Progress in Small Cells Networking - Markets, Technologies and Applications

Progress in Small Cells Networking - Markets, Technologies and Applications

PracTel, Date of Publication: Jan 7, 2015, 162 Pages
US$3,750.00
PT4850

This report addresses recent advances in small cells (SCs) and their backhaul solutions. It reflects a trend in the mobile industry to reduce macro base stations deployments and increase a number of small cells. The report presents independent, unbiased analysis in detail and in easily understandable terms. Through vendors’ interviews and the analysis of other multiple data sources, the report provides latest, accurate marketing and technological information. 

In particular, the report provides the analysis of small cells technologies, concentrating on their advantages, issues, varieties and specifics. Major applications are analyzed and the standardization activity is emphasized. Based on the in-depth industry analysis, which included the analysis of multiple studies and interviews with vendors, market prognoses (2015-2019) are presented. The survey of more than thirty vendors and their portfolios are also provided.

The report stresses that the SC backhaul solution may prove or brake the small cell business case. Specifics of small cells backhauls, their varieties and differences from macro cells backhauls are analyzed in details. The need for standardization is emphasized. The study of industry trends, interviews with vendors and the analysis of publically available statistical data helped to perform the marketing analysis. The survey of vendors (about 30 manufacturers of small cells backhaul equipment) reflects this industry specifics. There is a range of use cases for open access small cells, from targeted demand hotspots in city centers, through generalized capacity uplift, to serving not-spots in remote rural areas. In each case the emphasis on backhaul requirements shifts, and aspects that are critical to one type of deployment can be relaxed in others. Solutions with different characteristics will address the needs of different types of small cells backhauls in different areas.

Attachments contain the in-depth analysis of two evolving small cell backhaul solutions:

1. Based on 60 GHz technologies. Both Ethernet radio and 802.11ad solutions are addressed. Marketing and technical specifics are described in details. The survey of vendors is also provided.

2. Based on 802.11ac technology. This technology allows gigabits throughput, range and other characteristics that satisfy small cell backhaul requirements. Authors analyzed specifics of 802.11ac technology as they relate to small cell backhaul application; they also analyzed the market and vendors’ portfolios.

The report intends for a wide audience of telecommunications specialists who deal with complicated choices in mobile networking to support business cases.

Research Methodology

Considerable research was performed using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience

This report provides the SCs and their backhaul solutions technologies and market analysis. It can be useful for service providers, vendors, network operators and managers, Enterprise IT staff, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the SC developmental trends in the mobile industry.

The end users will gain a more thorough understanding of products technologies and capabilities as well as their economics.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

1.1 General 7
1.2 Trend – Small Cells Developments 7
1.3 SC Backhaul 8
1.4 Scope 8
1.5 Report Structure 8
1.6 Research Methodology 9
1.7 Target Audience 9

2.0 4G Era

2.1 Growth 11
2.2 Transition 12
2.3 Typical Features 13
2.3.1 Architectures 13

3.0 Small Cells: Technologies, Markets and Industry

3.1 SC Proliferation 15
3.2 Nomenclature 16
3.2.1 Group 16
3.3 History 18
3.4 Applications 18
3.4.1 Indoor Use Cases 19
3.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases 19
3.4.3 Public Safety Communications 20
3.4.4 Summary 20
3.5 Benefits and Issues 21
3.6 Small Cell Market 22
3.6.1 Market Geography 23
3.6.2 Estimate 23
3.7 Standardization 24
3.7.1 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs 25
3.8 Small Cell Industry 28
Alcatel-Lucent 28
AirHop Communications 30
Airvana 31
Athena 32
Broadcom 33
BTI Wireless 34
Cavium 35
Cisco 35
Contela 38
Ericsson 39
Fujitsu 40
Huawei 42
ip.access 43
Intel 44
Gilat 44
Juni 45
Maxim 46
mimoON 47
Minieum 47
Mindspeed 48
NEC 50
Nokia Siemens Networks 51
PureWave 52
Qualcomm 53
Qualcomm – Alcatel-Lucent 54
Quortus 54
Radisys 55
Ruckus Wireless 57
Samsung 58
Spider Cloud 58
Tektelic 60
Ubee-AirWalk 61
TI 62
Xilinx 63
ZTE 64

4.0 Small Cell Backhaul

4.1 General 66
4.1.1 Major Classifications 66
4.2 Specifics 68
4.2.1 Change 68
4.2.2 Differences 69
4.3 Requirements 71
4.3.1 Factors 72
4.3.2 Planning 73
4.4 Details 73
4.5 Need for Standardization - IEEE Contributions 75
4.6 Market Characteristics 76
4.6.1 Components 77
4.6.2 TCO Factor 77
4.7 Small Cell Backhaul Industry 78
Actelis (wireline) 78
Airspan (integrated wireless backhaul – 802.11ac - NLOS) 79
Alcatel-Lucent (60 GHz and other) 81
Aviat (E band) 82
Bluwan 83
BLiNQ (sub – 6 GHz) 83
Cambridge Broadband (Microwave Backhaul) 85
Cambium 86
CCS 87
Ceragon (E-band and other) 88
DragonWave (microwave) 89
Exalt 90
Fastback Networks 91
Intracom 92
Genesis (wireline) 93
LightPointe (60 GHz and Other) 94
MAX4G 95
Mimosa (802.11ac MIMO) 96
NEC (60 GHz) 97
Polewall (FSO) 98
Peraso (802.11ad; 60 GHz radio) 98
Radwin (sub-6 GHz) 99
Ruckus (802.11n) 100
Siklu (60 GHz) 101
Sub10 Systems (60 GHz; E-band) 101
Tarana (LoS, NLoS 3 GHz) 103
Taqua (Microwave NLOS) 103
Tellabs 104
TI (NLoS) 105
4.7.1 Summary 105

