Germanium - Global Strategic Business Report

Germanium - Global Strategic Business Report

Global Industry Analysts, Date of Publication: Aug 9, 2014, 185 Pages
US$4,500.00
GIA-MCP2637

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Germanium in Kilograms by the following End-Use Segments: Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other Uses. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2013 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 16 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd.
GFI Advanced Technologies Inc.
Indium Corporation
Japan Algae Co., Ltd.
Novotech, Inc.

More information can be obtained upon the request of sample pages.

TABLE OF CONTENT

I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

      Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations                       I-1
      Disclaimers                                                       I-2
      Data Interpretation & Reporting Level                             I-2
       Quantitative Techniques & Analytics                              I-3
      Product Definitions and Scope of Study                            I-3
       Fiber Optic Systems                                              I-4
       Polymerization Catalysts                                         I-4
       Infrared Optics                                                  I-4
       Electronics/Solar Applications                                   I-4
       Other Uses (Phosphors, Metallurgy, & Chemotherapy)               I-4


 II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW                                                  II-1
      A Prelude                                                         II-1
      Current & Future Analysis                                         II-1
       Analysis by Geographic Region                                    II-2
       Analysis by End-Use Application                                  II-2
      China - The Largest Market for Germanium                          II-2
       Table 1: Global Germanium Production for the Years 2007
       through 2012 in Metric Tons (includes corresponding
       Graph/Chart)                                                     II-3

       Table 2: Global Germanium Market (2012): Refinery Production
       by Country for China, Russia, US and Others in Kilograms
       (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                             II-3
      Germanium Industry in the Year 2013                               II-3
      Supply Situation                                                  II-4
      Germanium Market Exhibits Price Volatility                        II-4

  2. MARKET DYNAMICS                                                    II-6
      World Economic Outlook                                            II-6
      Resurgence in Growth Fundamentals Encourages an Optimistic
       Market Outlook for the Year 2014 & Beyond                        II-7
       Improvement in GDP Performance Bodes Well for the Market         II-7
        Table 3: World Real GDP Growth Rates in % by Country (2013 &
        2014E) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                     II-9
      Impact of the Europe’s Debt Crisis                                II-9
      Asia-Pacific Spearheads Global Germanium Demand                   II-10

  3. A REVIEW OF MAJOR END-USE SECTORS                                  II-11
      Electronic Components - A Key End-Use Market for Germanium        II-11
      Growing Adoption of Advanced Electronic Devices Drive Demand
       for Germanium                                                    II-12
      Growing Use of Graphene in Electronics                            II-12
       Table 4: Global Passive Components Market (2012): Percentage
       Breakdown of Share by Region - Asia-Pacific, Europe, Americas
       and Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)           II-13
      SiGe Offering Bright Prospects for the Electronics Industry       II-13
      SiGe Technology Supports Growth of Germanium                      II-13
      SiGe Technology to Revolutionize Data Processing Applications     II-14
      Next Generation Superchips                                        II-14
      Demand and Consumption                                            II-14
      Search for Supplemental Germanium Reserves                        II-14
      Electronic Capacitors - A Review                                  II-14
      Growth in Telecom Sector Drives Demand for Germanium              II-15
      Semiconductor - A Key Application Market                          II-16
      Solar Cells Propel Need for Germanium Substrates                  II-16
      Optical Coatings: Current Scenario and Prospects                  II-16
      Medical Fiber Optics - An Emerging End-Use Market for Germanium   II-17
      New Uses for Germanium                                            II-18
      Germanium Use in PET Bottles Witnesses Hard Time                  II-19

