13: Wavelengths (nm)
  • Table 14: Laser vs. LED
  • Table 15: Use Cases - VLC
  • Table 16: Devices and Characteristics - VLC
  • Table 17: Frequency Plan - 802.15.7
  • Table 18: VLC/RF Properties
  • Table 19: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
  • Table 21: Standard Bands
Date of Publication:
Aug 16, 2016
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
173 Pages