Users’ demand for more efficient networking brought to life many technological innovations. One of them is MIMO (multiple input multiple output), which became very popular in wireless systems – almost all recent and future 3GPP standards use (or will be using) variations of such a technique. MIMO also can be used in wireline systems.
This report is based on the Practel’s analysis of MIMO-based communications systems, their technologies and markets specifics. Particular, the following industry standards that utilize MIMO have been considered:
The goal of this report was to characterize MIMO advantages and specifics for each standard. It also addresses market characteristics of discussed technologies. Report concentrates on corresponding industries players and their products.
MIMO characteristics, structures and types are also addressed and compared.
The report is written for a wide audience of managers and technical staff that involved in the design and implementation of advanced communications systems.
Considerable research was performed using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.
The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.
The report was developed for service providers, vendors, network operators and managers, Enterprise IT staff, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of MIMO-based networking.
The end users can gain thorough understanding of product’s market and capabilities as well as the economics of using these technologies products to improve cost efficiency.
For equipment vendors, this report provides information on competition.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction 1.1 General 1.2 Goal 1.3 Structure 1.4 Research Methodology 1.5 Target Audience 2.0 MIMO – Concept, Functions and Structures 2.1 History 2.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications 2.3 Types of MIMO 2.4 Summary – MIMO Benefits 3.0 MIMO Role in LTE Development 3.1 Releases 3.2 LTE Timetable 3.3 Broadband Wireless Communications-Phases 3.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration 3.4.1 Industry Initiative 3.4.2 Intellectual Property 3.5 Key Features of LTE 3.6 Details 3.6.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) 3.6.2 UE Categories 3.6.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC) 3.7 LTE Advanced 3.8 SON 3.9 Voice Support 3.9.1 VoLTE 3.10 Market 3.10.1 Drivers 3.10.2 Demand: Wireless Broadband 3.10.3 LTE Market Projections 3.11 Summary of LTE Benefits 3.12 Vendors 4M Wireless (acquired by u-blox in 2012) Agilent Altair Semiconductor Alcatel-Lucent Altera Aricent AceAxis Cisco CommAgility Ericsson Fujitsu Infineon Huawei Lime Microsystems mimoON Motorola Solutions Nokia Siemens Networks NXP picoChip (acquired by Mindspeed in 2012) Qualcomm Samsung Sequans Signalion TI ZTE 3.13 Specifics LTE MIMO 3.13.1 Techniques 3.13.2 Modes 3.13.3 MIMO: LTE Release 8 3.13.4 MIMO: LTE Release 9 3.13.5 MIMO: LTE Advanced 3.13.6 LTE/LTE-A - MIMO Benefits 3.13.7 Projections 4.0 MIMO Role in 802.11n Development 4.1 802.11n Status 4.1.1 Environment 4.1.2 Draft v. 1.0 4.1.3 Draft v. 2.0 4.1.4 Further Developments and IEEE Approval 4.2 IEEE 802.11n and Wi-Fi Alliance 4.3 802.11n Technology Specifics 4.3.1 Major Advances 4.4 PHY and MAC 4.5 Major Standard Features: Summary 4.5.1 Specifics 4.5.2 Channel Bandwidth 4.5.3 Backward Compatibility 4.5.4 Adaptation 4.5.5 Security 4.5.6 Enhancements 4.6 Benefits and Applications 4.6.1 Benefits 4.6.2 Applications 4.7 Market 4.7.1 Drivers 4.7.2 Market Forecast 4.8 Industry Aerohive (APs) Aruba (APs) Atheros-Qualcomm (Chipsets, WUSB) Buffalo (Router, AP) Belkin (Routers, Adaptors, WUBS) Broadcom (Chipsets, WUSB) Cisco (AP) Celeno (HDVD) D-Link (Routers, WUSB) Extreme (AP) Marvell (Chipsets) Meru (Family of Products) Motorola Solution (Tools, AP) Netgear (Router, AP) OvisLink (Router, WUBS) Redpine Signals (Chipsets) Ruckus (AP, Multimedia) Quantenna (chipsets) TP-Link TrendNet (Routers, AP, WUSB) Xirrus ZyXel (AP, Router, WUSB) 4.9 MIMO and 802.11n 4.9.1 MIMO Specifics: 802.11n 4.9.2 High Throughput (HT) Station (STA) 4.9.3 Basic Concept 4.9.4 MIMO Contributions 5.0 MIMO Role in 802.11ac Development 5.1 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics 5.2 Approval 5.3 Major Features: Summary 5.4 Major Benefits 5.5 Usage Models 5.5.1 Phases 5.6 Projections 5.7 Industry Aruba Broadcom Buffalo Cisco D-Link Linksys Marvell Meru MicroChip Netgear Qualcomm Quantenna Redpine Signals 5.8 MIMO in 802.11ac Standard 5.8.1 Comparison 5.8.2 Projections 6.0 MIMO Role in G.hn Development 6.1 HomePNA Alliance 6.1.1 General 6.1.2 HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features 6.1.3 Fast EoC HomePNA 6.1.4 Major Benefits 6.2 ITU Efforts 6.2.1 General 6.3 G.hn Details 6.4 Acceptance 6.4.1 IEEE1905.1 6.5 HomePNA and G.hn 6.6 Samples of Vendors Arris Comtrend Marvell Metanoia Sigma Designs TangoTec ZyXel 6.7 G.hn MIMO 6.7.1 Project 6.7.2 Goal 6.7.3 G.hn MIMO Benefits 6.7.4 Specifics 6.7.5 First Certification 7.0 Conclusions Figures and Tables Figure 1: 2x2 MIMO Figure 2: Major Antenna Configurations Figure 3: MIMO Concept (2x2) Figure 4: Illustration - Beamforming Figure 5: MU-MIMO – Downlink Figure 6: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO Figure 7: Evolution Path Figure 8: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband Figure 9: LTE – IP Figure 10: LTE – Reference Architecture Figure 11: Projection: Global Broadband Mobile Subscribers Base (Bil.) Figure 12: LTE Market-Subscribers’ Base (Bil) Figure 13: TAM: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B) Figure 14: Spectrum Efficiency Figure 15: TAM: LTE MIMO Sales ($B) Figure 16: 802.11n MAC Figure 17: 802.11 Protocol Family MAC Frame Structure Figure 18: TAM: Global Sales – Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B) Figure 19: TAM: Global Sales – Wi-Fi Chipsets (Bill. Units) Figure 20: TAM: Global Sales – 802.11n Chipsets ($B) Figure 21: TAM: Global Sales – 802.11n Chipsets (Bil. Units) Figure 22: 802.11n Market Geography Figure 23: Channel Assignment Figure 24: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Mil. Units) Figure 25: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B) Figure 26: Projections: Global 802.11ac Consumers AP MIMO Sales ($B) Figure 27: Rate Table 1: MIMO Variations Table 2: MIMO Benefits Table 3: 3GPP Releases Table 4: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration Table 5: LTE Frequency Bands Table 6: Users Equipment Categories (Rel. 8) Table 7: UE Categories (Rel. 10) Table 8: LTE Transmission Modes - MIMO Table 9: Additional Details Table 10: 802.11 Standard Characteristics – Draft 1.0 Table 11: 802.11n PHY Table 12: Comparison: 802.11 Family Members Transfer Rates Table 13: 802.11n Enhancements Table 14: 802.11n Advantages Table 15: MIMO PHY Characteristics Table 16: Functionalities Table 17: Specifics Table 18: Rates Table 19: Usage Models Table 20: Phases Table 21: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac Table 22: ITU and HomePNA Standards