A scarce amount of available traditional spectrum for mobile, WLANs and other types of communications is pushing the industry to explore previously underutilized and in many cases not utilized at all mmWave spectrum. Due to several factors that are discussed in the report, a level of mmWave communications commercialization only recently became noticeable.
This report addresses the current activities of the industry and academia towards the utilization of the mmWave 60 GHz transmission band for multiple applications, such as:
- Fixed radio communications.
- Mobile cellular communications.
- Intra/Inter vehicles communications.
- Data Center communications: chip-to-chip, shelf-to-shelf, and rack-to-rack.
- Intra-plane communications.
The interest for this band utilization stems from the following:
- It is free from licensing in many countries
- It provides very wide continuous bandwidth (7-8 GHz)
- Its specifics of propagation in free space open the door for many applications
- It supports a general trend in mobile communications - cells densification.
The report details the standardization process for 60 GHz communications channels and analyzes the following technologies:
- WiGig and 802.11ad/ay
- Fixed radio transmission.
The report also provides results of the market analysis for 60 GHz products (2016-2020), as well as the survey of related industries.
The report addresses issues related to the transition mobile communications into the 5G era. In connection with this process, there are multiple trials and R&D efforts to select frequency bands for 5G; this is reflected in this report with the emphasis on the 60 GHz band importance.
The report also includes the survey of patents related to 802.11ad and WirelessHD standards.
The report targets a wide audience of technical, sales and managerial staff involved in the design, production, and sales and testing of 60 GHz products and their networking.
60 GHz Communications – Technologies, Markets and Applications
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Why mmWave
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 Specifics of 60 GHz Communication Channel
2.1 Frequencies Allocation2.1.1 FCC Decisions and Global Acceptance
2.2 Specifics of Propagation2.2.1 Oxygen Absorption
2.2.2 Antenna Specifics
2.2.3 Radiation Limitations at 60 GHz
2.2.4 Combined Effect: Indoor and Outdoor Communications
2.3 Progress in Chip Technology2.3.1 Challenges and Efforts
3.0 Indoor Communications - 60 GHz Radio
3.1 WirelessHD3.1.1 Group and Tasks
3.1.2 Specification - Overview
3.1.5 Compliance Verification
3.2 IEEE 802.15.3c3.2.1 Details
3.3 ECMA-3873.3.1 Approval
3.3.3 ECMA and WiHD
3.4 ETSI3.4.1 EN 302 567 V1.2.1 (2012-01)
3.4.2 TR 102 555
3.5 ITU-R3.5.1 Applications
3.5.2 Modulation and Data Rate
3.5.3 Beam Forming
3.5.4 Spatial Reuse
Gefen (Core Brands)
3.7 Market Estimate
4.0 60 GHz WLAN
4.1 Benefits and Issues
4.2 WiGig Alliance4.2.1 WiGig Specification
4.2.2 WiGig Protocol Adaption Layer Specifications
4.2.3 The WiGig Bus Extension and WiGig Serial Extension Specification
4.2.4 The WiGig Display Extension Specification
4.2.6 WiGig Use Cases
4.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi4.3.1 Status
4.3.8 Use Cases
4.3.11 P802.11ay - Further Developments
5.0 Point-to-Point 60 GHz Radios
5.3 Market5.3.1 Drivers
6.0 5G and 60 GHz Communications
6.1 60 GHz Communications in 5G6.1.1 5G and 60 GHz Spectrum Allocation
6.2 Trials and R&D
6.4 mmWave Spectrum Needs - 5G6.4.1 28 GHz
6.4.2 38 GHz
6.4.3 73 GHz
6.5 New Radio
Attachment I: 802.11ad/802.11ay - related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Attachment II: WirelessHD - related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Figure 1: mmWave Transmission Benefits
Figure 2: 60 GHz Frequencies Plan - Channelization
Figure 3: Signal Attenuation in 60 GHz Band
Figure 4: Absorption Details
Figure 5: RF Bands Features Comparison
Figure 6: WiHD Set-up Example
Figure 7: TAM: Global Equipment Sales - WirelessHD, ECMA387, 802.15.3c ($B)
Figure 8: WiGig Use Cases: Examples
Figure 9: 802.11ad MAC
Figure 10: TAM: Global Sales of 802.1ad Chipsets (Bil. Units)
Figure 11: TAM: Global Sales of 802.11ad Chipsets ($B)
Figure 12: Estimate: Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)
Figure 13: Estimate: Wi-Fi Tri-band Chipsets Global Sales ($B)
Figure 14: Estimate: Global Shipping - 802.11ad Chipsets for Smartphones (Mil.)
Figure 15: 802.11ay - Proposed Timeline
Figure 16: Estimate: Global - 60 GHz PtP Radio Sales ($B)
Figure 17: mmWave Capable Small Cell
Figure 18: mmWave - Support 5G Scenarios
Figure 19: Details - 5G Use Cases
Figure 20: 3GPP Schedule - 5G Development
Table 1: Directivity: Beam Width for 1-foot antennas
Table 2: 60 GHz Channel - Distance vs. Availability
Table 3: WVAN Characteristics
Table 4: PHY Characteristics-802.15.3c
Table 5: Radio Characteristics: ETSI
Table 6: 802.11ad Major Features
Table 7: PHYs - 802.11ad
Table 8: Use Cases - 802.11ad