M2M/IoT and Visible Light Communications:Technologies, Markets and Applications

M2M/IoT and Visible Light Communications:Technologies, Markets and Applications

PracTel, Date of Publication: Nov 3, 2014, 134 Pages
US$3,800.00
PT2485

This report analyzes WSS networking trends; with emphasis on the TCP/IP role in the creation the "Internet of things - IoT" and M2M communications. It also emphasizes the importance of Visible Light Communications in the creation of ubiquitous networking.

The Internet offers the potential to connect billions of machines and objects, creating what are known as the 'Internet of Things'(IoT). This integrates various technologies including, Machine-to-Machine service platforms and WSNs.

The sufficient part of this report is dedicated to the analysis of Visible Light Communications (VLC) and its role to support ubiquitous communications necessary for the IoT/M2M development. VLC is still in the starting position, but promises inexpensive, high-speed communications with a wide variety of applications to connect smart objects.

The report details standardization activity on IoT/M2M, analyzes their markets and the evolving industry.

Up-to-date analysis of VLC technologies, applications, markets and the industry shows the important role that is placed on this type communications in support of IoT/M2M.

This report is based on data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by Practel's team.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, marketing and sale specialists working in the area WSN, IoT/M2M and VLC developments.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report is important for organizations involved in the development related to IoT/M2M and VLC technologies. They need to understand the market dynamics and to be familiar with vendors' portfolios to make a right choice in selection of equipment.

For vendors, this report provides valuable information on competition. It also supports these vendors with the market assessments. 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Scope and Goals
    • 1.2.1 Layered Approach
  • 1.3 Research Methodology
  • 1.4 Target Audience

2.0 Wireless Smart Sensors and WSN

  • 2.1 IoT and M2M Communications - Introduction
  • 2.2 Intelligence-Definition
  • 2.3 Structure and Components
  • 2.3.1 Transducer Interface Module (TIM)
  • 2.3.2 Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP)
  • 2.4 Trends
  • 2.5 WSN: Requirements
  • 2.6 Networking
  • 2.7 From WSN to USN

3.0 Market Specifics - WSS/WSN

  • 3.1 Assumptions
  • 3.2 Results
    • 3.2.1 WSS Statistics
    • 3.2.2 WSN Statistics

4.0 IP for Smart Objects

  • 4.1 IETF and IP/WSN
    • 4.1.1 Roots
    • 4.1.2 Efforts
      • 4.1.2.1 Major Issues and Solutions
    • 4.1.3 Major Projects
      • 4.1.3.1 Motivation:
    • 4.1.4 6LoWPAN WG
      • 4.1.4.1 Definition
      • 4.1.4.2 Limitations
      • 4.1.4.3 M2M and 6LoWPAN
      • 4.1.4.4 Applications Specifics
      • 4.1.4.5 Details
      • 4.1.4.6 Adaptation
      • 4.1.4.7 Upper Layers
      • 4.1.4.8 Connectivity
      • 4.1.4.9 Industry Support
      • 4.1.4.10 NanoStack
    • 4.1.5 ROLL WG
  • 4.2 IPSO Alliance
  • 4.3 Illustration: ISA 100.11a - WSN-IP at Work
    • 4.3.1 ISA100
    • 4.3.2 Approvals
    • 4.3.3 Scope
    • 4.3.4 Infrastructure
    • 4.3.5 Market Estimate
  • 4.4 Vendors
    • Cisco
    • Honeywell
    • Linear Technology
    • Nivis
    • NXP
    • Panasonic
    • Sensinode (acquired by ARM in 2013)
    • TI
    • Yokogawa

5.0 M2M Communications

  • 5.1 Special Needs
    • 5.1.1 Spectrum
    • 5.1.2 Summary
  • 5.2 Standardization - Industry Activities
    • 5.2.1 IEEE
    • 5.2.2 ETSI
    • 5.2.3 ITU
    • 5.2.4 oneM2M Alliance
      • 5.2.4.1 Service Layer Architecture
      • 5.2.4.2 Benefits
    • 5.2.5 Telefonica multi-Operators Alliance
    • 5.2.6 M2M Alliance
    • 5.2.7 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)
    • 5.2.8 GSC MSTF
    • 5.2.9 Wave2M
      • 5.2.9.1 Aim
      • 5.2.9.2 Platform
    • 5.2.10 Summary
  • 5.3 Market
    • 5.3.1 Data
    • 5.3.2 Estimate
  • 5.4 Industry-Innovations
    • Arqiva/Sensus
    • Kore Telematics
    • Link Labs
    • M2M Spectrum Networks
    • On-Ramp
    • SigFox/Telit
    • Telensa/Plextek

6.0 IoT

  • 6.1 M2M and IoT
  • 6.2 Open Interconnect Consortium
  • 6.3 Industrial Internet Consortium
  • 6.4 IoT - Market
  • 6.5 IoT Platforms
  • 6.6 IoT and ITU
  • 6.7 IoT Forum
  • 6.8 IEEE and IoT - P2413
  • 6.9 ISO/IEC
  • 6.10 Layered Structure

