Progress in Short-range Wireless Communications Developments - Marketing and Technological Trends

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jan 7, 2013, 252 Pages
US$3,900.00
PT1580

This report reflects the progress in the development of short-range radio (with maximum transmission distance of 30-100 feet) and ultra-short-range communications devices (with maximum transmission distance of – 5-10 centimeters). The report updates and revises Practel reports issued in 2008-2012.

In particular, the following technologies and related markets were addressed:

     Bluetooth (BT)
     ZigBee
     UWB
     Z-Wave
     IEEE802.11n
     Near Field Communications
     TransferJet.

The report emphasizes one of the important technological trends: advanced manufacturing methods and microminiaturization allow the creation of multimodal devices. Such devices implement several technologies on one chipset, which effectively integrates common elements serving different radios. The report also shows the role of ultra-short-range communications: used as an independent technique or together with short-range radios.

The report contains a detailed survey of WPAN/WLAN equipment vendors specializing in the production of the discussed communications equipment.

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

This report is written for technical and marketing staff involved in the developing of short-reach and ultra-short-reach communications markets and applications. It addresses these technologies applications and marketing features.

For systems vendors, integrators and others, the report provides an analysis and assessment of competing products currently available as well as an estimation of the overall opportunities in the coming years. The end users can gain a more thorough understanding of products’ market and capabilities as well as the economics of integration close proximity communications with other technologies to improve operational efficiency.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0 Introduction  
1.0 Introduction    10
1.1 General    10
1.2 NFC Specifics    10
1.3 TransferJet    12
1.4 Short-range Radio Specifics    12
1.5 Report Structure    12
1.6 Methodology    13
1.7 Intended Audience    13