5.0 Conclusions

Attachment A: 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul

A.1 60 GHz Radio – Point-to-Point Outdoor 107
A.1.1 Spectrum Specifics 108
A.1.2 Oxygen Absorption 108
A.1.3 Antenna Focus 110
A.1.4 Combined Effects 111
A.1.5 Availability 112
A.1.6 Progress in Chip Technology for mmWave 112
A.1.6.1 Modulation and Duplexing 113
A.1.6.2 Antenna 114
A.1.6.2.1 Indoor Behavior 114
A.1.6.2.2 Outdoor Behavior – FCC Modifications 114
A.1.7 Summary 115
A.1.8 60 GHz Radio Developments and Market 116
A.1.8.1 Synopsis 116
A.1.8.2 Market Estimate 117
A.1.8.2.1 General 117
A.1.8.2.2 Drivers 118
A.1.8.2.3 Forecast 118
A.1.9 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul Choice 119
A.1.10 Industry 120
Athena 120
BridgeWave 121
Ceragon 122
ComoTech 123
DragonWave 124
E-Band 126
HXI (Subsidiary of Renaissance Electronics Corporation) 127
Infineon 128
Lightpointe 128
NEC 130
Plasma Antennas 130
Proxim 131
Silicon Image 133
Siklu 133
Solectek 134
Sub10 Systems 135
A.2 60 GHz Wi-Fi – 802.11ad 136
A.2.1 Advanced Wi-Fi: Benefits and Issues 136
A.2.2 WiGig Alliance 137
A.2.2.1 Union 138
A.2.3 IEEE 802.11ad – 60 GHz Wi-Fi 139
A.2.3.1 Status 139
A.2.3.2 Coexistence 139
A.2.3.3 Scope 140
A.2.3.3.1 Channelization 141
A.2.3.3.2 PHY 141
A.2.3.3.3 MAC 142
A.2.3.3.4 Specifics 143
A.2.3.3.5 Summary 144
A.2.3.4 Industry 145
Beam Networks 145
InterDigital-BlueWireless 146
Nitero 147
Peraso 147
Tensorcom 149
Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014) 149
A.2.3.5 Potential Market 151
A.2.3.5.1 Market Drivers 151
A.2.3.5.2 Usage Models 151
A.2.3.5.3 Estimate 152

Attachment B: Wi-Fi Advances - 802.11ac

B.1 Approval 155
B.2 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics 155
B.3 Major Features 156
B.4 Major Benefits 158
B.5 Usage Models 158
B.6 Projections 159
B.7 Industry 161
Airspan Networks 161
Mimosa 162

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Projection: Mobile Data Traffic Growth – Globally (Petabytes/Month) 11
Figure 2: Macro vs Small BS – Shipped (Ratio) 15
Figure 3: BS Classification 17
Figure 4: Base Stations Characteristics 17
Figure 5: Use Cases 21
Figure 6: Estimate: Global SC Shipments (Mil. Units) 23
Figure 7: Estimate: Global SC Shipments ($B) 24
Figure 8: Rel. 12 Enhancements 26
Figure 9: Scenario 1 27
Figure 10: Scenario 2 28
Figure 11: SC Backhaul Illustration 66
Figure 12: Summary: CS Backhaul Types 68
Figure 13: Summary: SC Backhaul 71
Figure 14: Comparison 74
Figure 15: Non-ideal (a) and Ideal (b) SC Backhaul Characteristics 75
Figure 16: Technological Changes 75
Figure 17: Estimate: Global SC Backhaul Market ($B) 77
Figure 18: PMP (a) and PTP (b) Architectures 78
Figure 19: 60 GHz Radio Use Cases 107
Figure 20: Attenuation in 60 GHz Band 109
Figure 21: Absorption Details 110
Figure 22: Directivity 111
Figure 23: Bands Features Comparison 111
Figure 24: 60 GHz Links Characteristics 112
Figure 25: 60 GHz Link Characteristics 117
Figure 26: Estimate: Sales - 60 GHz Radio PtP– SC Backhaul ($B) 119
Figure 27: 60 GHz SC Backhaul 120
Figure 28: 802.11ad Major Features 141
Figure 29: 802.11ad PHY Characteristics 142
Figure 30: 802.11ad MAC 143
Figure 31: Summary 145
Figure 32: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Models 152
Figure 33: PM: Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales – Global (Bil. Units) 153
Figure 34: PM: Global Sales Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B) 154
Figure 35: Functionalities 157
Figure 36: Channel Assignment: 802.11ac 157
Figure 37: Rates: 802.11ac 157
Figure 38: Channel Size/Rate 158
Figure 39: Usage Models 159
Figure 40: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping (Mil. Units) 160
Figure 41: TAM: Global Gigabit Wi-Fi ($B) 161

 

Date of Publication:
Jan 7, 2015
File Format:
PDF via E-mail
Number of Pages:
162 Pages
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