7.0 IoT and Visible Light Communications (VLC)

  • 7.1 VLC - Bridge to IoT
  • 7.2 LED Specifics
    • 7.2.1 General
    • 7.2.2 Spectrum
  • 7.3 Types
  • 7.4 LED Modulation
    • 7.4.1 Limitations
  • 7.5 LED Evolution
    • 7.5.1 General - Dual Functionality
    • 7.5.2 Developments - History
    • 7.5.3 Technical/Economic Characteristics
  • 7.6 Visible Light Communications
    • 7.6.1 General
    • 7.6.2 Drivers
    • 7.6.3 Industry Activity
      • 7.6.3.1 Example: UC-Light Center
    • 7.6.4 VLC Standards Development
    • 7.6.5 The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard
      • 7.6.5.1 Considerations
      • 7.6.5.2 Project
        • 7.6.5.2.1 Coexistence
        • 7.6.5.2.2 Scope
        • 7.6.5.2.3 Base
        • 7.6.5.2.4 Use Cases
        • 7.6.5.2.5 Physical Layer
          • 7.6.5.2.5.1 General
          • 7.6.5.2.5.2 Responsibilities
          • 7.6.5.2.5.3 Types
          • 7.6.5.2.5.4 Error Protection
          • 7.6.5.2.5.5 Rates
          • 7.6.5.2.5.6 Frequency Plan
          • 7.6.5.2.5.7 PHY Services
          • 7.6.5.2.5.8. Regulations
        • 7.6.5.2.6 MAC Layer
          • 7.6.5.2.6.1 Responsibilities
          • 7.6.5.2.6.2 Functionalities
          • 7.6.5.2.6.3 Channel Access
        • 7.6.5.2.7 Security
    • 7.6.6 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association
      • 7.6.6.1 JEITA CP-1221
      • 7.6.6.2 JEITA CP-1222
      • 7.6.6.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
    • 7.6.7 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
      • 7.6.7.1 General
      • 7.6.7.2 Experimental Systems- VLCC Projects
    • 7.6.8 ECMA 397-2010
    • 7.6.9 Li-Fi Consortium
    • 7.6.10 VLC Channel-Details
      • 7.6.10.1 General
      • 7.6.10.2 Communications Channel
      • 7.6.10.3 Transmitter
      • 7.6.10.4 Receiver
        • 7.6.10.4.1 Image Sensors
        • 7.6.10.4.2 LED as Receiver
    • 7.6.11 Major Characteristics
      • 7.6.11.1 General
      • 7.6.11.2 Modulation
      • 7.6.11.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary
      • 7.6.11.4 Emerging Areas
      • 7.6.11.5 Limitations
    • 7.6.12 Applications: Summary
    • 7.6.13 Companies and Organizations
      • ByteLight
      • Casio
      • LVX
      • Luciom
      • Nakagawa Laboratories
      • NEC
      • Oledcomm
      • Omega Project
      • Outstanding Technology
      • PureLi-Fi
      • Renesas
      • Siemens
      • Supreme Architecture
      • TCL
      • Tamura
    • 7.6.14 Major Applications
      • 7.6.14.1 ITS
      • 7.6.14.2 Optical Wireless LAN
      • 7.6.14.3 Medical
      • 7.6.14.4 Localization
      • 7.6.14.5 City Wide Wireless Network
      • 7.6.14.6 Summary
    • 7.6.15 Market

8.0 Conclusions

LIST OF FIGURES & TABLES

Figure 1: Layered View
Figure 2: WSS Structure
Figure 3: TIM/NCAP and IEEE 1451
Figure 4: IoT Illustration
Figure 5: TAM - WSS Sales - Global ($B)
Figure 6: TAM: WSS Sales - Global (Mil. Units)
Figure 7: TAM: WSN Equipment Sales - Global ($B)
Figure 8: Standardization
Figure 9: 6LoWPAN Protocol Stack
Figure 10: Header Stacks
Figure 11: 6LoWPAN Network Scenario
Figure 12: ISA 100.11a Protocol Stack
Figure 13: TAM - ISA100.11a-based IA WSN ($M)
Figure 14: ETSI Activity
Figure 15: High-level Architecture
Figure 16: M2M Layers
Figure 17: Summary
Figure 18: M2M Applications
Figure 19: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month)
Figure 20: TAM: M2M Communications Revenue ($B)
Figure 21: TAM: Mobile Operators Revenue in M2M ($B)
Figure 22: TAM: M2M Communications - Satellite Segment ($B)
Figure 23: Projections: IoT Technologies and Applications Market ($T)
Figure 24: Projections - Number of Smart Devices in Households - Global (Bil. Units
Figure 25: IoT - Layered Structure
Figure 26: LED Structure
Figure 27: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)
Figure 28: LED Properties Illustration
Figure 29: TAM: U.S. LED Sales ($B)
Figure 30: TAM: U.S. LED Sales (Bil. Units)
Figure 31: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
Figure 32: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
Figure 33: Illustration-VLC Channel
Figure 34: Applications
Figure 35: TAM: VLC Technology ($B)
Table 1: WSN - Major Short Range RF Technologies Characteristics
Table 2: Applications Segments (2014)
Table 3: Key M2M Elements
Table 4: Use Cases
Table 5: Wavelengths (nm)
Table 6: Laser vs. LED
Table 7: Use Cases
Table 8: Devices and Characteristics
Table 9: Frequency Plan
Table 10: VLC Properties
Table 11: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
Table 12: Locations Technologies-VLC Place 

Date of Publication:
Nov 3, 2014
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
134 Pages
Type the characters you see in the picture above.