  4. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS/CHALLENGES                                  II-20
      Silicon-Germanium Transistor Achieves Record Speed Levels         II-20
      Scientists Develop Thin Films of Germanium for Flexible
       Electronics                                                      II-20
      Innovative Epitaxy Process to Integrate GeSn MOSPET Devices on
       Silicon                                                          II-21
      Self-Assembled Microbonded Ge-Si Heterojunction Photodiode        II-21
      Development of Laser-Compatible Germanium                         II-23
      Germanium Laser - Engineering Challenges                          II-23
      Germanane to Provide Electron Transportation                      II-24
      Germanium Transistors to Boost Computer Speed                     II-24
      HPGe Detectors for Homeland Security                              II-25
      Wider Applications of Germanium in Primary and Recovered
       Production                                                       II-26
      Research Proves Germanium’s Transition under Pressure as per
       Theory                                                           II-27

  5. PRODUCT OVERVIEW                                                   II-28
      Germanium - A Technical Primer                                    II-28
       Physical Constants of Germanium                                  II-28
       Atomic Structure of Germanium                                    II-28
       Occurrence                                                       II-28
        Common Ores of Germanium                                        II-29
        Isotopes of Germanium                                           II-29
       Germanium Compounds                                              II-29
        Germanium Tetrachloride                                         II-30
       History of Germanium                                             II-30
       Extraction of Germanium                                          II-31
        From Zinc Ores                                                  II-31
         The Process                                                    II-31
        Synthetic Method                                                II-32
        Innovative Germanium Recovery Process from Bell Labs            II-32
        Germanium Manufactured in Spherical Form                        II-32
       Applications of Germanium                                        II-32
        Solid-State Electronics - The First Known Application of
         Germanium                                                      II-32
         Electronic Applications Soar Popularity of Germanium           II-32
         Substitutes Dent Germanium’s Popularity                        II-32
        Fiber Optics & Infrared Optics - Breathing New Life             II-33
         Military Sector - Largest End User of Germanium Infrared
          Optics                                                        II-33
         Automobile Sector - Not Far Behind                             II-33
        Other End-Use Applications of Germanium                         II-33
         As a Catalyst                                                  II-33
         As a Bacteriocide                                              II-33
       Environmental Concerns                                           II-33

  6. MAJOR END-USE MARKETS                                              II-34
      Fiber Optic Systems - On a Fast Track                             II-34
       Breakthrough Technology in Telecommunications                    II-34
       Communication Systems - Booster to Optic Fiber Technology        II-34
      Polymerization Catalysts                                          II-35
      Infrared Optics                                                   II-35
       Exploiting Germanium Property in Space Research Operations       II-35
       For Military Surveillance                                        II-36
      Electronics and Solar Electrical Applications                     II-36
       Electrical Applications                                          II-36
       Semiconductors - Backbone of the Electronics Industry            II-36
       Usage of Germanium in Semiconductors                             II-36
       Diodes                                                           II-37
        Germanium - Economical Substrate for LEDs                       II-37
        Germanium-Carbon Diodes                                         II-37
        Germanium Resistance Sensors                                    II-38
       Transistors                                                      II-38
        Germanium and Silicon Transistors in Music Industry             II-38
        Si-Ge Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors                        II-39
        IBM Develops High-Speed Transistors                             II-39
       Germanium Detectors                                              II-40
        J16 Series                                                      II-40
       Solar Cells                                                      II-40
      Other End-Use Applications                                        II-41
       Jewelry Products                                                 II-41
       Optical Discs                                                    II-41
       Conventional Concave Mirrors                                     II-41
       Germanium-Carbon Composites                                      II-41

  7. SILICON - GERMANIUM TECHNOLOGY                                     II-42
      SiGe Technology First Conceptualized by Optoelectronics           II-42
      IBM - Pioneer in Commercializing SiGe Technology                  II-42
      SiGe ICs- A Substitute to Multiple Components                     II-43
      Integration Capabilities of SiGe                                  II-43
      Other Advantages                                                  II-43
      IBM and Leica Geosystems Explore Si-Ge Technology for GPS         II-43
      Performance Gains of SiGe BiCMOS Circuits                         II-44
      Philips Releases Latest BiCMOS Process                            II-44