2.0 Short-reach Radio: Technologies and Markets  
2.1 Ultra Wideband    14
2.1.1 Downturn    14
2.1.2 General: History    14
2.1.3 Benefits    15
2.1.4 Definition    16
2.1.5 Rates    16
2.1.6 Spectrum Allocation    16
2.1.7 Regulations    18
2.1.8 Major Features    21
2.1.9 Standards    22
2.1.9.1 Multiband OFDM    22
2.1.9.2 DS-UWB    24
2.1.9.3 Groups    26
2.1.9.4 ECMA    26
2.1.9.4.1 PHY    27
2.1.9.5 WiNET    28
2.1.9.6 EC-ETSI    28
2.1.9.7 IEEE 802.15.4a - 2007    30
2.1.9.8 IEEE 802.15.4f    32
2.1.10 Major Applications    33
2.1.10.1 Example: Characteristics and Requirements: WSN-UWB    33
2.1.11 Market Estimate    34
2.1.11.1 General    34
2.1.11.2 Geographical Segmentation    35
2.1.11.3 Forecast    35
2.1.12 Industry    37
Alereon (chipsets)    37
Camero (radar, equipment for first responders)    39
Decawave    41
Gefen (HDMI Extender)    41
General Atomics (Chipsets)    42
Gemtek    43
Multispectral (Zebra)-Sensors    43
Pulse~ Link (Chipsets)    45
RealTek (IC)    46
Samsung (WUSB)    47
Sensiotec (Sensor/Radar Health Care)    48
Time Domain (Chipsets-fusion of communications & radar)    49
TiaLinx (Sensor)    50
Ubisense (RFID-tracking)    51
Veebeam (Device)    52
Wisair (WUSB-chipsets)    53
2.2 Z-Wave    54
2.2.1 General    54
2.2.2 Z-Wave Alliance    55
2.2.3 Benefits    56
2.2.4 Details    56
2.2.4.1 General    56
2.2.4.2 Characteristics    57
2.2.4.2.1 ITU G.9959 (2/2012)    57
2.2.5 ZigBee and Z-Wave    59
2.2.6. Advanced Energy Control Framework    61
2.2.6.1 Z-wave and Smart Metering    61
2.2.7 Summary    62
2.2.8 Selected Vendors    63
Aeon Labs (Aeotec)    63
Mi Casa Verde    64
Sigma Designs    64
There    65
2.2.9 Pricing    66
2.2.10 Market Estimate: Z-wave Products for HAN    66
2.2.10.1 Model    67
2.2.10.2 Results    67
2.3 ZigBee    68
2.3.1 General    68
2.3.2 Details    69
2.3.2.1 Major Features    69
2.3.3 Device Types    70
2.3.4 Protocol Stack    71
2.3.4.1 Physical and MAC layers – IEEE802.15.4    72
2.3.4.2 Frame    73
2.3.4.3 Upper Layers    74
2.3.5 Interoperability    75
2.3.6 Security    76
2.3.7 Platform Considerations    77
2.3.8 Battery Life    78
2.3.9 ZigBee Technology Benefits and Limitations    78
2.3.10 Standardization Process    79
2.3.10.1 ZigBee Alliance    79
2.3.10.2 Objectives    80
2.3.10.3 Smart Energy Profile-ICT for Smart Grid    80
2.3.10.3.1 Further Developments    81
2.3.10.4 Features-Energy Service Portal    82
2.3.10.5 ZigBee IP    83
2.3.11 802.15.4 - ZigBee Basis    83
2.3.11.1 IEEE 802.15.4 Radio - Details    84
2.3.12 Application Specifics - Profiles    84
2.3.12.1 Applications - General    86
2.3.12.2 Home    86
2.3.12.3 PC    87
2.3.12.4 Manufacturing    87
2.3.12.5 WSN-UGS and ZigBee    87
2.3.12.6 “Green” ZigBee    88
2.3.13 Market    89
2.3.13.1 Expectations    89
2.3.13.2 Segments    90
2.3.13.3 Forecast    91
2.3.14 Industry    93
Amber (RF Modules)    93
Atmel (Chipsets)    95
CEL (Modules)    96
Chipcon –TI (Chipsets)    97
Cirronet-RFM (Modules-Industrial Applications)    99
Digi (Radios, Routers, Energy Management)    100
Ember - Silicon Labs (Chipsets)    102
EnergyHub (Smart Home)    105
GreenPeak (WSN)    105
Helicomm (Modules)    107
Jennic - NXP (Chipsets-Modules)    109
Freescale (Chipsets)    111
Libelium (Router)    112
Nuri Telecom (AMR Application)    113
Renesas Electronics (Platforms, AMR)    115
Silicon Laboratories (Chipsets, Modules)    116
Synapse (Modules, Protocols)    117
Telegesis (Integrator, Modules)    118
TI (Chipsets)    119
2.4 IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth-BT)    120
2.4.1 BT Protocol Stack    120
2.4.1.1 Transport layer    121
2.4.1.1.1 Radio Layer    121
2.4.1.1.2 Baseband and Link Manager Layers    122
2.4.1.2 Middleware Layer    123
2.4.2 Profiles    123
2.4.2.1 Power Consumption - ULP    125
2.4.2.2 Medical Profile    127
2.4.3 Bluetooth Security    129
2.4.4 Highlights    130
2.4.4.1 The Standard:    130
2.4.4.2 The Technology:    130
2.4.5 Evolution    131
2.4.5.1 BT v2.1    131
2.4.5.2 BT v3.0    131
2.4.5.3 BT v4.0 and Up    132
2.4.6 Market Estimate    132
2.4.7 BT Industry-HDP    134
Bluegiga    134
Cambridge Consultants    135
CSR    136
iFoundry-Nestronics    137
Laird Technologies    138
Nonin    139
Nordic Semiconductor    140
Stollmann    141
2.5 IEEE 802.11n WLAN    141
2.5.1 Major Enhancements    142
2.5.1.1 General    142
2.5.1.2 MIMO    142
2.5.1.2.1 “True MIMO”    144
2.5.1.2.2 BeamFlex    145
2.5.1.2.3 Atheros    146
2.5.1.3 Spatial Division Multiplexing    146
2.5.1.4 OFDM    147
2.5.1.5 Channel Bonding    147
2.5.1.6 Packet Aggregation    147
2.5.2 Features    148
2.5.2.1 Specifics    148
2.5.2.2 Channel Bandwidth    149
2.5.3 Adaptation    151
2.5.4 Benefits and Applications    152
2.5.4.1 Benefits    152
2.5.4.2 Applications    153
2.5.5 Market    154
2.5.5.1 General Drivers    154
2.5.5.2 Market Forecast    155
2.5.5.2.1 Model Assumptions    155
2.5.5.2.2 Forecast    155
2.5.5.2.2.1 Chipsets    155
2.5.6 Industry    157
Aerohive (AP)    160
Aruba (AP)    161
Buffalo (Router, AP)    163
Belkin (Router, Adaptor)    164
Broadcom (Chipsets; combo)    165
Cisco (AP)    166
CSR (Chips)    167
D-Link (Router, Adapter)    168
Encore (Adapter, router)    169
Edimax (Router, Adapter)    170
Extreme (AP)    171
Extricom (AP)    172
Gemtek (Router)    173
HP  (AP)    174
Intel (Chipsets)    174
Marvell (Chipsets)    175
Meru (Family of Products)    176
Motorola (Tools, AP)    178
NEC (Router)    179
Netgear (Router, AP)    179
Qualcomm Atheros    180
RedPine (Chipsets)    181
Ruckus (AP)    183
Ralink (Chipsets)    184
Siemens (AP)    185
TrendNet (Routers, AP)    186
ZyXel (AP, Router, Adapter)    187

