2D MATERIALS BEYOND GRAPHENE: Properties, Markets, Applications and Opportunity

2D MATERIALS BEYOND GRAPHENE: Properties, Markets, Applications and Opportunity

Future Markets, Date of Publication: Feb 13, 2018, 70 Pages
US$375.00
FM4540

Graphene has brought to the world’s attention the exceptional properties of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet materials. Due to its exceptional transport, mechanical and thermal properties, graphene has been at the forefront of nanomaterials research over the past few years. Its development has enabled researchers to explore other 2D layered materials, such as the transition metal dichalcogenides, a wide variety of oxides and nitrides and clays. Graphene has a major problem for novel 2D semiconductor applications as it lacks an energy gap between its conduction and valence bands, which makes it difficult to achieve low power dissipation in the OFF state. It therefore requires extensive modification (strain or other gap-opening engineering) to create one.

Researchers have therefore looked beyond graphene in recent years to other layered 2D materials, such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and phosphorene. These materials possess the intrinsic properties of graphene, such as high electrical conductivity, insulating and semi-conducting properties, high thermal conductivity, high mechanical strength, gas diffusion barriers, high chemical stability and radiation shielding, but crucially also possess a semiconductor band gap. Theoretical and experimental works on these materials have rapidly increased in the past couple of years and they are now commercially available from several advanced materials producers.

2D materials beyond graphene covered in this report include:

  • molybdenum disulfide (MoS2).
  • hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN).
  • phosphorene.
  • graphitic carbon nitride.
  • germanene.
  • graphane.
  • graphdiyne.
  • stanene/tinene.
  • tungsten diselenide.
  • rhenium disulfide.
  • diamene.
  • silicene.
  • antimonene.
  • indium selenide.

Markets these materials could significantly impact and are covered in this report include:

  • Electronics.
  • Batteries (Lithium-ion, sodium-ion, lithium-sulfur, lithium-oxygen).
  • Sensors.
  • Separation membranes.
  • Photocatalysts.
  • Thermoelectrics.
  • Photovoltaics.

2D MATERIALS BEYOND GRAPHENE: Properties, Markets, Applications and Opportunity
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 MARKET OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS FOR 2D MATERIALS

2 2D MATERIALS

2.1 Beyond moore’s law 17
2.2 Batteries 17

3 PHOSPHORENE

3.1 Properties 19
3.1.1 Fabrication methods 21
3.1.2 Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices 21
3.2 Applications 22
3.2.1 Electronics 22
3.2.1.1 Field effect transistors 22
3.2.2 Thermoelectrics 23
3.2.3 Batteries 23
3.2.3.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 23
3.2.3.2 Sodium-ion batteries 24
3.2.3.3 Lithium–sulfur batteries 24
3.2.4 Supercapacitors 24
3.2.5 Photodetectors 25
3.2.6 Sensors 25
3.3 Market opportunity assessment 26

4 GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)

4.1 Properties 27
4.1.1 Synthesis 27
4.1.2 C2N 28
4.2 Applications 28
4.2.1 Electronics 28
4.2.2 Filtration membranes 28
4.2.3 Photocatalysts 29
4.2.4 Batteries (LIBs) 29
4.2.5 Sensors 29
4.3 Market opportunity assessment 30

5 GERMANENE

5.1 Properties 31
5.2 Applications 32
5.2.1 Electronics 32
5.2.2 Batteries 32
5.3 Market opportunity assessment 32

6 GRAPHDIYNE

6.1 Properties 33
6.2 Applications 34
6.2.1 Electronics 34
6.2.2 Batteries 34
6.2.2.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) 34
6.2.2.2 Sodium ion batteries 34
6.2.3 Separation membranes 34
6.2.4 Water filtration 35
6.2.5 Photocatalysts 35
6.2.6 Photovoltaics 35
6.3 Market opportunity assessment 35

7 GRAPHANE

7.1 Properties 37
7.2 Applications 37
7.2.1 Electronics 38
7.2.2 Hydrogen storage 38
7.3 Market opportunity assessment 38

8 HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE

8.1 Properties 39
8.2 Applications 40
8.2.1 Electronics 40
8.2.2 Fuel cells 40
8.2.3 Adsorbents 41
8.2.4 Photodetectors 41
8.2.5 Textiles 41
8.2.6 Biomedical 41
8.3 Market opportunity assessment 42

9 MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)

9.1 Properties 43
9.2 Applications 44
9.2.1 Electronics 44
9.2.2 Photovoltaics 45
9.2.3 Piezoelectrics 45
9.2.4 Sensors 45
9.2.5 Filtration 46
9.2.6 Batteries 46
9.2.7 Fiber lasers 46
9.3 Market opportunity assessment 47

10 RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2) 

10.1 Properties 48
10.2 Applications 48
10.2.1 Electronics 48
10.3 Market opportunity assessment 49

11 SILICENE

11.1 Properties 50
11.2 Applications 51
11.2.1 Electronics 51
11.2.2 Photovoltaics 52
11.2.3 Thermoelectrics 52
11.2.4 Batteries 52
11.2.5 Sensors 52
11.3 Market opportunity assessment 53

12 STANENE/TINENE

12.1 Properties 54
12.2 Applications 55
12.2.1 Electronics 55
12.3 Market opportunity assessment 56

13 TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE

13.1 Properties 57
13.2 Applications 58
13.2.1 Electronics 58
13.3 Market opportunity assessment 58

14 OTHER 2D MATERIALS

14.1 ANTIMONENE 59
14.1.1 Properties 59
14.1.2 Applications 59
14.2 DIAMENE 60
14.2.1 Properties 60
14.2.2 Applications 60
14.3 INDIUM SELENIDE 60
14.3.1 Properties 60
14.3.2 Applications 61
14.3.2.1 Electronics 61

15 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS

16 2D MATERIALS PRODUCERS 

17 REFERENCES

TABLES

Table 1: 2D materials types 15
Table 2: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2 20
Table 3: Market opportunity assessment for phosphorene applications 26
Table 4: Market opportunity assessment for graphitic carbon nitride applications 30
Table 5: Market opportunity assessment for germanene applications 32
Table 6: Market opportunity assessment for graphdiyne applications 35
Table 7: Market opportunity assessment for graphane applications 38
Table 8: Market opportunity assessment for hexagonal boron nitride applications 42
Table 10: Market opportunity assessment for molybdenum disulfide applications 47
Table 11: Market opportunity assessment for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) applications 49
Table 12: Market opportunity assessment for silicene applications 53
Table 13: Market opportunity assessment for stanine/tinene applications 56
Table 14: Market opportunity assessment for tungsten diselenide applications 58
Table 15: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials 62

FIGURES

Figure 1: Schematic of 2-D materials 16
Figure 2: Black phosphorus structure 19
Figure 3: Black Phosphorus crystal 20
Figure 4: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation 23
Figure 5: Graphitic carbon nitride 27
Figure 6: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal 28
Figure 7: Schematic of germanene 31
Figure 8: Graphdiyne structure 33
Figure 9: Schematic of Graphane crystal 37
Figure 10: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride 39
Figure 11: BN nanosheet textiles application 41
Figure 12: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide 43
Figure 13: SEM image of MoS2 44
Figure 14: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor 45
Figure 15: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge 46
Figure 16: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide 48
Figure 17: Silicene structure 50
Figure 18: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate 51
Figure 19: Silicene transistor 51
Figure 20: Crystal structure for stanene 54
Figure 21: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111) 55
Figure 22: Schematic of tungsten diselenide 57
Figure 23: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe) 61

 

 

Date of Publication:
Feb 13, 2018
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
70 Pages