  8. GERMANIUM IN MEDICINE                                              II-45
      Organic and Inorganic Germanium                                   II-45
      Benefits of Organic Germanium                                     II-45
       A Powerful Antioxidant                                           II-45
       Dietary Supplement                                               II-45
       Cellular Oxygen Catalyst                                         II-45
       Superior Cellular Support Nutrient                               II-45
       Super Nutrient                                                   II-46
       Impulse Stimulator                                               II-46
       In Digestive Process                                             II-46
       Removes Harmful Toxins                                           II-46
       In Diagnosis of Diseases                                         II-46
       Treatment of Cancer                                              II-47
       Curing Heart Disease                                             II-47
       In Treatment of AIDS and Other Diseases                          II-48
      Germanium Health Bracelet                                         II-48
      Germanium Bath                                                    II-48
      Germanium Sesquioxide                                             II-48
      Bis-Beta Carboxyethyl Germanium Sesquioxide                       II-48
      Colloidal Germanium                                               II-49
      Use of Organic Germanium (Ge-132) in Cosmetic Products            II-49
      Adverse Effects of Inorganic Germanium                            II-49

  9. SUBSTITUTES OF GERMANIUM                                           II-50
      Polymerization Catalysts Substitutes                              II-50
      Substitute to SiGe Chips                                          II-50

  10. PRODUCT LAUNCHES                                                  II-51
      Knight Optical Introduces New Germanium Products Range            II-51
      IMEC, AIST and Katholiek University of Leuven Develop New
       Technique                                                        II-51
      Imec Reveals Strained Germanium p-channel FinFETs                 II-51
      NATS Launches Hawk Gamma Spectrometer                             II-52
      Buffalo FX Launches B1 Germanium Booster                          II-52

  11. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY                                          II-53
      Air Liquide to Take Over Voltaix                                  II-53
      GigOptix Inks Licensing Agreement with IBM                        II-53
      Indium Takes Over Manufacturing Facility in New York              II-54
      Umicore Announces Plans to Consolidate Germanium Optics
       Manufacturing in US                                              II-54
      Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium Industrial Commences
       Construction of National Germanium Base in China                 II-54
      Sparton Energy Signs MoU with Voltaix                             II-54
      Yunnan Chihong Zinc and Germanium to Acquire Xinhu Mining         II-55
      Umicore to Centralize Production of Germanium- based Optics
       Products in Quapaw                                               II-55

  12. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS                                    II-56
      Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd (UK)                      II-56
      GFI Advanced Technologies Inc. (US)                               II-56
      Indium Corporation (US)                                           II-56
      Japan Algae Co., Ltd. (Japan)                                     II-57
      Novotech, Inc. (US)                                               II-57
      Photonic Sense GmbH (Germany)                                     II-57
      PPM Pure Metals GmbH (Germany)                                    II-58
      Teck Resources Limited (Canada)                                   II-58
      Umicore SA (Belgium)                                              II-58
       Umicore Electro-Optic Materials (Belgium)                        II-59
      Voltaix, LLC (US)                                                 II-59
      Yunnan Chihong Zinc and Germanium Co., Ltd (China)                II-59
      Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium Industry Co., Ltd. (China)       II-60

  13. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE                                         II-61
      Table 5: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
      Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-61

      Table 6: World Historic Review for Germanium by Geographic
      Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
      Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
      Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
      Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)      II-62

      Table 7: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by Geographic
      Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US,
      Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
      America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
      (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                              II-63

      Table 8: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium in Fiber Optic Systems by Geographic Region - US,
      Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
      America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
      Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through
      2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                         II-64

      Table 9: World Historic Review for Germanium in Fiber Optic
      Systems by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
      Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-65

      Table 10: World 15-Year Perspective For Germanium In Fiber
      Optic Systems By Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
      Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
      (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
      Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)      II-66

      Table 11: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium in Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region -
      Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
      and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
      Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
      (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                              II-67