3.0 Ultra-short Reach Wireless Communications   
3.1 Near Field Communications    189
3.1.1 General    189
3.1.2 Characteristics    190
3.1.3 Standardization    192
3.1.3.1 General    192
3.1.3.2 ECMA -340    194
3.1.3.3 ISO    195
3.1.3.4 NFC Forum    196
3.1.3.4.1 General    196
3.1.3.4.2 Specifications    196
3.1.3.5 Summary    199
3.1.4 Single Wire Protocol    200
3.1.5 Host Controller Interface    201
3.1.6 Security    201
3.1.7 Comparison    202
3.1.7.1 Bluetooth    202
3.1.7.2 RFID    203
3.1.8 Applications    203
3.1.8.1 General    203
3.1.8.2 Primary Users    204
3.1.8.3 Mobile Phone – Major Application    205
3.1.8.3.1 Example    206
3.1.8.4 Danger    206
3.1.8.5 WPAN Applications    207
3.1.8.6 Smart Poster    208
3.1.8.7 NFC and Wi-Fi    209
3.1.8.8 NFC and UWB    209
3.1.9 Trials    209
3.1.10 NFC Market    210
3.1.10.1 General    210
3.1.10.2 Market Drivers    211
3.1.10.3 Estimate    212
3.1.11 Industry    215
Alvin    215
Arygon (Identive Technologies)    216
Infineon    217
Innovision    217
Inside Secure    220
Legic    221
Mocapay    222
Motorola Solutions    223
NEC    224
Nokia    225
Nexperts    226
NXP    229
OTI    230
Qualcomm Atheros    232
Reslink    232
STmicroelectronics    234
TI    235
Toppan Forms    236
Twinlinx    237
UPM Raflatac    238
Zenius    239
3.1.12 Major Developmental Trends    240
3.2 TransferJet    241
3.2.1 General    241
3.2.2 Basis    242
3.2.2.1 Goal and Development    242
3.2.3 Technology    243
3.2.4 Major Features    243
3.2.5 ECMA/ISO    244
3.2.7 Applications and Industry    245
3.2.8 Industry    246
Allion    246
Murata    247
SONY    247
Toshiba    249

4.0 Conclusions   
Attachment I: NFC Tags Types    252

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Illustration - UWB Spectrum    17
Figure 2: Global Regulations    19
Figure 3: DS-UWB Spectrum Characteristics    25
Figure 4: Spectrum Regulations-UWB    25
Figure 5: ECMA – Architectural Reference Model    28
Figure 6: TAM: Global UWB IC Revenue ($B)    36
Figure 7: TAM: Global UWB IC (Unit Bil)    36
Figure 8: TAM:  U.S. Small SH Z - Wave IC ($US Mil)    67
Figure 9: TAM:  U.S. Large SH Z - Wave IC ($US Mil)    68
Figure 10: ZigBee Protocol Stack    72
Figure 11: Profiles    85
Figure 12: TAM: U.S. ZigBee Modules Sales ($B)    91
Figure 13:  TAM:  U.S. ZigBee Modules Sales (Mil. Units)    92
Figure 14: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2010)    92
Figure 15: ZigBee Market Segmentation (2014) - Projection    93
Figure 16: Bluetooth Protocol Stack    121
Figure 17: Piconets Illustration    122
Figure 18: BT ULP Layers    127
Figure 19: TAM: BT Modules Shipped (Bil. Units)    133
Figure 20: TAM: BT Modules Shipped ($B)    133
Figure 21: BT Market Geographical Segmentation    134
Figure 22: Two-antenna MIMO system with two-stream SDM example    143
Figure 23: 802.11 Protocol Family MAC Frame Structure    149
Figure 24: TAM: Worldwide Legacy Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales (Unit Bil)    155
Figure 25: TAM: 802.11n Chipsets Worldwide Sales (Unit Bil)    156
Figure 26:  TAM:   Wi-Fi Chipsets Worldwide Sales ($B)    156
Figure 27: Market Geography: IEEE 802.11n    157
Figure 28: Standardization    193
Figure 29: NFC ECMA and ISO Standards    193
Figure 30: ISO Protocols    195
Figure 31: NFC Forum Activities    199
Figure 32: Mobile Phone with NFC    206
Figure 33: TAM: Sales – Cell Phones with NFC Global (Mil. Units)    213
Figure 34: NFC-able Cell Phone Rate of Penetration (%)    213
Figure 35:  TAM: Global Sales – NFC ICs ($B)    214
Figure 36: NFC Market Geography    215
Figure 37: TransferJet Communication Channel    243
Figure 38: TransferJet Applications    245

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: List of FCC Regulations    18
Table 2: China – Regulations    20
Table 3: Korea – Regulations    20
Table 4: Japan – Regulations    21
Table 5: Europe - Regulations    21
Table 6: MB-OFDM UWB Frequencies Designation    23
Table 7: Comparison: DS-UWB and MB-OFDM    26
Table 8: ETSI Documents    30
Table 9: Standard: Characteristics    32
Table 10: Z-Wave and ZigBee    60
Table 11: Z-wave Products Retail Pricing    66
Table 12: ZigBee Parameters    73
Table 13: ZigBee Smart Energy Profile Feature Set    83
Table 14: Bluetooth Profiles    125
Table 15:  Wi-Fi Transfer Rates    148
Table 16: 802.11n Advantages    153
Table 17: Channels Utilization    153
Table 18: NFC Features    190
Table 19: NFC History    190
Table 20: NFC Development    191
Table 21: Bluetooth and NFC    202
Table 22: TransferJet Major Characteristics    244


Date of Publication:
Jan 7, 2013
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
252 Pages
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