WSN: Support of Green Environment

WSN: Support of Green Environment

PracTel, Date of Publication: May 7, 2014, 73 Pages
US$3,400.00
PT4120

This report addresses technological, marketing and applications aspects of wireless smart sensors in the WSN environment. In particular, it stresses the importance of the design “green” WSNs with environmentally “smart” technologies.

Rapid development of large WSNs made necessary utilization of:

  • Low-power consumption radio technologies
  • Power harvesting technologies.


WSNs also are supporting the Smart Grid providing bidirectional connectivity between power providers and consumers to rationally manage power consumption. The industry is developing smart energy profiles for such radio technologies as ZigBee, Bluetooth and other.

The report concentrates on a complex of issues related to the role of “green” WSNs in building environmentally-sensitive ICT. It also surveys the industry and vendors portfolios.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff working on the design and implementation of WSNs that support green initiatives.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report provides the green WICT technologies and markets analysis and assessments; it concentrates on the recent developmental trends. The report is useful for service providers, retail operators, vendors, network operators and managers, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the discussed issues.

For systems integrators, the report provides an analysis and assessment of competing products currently available as well as an estimation of the overall opportunities in the coming years. The end users can gain a more thorough understanding of product’s market and capabilities as well as the economics.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 Introduction    6
1.1 Scope    6
1.2    Structure    6
1.3 Research Methodology    6
1.4 Target Audience    6

2.0 Wireless Smart Sensor    8
2.1 Wireless Smart Sensor Structure and Functionality    8
2.2 Classification    8
2.3 Details    9
2.3.1 WSN-SS    9
2.3.2 Requirements    10
2.4 Networking    11
2.4.1 Features of Mesh Structures    11
2.4.2 Benefits and Limitations    11
2.5 Parameters    12
2.6 Standardization    12
2.6.1 IEEE 1451: General    12
2.6.2 Family    12
2.6.3 Highlights    13
2.7 Applications: WSN-SS    13
2.7.1 General    13
2.8 Market Characteristics    15
2.8.1 General    15
2.8.2 Market Estimate    15
2.8.3 Trends    16
2.9 Vendors    16
BAE Systems    16
BBN (RAYTHEON-BBN)    17
Dust Networks (Linear Technology)    18
Elta (SS)    18
Exensor (SS)    19
Intel (Chipsets)    20
Freescale (sensors)    20
Harris (SS)    21
IWT (Mesh)    22
L3 (SS)    23
McQ (SS)    24
MeshDynamics (Mesh)    25
Memsic    26
Millennial Net (Mesh-SS)    26
NorthropGrumman (SS)    27
National Instruments    27
Qual-Tron (SS)    28
Rheinmetall (SS)    28
Selex Galileo (SS)    29
Spinwave (SS)    29
Strix (Mesh)    29
Telonics    30
TextRon (SS)    31
Thales (SS)    32
Trident (SS-UWB)    32
Zeltech    33

3.0 WSN: Power Harvesting    35
3.1 Green Technologies Requirements    35
3.2 Self-powered Nodes    35
3.3 Methods – Pollution Reduction    35
3.4 Batteries    35
3.5 Power Harvesting Technologies    36
3.6 WSN Nodes    36
3.7 Energy Sources - Harvesters    37
3.7.1 General    37
3.7.1.1 Solar Energy    37
3.7.1.2 Thermoelectric    37
3.7.1.3 Mechanical    37
3.7.1.4 RF Power    38
3.7.2 Summary    38
3.7.3 Industry    40
ABB    40
Advanced Cerametrics    40
AmbioSystems    41
Ambient Micro    41
Crownlite    41
Cymbet    42
EnOcean    43
The Company    43
EnOcean Alliance    43
Standard    43
Drivers    44
Details    44
Generations    45
Profiles    46
Benefits    46
Unions    46
Market Estimate    46
Industry    47
BSC Magnum    47
Beckhoff    48
Echoflex    48
Illumra    48
Leviton    49
Thermokon    49
Intel    49
GreenPeak    49
G24 Power    50
GreyStone    50
Jennic (NXP)    51
KCF    52
Linear Technology    52
Logimesh    53
Micropelt    53
Mide    54
MicroStrain    54
MicroGen    54
Nextreme (acquired by Laird in 2013)    55
Nokia    55
Perpetuum    55
Perpetua    56
Powercast    57
STmicroelectronics    57
SolarPrint    58
Silicon Labs    58
Texas MicroPower    58
TI    59

4.0    Energy Consumption “Smart” WSN    60
4.1    ZigBee    60
4.1.1 ZigBee Specifications    60
4.1.2 Smart Energy Profile (SEP1 and SEP2)    60
4.1.2.1 SEP1    60
4.1.2.1.1 Structure    60
4.1.2.1.2 Layers    61
4.1.2.1.3 Devices    61
4.1.2.1.4 Framework    61
4.1.2.2 SEP2    62
4.1.2.2.1 Goal    62
4.1.2.2.2 Implementation Specifics    62
4.1.2.2.3 Further Details    62
4.1.2.2.4 Response    63
4.1.3 Winning Position    63
4.1.3.1 Market Perspective    64
4.1.3.2 Manufacturers    64
4.1.4 “Green Power” ZigBee    64
4.1.4.1 Development    64
4.1.4.2 Further Details    64
4.1.4.3 First Product    65
4.1.4.4 Major Uses    65
4.2 Bluetooth    65
4.2.1 Bluetooth – Low Power Consumption    66
4.2.1.1 Status    66
4.2.1.2 Modes    66
4.2.1.3 Details    66
4.2.1.4 Mechanism    66
4.2.1.5 Stack    67
4.2.1.6 Industry    67
4.2.1.7 Market    68
4.2.1.8 Medical Profile    68
4.2.1.8.1 Project    68
4.2.1.8.2 Structure and Features    68
4.2.1.8.3 Directions    69
4.2.1.8.4 Advantages    69
4.2.1.8.5 IEEE 11073 and BT LE    69
4.3 IEEE 802.11    69
4.3.1 General    69
Atmel    70
Econais    70
GainSpan    70
Redpine Signals    71
ZeroG (Microchip)    72

5.0 Conclusions    73

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Two Groups    8
Figure 2: SS-Functions    9
Figure 3: SS Technologies    9
Figure 4: WSN-SS Node    10
Figure 5: Examples of WSN Applications    15
Figure 6: TAM: Commercial Segment WSN Equipment Sale ($B)    15
Figure 7: TAM: Commercial Segment WSS Equipment Sale (M Units)    16
Figure 8: SS Market Geographical Segmentation    16
Figure 9: SS Network Sizing    16
Figure 10: TAM: WSN Sector – Sales of Thermoelectric Energy Harvesters ($M)    37
Figure 11: Functionalities    43
Figure 12: Positioning    44
Figure 13: TAM: EnOcean Industry Equipment Sales ($M)    47
Figure 14: TAM: EnOcean Industry Equipment Sales (Mil. Units)    47
Figure 15: Illustration – ZigBee SEP    61
Figure 16: Illustration: ZigBee SEP (Stack)    61
Figure 17:  Smart Energy Network Illustration    62
Figure 18: Global Revenue for Home Energy Management Equipment – ZigBee ($B)    64
Figure 19: BT LE Stack    67
Figure 20: BT LE-based Health & Fitness Devices Shipping (Mil. Units)    68


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: SS Node-Price Components    16
Table 2: Sources    39
Table 3: Data: Illustration    39
Table 4: Major Features    44
Table 5: Devices – Green Power    65
Table 6: Classic BT vs LE BT    67

 

Date of Publication:
May 7, 2014
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
73 Pages
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