      Table 12: World Historic Review for Germanium in
      Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region - Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
      Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-68

      Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in
      Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region - Percentage
      Breakdown of Consumption Volume for Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-69

      Table 14: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium in Infrared Optics by Geographic Region - US,
      Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
      America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
      Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through
      2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                         II-70

      Table 15: World Historic Review for Germanium in Infrared
      Optics by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
      Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-71

      Table 16: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in Infrared
      Optics by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
      Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
      (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
      Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)      II-72

      Table 17: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium in Electronics/ Solar Applications by Geographic
      Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
      Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
      Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
      Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)      II-73

      Table 18: World Historic Review for Germanium in
      Electronics/Solar Applications by Geographic Region - US,
      Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
      America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
      Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through
      2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                         II-74

      Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in
      Electronics/Solar Applications by Geographic Region -
      Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US, Canada,
      Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
      and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
      (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                              II-75

      Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
      Germanium in Other End-Use Applications by Geographic Region -
      US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
      Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
      with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
      through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                 II-76

      Table 21: World Historic Review for Germanium in Other End-Use
      Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
      Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-77

      Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in Other
      End-Use Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage
      Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
      Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
      World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes
      corresponding Graph/Chart)                                        II-78


 III. MARKET

  1. THE UNITED STATES                                                  III-1
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-1
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-1
        Sources of Germanium in the US                                  III-1
         Table 23: US Germanium Refinery Production (2006-2012) (in
         kilograms) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                III-2
        Recycling....                                                   III-2
        Pricing Scenario                                                III-2
         Table 24: US Germanium Market (2010-2013): Prices for Zone
         Refined and Dioxide (Electronic Grade) in US$ per Kilogram
         (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                           III-3
        Import and Export Scenario                                      III-3
         Table 25: US Imports of Germanium for the Years 2007
         through 2013 in Kilograms (includes corresponding
         Graph/Chart)                                                   III-3

         Table 26: US Exports of Germanium for the Years 2007
         through 2013 in Kilograms (includes corresponding
         Graph/Chart)                                                   III-4

         Table 27: US Exports of Germanium Oxides and Zirconium
         Dioxide (2012 & 2013): Percentage Breakdown of Export Value
         by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-4

         Table 28: US Imports of Germanium Oxides and Zirconium
         Dioxide (2012 & 2013): Percentage Breakdown of Import Value
         by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)      III-5
        Product Launch                                                  III-6
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-6
        Key Players                                                     III-8
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-10
        Table 29: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/ Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
        through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-10

        Table 30: US Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-11

        Table 31: US 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for
        Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets for
        Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-12

  2. CANADA                                                             III-13
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-13
        Current and Future Analysis                                     III-13
        Import & Export Scenario                                        III-13
         Table 32: Canadian Exports of Germanium Oxides and
         Zirconium Dioxide (2012 & 2013): Percentage Breakdown of
         Annual Export Value by Destination Country (includes
         corresponding Graph/Chart)                                     III-13

         Table 33: Canadian Imports of Germanium Oxides and
         Zirconium Dioxide (2012 & 2013): Percentage Breakdown of
         Annual Import Value by Country of Origin (includes
         corresponding Graph/Chart)                                     III-14
        Teck Resources Limited - A Key Player                           III-14
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-15
        Table 34: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/ Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
        through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-15

        Table 35: Canadian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-16

        Table 36: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-17

  3. JAPAN                                                              III-18
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-18
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-18
        Car Safety Systems to Spur Growth                               III-18
        Product Launch                                                  III-18
        Japan Algae Co., Ltd. - A Key Player                            III-18
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-19
        Table 37: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
        Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-19

        Table 38: Japanese Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-20

        Table 39: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-21

  4. EUROPE                                                             III-22
       Market Analysis                                                  III-22
        Table 40: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for Germanium by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy,
        UK, Spain, Russia, Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-23

        Table 41: European Historic Review for Germanium by
        Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain,
        Russia, Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-24

        Table 42: European 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia,
        Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2006, 2014 &
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-25

        Table 43: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis
        for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-26

        Table 44: European Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-27

        Table 45: European 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-28

  4a. FRANCE                                                            III-29
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-29
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-29
        Product Launch                                                  III-29
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-30
        Table 46: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-30

        Table 47: French Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-31

        Table 48: French 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-32

  4b. GERMANY                                                           III-33
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-33
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-33
        Key Players                                                     III-33
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-34
        Table 49: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
        Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-34

        Table 50: German Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-35

        Table 51: German 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-36

  4c. ITALY                                                             III-37
      Market Analysis                                                   III-37
        Table 52: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-37

        Table 53: Italian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-38

        Table 54: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-39

  4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM                                                III-40
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-40
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-40
        Product Launch                                                  III-40
        Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd - A Major UK Player     III-40
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-41
        Table 55: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-41

        Table 56: UK Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-42

        Table 57: UK 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for
        Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared
        Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-43

  4e. SPAIN                                                             III-44
       Market Analysis                                                  III-44
        Table 58: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-44

        Table 59: Spanish Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-45

        Table 60: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-46

  4f. RUSSIA                                                            III-47
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-47
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-47
        Russia Removes Import Duty on Germanium                         III-47
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-48
        Table 61: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
        Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-48

        Table 62: Russian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-49

        Table 63: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-50

  4g. BELGIUM                                                           III-51
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-51
        Current & Future Analysis                                       III-51
        Product Launch                                                  III-51
        Key Players                                                     III-51
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-53
        Table 64: Belgian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
        Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-53

        Table 65: Belgian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-54

        Table 66: Belgian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-55

  4h. REST OF EUROPE                                                    III-56
       Market Analysis                                                  III-56
        Table 67: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
        Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-56

        Table 68: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-57

        Table 69: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Germanium
        by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-58

  5. ASIA-PACIFIC                                                       III-59
       Market Analysis                                                  III-59
        Table 70: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by Geographic Region - China, and
        Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
        through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-59

        Table 71: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium by
        Geographic Region - China, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-60

        Table 72: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for China, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years
        2006, 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)          III-61

        Table 73: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
        Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-62

        Table 74: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-63

        Table 75: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-64

  5a. CHINA                                                             III-65
      A.Market Analysis                                                 III-65
        Outlook                                                         III-65
        Overview of Germanium Market                                    III-65
        Chinese Germanium Industry Flexes Muscles                       III-66
        Strategic Corporate Developments                                III-66
        Key Players                                                     III-67
      B.Market Analytics                                                III-68
        Table 76: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
        Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
        Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
        Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
        Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
        corresponding Graph/Chart)                                      III-68

        Table 77: Chinese Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
        Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
        Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
        through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)               III-69

        Table 78: Chinese 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-70

  5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC                                              III-71
       Market Analysis                                                  III-71
        Table 79: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
        Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-71

        Table 80: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium
        by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-72

        Table 81: Rest of Asia-Pacific15-Year Perspective for
        Germanium by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of
        Consumption Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 
        2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                       III-73

  6. LATIN AMERICA                                                      III-74
       Market Analysis                                                  III-74
        Table 82: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
        Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-74

        Table 83: Latin American Historic Review for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-75

        Table 84: Latin American 15-Year Perspective for Germanium
        by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-76

  7. REST OF WORLD                                                      III-77
       Market Analysis                                                  III-77
        Table 85: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future
        Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
        Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
        Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
        Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
        Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-77

        Table 86: Rest of World Historic Review for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
        Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
        and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
        Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
        Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)    III-78

        Table 87: Rest of World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
        End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
        Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
        Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
        End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 & 2020
        (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)                            III-79


 IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

     Total Companies Profiled: 16 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 19)

     The United States (5)
     Canada (1)
     Japan (1)
     Europe (8)
     - France (1)
     - Germany (2)
     - The United Kingdom (2)
     - Rest of Europe (3)
     Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (4)
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Date of Publication:
Aug 9, 2014
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Number of Pages:
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